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01.1 Intentional Homicide | Victims| 01.2 Intentional Homicide | By relationship and sex| 01.3 Intentional Homicide | By situational context and sex| 01.4 Intentional Homicide | By mechanism| 01.5 Intentional Homicide | By age and sex| 01.6 Intentional Homicide | By nationality and sex| 01.7 Intentional Homicide | By city | 02.1 Violent Crimes | Acts causing harm or intending to cause harm to the person| 02.2 Violent Crimes | Injurious acts of a sexual nature | 02.3 Violent Crimes | Acts against property involving violence or threat against a person| 02.4 Violent Crimes | Serious assault victims – By relationship and sex| 02.5 Violent Crimes | Sexual violence victims – By relationship and sex| 02.6 Violent Crimes | Sexual exploitation victims – By sex and age| 03. Other Crimes| 04.0 Criminal Justice System Process | Formal contact for intentional homicide – By sex, age, citizenship and recedivism| 04.1 Criminal Justice System Process | ICCS Crimes Levels 02 & 03| 04.2 Criminal Justice System Process | Formal Contact – By age status and sex, by citizenship| 04.3 Criminal Justice System Process | Persons prosecuted – By age status and sex, and by citizenship| 04.4 Criminal Justice System Process | Persons brought before the Criminal Courts, by legal representation| 04.5 Criminal Justice System Process | Persons convicted – By age status and sex, and y citizenship| 04.6 Criminal Justice System Process - ICCS Crimes Level 1 | 05. Prisons | 06. Criminal Justice System Personnel & Capacity| 08. Demograhic Data| Others
01.1 Intentional Homicide | Victims
1.1.1 Intentional homicide, number of offences
Intentional homicide, number of offences at the national level. [Source: data on number of intentional homicide offences are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.1.2 Attempted intentional homicide (ICCS 0102), number of offences
Attempted Intentional homicide, number of offences at the national level. [Source: data on number of attempted intentional homicide offences are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.2.1 Victims of intentional homicide
Total number of victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.2.1.x Victims of intentional homicide (rate)
RATE of victims of intentional homicide, at the national level. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants, by dividing the number of reported intentional homicide crimes by the total population; the result is then multiplied by 100,000. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Sources: Population data are obtained from the: 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/ Data on victims of intentional homicide are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.2.1a Male victims of intentional homicide
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Male victims of intentional homicide are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.2.1a.% Male victims of intentional homicide (percentage)
Male victims of intentional homicide, as a PERCENTAGE of the total number of victims of intentional homicide, at the national level (Male victims of Intentional Homicide*100 / Total of victims of intentional homicide). [Source: data on total number of Male victims of intentional homicide are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.2.1a.x Male victims of intentional homicide (rate)
RATE of Male victims of intentional homicide, at the national level. RATES are calculated per 100,000 males, by dividing the number of reported intentional homicide crimes where the victims were Males, by the total Male population; the result is then multiplied by 100,000. Some countries with less than 100,000 Males have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Sources: Male population data are obtained from the: 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/ Data of Male victims of intentional homicide are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.2.1b Female victims of intentional homicide
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Female victims of intentional homicide are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.2.1b.% Female victims of intentional homicide (percentage)
Female victims of intentional homicide, as a PERCENTAGE of the total number of victims of intentional homicide, at the national level (Female victims of Intentional Homicide*100 / Total of victims of intentional homicide). [Source: data on total number of Female victims of intentional homicide are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.2.1b.x Female victims of intentional homicide (rate)
RATE of Female victims of intentional homicide, at the national level. RATES are calculated per 100,000 Females, by dividing the number of reported intentional homicide crimes where the victims were Females, by the total Female population; the result is then multiplied by 100,000. Some countries with less than 100,000 Females have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Sources: Female population data are obtained from the: 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/ Data on Female victims of intentional homicide are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.2.1c.x Victims of Femicide (rate)
RATE of victims of Femicide, at the national level. RATES are calculated per 100,000 Females, by dividing the number of reported Femicide crimes by the total Female population; the result is then multiplied by 100,000. Some countries with less than 100,000 Females have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Sources: Female population data are obtained from the: 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/ Data on victims of Femicides are provided by Member States at the request of the Organization of American States (OAS0 Secretariat for Multidimensional Security (SMS), as a complement to the data provided through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
01.2 Intentional Homicide | By relationship and sex
1.3.1 Victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide killed by intimate partner or family member
Total number of victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide committed by current or former intimate partner or family member, at the national level. [Source: Data on victims of intentional homicide killed by intimate partner or family member are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.3.1.1 Victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide killed by intimate partner
Total number of victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide committed by a current or former intimate partner, at the national level. [Source: Data on victims of intentional homicide killed by intimate partner are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.3.1.1b Female victims of intentional homicide killed by intimate partner
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide committed by a current or former intimate partner, at the national level. [Source: Data on Female victims of intentional homicide killed by intimate partner are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.3.1.2a Male victims of intentional homicide killed by family member
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide committed by a family member, at the national level. [Source: Data on Male victims of intentional homicide killed by a family member are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.3.1.2b Female victims of intentional homicide killed by family member
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide committed by a family member, at the national level. [Source: Data on Female victims of intentional homicide killed by a family member are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.3.1a Male victims of intentional homicide killed by intimate partner or family member
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide killed by current or former intimate partner or family member, at the national level. [Source: Data on Male victims of intentional homicide killed by intimate partner or family member are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.3.1b Female victims of intentional homicide killed by intimate partner or family member
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide killed by current or former intimate partner or family member, at the national level. [Source: Data on Female victims of intentional homicide killed by intimate partner or family member are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.3.1b.% Female victims of intentional homicide by intimate partner or family member (percentage)
Female victims of intentional homicide committed by current or former intimate partner or family member, as a PERCENTAGE of the total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, at the national level (Female victims of intentional homicide by intimate partner or family member*100 / Total of Female victims of intentional homicide). [Source: Data on Female victims of intentional homicide committed by intimate partner or family member are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.3.2a Male victims of intentional homicide killed by other perpetrator known to the victim
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide committed by other perpetrator known to the victim, at the national level. [Source: Data on Male victims of intentional homicide killed by other perpetrator known to the victim are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.3.2b Female victims of intentional homicide killed by other perpetrator known to the victim
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide committed by other perpetrator known to the victim, at the national level. [Source: Data on Female victims of intentional homicide killed by other perpetrator known to the victim are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.3.3 Victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide killed by perpetrator unknown to the victim
Total number of victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide committed by perpetrator unknown to the victim, at the national level. [Source: Data on victims (Males & Females) of intentional homicide killed by perpetrator unknown to the victim are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.3.3a Male victims of intentional homicide killed by perpetrator unknown to the victim
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide committed by perpetrator unknown to the victim, at the national level. [Source: Data on Male victims of intentional homicide killed by perpetrator unknown to the victim are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.3.3b Female victims of intentional homicide killed by perpetrator unknown to the victim
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide committed by perpetrator unknown to the victim, at the national level. [Source: Data on Female victims of intentional homicide killed by perpetrator unknown to the victim are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.3.4 Victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide in which the relationship with the perpetrator is unknown
Total number of victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide in which the relationship with the perpetrator is unknown, at the national level. [Source: Data on victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide in which the relationship with the perpetrator is unknown are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.3.4a Male victims of intentional homicide in which the relationship with the perpetrator is unknown
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide in which the relationship with the perpetrator is unknown, at the national level. [Source: Data on Male victims of intentional homicide in which the relationship with the perpetrator is unknown are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.3.4b Female victims of intentional homicide in which the relationship with the perpetrator is unknown
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide in which the relationship with the perpetrator is unknown, at the national level. [Source: Data on Female victims of intentional homicide in which the relationship with the perpetrator is unknown are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
01.3 Intentional Homicide | By situational context and sex
1.4.1.1 Victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide related to organized criminal groups or gangs
Total number of victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide related to organized criminal groups organized criminal groups or gangs. [Source: Data on victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide related to organized criminal groups or gangs are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.4.4 Victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide related to unknown types of homicide
Total number of Male and Female victims of intentional homicide related to unknown types of homicide. [Source: data on victims of intentional homicide related to unknown types of homicide are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.4.4a Male victims of intentional homicide related to unknown types of homicide
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide related to unknown types of homicide. [Source: data on Male victims of intentional homicide related to unknown types of homicide are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.4.4b Female victims of intentional homicide related to unknown types of homicide
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide related to unknown types of homicide. [Source: data on Female victims of intentional homicide related to unknown types of homicide are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
01.4 Intentional Homicide | By mechanism
1.5.1 Victims of intentional homicide attacked with firearms or explosives
Total of victims of intentional homicide attacked with firearms or explosives, at the national level. “ATTACK WITH FIREARMS" includes handgun discharge, rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge, as well as other and unspecified firearm discharge, according to the causes of death by assault by firearm discharge of the World Health Organization (WHO). [Sources: International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. World Health Organization (WHO), 10th Revision (ICD-10), Chapter XX, codes: Handgun discharge (X93), Rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge (X94), Other unspecified firearm discharge (X95), and Explosive material (X96). Web: http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2016/en#/X85-Y09. Data on victims of intentional homicide attacked with firearms or explosives are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.5.1.1 Victims of intentional homicide attacked with firearm
Total of victims of intentional homicide attacked with firearm, at the national level. “ATTACK WITH FIREARM" includes handgun discharge, rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge, as well as other and unspecified firearm discharge, according to the causes of death by assault by firearm discharge of the World Health Organization (WHO). [Sources: International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. World Health Organization (WHO), 10th Revision (ICD-10), Chapter XX, codes: Handgun discharge (X93), Rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge (X94), Other unspecified firearm discharge (X95). Web: http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2016/en#/X85-Y09. Data on victims of intentional homicide attacked with firearm are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.5.1.1.% Victims of intentional homicide attacked with firearm (percentage)
Victims of intentional homicide attacked with firearm, as a PERCENTAGE of the total of victims of intentional homicide, at the national level (Total number of victims of intentional homicide committed with a firearm*100) / total number of victims of intentional homicide). “ATTACK WITH FIREARM" includes handgun discharge, rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge, as well as other and unspecified firearm discharge, according to the causes of death by assault by firearm discharge of the World Health Organization (WHO). [Sources: International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. World Health Organization (WHO), 10th Revision (ICD-10), Chapter XX, codes: Handgun discharge (X93), Rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge (X94), Other unspecified firearm discharge (X95). Web: http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2016/en#/X85-Y09. Data on victims of intentional homicide attacked with firearm are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.5.1.1x Victims of intentional homicide attacked with firearm (rate)
RATE of victims of intentional homicide attacked with firearm, at the national level. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants, dividing the number of reported victims of intentional homicide attacked with firearm by the total population; result is then multiplied by 100,000. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison purpose. “Attack with FIREARM" includes handgun discharge, rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge, as well as other, and unspecified firearm discharge, according to the causes of death by assault by firearm discharge of the World Health Organization (WHO). [Sources: International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. WHO, 10th Revision (ICD-10), Chapter XX, codes X93, X94, X95. Web: http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2016/en#/X85-Y09 Population data are from the: 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/ Data on victims of intentional homicide attacked with firearm are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.5.2 Victims of intentional homicide attacked with another weapon
Total of victims of intentional homicide attacked with another weapon, at the national level. [Source: Data on victims of intentional homicide attacked with another weapon are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.5.2.1 Victims of intentional homicide attacked with a sharp object
Total of victims of intentional homicide attacked with a sharp object, at the national level. [Source: Data on victims of intentional homicide attacked with a sharp object are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.5.3 Victims of Intentional Homicide attacked without a weapon
Total of victims of intentional homicide attacked without a weapon, using other mechanism of killing, at the national level. [Source: Data on victims of intentional homicide attacked without a weapon are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
01.5 Intentional Homicide | By age and sex
1.6.10a Male victims of intentional homicide of age unknown
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide of age unknown, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Male victims of intentional homicide of age unknown are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.10b Female victims of intentional homicide of age unknown
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide of age unknown, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Female victims of intentional homicide of age unknown are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.1a Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 0 to 9
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 0 to 9, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 0 to 9, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.1b Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 0 to 9
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 0 to 9, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 0 to 9, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.2a Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 10 to 14
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 10 to 14, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 10 to 14, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.2b Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 10 to 14
