OAS

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01. Intentional Homicide (ICCS 0101) (criminal system)| 02. Violent Crimes: Sexual Offenses| 03. Other Violent Crimes| 04. Security Personnel| 05. Criminal Justice System| 06. Prison System | 07. Victimization Survey| 08. Demograhic Data| HIDE 09. Intentional Homicide (health system)| HIDE 10. Drug Supply| HIDE 11. Drug Demand: General Population| HIDE 12. Drug Demand: School-Age Population| HIDE 13. Accidental Death by Illicit Drug Overdose| HIDE 14. Possession of Firearms| HIDE 15. Death by External Causes (undetermined intent)| HIDE 16. Suicide| HIDE 17. Traffic and Transport Fatalities| Others
01. Intentional Homicide (ICCS 0101) (criminal system)
04. Victims of Intentional Homicide by intimate partner or family member (Males & Females)
Total number of Victims (Males and Females) of offences of Intentional Homicide committed by current or former intimate partner or family member, at the national level. "INTIMATE PARTNER" includes current or former spouse or intimate partner (cohabitating or non-cohabitating partner or boyfriend/girlfriend). "FAMILY MEMBER" includes blood relative (cohabitating and non-cohabitating), and other household member or relative by marriage or adoption (Other household members include persons living in the same household as the victim). [Source:International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.103, incl. footnote 185. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
04.a Victims of Intentional Homicide by intimate partner or family member (Males)
Total number of Male Victims of offences of Intentional Homicide committed by current or former intimate partner or family member, at the national level. "INTIMATE PARTNER" includes current or former spouse or intimate partner (cohabitating or non-cohabitating partner or boyfriend/girlfriend). "FAMILY MEMBER" includes blood relative (cohabitating and non-cohabitating), and other household member or relative by marriage or adoption. (Other household members include persons living in the same household as the victim). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.103, incl. footnote 185. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
04.ai Victims of Intentional Homicide by intimate partner (Males)
Total number of Male Victims of Intentional Homicide committed by current or former intimate partner, at the national level. "INTIMATE PARTNER" includes current or former spouse or intimate partner (cohabitating or non-cohabitating partner or boyfriend/girlfriend). [Source:International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.103. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
04.b Victims of Intentional Homicide by intimate partner or family member (Females)
Total number of Female Victims of Intentional Homicide committed by current or former intimate partner or family member, at the national level. "INTIMATE PARTNER" includes current or former spouse or intimate partner (cohabitating or non-cohabitating partner or boyfriend/girlfriend). "FAMILY MEMBER" includes blood relative (cohabitating and non-cohabitating), and other household member or relative by marriage or adoption. (Other household members include persons living in the same household as the victim). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.103, incl. footnote 185. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
04.b1 Victims of Intentional Homicide by intimate partner or family member (Females; Percentage)
Victims of Intentional Homicide by intimate partner or family member who are Females, as a PERCENTAGE of the total number of Female Victims of offence of Intentional Homicide, at the national level. [(Female Victims of Intentional Homicide by intimate partner or family member*100) / Total of Female Victims of Intentional Homicide]. "INTIMATE PARTNER" includes current or former spouse or intimate partner (cohabitating or non-cohabitating partner or boyfriend/girlfriend). "FAMILY MEMBER" includes blood relative (cohabitating and non-cohabitating), and other household member or relative by marriage or adoption. (Other household members include persons living in the same household as the victim). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.103, incl. footnote 185. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
04.bi Victims of Intentional Homicide by intimate partner (Females)
Total number of Female Victims of Intentional Homicide committed by current or former intimate partner, at the national level. "INTIMATE PARTNER" includes current or former spouse or intimate partner (cohabitating or non-cohabitating partner or boyfriend/girlfriend). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.103. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
05. Victims of Intentional Homicide related to other interpersonal homicide (Males & Females)
Total number of Male and Female Victims of Intentional Homicide related to other interpersonal homicide. "OTHER INTERPERSONAL HOMICIDE" means homicide perpetrated on persons other than intimate partners or family members as a means of resolving a conflict and/or punishing the victim where the homicide is not instrumental to the accomplishment of a secondary goal. This includes, for example, homicide related to neighbour or property disputes, revenge-related interpersonal killing, or random and seemingly unprovoked acts of killing ranging from brawls to killing sprees, but excludes homicides committed for economic gain, homicide committed in the act of another felony crime, gang-related killing or killing as a result of terrorist activities. [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.102. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
05.a Victims of Intentional Homicide related to other interpersonal homicide (Males)
