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“CONTRE LEUR GRÉ”: VIOLENCE SEXUELLE ET BASÉE SUR LE GENRE CONTRE LES JEUNES EN HAITI

Médecins Sans Frontières

  • 1 March 2018
  • Posted by: Nicolas Devia
  • Number of views: 289
  • 0 Comments
“CONTRE LEUR GRÉ”: VIOLENCE SEXUELLE ET BASÉE SUR LE GENRE CONTRE LES JEUNES EN HAITI

La Violence Sexuelle et Basée sur le Genre (VSBG) est un phénomène de préoccupant expansion en Haïti. Avec l’information disponible, 28% des femmes entre 15 et 49 ans ont été victimes de violence sexuelle à un moment de sa vie. La VSBG, bien qui est plus commun en femmes et filles, est aussi présente en garçons et jeunes hommes. Entre 2015 et 2017, 33 hommes sont arrivés à centres de Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), dont 70% étaient des mineurs. En plus, la majorité de cas qui sont reçus dans l’hôpital de MSF sont des filles d’environ 10 ans qui en certains occasions ne sachent pas qu’elles ont été victimes de VSBG. La stigmatisation, le pauvre accès à l’éducation et la peur sont des conditions qui mènent aux victimes à ne pas dénoncer ces actes de violence, en contribuant à une perpétuation de l’impunité. MSF, en partenariat avec la société civile haïtienne, a créé la clinique Pran Men’m (créole haïtien pour « prends ma main ») avec l’objectif d’offrir de l’assistance médical et psychologique aux victimes de VSBG.

Las violencias en el espacio escolar

Pamela Inostroza & Daniela Trucco (Naciones Unidas-CEPAL, UNICEF)

  • 27 February 2018
  • Posted by: Nicolas Devia
  • Number of views: 385
  • 0 Comments
Las violencias en el espacio escolar

Las primeras aproximaciones que tiene una persona con la sociedad en sus primeros años de infancia se dan en el marco de su ambiente familiar y escolar. Es en estos donde se aprenden e interiorizan los principios, normas y reglas por medio de las cuales se convive en la sociedad donde se vive. La reproducción de prácticas de segregación, desigualdad, maltrato y machismo en las instituciones educativas latinoamericanas lleva a índices de violencia infantil preocupantes. Dicha violencia funciona también como un mecanismo de perpetuación de las situaciones de segregación y desigualdad, llevando a las sociedades latinoamericanas a un círculo vicioso de violencia y exclusión.

Avoiding the Perfect Storm: Criminal Economies, Spoilers, and the Post-Conflict Phase in Colombia

Juan Carlos Garzón-Vergara

  • 21 February 2018
  • Posted by: Nicolas Devia
  • Number of views: 377
  • 0 Comments
Avoiding the Perfect Storm: Criminal Economies, Spoilers, and the Post-Conflict Phase in Colombia

The possibility of ending the armed conflict in Colombia will depend, to a large extent, on the state’s ability to prevent multiple criminal economies, and inhibit the actors who participate in them from damaging the implementation of the final peace agreements. This article analyzes criminal economies’ ability to destabilize and thereby damage the post-conflict phase, and identifies dilemmas the state must confront in responding to this situation. The article’s objective is to provide an analytical model to understand the complex relationship between actors involved in the peace process and criminal economies, and to thereby identify risks and possible models for intervention. The theoretical referent of this work is the discussion about peacebuilding in fragile states and literature that identifies organized crime as a spoiler. This is the first attempt to apply this perspective to Colombia, and to take the particular characteristics of the country into account while making comparisons with other countries that exhibit similar features in their own post-conflict and transitional phases. The article comes to the conclusion that in Colombia it is necessary to consider Interim Stabilization Measures, which allow the state to provide an effective response that takes advantage of
available resources without losing sight of the need to strengthen local institutions in the mid-term.

Explaining Patterns of Urban Violence in Medellin, Colombia

Caroline Doyle

  • 20 February 2018
  • Posted by: Nicolas Devia
  • Number of views: 336
  • 0 Comments
Explaining Patterns of Urban Violence in Medellin, Colombia

Latin America is one of the world’s most violent regions, with 40 of the 50 most violent
cities, but with only 8% of the world’s population, and a staggering 33% of global homicides.
At the forefront of these high levels of violence are gangs that are more flexible and persistent than
previously thought. This paper provides a discussion on gangs in one Latin American city, Medellin,
Colombia, where different non-state groups have contributed to changing patterns of homicide rates.
The paper presents preliminary findings to show how, despite the city experiencing a 90% reduction
in homicide rates in less than 25 years, violent non-state groups have become embedded as part
and product of their environment, acting as coherent, logical and functional players, linked to the
structural inequalities and institutional fragility of the larger society.

Latin America can reduce homicide by 50 percent in 10 years

Instinto de Vida - Igarape Institute

  • 9 February 2018
  • Posted by: Nicolas Devia
  • Number of views: 544
  • 0 Comments
Latin America can reduce homicide by 50 percent in 10 years

"Preventing and reducing violence is not only necessary, it is achievable. There are many examples of successful efforts to lower lethal violence. Declines of between 10-15 percent per year have been documented around the world, including in Latin America. The Instinct for Life campaign has set a goal of reducing the homicide rates of seven countries by 50 percent over the next 10 years. To achieve this goal this would require7 percent annual declines in the most violence-affected countries, states and cities. If successful, it could save as many as 365,000 lives."

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