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 10 to 14, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 10 to 14, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.3a Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 15 to 17
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 15 to 17, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 15 to 17, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.3b Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 15 to 17
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 15 to 17, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 15 to 17, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.4a Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 18 to 19
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 18 to 19, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 18 to 19, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.4b Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 18 to 19
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 18 to 19, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 18 to 19, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.5a Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 20 to 24
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 20 to 24, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 20 to 24, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.5b Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 20 to 24
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 20 to 24, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 20 to 24, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.6a Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 25 to 29
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 25 to 29, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 25 to 29, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.6b Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 25 to 29
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 25 to 29, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 25 to 29, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.7a Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 30 to 44
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 30 to 44, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 30 to 44, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.7b Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 30 to 44
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 30 to 44, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 30 to 44, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.8a Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 45 to 59
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 45 to 59, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 45 to 59, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.8b Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 45 to 59
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 45 to 59, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 45 to 59, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.9a Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 60 and older
Total number of Male victims of intentional homicide aged 60 and older, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Male victims of intentional homicide, aged 60 and older, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.6.9b Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 60 and older
Total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 60 and older, at the national level. [Source: data on total number of Female victims of intentional homicide, aged 60 and older, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
01.6 Intentional Homicide | By nationality and sex
1.7.1a National citizens (Males), victims of intentional homicide
Total of Male national citizens victims of intentional homicide, at the national level. For both United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) data collection and statistical purposes, this variable should include the national citizens with dual-nationality. [Source: Data on Male national citizens victims of intentional homicide are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.7.1b National citizens (Females), victims of intentional homicide
Total of Female National citizens victims of intentional homicide, at the national level. For both United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) data collection and statistical purposes, this variable should include the national citizens with dual-nationality. [Source: Data on Female national citizens victims of intentional homicide are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.7.2a Foreign citizens (Males), victims of intentional homicide
Total of Male Foreign citizens victims of intentional homicide, at the national level. For both United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) data collection and statistical purposes, this variable should NOT include the national citizens with dual-nationality. [Source: Data on Male foreign citizens victims of intentional homicide are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.7.2b Foreign citizens (Females), victims of intentional homicide
Total of Female Foreign citizens victims of intentional homicide, at the national level. For both United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) data collection and statistical purposes, this variable should NOT include the national citizens with dual-nationality. [Source: Data on Female foreign citizens victims of intentional homicide are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
01.7 Intentional Homicide | By city
1.8.1 Victims of intentional homicide in the largest city
Total number of victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide in the country’s largest city. [Source: Data on total number of victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide in the country’s largest city are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.8.1.x Victims of intentional homicide in the largest city (rate)
RATE of victims of intentional homicide, in the largest city. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants, by dividing the number of reported intentional homicide crimes in the largest city by the total population of the same city; the result is then multiplied by 100,000. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants in the city have their rates presented this way for comparison purpose. [Sources: Both the population data and the data on victims of intentional homicide in the largest city are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.8.2 Victims of intentional homicide in the 2nd largest city
Total number of victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide in the country’s 2nd largest city. [Source: Data on total number of victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide in the country’s 2nd largest city are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.8.2.x Victims of intentional homicide in the 2nd largest city (rate)
RATE of victims of intentional homicide, in the 2nd largest city. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants, by dividing the number of reported intentional homicide crimes in the 2nd largest city by the total population of the same city; the result is then multiplied by 100,000. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants in the city have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Sources: Both the population data and the data on victims of intentional homicide in the 2nd largest city are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.8.3 Victims of intentional homicide in 3rd largest city
Total number of victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide in the country’s 3rd largest city. [Source: Data on total number of victims (Males and Females) of intentional homicide in the country’s 3rd largest city are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
1.8.3.x Victims of intentional homicide in the 3rd largest city (rate)
RATE of victims of intentional homicide, in the 3rd largest city. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants, by dividing the number of reported intentional homicide crimes in the 3rd largest city by the total population of the same city; the result is then multiplied by 100,000. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants in the city have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Sources: Both the population data and the data on victims of intentional homicide in the 3rd largest city are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
02.1 Violent Crimes | Acts causing harm or intending to cause harm to the person
2.1.1.x Serious assault (rate)
RATE of serious assault offences, at the national level. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants by dividing the number of serious assault offences by the total population; the result is then multiplied by 100,000. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Sources: Population data are obtained from the: 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/; https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/ Data on number of serious assault offences are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.1.2 Kidnapping (ICCS 020221), number of offences
Number of offences of Kidnapping, at the national level. [Source: Data on number of kidnapping offences are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.1.2.x Kidnapping (rate)
RATE of victims of Kidnapping, at the national level. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants, by dividing the number of reported kidnapping crimes by the total population; the result is then multiplied by 100,000. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Sources: Population data are obtained from the: 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/; https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/ Data on victims of kidnapping are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.6.1.1 Acts intended to induce fear or emotional distress (0208), of which are: Cyber-related, number of offences
It refers to the Acts intended to induce fear or emotional distress which are Cyber-related. The offences are cyber-related (Cy) if the use of computer data or computer systems was an integral part of the modus operandi of the crime. (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Comprehensive Study on Cybercrime. 2013. Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/organized-crime/UNODC_CCPCJ_EG.4_2013/CYBERCRIME_STUDY_210213.pdf). [Source of definitions: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.46-47, and p.21. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
02.2 Violent Crimes | Injurious acts of a sexual nature
2.2.1.1 Rape (ICCS 03011), number of offences
Number of offences of Rape, at the national level. [Source: Data on number of Rape offences are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.2.1.1.x Rape (rate)
RATE of Rapeoffences, at the national level. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants by dividing the number of rape offences by the total population; the result is then multiplied by 100,000. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Sources: Population data are obtained from the: 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/; https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/ Data on number of rape offences are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.2.1.x Sexual Violence (rate)
RATE of sexual violence offences, at the national level. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants by dividing the number of sexual violence offences by the total population; the result is then multiplied by 100,000. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Sources: Population data are obtained from the: 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/; https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/ Data on sexual violence offences are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.7.1 Child pornography (030221), number of offences
Total number of offences of Child pornography , at the national level. (“Child” as defined in national legislation). [Source of definition: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.52, and footnote 83. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.7.1.1 Child pornography (030221) of which are: Cyber-related, number of offences
Total number of offences of Child pornography that are Cyber-related, at the national level. (“Child” as defined in national legislation). The offences are cyber-related (Cy) if the use of computer data or computer systems was an integral part of the modus operandi of the crime. (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Comprehensive Study on Cybercrime. 2013. Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/organized-crime/UNODC_CCPCJ_EG.4_2013/CYBERCRIME_STUDY_210213.pdf) [Source of definitions: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.52, and footnote 83. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
02.3 Violent Crimes | Acts against property involving violence or threat against a person
2.3.1 Robbery (ICCS 0401)
Number of offences of Robbery, at the national level. [Source: Data on number of Robbery offences are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.3.1.x Robbery (rate)
RATE of Robbery offences, at the national level. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants by dividing the number of robbery offences by the total population; the result is then multiplied by 100,000. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Sources: Population data are obtained from the: 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Webs: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/ ; https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/ Data on number of robbery offences are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
02.4 Violent Crimes | Serious assault victims – By relationship and sex
2.4.1a Male victims of serious assault by intimate partner or family member
Total number of Male victims of serious assault committed by intimate partner or family member, at the national level. [Source: Data on Male victims of serious assault committed by intimate partner or family member are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.4.1b Female victims of serious assault by intimate partner or family member
Total number of Female victims of serious assault committed by intimate partner or family member, at the national level. [Source: Data on Female victims of serious assault committed by intimate partner or family member are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.4.2a Male victims of serious assault by other perpetrator known to the victim
Total number of Male victims of serious assault committed by other perpetrator known to the victim, at the national level. [Source: Data on Male victims of serious assault committed by other perpetrator known to the victim are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.4.2b Female victims of serious assault by other perpetrator known to the victim
Total number of Female victims of serious assault committed by other perpetrator known to the victim, at the national level. [Source: Data on Female victims of serious assault committed by other perpetrator known to the victim are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.4.3a Male victims of serious assault by perpetrator unknown to the victim
Total number of Male victims of serious assault committed by perpetrator unknown to the victim, at the national level. [Source: Data on Male victims of serious assault committed by perpetrator unknown to the victim are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.4.3b Female victims of serious assault by perpetrator unknown to the victim
Total number of Female victims of serious assault committed by perpetrator unknown to the victim, at the national level. [Source: Data on Female victims of serious assault committed by perpetrator unknown to the victim are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.4.4a Male victims of serious assault in which the relationship with the perpetrator is not known
Total number of Male victims of serious assault in which the relationship with the perpetrator is not known, at the national level. [Source: Data on Male victims of serious assault in which the relationship with the perpetrator is not known are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.4.4b Female victims of serious assault in which the relationship with the perpetrator is not known
Total number of Female victims of serious assault in which the relationship with the perpetrator is not known, at the national level. [Source: Data on Female victims of serious assault in which the relationship with the perpetrator is not known are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
02.5 Violent Crimes | Sexual violence victims – By relationship and sex
2.5.0 Female victims of sexual violence
Total number of Female victims of sexual violence, at the national level. [Source: Data on Female victims of sexual violence are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.5.0.x Female victims of sexual violence (rate)
RATE of Female victims of sexual violence, at the national level. RATES are calculated per 100,000 Females, by dividing the number of reported sexual violence offences in which the victims were Females by the total population; the result is then multiplied by 100,000. Some countries with less than 100,000 Females have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Sources: Female population data are obtained from the: 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Webs: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/; https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/ Data on number of Females victims of sexual violence are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.5.1a Male victims of sexual violence by intimate partner or family member
Total number of Male victims of sexual violence committed by intimate partner or family member, at the national level. [Source: Data on Male victims of sexual violence committed by intimate partner or family member are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.5.1b Female victims of sexual violence by intimate partner or family member
Total number of Female victims of sexual violence committed by intimate partner or family member, at the national level. [Source: Data on Female victims of sexual violence committed by intimate partner or family member are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.5.2a Male victims of sexual violence by other perpetrator known to the victim
Total number of Male victims of sexual violence committed by other perpetrator known to the victim, at the national level. [Source: Data on Male victims of sexual violence committed by other perpetrator known to the victim are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.5.2b Female victims of sexual violence by other perpetrator known to the victim
Total number of Female victims of sexual violence committed by other perpetrator known to the victim, at the national level. [Source: Data on Female victims of sexual violence committed by other perpetrator known to the victim are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.5.3a Male victims of sexual violence by perpetrator unknown to the victim
Total number of Male victims of sexual violence committed by perpetrator unknown to the victim, at the national level. [Source: Data on Male victims of sexual violence committed by perpetrator unknown to the victim are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.5.3b Female victims of sexual violence by perpetrator unknown to the victim
Total number of Female victims of sexual violence committed by perpetrator unknown to the victim, at the national level. [Source: Data on Female victims of sexual violence committed by perpetrator unknown to the victim are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.5.4a Male victims of sexual violence in which the relationship with the perpetrator is not known
