Department of Effective Public Management
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Universal Civil Identity Project of the Americas (PUICA)

In 2008, the OAS General Assembly adopted resolution AG/RES. 2362 (XXXVIII-O/08) Inter-American Program for Universal Civil Registry and the “Right to Identity.” This program entrusts the General Secretariat of the OAS to assist Member States in their efforts to achieve universality and accessibility of civil registration.

Identity is a fundamental human right of all men an women, which has been recognized historically in several international mandates:

bullet FOLLOW-UP TO THE INTER-AMERICAN PROGRAM FOR UNIVERSAL CIVIL REGISTRY AND THE “RIGHT TO IDENTITY” - (Agreed upon by the Permanent Council at its meeting of May 25, 2012)

bullet Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)

bullet Article 6: Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

bullet Article 15: Everyone has the right to a nationality.

American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man (1948)

bullet Article 17: Every person has the right to be recognized everywhere as a person having rights and obligations, and to enjoy the basic civil rights.

bullet Article 19: Every person has the right to the nationality to which he is entitled by law and to change it, if he so wishes, for the nationality of any other country that is willing to grant it to him.

bullet Convention on the Rights of a Child (1948)

bullet Article 7: The child shall be registered immediately after birth and shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and. as far as possible, the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents.

bullet Article 8: States Parties undertake to respect the right of the child to preserve his or her identity, including nationality, name and family relations as recognized by law without unlawful interference.