Skip Navigation Links

Unlawful interception or access of computer data (09033)
Unlawful acts involving gaining access to computer data without authorization or justification, including obtaining data during a transmission process that is not intended to be public, as well as obtaining computer data (such as by copying data) without authorization.
INCLUSIONS: Interception of computer data without right; recording transmissions without right within a wireless network, copying computer files without authorization
EXCLUSIONS: Damaging property that is not computer data (0504); possession, distribution or creation of child pornography with a computer system (030221); computer software theft or piracy (0503); possession, distribution or creation of pornography with a computer system (08022); fraud and theft with a computer system (0701) or (0502)
ACCESS, at minimum, means to make use of; to gain entry to; to view, display, instruct, or communicate with; to store data in or retrieve data from; to copy, move, add, change, or remove data; or otherwise make use of, configure, or reconfigure any resources of a computer system, or their accessories.
COMPUTER DATA means any representation of facts, information, concepts, in a machine-readable form suitable for processing by a computer/information system

[Sources: International Telecommunication Union. ITU Toolkit for Cybercrime Legislation. Geneva, Switzerland, 2010.
Comprehensive Study on Cybercrime. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 2013
Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS)
, UNODC, Mar 2015, pp. 85-86, including footnotes 128-129]