Total number of Male victims of sexual violence in which the relationship with the perpetrator is not known, at the national level. [Source: Data on Male victims of sexual violence in which the relationship with the perpetrator is not known are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
2.5.4b Female victims of sexual violence in which the relationship with the perpetrator is not known
Total number of Female victims of sexual violence in which the relationship with the perpetrator is not known, at the national level. [Source: Data on Female victims of sexual violence in which the relationship with the perpetrator is not known are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
02.6 Violent Crimes | Sexual exploitation victims – By sex and age
03. Other Crimes
3.2.1 Corruption (ICCS 0703), number of offences
Corruption, number of offences at the national level. [Source: data on number of corruption offences are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
3.2.1.1 Bribery (ICCS 07031), number of offences
Total number of offences of Bribery, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Bribery offences are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
3.3.1 Smuggling of migrants (ICCS 08051), number of offences
Total number of offences of Smuggling of migrants, at the national level. Migration is the movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border or within a State (International Organization for Migration. Key migration terms. Web: https://www.iom.int/key-migration-terms) [Source: Data on total number of Smuggling of migrants offences are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
3.4.4 Financing of terrorism (ICCS 09062), number of offences
Total number of offences of Financing of terrorism, at the national level. Source: Data on total number of offences of financing of terrorism are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
3.5.1.x. Burglary (rate)
RATE of Burglary, at the national level. “BURGLARY” means “gaining unauthorized access to a part of a building/dwelling or other premises with or without the use of force against the building/dwelling, with intent to commit theft or when actually committing theft”. INCLUSIONS: Breaking and entering, unlawful entry with intent to commit theft, or access by deception with intent to commit theft, of: business premises (office buildings, shops, clubs, banks factories, hotels etc); residential premises (house, appartment or other dwelling place that is the habitual place of residence of the victim); or public premises owned, rented or leased by public bodies, EXCLUSIONS:Theft (0502); possession of stolen goods or money; receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods; using stolen parts for producing other goods; concealment of stolen goods (0704); property damage (0504); Robbery (0401). "Burglary" should also exclude theft from a car, container, vending machine, parking meter and from a fenced meadow/compound. [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.57. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). For population data: 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/]
3.5.2 Theft (ICCS 0502), number of offences
Total number of offences of "Theft" at the national level. “THEFT” is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining of property with the intent to permanently withhold it from a person or organization without consent and without the use of force, threat of force or violence, coercion or deception”. INCLUSIONS: Theft of personal property (05022) where entry was lawfully gained; theft of personal property from a person (050221) or from a vehicle (050222); other theft of personal property (050229); theft of business property (05023); theft of movable public property that is not a vehicle (05024); theft of livestock (05025); theft of services (05026); Other acts of theft NOT involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (05029): theft of mail; theft by conversion. EXCLUSIONS: “Theft” excludes Robbery (0401); Burglary (0501); and Theft of a motorized vehicle or parts thereof (05021), which are recorded separately. It also excludes possession of stolen goods or money; receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods; using stolen parts for producing other goods; concealment of stolen goods (0704); obtaining money or other benefit or evading a liability through deceit or dishonest conduct (0701); property damage (0504); theft of intellectual property (0503); identity theft (07019) [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.58. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
3.5.2.1 Theft of a motorized vehicle (ICCS 05021), number of offences
“THEFT OF A MOTORIZED VEHICLE” is defined as unlawfully taking or obtaining a motorized land vehicle, or the theft of parts of a motorized land vehicle, with the intent to permanently withhold them from a person or organization without consent and without the use of force, threat of force or violence, coercion or deception. “Motorized land vehicle” means all land vehicles with an engine that run on the road, including cars, motorcycles, buses, lorries, construction and agricultural vehicles. “Parts of a land vehicle” are any element or replacement element specifically designed for a vehicle and essential to its operation, including engines, transmissions, tires and windows. EXCLUSIONS: "Theft of a motorized land vehicle or parts thereof " should exclude the Illegal use of a motor vehicle with intent to temporarily deprive it from the owner without consent and without the use of force, threat of force or violence, coercion or deception (e.g.: joyriding) (050212); theft of personal property from a vehicle (050222); Robbery of a car or vehicle (040121) defined as “robbery of a vehicle in transit, from the person operating the vehicle or its passengers”. [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.59, incl. footnote 95. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
3.5.2.1.x Theft of a motorized vehicle (ICCS 05021) (rate)
RATE of "Theft of a motorized vehicle" . “THEFT OF A MOTORIZED VEHICLE” is defined as unlawfully taking or obtaining a motorized land vehicle of the theft of parts of a motorized land vehicle, with the intent to permanently withhold them from a person or organization without consent and without the use of force, threat of force or violence, coercion or deception. “Motorized land vehicle” means all land vehicles with an engine that run on the road, including cars, motorcycles, buses, lorries, construction and agricultural vehicles. “Parts of a land vehicle” are any element or replacement element specifically designed for a vehicle and essential to its operation, including engines, transmissions, tires and windows. EXCLUSIONS: "Theft of a motorized land vehicle or parts thereof " should exclude the Illegal use of a motor vehicle with intent to temporarily deprive it from the owner without consent and without the use of force, threat of force or violence, coercion or deception (e.g.: joyriding) (050212); theft of personal property from a vehicle (050222); Robbery of a car or vehicle (040121) defined as “robbery of a vehicle in transit, from the person operating the vehicle or its passengers”. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparation purpose. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.59, incl. footnote 95. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf Data provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) For population data: United Nations Population Division. Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/]
3.5.2.x Theft (rate)
RATE of "Theft" offences, at the national level. “THEFT” is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining of property with the intent to permanently withhold it from a person or organization without consent and without the use of force, threat of force or violence, coercion or deception”. INCLUSIONS: Theft of personal property (05022) where entry was lawfully gained; theft of personal property from a person (050221) or from a vehicle (050222); other theft of personal property (050229); theft of business property (05023); theft of movable public property that is not a vehicle (05024); theft of livestock (05025); theft of services (05026); Other acts of theft NOT involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (05029): theft of mail; theft by conversion. EXCLUSIONS: Burglary (0501); Robbery (0401), and Theft of a motorized vehicle or parts thereof (05021), which are recorded separately. It also excludes possession of stolen goods or money; receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods; using stolen parts for producing other goods; concealment of stolen goods (0704); obtaining money or other benefit or evading a liability through deceit or dishonest conduct (0701); property damage (0504); theft of intellectual property (0503); identity theft (07019) RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison. purpose. [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.58. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf For population data: United Nations, Population Division.Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/]
3.6.1 Fraud (ICCS 0701), number of offences
Total number of offences of Fraud, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of fraud offences are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
3.6.1.1 Fraud, of which are: Cyber-related (Cy), number of offences
Total number of offences of FRAUD that are CYBER-RELATED, at the national level. Fraud offences are considered “CYBER-RELATED” if the use of computer data or computer systems was an integral part of the modus operandi of the crime. COMPUTER DATA, at minimum, means any representation of facts, information, concepts, in a machine-readable form suitable for processing by a computer/information system COMPUTER/INFORMATION SYSTEM, at minimum, is a device or interconnected devices which pursuant to a computer/information program perform(s) automatic processing of computer data/information/logical/arithmetic/storage functions including computer data/information stored/ processed/ retrieved/transmitted by the computer/information system including any communication facility or equipment and the internet COMPUTER/INFORMATION PROGRAM, at minimum, means instructions in machine readable form that enables a computer/information system to process computer data/information/perform a function/operation and can be executed by a computer/information system [Sources: Comprehensive Study on Cybercrime. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 2013 International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp. 21 and 85, including footnote 128. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf Data on total number of offences are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
3.6.2 Money laundering (07041), number of offences
Total number of offences of Money laundering, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of money laundering offences are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
04.0 Criminal Justice System Process | Formal contact for intentional homicide – By sex, age, citizenship and recedivism
1.9.10a Male persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, of age unknown
Total number of Male persons of age unknown, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Male persons of age unknown, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.10b Female persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide of age unknown
Total number of Female persons of age unknown, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Female persons of age unknown, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.1a Male persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 0 to 9
Total number of Male persons, aged 0 to 9, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Male persons, aged 0 to 9, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.1b Female persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 0 to 9
Total number of Female persons, aged 0 to 9, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Female persons, aged 0 to 9, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.2a Male persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 10 to 14
Total number of Male persons, aged 10 to 14, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Male persons, aged 10 to 14, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.2b Female persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 10 to 14
Total number of Female persons, aged 10 to 14, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Female persons, aged 10 to 14, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.3a Male persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 15 to 17
Total number of Male persons, aged 15 to 17, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Male persons, aged 15 to 17, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.3b Female persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 15 to 17
Total number of Female persons, aged 15 to 17, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Female persons, aged 15 to 17, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.4a Male persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 18 to 19
Total number of Male persons, aged 18 to 19, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Male persons, aged 18 to 19, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.4b Female persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 18 to 19
Total number of Female persons, aged 18 to 19, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Female persons, aged 18 to 19, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.5a Male persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 20 to 24
Total number of Male persons, aged 20 to 24, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Male persons, aged 20 to 24, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.5b Female persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 20 to 24
Total number of Female persons, aged 20 to 24, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Female persons, aged 20 to 24, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.6a Male persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 25 to 29
Total number of Male persons, aged 25 to 29, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Male persons, aged 25 to 29, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.6b Female persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 25 to 29
Total number of Female persons, aged 25 to 29, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Female persons, aged 25 to 29, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.7a Male persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 30 to 44
Total number of Male persons, aged 30 to 44, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Male persons, aged 30 to 44, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.7b Female persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 30 to 44
Total number of Female persons, aged 30 to 44, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Female persons, aged 30 to 44, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.8a Male persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 45 to 59
Total number of Male persons, aged 45 to 59, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Male persons, aged 45 to 59, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.8b Female persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 45 to 59
Total number of Female persons, aged 45 to 59, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Female persons, aged 45 to 59, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.9a Male persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 60 and older
Total number of Male persons, aged 60 and older, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Male persons, aged and or older, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
1.9.9b Female persons brought into Formal Contact for intentional homicide, aged 60 and older
Total number of Female persons, aged 60 and older, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, at the national level. [Source: Data on total number of Female persons, aged 60 and older, brought into Formal Contact with the police and/or criminal justice system for intentional homicide, are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)].
04.1 Criminal Justice System Process | ICCS Crimes Levels 02 & 03
4.1.1.1 Persons brought into Formal Contact for: Intentional Homicide (ICCS 0101)
Total of Persons brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system for Intentional homicide, at the national level. "FORMAL CONTACT" may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition of “intentional homicide” is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.33.]
4.1.1.1a Male persons brought into Formal Contact for: Intentional homicide (ICCS 0101)
Total of Male persons brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system for Intentional homicide, at the national level. "FORMAL CONTACT" may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition of “intentional homicide” is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p. 33.]
4.1.1.1b Female persons brought into Formal Contact for: Intentional homicide (ICCS 0101)
Total of Female persons brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system for Intentional homicide, at the national level. "FORMAL CONTACT" may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition of “intentional homicide” is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.33.]
4.1.1.2 Persons brought into Formal Contact for: Rape (ICCS 03011)
Total of Persons brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system for Rape, at the national level. "FORMAL CONTACT" may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition of “rape” is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.50.]
4.1.1.2a Male persons brought into Formal Contact for: Rape (ICCS 03011)
Total of Male persons brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system for Rape, at the national level. "FORMAL CONTACT" may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition of “rape” is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.50.]
4.1.1.2b Female persons brought into Formal Contact for: Rape (ICCS 03011)
Total of Female persons brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system for Rape, at the national level. "FORMAL CONTACT" may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition of “rape” is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.50.]
4.1.1.3 Persons brought into Formal Contact for: Drug possession (ICCS 06011)
Total of Persons brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system for Drug possession, at the national level. "FORMAL CONTACT" may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition of “drug possession” is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.63.]
4.1.1.3a Male persons brought into Formal Contact for: Drug possession (ICCS 06011)
Total of Male persons brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system for Drug possession, at the national level. "FORMAL CONTACT" may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition of “drug possession” is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.63.]
4.1.1.3b Female persons brought into Formal Contact for: Drug possession (ICCS 06011)
Total of Female persons brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system for Drug possession, at the national level. "FORMAL CONTACT" may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition of “drug possession” is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.63.]
4.1.1.4 Persons brought into Formal Contact for: Drug trafficking (ICCS 06012)
Total of Persons brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system for Drug trafficking, at the national level. "FORMAL CONTACT" may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition of “drug trafficking” is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.64.]
