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Unlawful access to a computer system (ICCS 09031)
Unlawful acts involving entry into parts or the whole of a computer system without authorization or justification.
INCLUSIONS: Access to a computer system without right; hacking
EXCLUSIONS: Unlawful access to private computer files that amounts to intrusions upon one’s privacy (02011); Possession, distribution or creation of child pornography with a computer system (030221); computer software theft or piracy (0503); possession, distribution or creation of pornography with a computer system (08022); fraud and theft with a computer system (0701) or (0502)
ACCESS, at minimum, means to make use of; to gain entry to; to view, display, instruct, or communicate with; to store data in or retrieve data from; to copy, move, add, change, or remove data; or otherwise make use of, configure, or reconfigure any resources of a computer system, or their accessories.
COMPUTER/INFORMATION SYSTEM, at minimum, is a device or interconnected devices which pursuant to a computer/information program perform(s) automatic processing of computer
data/information/logical/arithmetic/storage functions including computer data/information stored/ processed/ retrieved/transmitted by the computer/information system including any communication facility or equipment and the internet.

[Sources: International Telecommunication Union. ITU Toolkit for Cybercrime Legislation. Geneva, Switzerland, 2010.
Comprehensive Study on Cybercrime. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 2013
Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS)
, UNODC, Mar 2015, p. 85, including footnote 128].