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Environment
Ministerials Paragraphs Related to the Theme Paragraphs VII Summit

- Antigua and Barbuda - Argentina - Bahamas - Barbados - Belize - Bolivia - Brazil - Canada - Chile - Colombia - Costa Rica - Dominica - Dominican Republic - Ecuador - El Salvador - Grenada - Guatemala - Guyana - Haiti - Honduras - Jamaica - Mexico - Nicaragua - Panama - Paraguay - Peru - Saint Kitts and Nevis - Saint Lucia - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Suriname - Trinidad and Tobago - United States - Uruguay - Venezuela -
Reports
Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada remains committed to sustainable development as set out in the 1992 Rio de Janeiro Declaration on Environment and Development, 1994 Barbados Programme of Action, 1996 Declaration of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, 2002 Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development, the 2006 Declaration of Santa Cruz + 10 and the objectives of the United Nations Millennium Declaration.
Paragraphs: 57 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada is an active and constructive participant in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) process and is committed to achieving the ultimate objectives of the convention, in accordance with its principles and provisions.

Canada supports the Copenhagen Accord as a significant step forward towards achieving a fair, effective and comprehensive new agreement to meet the objectives of the UNFCC. The Copenhagen Accord includes a shared agreement on the need for deep cuts in global emissions so as to hold the increase in global temperature below 2 degrees Celsius, incorporates commitments to reduce emissions by all major economies, and provides for scaled-up financing to support mitigation and adaptation efforts in developing countries.

Canada has formally associated itself with the Copenhagen Accord. On January 29, 2010, the Government submitted an economy-wide emissions reduction target for 2020 of 17 percent below 2005 levels for listing in Appendix I of the Accord, which is aligned with the target of the United States. Canada will continue to pursue a harmonized approach with relevant US legislation and measures, in light of the close integration of the two economies and their geographic proximity. As an important step towards achieving Canada’s target, on April 1st, 2010, the Government of Canada released new proposed regulations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from new vehicles that will be harmonized with the mandatory national standards of the United States beginning with the 2011 model year.

Canada will contribute its fair share to the collective commitment by developed countries under the accord to provide new and additional resources approaching $30 billion for the 2010 to 2012 period.
Paragraphs: 58 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada was an active and constructive participant leading up to the 15th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Copenhagen. Canada fully supports the Copenhagen Accord as a significant breakthrough in the global effort to address climate change.

Canada is committed to working with international partners to implement the Copenhagen Accord as a package of commitments, and formalize it as the basis for the negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change towards a comprehensive, legally binding post-2012 agreement. Canada is continuing efforts to assist Mexico in its role as the incoming host of the 16th Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Cancun in December 2010.
Paragraphs: 59 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada passed legislation in 2009 to enhance enforcement of laws that protect Canada’s national parks, national marine conservation areas, air, land, water, and wildlife. When the new legislation comes into force it will put in place a stronger enforcement regime for the protection of the environment and Canadians’ health. It will introduce stronger penalties and new sentencing powers, and strengthen the government’s ability to investigate infractions. The legislative changes were accompanied by complementary measures, including doubling the number of environmental and wildlife enforcement officers, and improving forensics laboratory support, data collection, analysis and management systems.
Paragraphs: 63 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada promotes environmental sustainability through regional cooperation, including activities such as:

• Facilitating the development and growth of a Regional Ibero-American Model Forest Network, which manages a regional program of work related to the sustainable management of forest-based landscapes. Thissupport resulted in twelve Latin American member countries effectively participating. Canada continues to facilitate communications, knowledge exchange, capacity-building and funding opportunities for existing model forests and those expected to join the network.

• Supporting the participation of two Chilean officials in the Canadian Parks Council’s Park System Leadership course.

• Signing a memorandum of understanding on cooperation for wilderness conservation with the National Commission for Natural Protected Areas of Mexico and several U.S. agencies.

• Expanding Canada’s ability to conserve birds and other migratory species internationally using tools including the North American Bird Conservation Initiative, the Canada-Chile Agreement for Environmental Cooperation, the developing Western Hemisphere Migratory Species Initiative and the Canada/Mexico/USA Trilateral Committee for Wildlife and Ecosystem Conservation and Management.

• Working with Mexico and the United States on joint activities in the area of training, intelligence and information sharing through the North American Wildlife Enforcement Group; and, facilitating the participation in 2009 of wildlife officials from Chile in training.

• Producing a report series focused on biodiversity adaptation to climate change to address critical gaps in information and the tools required for decision-making related to biodiversity and climate change adaptation.

• Developing domestic policy on benefit-sharing for genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge informed by engagement with aboriginal peoples and other key stakeholders.
Paragraphs: 64 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
In support of the conservation of marine resources and the protection of marine ecosystems throughout the Americas, Canada works through the United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Commission for Environmental Cooperation established under the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation.

Canada organized a two-day workshop with representatives from the Caribbean region in St. Lucia July 27-28, 2009 to share best practices on attaining international standards for sustainable fisheries and oceans management and curbing illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. Canada hosted a CBD workshop in September 2009 on the use of biogeographic classification systems and identification of marine areas beyond national jurisdiction in need of protection.

Canada has continued to workwith the Commission for Environmental Cooperation on marine conservation through projects such as those under the North American Marine Protected Areas Networks and North American Conservation Action Plans.
Paragraphs: 65 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada is engaged in discussions with other countries in the Americas to prepare for the Second Inter-American Meeting of Ministers and High-Level Authorities on Sustainable Development.
Paragraphs: 66 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada values and appreciates the contribution by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in conducting comprehensive assessments of the science of climate change. Canada accepts the main findings of the Fourth Assessment Report and continues to be supportive of the IPCC and its work. The Government of Canada actively participates in the IPCC process and supports Canadian experts from government, academia and industry who contribute to the development of IPCC reports.

Canada was an active and constructive player leading up to and at the 15th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Copenhagen. Canada fully supports the Copenhagen Accord as a significant breakthrough in the global effort to address climate change. The Copenhagen Accord recognizes the science documented by the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, and the reality that economic development and poverty eradication are the first and overriding priorities of developing countries and that a low-emission development strategy is indispensable to sustainable development.
Paragraphs: 67 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Related Resources
Biodiversity - Recommended Links
Canada's Action on Climate Change
Canada's Action on Climate Change - United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Canadian International Development Agency and the Americas
Développement durable
Environment Canada
Forest Pathology Herbarium
Sustainable Development
Sustainable Development