4.1.1.4a Male persons brought into Formal Contact for: Drug trafficking (ICCS 06012)
Total of Male persons brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system for Drug trafficking, at the national level. "FORMAL CONTACT" may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition of “drug trafficking” is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.64.]
4.1.1.4b Female persons brought into Formal Contact for: Drug trafficking (ICCS 06012)
Total of Female persons brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system for Drug trafficking, at the national level. "FORMAL CONTACT" may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition of “drug trafficking” is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.64.]
4.1.1.5 Persons brought into Formal Contact for: Bribery (ICCS 07031)
Total of Persons brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system for Bribery, at the national level. "FORMAL CONTACT" may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition of “bribery” is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.70.]
4.1.1.5a Male persons brought into Formal Contact for: Bribery (ICCS 07031)
Total of Male persons brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system for Bribery, at the national level. "FORMAL CONTACT" may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition of “bribery” is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.70.]
4.1.1.5b Female persons brought into Formal Contact for: Bribery (ICCS 07031)
Total of Female persons brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system for Bribery, at the national level. "FORMAL CONTACT" may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition of “bribery” is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.70.]
4.1.2.1 Persons prosecuted for: Intentional Homicide (ICCS 0101)
Total number of alleged offenders against whom prosecution for Intentional homicidecommenced in the reporting year. Persons may be prosecuted by the public prosecutor or the law enforcement agency responsible for prosecution. All persons for which prosecution starts should be counted, irrespective of the case-ending decision. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.2.1a Male persons prosecuted for Intentional homicide (ICCS 0101)
"Male persons prosecuted for Intentional homicide" means the total number of alleged Male offenders against whom prosecution for Intentional homicide commenced in the reporting year. Alleged Male offenders may be prosecuted by the public prosecutor or the law enforcement agency responsible for prosecution, at the national level, irrespective of the case-ending decision. [Sources: Data disaggregated by sex were provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) up to UN-CTS 2016 (data up to year 2015).]
4.1.2.1b Female persons prosecuted for Intentional homicide (ICCS 0101)
"Female persons prosecuted for Intentional homicide" means the total number of alleged Female offenders against whom prosecution for Intentional homicide commenced in the reporting year. Alleged Female offenders may be prosecuted by the public prosecutor or the law enforcement agency responsible for prosecution, at the national level, irrespective of the case-ending decision. [Sources: Data disaggregated by sex were provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) up to UN-CTS 2016 (data up to year 2015).]
4.1.2.2 Persons prosecuted for: Rape (ICCS 03011)
Total number of alleged offenders against whom prosecution for Rapecommenced in the reporting year. Persons may be prosecuted by the public prosecutor or the law enforcement agency responsible for prosecution. All persons for which prosecution starts should be counted, irrespective of the case-ending decision. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.2.2a Male persons prosecuted for: Rape (03011)
"Male persons prosecuted for Rape" means the total number of alleged Male offenders against whom prosecution for Rape was commenced in the reporting year. Alleged Male offenders may be prosecuted by the public prosecutor or the law enforcement agency responsible for prosecution, at the national level, irrespective of the case-ending decision. [Source: Data disaggregated by sex were provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) up to UN-CTS 2016 (data up to year 2015).]
4.1.2.2b Female persons prosecuted for: Rape (03011)
"Female persons prosecuted for: Rape" means the total number of alleged Female offenders against whom prosecution for Rape was commenced in the reporting year. Alleged Female offenders may be prosecuted by the public prosecutor or the law enforcement agency responsible for prosecution, at the national level, irrespective of the case-ending decision. [Source: Data were provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)up to UN-CTS 2017 (data up to year 2016).]
4.1.2.3 Persons prosecuted for: Drug possession (ICCS 06011)
Total number of alleged offenders against whom prosecution for Drug possessioncommenced in the reporting year. Persons may be prosecuted by the public prosecutor or the law enforcement agency responsible for prosecution. All persons for which prosecution starts should be counted, irrespective of the case-ending decision. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.2.4 Persons prosecuted for: Drug trafficking (ICCS 06012)
Total number of alleged offenders against whom prosecution for Drug traffickingcommenced in the reporting year. Persons may be prosecuted by the public prosecutor or the law enforcement agency responsible for prosecution. All persons for which prosecution starts should be counted, irrespective of the case-ending decision. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.2.5 Persons prosecuted for: Bribery (ICCS 07031)
Total number of alleged offenders against whom prosecution for Briberycommenced in the reporting year. Persons may be prosecuted by the public prosecutor or the law enforcement agency responsible for prosecution. All persons for which prosecution starts should be counted, irrespective of the case-ending decision. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.3.1 Persons convicted for: Intentional Homicide (ICCS 0101)
Total number of persons found guilty of Intentional homicide by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. Persons receiving a sentence after plea-bargaining, or in an abbreviated court procedure, should be counted as persons convicted. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.3.1a Male persons convicted for: Intentional homicide (ICCS 0101)
"Male persons convicted for Intentional homicide" means the total number of Male persons found guilty of Intentional homicide by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. [Sources: Data disaggregated by sex were provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) up to UN-CTS 2016 (data up to year 2015).]
4.1.3.1b Female persons convicted for: Intentional homicide (ICCS 0101)
"Female persons convicted for: Intentional homicide" means the total number of Female persons found guilty of Intentional homicide by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. [Sources: Data disaggregated by sex were provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)up to UN-CTS 2016 (data up to year 2015).]
4.1.3.2 Persons convicted for: Rape (ICCS 03011)
Total number of persons found guilty of Rape by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. Persons receiving a sentence after plea-bargaining, or in an abbreviated court procedure, should be counted as persons convicted. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.3.2a Male persons convicted for: Rape (03011)
"Male persons convicted for Rape" means the number of Male persons found guilty of Rape by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. [Source: Data disaggregated by sex were provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) up to UN-CTS 2016 (data up to year 2015).]
4.1.3.2b Female persons convicted for: Rape (03011)
"Female persons convicted for Rape" means the total number of Female persons found guilty of a href="http://www.oas.org/IOS/glossarydetails.aspx?lang=en&type=0&id=28">Rape by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. [Source: Data disaggregated by sex were provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) up to UN-CTS 2016 (data up to year 2015).]
4.1.3.3 Persons convicted for: Drug possession (ICCS 06011)
Total number of persons found guilty of Drug possession by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. Persons receiving a sentence after plea-bargaining, or in an abbreviated court procedure, should be counted as persons convicted. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.3.4 Persons convicted for: Drug trafficking (ICCS 06012)
Total number of persons found guilty of Drug trafficking by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. Persons receiving a sentence after plea-bargaining, or in an abbreviated court procedure, should be counted as persons convicted. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.3.5 Persons convicted for: Bribery (ICCS 07031)
Total number of persons found guilty of Bribery by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. Persons receiving a sentence after plea-bargaining, or in an abbreviated court procedure, should be counted as persons convicted. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.4.1 Persons entering prison for: Intentional homicide (ICCS 0101)
All persons entering Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions for Intentional homicide, during the course of the year. This includes persons entering pre-sentence detention and persons entering prisons after a sentence was pronounced by a competent authority, as well as entries that occurred after the revocation, suspension or annulment of a conditional release or probation and entries that occurred due to transfers from a foreign country. Entry following a period of authorised absence or temporary prison leave should be excluded. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.4.2 Persons entering prison for: Rape (ICCS 03011)
All persons entering Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions for Rape, during the course of the year. This includes persons entering pre-sentence detention and persons entering prisons after a sentence was pronounced by a competent authority, as well as entries that occurred after the revocation, suspension or annulment of a conditional release or probation and entries that occurred due to transfers from a foreign country. Entry following a period of authorised absence or temporary prison leave should be excluded. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.4.3 Persons entering prison for: Drug possession (ICCS 06011)
All persons entering Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions for Drug possession, during the course of the year. This includes persons entering pre-sentence detention and persons entering prisons after a sentence was pronounced by a competent authority, as well as entries that occurred after the revocation, suspension or annulment of a conditional release or probation and entries that occurred due to transfers from a foreign country. Entry following a period of authorised absence or temporary prison leave should be excluded. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.4.4 Persons entering prison for: Drug trafficking (ICCS 06012)
All persons entering Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions for Drug trafficking, during the course of the year. This includes persons entering pre-sentence detention and persons entering prisons after a sentence was pronounced by a competent authority, as well as entries that occurred after the revocation, suspension or annulment of a conditional release or probation and entries that occurred due to transfers from a foreign country. Entry following a period of authorised absence or temporary prison leave should be excluded. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.4.5 Persons entering prison for: Bribery (ICCS 07031)
All persons entering Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions for Bribery, during the course of the year. This includes persons entering pre-sentence detention and persons entering prisons after a sentence was pronounced by a competent authority, as well as entries that occurred after the revocation, suspension or annulment of a conditional release or probation and entries that occurred due to transfers from a foreign country. Entry following a period of authorised absence or temporary prison leave should be excluded. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.5.1 Persons held for: Intentional Homicide (ICCS 0101)
All persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions for Intentional homicide on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, for example, persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.5.2 Persons held for: Rape (ICCS 03011)
All persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions for Rape on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, for example, persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.5.3 Persons held for: Drug possession (ICCS 06011)
All persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions for Drug possession on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, for example, persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.5.4 Persons held for: Drug trafficking (ICCS 06012)
All persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions for Drug trafficking on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, for example, persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.1.5.5 Persons held for: Bribery (ICCS 07031)
All persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions for Bribery on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, for example, persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
04.2 Criminal Justice System Process | Formal Contact – By age status and sex, by citizenship
4.2.4 National citizens brought into Formal Contact with Police and/or the criminal justice system
Total of National citizens brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system. For both United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) data collection and statistical purposes, this variable should include the national citizens with dual-nationality. "FORMAL CONTACT" with the Police and/or the criminal justice system may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.2.5 Foreign citizens brought into Formal Contact with Police and/or the criminal justice system
Total of Foreign citizens brought into Formal Contact with the Police and/or the criminal justice system. For both United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) data collection and statistical purposes, this variable should NOT include the national citizens with dual-nationality. "FORMAL CONTACT" with the Police and/or the criminal justice system may include persons suspected, or arrested, or cautioned, for a criminal offence, at the national level. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
04.3 Criminal Justice System Process | Persons prosecuted – By age status and sex, and by citizenship
4.3.4 National citizens prosecuted
Total number of national citizens alleged offenders against whom prosecution commenced in the reporting year. National citizens may be prosecuted by the public prosecutor or the law enforcement agency responsible for prosecution. All national citizens for which prosecution started should be counted, irrespective of the case-ending decision. For both United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) data collection and statistical purposes, this variable should include the national citizens with dual-nationality. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.3.5 Foreign citizens prosecuted
Total number of foreign citizens alleged offenders against whom prosecution commenced in the reporting year. National citizens may be prosecuted by the public prosecutor or the law enforcement agency responsible for prosecution. All foreign citizens for which prosecution started should be counted, irrespective of the case-ending decision. For both United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) data collection and statistical purposes, this variable should NOT include the national citizens with dual-nationality. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
04.4 Criminal Justice System Process | Persons brought before the Criminal Courts, by legal representation
04.5 Criminal Justice System Process | Persons convicted – By age status and sex, and y citizenship
4.5.3 Juveniles convicted
"Juveniles convicted" means the total number of Juvenile persons found guilty by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. The total number of Juvenile persons convicted should also include those Juveniles convicted of serious special law offences but exclude those convicted of minor road traffic offences, misdemeanours and other petty offences. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition is also from the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS), Definitions Section.] [“Juvenile” is a minor or person who is of certain minimum age but still under the age of legal competence. The minority is determined according to what each country’s legislation establishes; however, a majority of countries establish that a person is no longer a minor after reaching the age of 18. Therefore, an individual charged with a crime who is between the minimum age established by the country’s legislation and (in most cases) 18, is considered a juvenile.]
