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Ministerials Paragraphs Related to the Theme Paragraphs VII Summit

- Antigua and Barbuda - Argentina - Bahamas - Barbados - Belize - Bolivia - Brazil - Canada - Chile - Colombia - Costa Rica - Dominica - Dominican Republic - Ecuador - El Salvador - Grenada - Guatemala - Guyana - Haiti - Honduras - Jamaica - Mexico - Nicaragua - Panama - Paraguay - Peru - Saint Kitts and Nevis - Saint Lucia - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Suriname - Trinidad and Tobago - United States - Uruguay - Venezuela -
Date:  3/21/2012 
National Security
The Government of Jamaica (GoJ) continues to recognize the importance of safety and security to national development. This is clearly outlined in Goal 2 of the Vision 2030 which states, “The Jamaican society is secure, cohesive and just.” In this regard, the government continues to undertake a number of developments in the area of national security.

A. The reform and modernization of the Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF) is a major activity of the government and stems from a strategic review of the JCF which was undertaken in 2006 – 2007. This review was aimed at improving the efficiency of the Force. Since its development a number of actions have been taken including:
i. The rolling out of community based policing across the entire JCF. A community based policing training manual was prepared and over 3000 police officers have already been trained in the philosophy and practice of community based policing.

ii. An Anti-Corruption Strategy (2010-2013) has been developed which speaks to effective confrontation of corrupt members of the Force, with a zero-tolerance approach to corruption, and timely removal of staff who act unlawfully, unethically or who lack integrity; while highlighting prevention, education and raising the fear of detection.

iii. Preparation of policing plans at the divisional and station levels to guide the operations of police officers in various geographical locations.

iv. Upgrading of the physical infrastructure of the police training facility and a number of police stations island wide thereby increasing the number of officers trained annually and the working conditions of police personnel.

v. Development of an Information Communication Technology Strategy and implementation of new technologies in policing, such as the expanded use of CCTV; implementation of a new traffic ticketing system; and the testing of the Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD) and Inventory Management System (IVS).

B. The development of key strategies is also a critical part of the process and to this end, the National Crime Prevention and Community Safety Strategy was developed and the Anti-Gang Strategy drafted.

C. A Safe Schools programme was developed in partnership with the Ministry of Education, Ministry of National Security and JCF to address violence in schools.

D. Establishment of a Trafficking in persons unit within the Ministry of National Security and the JCF The development of a partnership with Woman Inc. to provide support services (including operation of a shelter) for victims of trafficking.

E. The National Security Policy is currently being revised.

F. Legislation is also a critical component of national security and hence a number of key pieces of legislation have been passed or amended. These include:
i. The Cyber Crime Act
ii. The Terrorism Prevention (Amendment) Act
iii. The Public Bodies Management and Accountability (Amendment) Act
iv. The Independent Commission of Investigations Act
v. The Offences Against the Person (Amendment) Act
vi. The Parole (Amendment) Act
vii. The Bail (Amendment) Act
viii. The Constabulary Force (Interim Provisions for Arrest and Detention) Act
ix. The Firearms (Amendment) Act
x. The Jury (Amendment) Act
xi. The Child Pornography Act
xii. The Proceeds of Crime Act
xiii. Sexual Offences Act
xiv. Legislation is also being drafted that relate to anti-gang and DNA.

G. Rehabilitation of offenders is also of major importance to the GoJ and therefore the Jamaica Reducing Re-offending Action Plan was developed to facilitate the rehabilitation and reintegration of local offenders and deported persons. Additionally, the capacity of the Department of Correctional Services has been improved to facilitate the rehabilitation of incarcerated persons.

H. Community safety has also been a major thrust of the government and number of social intervention programmes were developed and implemented or are being implemented to empower residents who live in at risk communities. These include:
i. Citizens’ Security and Justice Programme
ii. Poverty Reduction Programme
iii. Community Security Initiative
iv. Inner City Basic Services Programme
v. Basic Needs Trust Fund
vi. Jamaica Violence Prevention, Peace and Sustainable Development Programme
vii. Peace Management Initiative
viii. Enhancing Civil Society Participation in Local Governance for Community Safety Programme

The government has also embarked on a Community Renewal Programme aiming to improve the lives of residents in the most volatile and vulnerable communities through a process of coordination and harmonization of programmes/projects and resources, targeting of specific groups, scaling up of best practices and using of evidence based research.
Paragraphs: 71 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  3/21/2012 
Even with improvements in the security sector if cases are not resolved in a timely fashion there will be implications for crime and violence as persons seek their own justice through retaliation. Therefore, the GoJ has been working on a number of initiatives in the justice sector chief of which is the Justice Sector Reform Programme. Under this programme efforts have been made to improve the delivery of justice in Jamaica. This includes:

A. Reducing the backlog of cases in the courts which is being facilitated through the employment of additional prosecutors, special court sittings and the setting up of special courts to deal with specific matters such as civil proceedings. Criminal Justice Boards were also established to monitor and provide guidance in addressing case backlog.

B. Introduction of a Criminal Case Management System which is currently being piloted in six courts. A Court Management System has also been introduced.

C. Modernisation of physical infrastructure which include erecting new court houses and refurbishing some existing ones.

D. Embarking on a programme of Restorative Justice which provides opportunity for persons who have committed certain types of crimes to be diverted into special programmes outside of the formal justice system and offers restitution to victims and their families. A Restorative Justice Policy has also been prepared. The Restorative Justice Programme is being piloted in four communities.

E. A Child Diversion policy has been prepared to provide options other than incarceration for juveniles who have committed certain categories of offences. Implementation of this policy is being facilitated under the National Plan of Action for Child Justice 2010 – 2014.
Paragraphs: 73 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

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