4.5.3a Male Juveniles convicted
"Male Juveniles convicted" means the total number of Male Juvenile persons found guilty by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. The total number of Male Juvenile persons convicted should also include those Male Juveniles convicted of serious special law offences but exclude those convicted of minor road traffic offences, misdemeanours and other petty offences. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition is also from the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS), Definitions Section.] [“Juvenile” is a minor or person who is of certain minimum age but still under the age of legal competence. The minority is determined according to what each country’s legislation establishes; however, a majority of countries establish that a person is no longer a minor after reaching the age of 18. Therefore, an individual charged with a crime who is between the minimum age established by the country’s legislation and (in most cases) 18, is considered a juvenile.]
4.5.3b Female Juveniles convicted
"Female Juveniles convicted" means the total number of Female Juveniles found guilty by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. The total number of Female Juveniles convicted should also include those Female Juveniles convicted of serious special law offences but exclude those convicted of minor road traffic offences, misdemeanours and other petty offences. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition is also from the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS), Definitions Section.] [“Juvenile” is a minor or person who is of certain minimum age but still under the age of legal competence. The minority is determined according to what each country’s legislation establishes; however, a majority of countries establish that a person is no longer a minor after reaching the age of 18. Therefore, an individual charged with a crime who is between the minimum age established by the country’s legislation and (in most cases) 18, is considered a juvenile.]
4.5.4 National citizens convicted
"National citizens convicted" means the total number of national citizens found guilty by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. The total number of national citizens persons convicted should also include those convicted of serious special law offences but exclude those convicted of minor road traffic offences, misdemeanours and other petty offences. For both United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) data collection and statistical purposes, this variable should include the national citizens with dual-nationality. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition is also from the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS), Definitions Section.]
4.5.5 Foreign citizens convicted
"Foreign citizens convicted" means the total number of foreign citizens found guilty by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. The total number of foreign citizens persons convicted should also include those convicted of serious special law offences but exclude those convicted of minor road traffic offences, misdemeanours and other petty offences. For both United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) data collection and statistical purposes, this variable should NOT include the national citizens with dual-nationality. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition is also from the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS), Definitions Section.]
04.6 Criminal Justice System Process - ICCS Crimes Level 1
4.6.1.1 Acts leading to death or intending to cause death, total number of offences (ICCS 01)
“Other criminal acts not elsewhere classified” are the criminal offences defined as such in Section 11 of the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.94-97. [Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf.] Those include: Acts under universal jurisdiction (1101) (e.g. torture; piracy, war crimes, genocide, crimes against humanity, crime of aggression); Acts contrary to youth regulations and acts on minors (1102); Other criminal acts not elsewhere classified (1109); and subcategories of those, as also listed on pp. 31-32 of the ICCS. [Data on number of offences classified as “other criminal acts not elsewhere classified” are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.6.1.10 Acts against the natural environment, total number of offences (ICCS 10)
“Acts against the natural environment” are the criminal offences defined as such in Section 10 of the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.89-93. Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf.] Those include: Acts that cause environmental pollution or degradation (1001); Acts involving the movement or dumping of waste (1002); Trade or possession of protected or prohibited species of fauna and flora (1003); Acts that result in the depletion or degradation of natural resources (1004); Other acts against the natural environment (1009); and subcategories of those, as also listed on pp. 30-31 of the ICCS. [Data on number of offences classified as “acts against the natural environment” are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.6.1.11 Other criminal acts not elsewhere classified, total number of offences (ICCS 11)
“Other criminal acts not elsewhere classified” are the criminal offences defined as such in Section 11 of the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.94-97. [Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf.] Those include: Acts under universal jurisdiction (1101) (e.g. torture; piracy, war crimes, genocide, crimes against humanity, crime of aggression); Acts contrary to youth regulations and acts on minors (1102); Other criminal acts not elsewhere classified (1109); and subcategories of those, as also listed on pp. 31-32 of the ICCS. [Data on number of offences classified as “other criminal acts not elsewhere classified” are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.6.1.2 Acts leading to harm or intending to cause harm to the person, total number of offences (ICCS 02)
It means the criminal offences defined as such in Section 02 of the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.37-49. [Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] Those include: Assaults and threats (0201), Acts against liberty (0202), Slavery and exploitation (0203), Trafficking in persons (TIP) (0204), Coercion (0205), Negligence (0206), Dangerous acts (0207), Acts intended to induce fear or emotional (0208), Defamation or insult (0209), Discrimination (0210), Acts that trespass against the person (0211), Other acts leading to death or intending to cause harm to the person (0219), and subcategories of these, as also listed on pp. 23-25 of the ICCS. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.6.1.3 Injurious acts of a sexual nature, total number of offences (ICCS 03)
It means the criminal offences defined as such in Section 03 of the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.50-53. [Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] Those include: Sexual violence (0301), Sexual exploitation (0302), Other injurious acts of a sexual nature (0309), and subcategories of these, as also listed on p. 25 of the ICCS. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.6.1.4 Acts against property involving violence or threat against a person, total number of offences (ICCS 04)
It means are the criminal offences defined as such in Section 04 of the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.54-56. [Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] Those include: Robbery (0401), Other acts against property involving violence or threat against a person (0409), and subcategories of these, as also listed on pp. 25-26 of the ICCS. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.6.1.5 Acts against property only, total number of offences (ICCS 05)
It means the criminal offences defined as such in Section 05 of the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.57-62. [Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] Those include: Burglary (0501), Theft (0502), Intellectual property offences (0503), Property damage (0504), Other acts against property only (0509), and subcategories of these, as also listed on p. 26 of the ICCS. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.6.1.6 Acts involving controlled psychoactive substances or other drugs, total number of offences (ICCS 06)
“Acts involving controlled psychoactive substances or other drugs” are the criminal offences defined as such in Section 06 of the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.63-67. [Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] Those include: Unlawful acts involving controlled drugs or precursors (0601), which includes unlawful possession, purchase, use, cultivation or production of controlled drugs for personal consumption (06011), and unlawful trafficking, cultivation or production of controlled drugs or precursors not for personal consumption (06012); Unlawful acts involving alcohol, tobacco or other controlled substances (0602); Other acts involving controlled drugs or other psychoactive substances (0609), and subcategories of these, as also listed on pp. 26-27 of the ICCS. Controlled drugs are narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances scheduled as such under the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, as amended, and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances (ICCS, p.63, footnote 98) [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.6.1.7 Acts involving fraud, deception or corruption, total number of offences (ICCS 07)
“Acts involving fraud, deception or corruption” are the criminal offences defined as such in Section 07 of the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.68-73. [Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] Those include: Fraud (0701); Forgery/counterfeiting (0702); Corruption (0703) (which includes: Bribery; Embezzlement; Abuse of Functions; Trading in influence; Illicit enrichment); Acts involving the proceeds of crime (0704), as money laundering, illicit trafficking in cultural property; and other subcategories, as also listed on pp. 27-28 of the ICCS. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.6.1.8 Acts against public order, authority and provisions of the State, total number of offences (ICCS 08)
“Acts against public order, authority and provisions of the State” are the criminal offences defined as such in Section 08 of the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.74-81. [Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] Those include: Acts against public order behavioural standards (0801); Acts against public order sexual standards (0801) (e.g. prostitution and pornography offences); Acts related to freedom of expression or control of expression (0803); Acts contrary to public revenue or regulatory provisions (0804); Acts related to migration (0805) (e.g. smuggling of migrants offences, or other unlawful acts related to migration); Acts against the justice system (0806); Acts related to democratic elections (0807); Acts contrary to labour law (0808); Other acts against public order, authority and provisions of the State (0809); and subcategories of those, as also listed on pp. 28-29 of the ICCS. [Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
4.6.1.9 Acts against public safety and state security, total number of offences (ICCS 09)
“Acts against public safety and state security” are the criminal offences defined as such in Section 09 of the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.82-88. [Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] Those include: Acts involving weapons, explosives and other destructive materials (0901) (which includes unlawful possession, use or trafficking of weapons, explosives chemical, biological or radioactive materials); Acts against health and safety (0902); Acts against computer systems (0903) which includes unlawful access or interference with a computer system or computer data, and other acts against computer systems); Acts against state security (0904); Acts related to an organized criminal group (0905) (which includes participation or other acts related to an organized criminal group); Terrorism (0906) (which includes participation in, financing of, or other acts related to the activities of a terrorist group); Other acts against public safety and state security (0909); and subcategories of those, as also listed on pp. 29-30 of the ICCS. [Data on number of offences classified as “acts against public safety and state security” are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
05. Prisons
5.1.1 Total number of persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions
Total number of persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions on a specified day and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, for example, persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definition is also from the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS), Definitions Section.]
5.1.2 Adults held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions
"ADULTS HELD IN PRISONS" means the total number of adults held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, including persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
5.1.2.x Adults Held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions (rate)
"ADULTS HELD IN PRISONS (RATE)" means the rate of adults held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, including persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). For population data: 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/
5.1.2a Adults Held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions (Males)
"MALE ADULTS HELD IN PRISONS" means the total number of Male adults held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, including persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. [Source: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
5.1.2b Adults Held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions (Females)
"FEMALE ADULTS HELD IN PRISONS" means the total number of Female Adults held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, including persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
5.1.3 Juveniles held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions
"Juveniles Held" means the total number of juveniles held in Prisons, Penal institutions, Correctional institutions or detention centers for juveniles on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal minors held for administrative purposes, including juvenile persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or juvenile foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. In the law a “JUVENILE” means a minor who is not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. “Juvenile” is a minor or person who is of certain minimum age but still under the age of legal competence. The minority is determined according to what each country’s legislation establishes; however, a majority of countries establish that a person is no longer a minor after reaching the age of 18. Therefore an individual charged with a crime who is between the minimum age established by the country’s legislation and (in most cases) 18, is considered a juvenile.
5.1.3.x Juveniles held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions (rate)
"Juveniles Held (rate)" means the percentage of juveniles held in Prisons, Penal institutions, Correctional institutions or detention centers for juveniles on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal minors held for administrative purposes, including minor persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or minor foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. In the law a “JUVENILE” means a minor who is not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. “Juvenile” is a minor or person who is of certain minimum age but still under the age of legal competence. The minority is determined according to what each country’s legislation establishes; however, a majority of countries establish that a person is no longer a minor after reaching the age of 18. Therefore an individual charged with a crime who is between the minimum age established by the country’s legislation and (in most cases) 18, is considered a juvenile. RATES are calculated per 100,000 children. Some countries with less than 100,000 children have their rates presented for comparison. [Source for population data: 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/]
5.1.3a Juveniles held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions (Males)
"Juveniles Held (Boys)" means the total number of Male juveniles held in Prisons, Penal institutions, Correctional institutions or detention centers for juveniles on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal Male juveniles held for administrative purposes, including Male juveniles held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizen juveniles without a legal right to stay. In the law a “JUVENILE” means as a minor who is not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. “Juvenile” is a minor or person who is of certain minimum age but still under the age of legal competence. The minority is determined according to what each country’s legislation establishes; however, a majority of countries establish that a person is no longer a minor after reaching the age of 18. Therefore an individual charged with a crime who is between the minimum age established by the country’s legislation and (in most cases) 18, is considered a juvenile.
5.1.3b Juveniles held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions (Females)
"Juveniles Held (Girls)" means the total number of Female juveniles held in Prisons, Penal institutions, Correctional institutions or detention centers for juveniles on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal Female juveniles held for administrative purposes, including Female juveniles held pending investigation into their immigration status or Female juveniles who are foreign citizen without a legal right to stay. In the law a “JUVENILE” is defined as a minor who is not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. “Juvenile” is a minor or person who is of certain minimum age but still under the age of legal competence. The minority is determined according to what each country’s legislation establishes; however, a majority of countries establish that a person is no longer a minor after reaching the age of 18. Therefore an individual charged with a crime who is between the minimum age established by the country’s legislation and 18, is considered a juvenile.
5.1.4 National citizens held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions
Total number of national citizens held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, including persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. NATIONAL CITIZEN is a person who has citizenship of your country; this includes persons with dual-nationality. CITIZENSHIP means the particular legal bond between an individual and his or her State, acquired by birth or naturalisation, whether by declaration, choice, marriage or other means according to national legislation. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definitions of NATIONAL CITIZEN and CITIZENSHIP are provided by the UN-CTS and the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.100 footnote 167, respectively.]
5.1.5 Foreign citizens held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions
"FOREIGN CITIZENS HELD" means the total number of persons (adults or juveniles) who do not have citizenship of your country and is held in adult or juvenile Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, including persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. FOREIGN CITIZEN is a person who does NOT have citizenship of your country; this excludes persons with dual-nationality. CITIZENSHIP means the particular legal bond between an individual and his or her State, acquired by birth or naturalisation, whether by declaration, choice, marriage or other means according to national legislation. [Sources: Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Definitions of NATIONAL CITIZEN and CITIZENSHIP are provided by the UN-CTS and the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), p.100 footnote 167, respectively.]
5.1.5.% Foreign citizens held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions (percentage)
It refers to the total number of “Foreign Citizens Held” as a PERCENTAGE of the total number of Persons Held in Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions [(Total Foreign Citizen held *100)/Total Persons held.] “FOREIGN CITIZENS HELD” means the total number of persons (adults or juveniles) who do not have citizenship of your country (this excludes persons with dual-nationality), and is held in adult or juvenile prisons, penal institutions or correctional institutions on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, including persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
5.2.1 Persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions, UNSENTENCED (Males and Females)
"PERSONS HELD UNSENTENCED" refers to persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions who are untried, pre-trial or awaiting a first instance decision on their case from a competent authority regarding their conviction or acquittal. INCLUSIONS: Persons held before and during the trial should be included. EXCLUSIONS: Sentenced persons held awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing their sentence should be excluded. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
5.2.1a Persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions, UNSENTENCED (Males)
"PERSONS HELD UNSENTENCED OR IN PRE-TRIAL DETENTION (MALES)" refers to Male persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions who are untried, pre-trial or awaiting a first instance decision on their case from a competent authority regarding their conviction or acquittal. INCLUSIONS: Male persons held before and during the trial should be included. EXCLUSIONS: Sentenced Male persons held awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing their sentence should be excluded. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
5.2.1b Persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions, UNSENTENCED (Females)
"PERSONS HELD UNSENTENCED OR IN PRE-TRIAL DETENTION (FEMALES)" refers to Female persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions who are untried, pre-trial or awaiting a first instance decision on their case from a competent authority regarding their conviction or acquittal. INCLUSIONS: Female persons held before and during the trial should be included. EXCLUSIONS: Sentenced Female persons held awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing their sentence should be excluded. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
5.2.2 Persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions, SENTENCED (Males and Females)
"SENTENCED PERSONS HELD" refers to the total number of persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions after a first instance decision or a final decision on their case has been made by a competent authority. This includes sentenced persons with a final decision, persons held who are awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing and persons held who have been convicted but who have not received a sentence yet. Persons held who have received a custodial sentence for one crime but are still under trial and unsentenced for another crime should be counted as sentenced persons held. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
5.2.2.1 Persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions, SENTENCED, of Which: With a NON-FINAL sentencing decision
Total number of persons held in juvenile prisons, penal institutions or correctional institutions after a first instance decision on their case has been made by a competent authority. This includes sentenced prisoners who are awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing and persons held who have been convicted but who have not received a sentence yet. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
5.3.1 Number of persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions, UNSENTENCED, for MORE than 12 months
5.3.1 Number of persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions, UNSENTENCED, for MORE than 12 months "PERSONS HELD UNSENTENCED" refers to persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions who are untried, pre-trial or awaiting a first instance decision on their case from a competent authority regarding their conviction or acquittal. INCLUSIONS: Persons held before and during the trial should be included. EXCLUSIONS: Sentenced persons held awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing their sentence should be excluded. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
5.3.2 Number of persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions, UNSENTENCED, for LESS than 12 months
"PERSONS HELD UNSENTENCED" refers to persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions who are untried, pre-trial or awaiting a first instance decision on their case from a competent authority regarding their conviction or acquittal. INCLUSIONS: Persons held before and during the trial should be included. EXCLUSIONS: Sentenced persons held awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing their sentence should be excluded. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
5.3.2.1 Number of persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions, UNSENTENCED, for LESS than 12 months, of which: LESS than 6 months
"PERSONS HELD UNSENTENCED" refers to persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions who are untried, pre-trial or awaiting a first instance decision on their case from a competent authority regarding their conviction or acquittal. INCLUSIONS: Persons held before and during the trial should be included. EXCLUSIONS: Sentenced persons held awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing their sentence should be excluded. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
5.4.1 Mortality of persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions: total number of deaths
Total number of deaths of persons held in Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions. Total number of deaths corresponds to the sum of Deaths due to external causes + Deaths due to natural causes, according to the definitions provided by the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Data are provided by Member States also through the very same UN-CTS.
5.4.2 Mortality of persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions:
Total number of deaths due to external causes, of persons held in Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions. Death due to external causes is defined as death caused by environmental events or by circumstances suggestive of environmental causes, including death due to intentional injury, such as homicide or suicide, and death caused by unintentional injury in an accidental manner. Deaths due to acute alcohol or drugs intoxication should be included. Persons sentenced to death by a competent authority and who were executed on the basis of a legal ruling while in prison should be excluded. [Source: Definitions are provided by the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Data are provided by Member States also through the very same UN-CTS.]
5.4.2.3 Mortality of persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions: Deaths by accident or other causes
Total number of deaths by accidents or “other causes”, of persons held in Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions. It INCLUDES deaths caused by unintentional injury in an accidental manner, as well as death by “other causes” such as: by environmental events or by circumstances suggestive of environmental causes. Deaths due to acute alcohol or drugs intoxication should be included. It EXCLUDES deaths due to intentional injury, such as intentional homicide or suicide. Persons sentenced to death by a competent authority and who were executed on the basis of a legal ruling while in prison should be excluded [Data are provided by Member States through the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).]
5.4.3 Mortality of persons held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions: Deaths due to natural causes
Total number of deaths due to natural causes, of persons held in Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions. Death due to natural causes is defined as death by causes that are primarily attributable to an illness or an internal malfunction of the body not directly influenced by external forces, for example death from age-associated diseases, heart attacks or complications from virus infections. [Source: Definitions are provided by the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Data are provided by Member States also through the very same UN-CTS.]
5.5.1 Total number of persons entering prisons
All persons entering Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions during the course of the year. This includes persons entering pre-sentence detention and persons entering prisons after a sentence was pronounced by a competent authority, as well as entries that occurred after the revocation, suspension or annulment of a conditional release or probation and entries that occurred due to transfers from a foreign country. Entry following a period of authorised absence or temporary prison leave should be excluded. [Source: Definitions are provided by the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Data are provided by Member States also through the very same UN-CTS.]
5.5.1.1 Total number of persons entering prisons, of which: SENTENCED
All persons entering Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions during the course of the year, after a sentence (first instance decision or a final decision) was pronounced by a competent authority. It includes entries that occurred after the revocation, suspension or annulment of a conditional release or probation and entries that occurred due to transfers from a foreign country, as long as the persons are sentenced. Entry following a period of authorised absence or temporary prison leave should be excluded. [Source: Definitions are provided by the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Data are provided by Member States also through the very same UN-CTS.]
5.5.1.2 Total number of persons entering prisons, of which: UNSENTENCED
All persons entering Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions DURING THE COURSE OF THE YEAR, that are held untried, pre-trial or awaiting a first instance decision on their case from a competent authority regarding their conviction or acquittal. This includes persons entering Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions that occurred after the revocation, suspension or annulment of a conditional release or probation and entries that occurred due to transfers from a foreign country, that are held untried, pre-trial or awaiting a first instance decision. Entry following a period of authorised absence or temporary prison leave should be excluded. [Source: Definitions are provided by the United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). Data are provided by Member States also through the very same UN-CTS.]
06. Criminal Justice System Personnel & Capacity
6.5.1 Official Capacity of Adult Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions
“Official Capacity of Juvenile Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions" means the intended number of places available at Juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions or detention centers for juveniles as at 31 December, for which the facility was designed either at the time of construction of the prison facility or following structural refurbishments/renovations. This excludes places/capacity used for detention of persons on the basis of immigration status. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS), Section on Definitions.] In the law a “JUVENILE” means a minor who is not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. “Juvenile” is a minor or person who is of certain minimum age but still under the age of legal competence. The minority is determined according to what each country’s legislation establishes; however, a majority of countries establish that a person is no longer a minor after reaching the age of 18. Therefore an individual charged with a crime who is between the minimum age established by the country’s legislation and (in most cases) 18, is considered a juvenile.
6.5.1% Occupancy rate (based on official capacity)
"Occupancy rate" describes the total of persons held in prisons, penal institutions or correctional institutions as a PERCENTAGE of the prison's system official capacity. [(Prison population * 100) / Official capacity].
6.5.2 Official capacity of Juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions
“Official capacity of Juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions” means the intended number of places available at juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions > or detention centers for juveniles as at 31 December, for which the facility was designed either at the time of construction of the prison facility or following structural refurbishments/renovations. This excludes places/capacity used for detention of persons on the basis of immigration status. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS).] In the law a “JUVENILE” means a minor who is not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. “Juvenile” is a minor or person who is of certain minimum age but still under the age of legal competence. The minority is determined according to what each country’s legislation establishes; however, a majority of countries establish that a person is no longer a minor after reaching the age of 18. Therefore an individual charged with a crime who is between the minimum age established by the country’s legislation and (in most cases) 18, is considered a juvenile.
6.5.3 Official Capacity of Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions (Males and Females-All ages)
“Official Capacity of Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions (Males and Females-All ages)" means the intended number of places available at Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions for Males and Females of all ages (including Juvenile institutions) as at 31 December, for which the facility was designed either at the time of construction of the prison facility or following structural refurbishments/renovations. This excludes places/capacity used for detention of persons on the basis of immigration status. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS), Section on Definitions.]
6.5.3a Official Capacity of Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions (Males of all ages)
“Official Capacity of Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions (Males of all ages)" means the intended number of places available at Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions for Males of all ages (including Juvenile institutions) as at 31 December, for which the facility was designed either at the time of construction of the prison facility or following structural refurbishments/renovations. This excludes places/capacity used for detention of persons on the basis of immigration status. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS), Section on Definitions.]
6.5.3b Official Capacity of Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions (Females of all ages)
“Official Capacity of Adult Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions (Females of all ages)" means the intended number of places available at Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions for Females of all ages (including Juvenile institutions) as at 31 December, for which the facility was designed either at the time of construction of the prison facility or following structural refurbishments/renovations. This excludes places/capacity used for detention of persons on the basis of immigration status. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS), Section on Definitions.]
08. Demograhic Data
Others
Acts that cause environmental pollution or degradation (ICCS 1001)
Acts that result in the pollution of the natural environment. INCLUSIONS: Air, water, soil pollution; pollution through noise, vibrations, heat, light or radiation; dangerous, nuclear and chemical substance offences EXCLUSIONS: Pollution or degradation through the illegal movement or dumping of waste (1002); litter offences (0801); wilful destruction, damage, or defacement inflicted upon public or private property (0504) NATURAL ENVIRONMENT, at minimum, is the environment that encompasses the interaction of all living species AIR POLLUTION is the direct or indirect contamination of the indoor or outdoor environment by any chemical, physical or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere (World Health Organization. Air Pollution. Web: https://www.who.int/airpollution/en/) WATER POLLUTION is the direct or indirect introduction of substances or energy into a body of water, water utilities or marine environment (including estuaries), resulting in harm to living resources, hazards to human health, hindrances to marine activities including fishing, impairment of the quality of sea water and reduction of amenities (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. Marine Pollution. Web: https://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=1596) SOIL POLLUTION, at minimum, is the direct or indirect contamination of soil by any chemical, physical or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the soil. [Source:International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p. 89, including footnotes 135 to 138]
Another weapon
[Sources: United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)(Definitions). International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. WHO, 10th Revision (ICD-10), Chapter XX, codes: sharp object (X99), blunt object (Y00), deliberately hitting or running over with a motor vehicle (Y03). Web: http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2016/en#/X85-Y09]. What is the UN-CTS ?
Burglary (ICCS 0501)
BURGLARY is defined as “gaining unauthorized access to a part of a building/dwelling or other premises with or without the use of force against the building/dwelling, with intent to commit theft or when actually committing theft”. INCLUSIONS: Breaking and entering business premises (office buildings, shops, clubs, banks factories, hotels etc.); private residential premises (house, apartment or other dwelling place that is the habitual place of residence of the victim); or public premises owned, rented or leased by public bodies; unlawful entry with intent to commit theft; access by deception with intent to commit theft. EXCLUSIONS: Theft, defined as unlawfully taking or obtaining property with the intent to permanently or temporarily deprive it from a person or organization without consent and without the use of force, threat of force or violence, coercion or deception (0502); possession of stolen goods or money; receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods; using stolen parts for producing other goods; concealment of stolen goods (0704); property damage (0504); Robbery, defined as unlawfully taking or obtaining property directly from a person with the intent to permanently or temporarily withhold it from a person or organization with the use of force or threat of force (0401). "Burglary" should also exclude theft from a car, container, vending machine, parking meter and from a fenced meadow/compound. [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.57. Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] What is the ICCS?
Corruption (ICCS 0703)
CORRUPTION refers to the unlawful acts as defined in the United Nations Convention against Corruption and other national and international legal instruments against corruption. It refers to the acts of active and passive bribery of national public officials; active and passive bribery of foreign public officials and officials of public international organizations; active and passive bribery in the private sector. INCLUSIONS: Bribery; Embezzlement; Abuse of Functions; Trading in influence; Illicit enrichment; and Other acts of corruption not described or classified in other categories of the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS) categories 07031 -07035. EXCLUSIONS: A course of action demanded from a person by another person through the use of force, threat, intimidation, threat to reveal compromising information, or the threat of defamation (0205). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp. 70-72. Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] What is the ICCS?
Financing of terrorism (ICCS 09062)
Illicit enrichment (ICCS 07035)
ILLICIT ENRICHMENT is defined as procuring a significant increase in the assets of a public or private official which cannot be reasonably explained in relation to their lawful income. INCLUSIONS: Illicit enrichment EXCLUSIONS: Fraud (0701). Apply all exclusions listed in 0703 [Sources: United Nations Convention against Corruption. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Vienna, Austria, 2004, p.19. Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/treaties/UNCAC/Publications/Convention/08-50026_E.pdf. International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.72 Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] What is the ICCS?
Intellectual property offences (0503)
“Intellectual property offences” are defined as “Unlawful copying, using, reproducing or other infringements of copyrights, patents, trademarks or other intellectual property.” INCLUSIONS: Intellectual property theft; copyright infringements; unlawful appropriation of copyright; computer software piracy; industrial espionage not amounting to forgery or counterfeiting EXCLUSIONS: Creating, manufacturing, passing or possessing counterfeit trademarked, patented, licensed or otherwise protected products (07022); theft (0502); possession of stolen goods or money; receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods; using stolen parts for producing other goods; concealment of stolen goods (0704); identity theft (07019); forgery/counterfeiting (0702); acts against computer systems not amounting to piracy of computer software (0903) [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.61 Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] Intellectual property is defined, at minimum, as inventions; literary and artistic work; and symbols, images and names used in commerce. Patent is defined as an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem. Copyright is defined as a legal term describing rights given to creators for their literary and artistic work. Trademark is defined as a distinctive sign that identifies certain goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. (Basic definitions from: What is Intellectual Property?. World Intellectual Property Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2004.Web: https://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/intproperty/450/wipo_pub_450.pdf]
International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS)
The International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS) is a classification of criminal offences based on internationally agreed concepts, definitions and principles in order to enhance the consistency and international comparability of crime statistics, and improve analytical capabilities at both the national and international levels. It was produced on the basis of the plan to finalize by 2015 an international classification of crime for statistical purposes, as approved by the United Nations Statistical Commission (UNSC) in its decision 44/110 and by the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in its resolution 2013/37. Standardized concepts and definitions allow for the systematic collection, analysis and dissemination of data, and also respond to the demand for in-depth research and analysis of transnational crime. At the national level, the ICCS can be used as a model to provide structure and organize statistical data that are often produced according to legal rather than analytical categories. Moreover, the ICCS can harmonize data across domestic criminal justice institutions (police, prosecutions, courts, prisons) and across different data sources (administrative records and statistical surveys). The UNSC, at its 46th session in March 2015, and the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ) at its 24th session in May 2015 have endorsed the ICCS as an international statistical standard for data collection, both from administrative records and survey generated data, and as an analytical tool to elicit unique information on crime drivers and factors. The two Commissions have also confirmed the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) as the custodian of the ICCS, and have confirmed the implementation plan for the classification at national, regional and international levels.
Other acts of corruption (ICCS 07039)
OTHER ACTS OF CORRUPTION are those acts of Corruption not described in the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS) categories 07031 -07035. INCLUSIONS: Conflict of interest; dishonest appropriation EXCLUSIONS: A course of action demanded from a person by another person through the use of force, threat, intimidation, threat to reveal compromising information, or the threat of defamation (0205). Apply all exclusions listed in 0703. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.72. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] What is the ICCS?
Participation in a terrorist group (ICCS 09061)
Participating in the activities of a terrorist group for the purpose of committing one or more terrorist offences. A TERRORIST OFFENCE means any act established in accordance with the universal legal instruments against terrorism, or otherwise intended to cause death or serious bodily injury to a civilian, or to any other person not taking an active part in the hostilities of a situation of armed conflict, when the purpose of such act, by its nature or context, is to intimidate a population, or to compel a government or an international organization to do or abstain from doing any act. International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism. United Nations General Assembly, Ney York, 1999, Article 2.1.(b). Web: https://www.un.org/law/cod/finterr.htm INCLUSIONS: Participation or membership in a terrorist group. EXCLUSIONS: Death as a result of terrorist activities (0101); A committed terrorist offence is classified to the particular offence; the link to terrorism or a terrorist group can be identified with the situational context disaggregation. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.87-88, including footnote 133. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf
Prostitution offences (ICCS 08021)
“PROSTITUTION OFFENCES” means acts contrary to accepted public order sexual standards on prostitution. (“Public order sexual standards”, at minimum, include sexual standards to prevent sexual behaviour that is likely to be offensive to members of the public or that otherwise involves a prohibited form of intercourse). INCLUSIONS: Offering sexual services for financial or other benefit; procuring sexual services; sex tourism not amounting to child sex tourism EXCLUSIONS: Exploiting a person into prostitution or exploitation of prostitutes (0302); child prostitution (030222); apply all exclusions listed in 0802 [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.75, and footnotes 82 and 108. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
Prostitution
PROSTITUTION, at minimum, is the exchange of money or other forms of remuneration for sexual activities. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.52, footnote 82. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
Rape (ICCS 03011)
"RAPE" means "sexual penetration without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of benefits". INCLUSIONS: Rape with force (030111), defined as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person with force”; Rape without force (030112), defined as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person without force”; Statutory rape (030113), defined as “Sexual penetration with or without consent with a person below the age of consent, or with a person incapable of consent for reason of law”; and “Other rape” (030119), defined as “Rape not described or classified in categories 030111-030113” EXCLUSIONS: sexual exploitation (0302); coercion (0205), defined as “demanding a particular course of action through the use of force, threat, intimidation, threat to reveal compromising information, or threat of defamation”; prostitution offences (08021); pornography offences (08022); other acts against public order sexual standards such as incest not amounting to rape and exhibitionism (0802); assaults and threats (0201); slavery and exploitation not amounting to injurious acts of a sexual nature (0203); trafficking in persons for sexual exploitation (02041); harassment and stalking (0208). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
Robbery (ICCS 0401)
“ROBBERY” is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining property with the use of force or threat of force against a person with intent to permanently or temporarily withhold it from a person or organization”. INCLUSIONS: Theft with violence; banditry; dacoity. Apply to Robbery from the person (04011): street robbery, mugging, bag-snatching with force; robbery from the person in a private location (040112); Robbery of valuables or goods in transit (04012): robbery of a car or vehicle in transit from the person operating the vehicle or its passengers (040121), or of valuables or goods in transit; Robbery of an establishment or institution (04013); Robbery of livestock (04014); Other acts against property involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (0409). EXCLUSIONS: Burglary (0501); Theft (0502), and other acts only against property (05) without the use of force or threat of force against a person, as pick pocketing; assaults and threats (0201); possession of stolen goods or money (07049); receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods (07049); using stolen parts for producing other goods: car-rebirthing (07049); concealment of stolen goods (0704); property damage (0504); kidnapping (02022); extortion or demanding a particular course of action through a written or verbal threat (02051). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.54-56 Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] What is the ICCS?
Serious assault (ICCS 020111)
“SERIOUS ASSAULT” (ICCS 020111) is defined as “Intentional or reckless application of serious physical force inflicted upon the body of a person resulting in serious bodily injury”. “Acting recklessly”, at minimum, is acting without thinking or caring about the consequences of an action. “Serious bodily injury”, at minimum, includes gunshot or bullet wounds; knife or stab wounds; severed limbs; broken bones or teeth knocked out; internal injuries; being knocked unconscious; and other severe or critical injuries. INCLUSIONS: Inflicting grievous bodily harm; wounding; aggravated assault; inflicting bodily harm under aggravating circumstances; battery; acid attacks; female genital mutilation; poisoning; assault with a weapon; forced sterilization; taking human blood, organs or tissues by use of violence. "Forced sterilization" means performing surgery which has the purpose or effect of terminating a woman or man’s capacity to naturally reproduce without his or her prior and informed consent or understanding of the procedure. EXCLUSIONS: Serious Threat (020121) defined as “Threat to cause death or inflict serious bodily injury”; torture (11011); serious assault leading to death (0101); all injurious acts of a sexual nature (03); using force to take property (04); using threat of force to demand a particular course of action from a person (0205); Minor Assault (020112) defined as “Intentional or reckless application of minor physical force inflicted upon the body of a person resulting in no injury or minor bodily injury; simple assault pushing, slapping, kicking, hitting; drugging or spiking”. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.37 incl. footnotes 54,55,56. Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] What is the ICCS?
Sexual assault (ICCS 03012)
“SEXUAL ASSAULT” means an “unwanted sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, or contact or communication with unwanted sexual attention not amounting to rape”. INCLUSIONS: Physical sexual assault (030121): Drug-facilitated sexual assault; unwanted groping or fondling; sexual assault by abuse of position. Non-physical sexual assault (030122): sexual harassment, threat of a sexual nature). Sexual assault committed against a marital partner against her/his will; Sexual assault against a helpless person; Other sexual assault not elsewhere classified (030129): Voyeurism. EXCLUSIONS: Rape (03011); Acts of abuse of a position of vulnerability, power or trust, or use of force or threat of force, for profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the prostitution or sexual acts of a person (0302); coercion (0205); prostitution offences (08021); pornography offences (08022), and other acts against public order sexual standards such as incest not amounting to rape and exhibitionism (0802); assaults and threats (0201); slavery and exploitation not amounting to injurious acts of a sexual nature (0203); trafficking in persons for sexual exploitation (02041); harassment and stalking (0208). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.51. incl. footnote 81. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
Sexual exploitation (ICCS 0302)
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION (0302) means “Acts of abuse of a position of vulnerability, power or trust, or use of force or threat of force, for profiting financially, physically, socially or politically from the prostitution or sexual acts of a person”. INCLUSIONS: Recruiting, enticing or procuring a person into prostitution; pimping; keeping, managing or knowingly financing a brothel; knowingly letting or renting a building or other place for the purpose of the prostitution of others; Child pornography (030221); Child prostitution (030222); Sexual grooming of children (030223); Other sexual exploitation of children (030229); Other acts of sexual exploitation (03029) not described or classified in previous categories. EXCLUSIONS: Rape (03011); sexual violence (0301); prostitution offences, pornography offences and other acts against public order sexual standards such as incest and exhibitionism (0802); abuse of function (07033); assaults and threats (0201); slavery and exploitation not amounting to injurious acts of a sexual nature (0203); Trafficking in Persons for sexual exploitation (02041); harassment and stalking (0207); status offences (11021). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.52-53. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
Sexual Violence (ICCS 0301)
"SEXUAL VIOLENCE” (0301) means any “Unwanted sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, or contact or communication with unwanted sexual attention without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, or abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability". INCLUSIONS: Rape (03011); sexual assault (03012); and "Other Acts of Sexual Violence" (03019). EXCLUSIONS: sexual exploitation (0302); coercion (0205), defined as “demanding a particular course of action through the use of force, threat, intimidation, threat to reveal compromising information, or threat of defamation”; prostitution offences (08021); pornography offences (08022); other acts against public order sexual standards such as incest not amounting to rape and exhibitionism (0802); assaults and threats (0201); slavery and exploitation not amounting to injurious acts of a sexual nature (0203); trafficking in persons (TIP) for sexual exploitation (02041); harassment and stalking (0208). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
Sharp Object
"SHARP OBJECT" includes: sharp glass, knife, sword or dagger, as well as other and unspecified sharp object. “KNIFE” is an instrument composed of a blade fixed into a handle. [Sources: Definition of "SHARP OJBECT" is based on the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. WHO, 10th Revision (ICD-10), Chapter XX, code: X99. Web: http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2016/en#/X85-Y09 The reference to the WHO International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) is in the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, Table V, p.104. Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf Definition of "KNIFE" is from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.99, footnote 156]. What is the ICCS?
Sociopolitical homicide
“SOCIOPOLITICAL HOMICIDE” includes: a) Homicide related to social prejudice, that is to say homicide as a result of violence against specific social groups, including hate crime (crime in which the victim is specifically targeted because of his or her characteristics, ascribed attributes, ascribed beliefs or values). Social prejudice is discrimination due to the victim's characteristics, attributes, beliefs or values. Characteristics and attributes include sex, gender, sexual orientation, age, language, ethnic origin, disability and/or race. Beliefs or values, at minimum, include religious beliefs and/or economic and social views; b) Intentional homicide related to political agendas, including killings by terrorist groups with a political agenda, political assassination, and targeted killing of journalists for political reasons. A political agenda is a set of values, beliefs or issues that are advocated by a political or ideological organization; c) Intentional homicides in a situation of civil unrest (Civil unrest refers to a situation of collective violent hostilities between two or more parties within a country that do not amount to an internal armed conflict); and, d) Homicide related to other socio-political agendas (this includes, for example, homicide through mob violence and vigilantism, unlawful killings by the police, excessive use of force by law enforcement officers and extrajudicial killings). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.102, including note 184. Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]. What is the ICCS?
Theft (ICCS 0502)
“THEFT” (ICCS 0502) is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining of property with the intent to permanently withhold it from a person or organization without consent and without the use of force, threat of force or violence, coercion or deception”. INCLUSIONS: Theft of personal property (05022) where entry was lawfully gained; theft of personal property from a person (050221) or from a vehicle (050222); other theft of personal property (050229); theft of business property (05023); theft of movable public property that is not a vehicle (05024); theft of livestock (05025); theft of services (05026); Other acts of theft NOT involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (05029): theft of mail; theft by conversion. EXCLUSIONS: “Theft” excludes Burglary (0501); Robbery (0401), and Theft of a motorized vehicle or parts thereof (05021), which are recorded separately. It also excludes possession of stolen goods or money; receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods; using stolen parts for producing other goods; concealment of stolen goods (0704); obtaining money or other benefit or evading a liability through deceit or dishonest conduct (0701); property damage (0504); theft of intellectual property (0503); identity theft (07019) [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.58. Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] What is the ICCS?
Trade or possession of protected or prohibited species of fauna and flora (ICCS 1003)
INCLUSIONS: Trafficking in wildlife, unlawful trade or possession of wildlife; ivory trafficking; possession of dangerous or controlled animals; breeding of dangerous animals EXCLUSIONS: Theft of a pet (050221); offences against the treatment, raising or keeping of animals (10091); robbery of livestock (04014); theft of livestock (05025) SPECIMEN is any animal or plant, whether alive or dead, or any recognizable part or derivative thereof. PROTECTED SPECIES is a species of fauna or flora under protection due to its risk of becoming extinct because of its low population, over-hunting/fishing, environmental change, predation, or other reasons. (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. 1973. Web: https://www.cites.org/eng/disc/text.php). PROHIBITED SPECIES is a species of fauna or flora that is prohibited by national law due to its invasive qualities to the environment, poses a danger to persons, or other potential to cause harm. (European Union. Developing an EU Framework for Invasive Alien Species. Web: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/invasivealien/docs/ias_discussion_paper.pdf). [Source:International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp. 90-91, including footnote 140]
United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)
The major goal of the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) is to collect, annually, data on the incidence of reported crime and the operations of criminal justice systems with a view to improving the analysis and dissemination of that information globally. The survey results provide an overview of trends and interrelationships between various parts of the criminal justice system to promote informed decision-making in administration, nationally and internationally. The UN-CTS was reviewed to bring it in line with the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), and to enable countries to report data for Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) indicators for which UNODC is indicated as custodian agency by the United Nations Statistical Commission. This comprehensive consultation process, which also included representatives of relevant regional and international organizations, resulted in the revised UN-CTS 2017 data collection instrument. [Source: United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The Organization of American States (OAS) is a partner of the UNODC for the CTS process, and is the focal point for promoting the use of this Survey in the Americas.
Unlawful access to a computer system (ICCS 09031)
Unlawful acts involving entry into parts or the whole of a computer system without authorization or justification. INCLUSIONS: Access to a computer system without right; hacking EXCLUSIONS: Unlawful access to private computer files that amounts to intrusions upon one’s privacy (02011); Possession, distribution or creation of child pornography with a computer system (030221); computer software theft or piracy (0503); possession, distribution or creation of pornography with a computer system (08022); fraud and theft with a computer system (0701) or (0502) ACCESS, at minimum, means to make use of; to gain entry to; to view, display, instruct, or communicate with; to store data in or retrieve data from; to copy, move, add, change, or remove data; or otherwise make use of, configure, or reconfigure any resources of a computer system, or their accessories. COMPUTER/INFORMATION SYSTEM, at minimum, is a device or interconnected devices which pursuant to a computer/information program perform(s) automatic processing of computer data/information/logical/arithmetic/storage functions including computer data/information stored/ processed/ retrieved/transmitted by the computer/information system including any communication facility or equipment and the internet. [Sources: International Telecommunication Union. ITU Toolkit for Cybercrime Legislation. Geneva, Switzerland, 2010. Comprehensive Study on Cybercrime. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 2013 International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p. 85, including footnote 128].
Unlawful acts involving controlled drugs or precursors (ICCS 0601)
“UNLAWFUL ACTS INVOLVING CONTROLLED DRUGS OR PRECURSORS” refers to “unlawful drug possession, purchase, use, cultivation or production of controlled drugs for personal consumption and for non-personal consumption (0601). INCLUSIONS: “Unlawful possession, purchase, use, cultivation or production of controlled drugs for personal consumption (06011); unlawful trafficking, cultivation or production of controlled drugs or precursors not for personal consumption (06012)”; and “other unlawful acts involving controlled drugs or precursors (06019), including issuing, handling or dealing in forged or altered prescriptions; illicit acts involving drug paraphernalia; encouraging the consumption of controlled drugs; unlawful advertising of controlled substances”. EXCLUSIONS: Operating a vehicle under the influence of psychoactive substances (02072); causing death by driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol (010321). CONTROLLED DRUGS are narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances scheduled as such under the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, as amended, and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances. PRECURSORS are substances frequently used in the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances as defined in the 1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp. 63-65, incl. footnote 88. Web: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf] What is the ICCS?
Unlawful interception or access of computer data (09033)
Unlawful acts involving gaining access to computer data without authorization or justification, including obtaining data during a transmission process that is not intended to be public, as well as obtaining computer data (such as by copying data) without authorization. INCLUSIONS: Interception of computer data without right; recording transmissions without right within a wireless network, copying computer files without authorization EXCLUSIONS: Damaging property that is not computer data (0504); possession, distribution or creation of child pornography with a computer system (030221); computer software theft or piracy (0503); possession, distribution or creation of pornography with a computer system (08022); fraud and theft with a computer system (0701) or (0502) ACCESS, at minimum, means to make use of; to gain entry to; to view, display, instruct, or communicate with; to store data in or retrieve data from; to copy, move, add, change, or remove data; or otherwise make use of, configure, or reconfigure any resources of a computer system, or their accessories. COMPUTER DATA means any representation of facts, information, concepts, in a machine-readable form suitable for processing by a computer/information system [Sources: International Telecommunication Union. ITU Toolkit for Cybercrime Legislation. Geneva, Switzerland, 2010. Comprehensive Study on Cybercrime. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 2013 International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp. 85-86, including footnotes 128-129]
Unlawful interference with a computer system or computer data (ICCS 09032)
Unlawful acts hindering the functioning of a computer system, as well as acts involving damage, deletion, deterioration, alteration or suppression of computer data without authorization or justification. INCLUSIONS: Damaging, deletion, alteration, suppression of computer data; hindering the functioning of a computer system; denial of service attack; damage, deletion, alteration, suppression of computer data; deleting computer system files without authorization; computer system damage. EXCLUSIONS: Damaging property that is not computer data (0504); possession, distribution or creation of child pornography with a computer system (030221); computer software theft or piracy (0503); possession, distribution or creation of pornography with a computer system (08022); fraud and theft with a computer system (0701) or (0502) COMPUTER DATA means any representation of facts, information, concepts, in a machine-readable form suitable for processing by a computer/information system COMPUTER/INFORMATION SYSTEM is a device or interconnected devices which pursuant to a computer/information program perform(s) automatic processing of computer data/information/logical/arithmetic/storage functions including computer data/information stored/ processed/ retrieved/transmitted by the computer/information system including any communication facility or equipment and the internet. [Sources: ITU Toolkit for Cybercrime Legislation. Geneva, Switzerland, 2010. Comprehensive Study on Cybercrime. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 2013. International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p. 85, including footnote 128]
Unlawful trafficking, cultivation or production of controlled drugs or precursors not for personal consumption (ICCS 06012)
Unlawful offering, offering for sale, distribution, sale, delivery, brokerage, dispatch, dispatch in transit, transport, importation, exportation, cultivation, production, manufacture, extraction or preparation of controlled drugs or precursors NOT in connection with the use or possession of drugs for personal consumption INCLUSIONS: Drug dealing, trafficking; drug pushing, retail selling through the internet; organizing, supervising or managing a drug distribution enterprise; importation/exportation of illicit drugs; selling, offering for sale, distributing, marketing, advertising of illicit drugs or precursors; facilitating a drug-trafficking operation (060121); Illicit manufacture, cooking or cultivation of controlled drugs (060122-23); Unlawful manufacture, transport, distribution, diversion or trafficking in precursor chemicals (060124); Other unlawful trafficking, cultivation or production of controlled drugs or precursors not for personal consumption (060129); trafficking of equipment for their manufacture EXCLUSIONS: Import/export offences (08042); customs offences (08041); Operating a vehicle under the influence of psychoactive substances (02072); causing death by driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol (010321); Unlawful possession, purchase, use cultivation or production of controlled drugs for personal consumption (06011) CONTROLLED DRUGS are narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances scheduled as such under the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, as amended, and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances PRECURSORS are substances used in the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances as defined in the 1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p. 64-65
Unspecified means
Sources for "Unspecified means": International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, Table V, p.104. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf Code Y09 cited in the ICCS refers to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. WHO, 10th Revision (ICD-10), Chapter XX. Web: http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2016/en#/X85-Y09 What is the ICCS?