Total number of Male Victims of Intentional Homicide" related to other interpersonal homicide. "OTHER INTERPERSONAL HOMICIDE" means homicide perpetrated on persons -in this particular case men- other than intimate partners or family members as a means of resolving a conflict and/or punishing the victim where the homicide is not instrumental to the accomplishment of a secondary goal. This includes, for example, homicide related to neighbour or property disputes, revenge-related interpersonal killing, or random and seemingly unprovoked acts of killing ranging from brawls to killing sprees, but excludes homicides committed for economic gain, homicide committed in the act of another felony crime, gang-related killing or killing as a result of terrorist activities. [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.102. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
05.b Victims of Intentional Homicide related to other interpersonal homicide (Females)
Total number of Female Victims of Intentional Homicide related to other interpersonal homicide. "OTHER INTERPERSONAL HOMICIDE" means homicide perpetrated on persons -in this particular case women- other than intimate partners or family members as a means of resolving a conflict and/or punishing the victim where the homicide is not instrumental to the accomplishment of a secondary goal. This includes, for example, homicide related to neighbour or property disputes, revenge-related interpersonal killing, or random and seemingly unprovoked acts of killing ranging from brawls to killing sprees, but excludes homicides committed for economic gain, homicide committed in the act of another felony crime, gang-related killing or killing as a result of terrorist activities. [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS, UNODC, Mar 2015, p.102. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
05.i Victims of Intentional Homicide by intimate partner (Males & Females)
Total number of Victims (Males and Females) of offences of Intentional Homicide committed by a current or former intimate partner, at the national level. "INTIMATE PARTNER" includes current or former spouse or intimate partner (cohabitating or non-cohabitating partner or boyfriend/girlfriend). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.103. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
06. Victims of Intencional Homicide related to organized criminal groups or gangs (Males & Females)
Total number of Victims (Males and Females) of Intentional Homicide related to organized criminal groups or gangs. "Organized Criminal Group" or "Gang" means the victim or perpetrator was a member of an Organized criminal group or Gang, or the homicide occurs in a fashion related to organized criminal groups/gangs. "ORGANIZED CRIMINAL GROUP" shall mean a "structured group of three or more persons, existing for a period of time and acting in concert with the aim of committing one or more serious crimes or offences established in accordance with this Convention, in order to obtain, directly or indirectly, financial or other material benefit". "STRUCTURED GROUP" shall mean a “group that is not randomly formed for the immediate commission of an offence and that does not need to have formally defined roles for its members, continuity of its membership or a developed structure". "GANG" means a “group of persons that is defined by a set of characteristics including durability over time, street-oriented lifestyle, youthfulness of members, involvement in illegal activities and group identity. Definitions used by national law enforcement bodies may include some additional elements and may in some cases deviate from this generic definition”. [Sources: United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols Thereto. New York, N.Y., 2004, Art.2 (a) and (c). Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/treaties/UNTOC/Publications/TOC%20Convention/TOCebook-e.pdf; International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p. 98, footnote 148. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
06.a Victims of Intentional Homicide related to organized criminal groups or gangs (Males)
Total number of Male Victims of Intentional Homicide related to organized criminal groups or gangs. "Organized Criminal Group" or "Gang" means the victim or perpetrator was a member of an Organized criminal group or Gang, or the homicide occurs in a fashion related to organized criminal groups/gangs. "ORGANIZED CRIMINAL GROUP" shall mean a "structured group of three or more persons, existing for a period of time and acting in concert with the aim of committing one or more serious crimes or offences established in accordance with this Convention, in order to obtain, directly or indirectly, financial or other material benefit". "STRUCTURED GROUP" shall mean a "group that is not randomly formed for the immediate commission of an offence and that does not need to have formally defined roles for its members, continuity of its membership or a developed structure". "GANG" means a group or association of three or more persons that is defined by a set of characteristics including durability over time, street-oriented lifestyle, youth fullness of members, involvement in illegal activities and group identity. Definitions used by national law enforcement bodies may include some additional elements and may in some cases deviate from this generic definition. [Sources: United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols Thereto. New York, N.Y., 2004, Art.2 (a) and (c). Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/treaties/UNTOC/Publications/TOC%20Convention/TOCebook-e.pdf; International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p. 98, footnote 148. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
06.b Victims of Intentional Homicide related to organized criminal groups or gangs (Females)
Total number of Female Victims of Intentional Homicide related to organized criminal groups or gangs. "Organized Criminal Group" or "Gang" means the victim or perpetrator was a member of an Organized criminal group or Gang, or the homicide occurs in a fashion related to organized criminal groups/gangs. "ORGANIZED CRIMINAL GROUP" shall mean a "structured group of three or more persons, existing for a period of time and acting in concert with the aim of committing one or more serious crimes or offences established in accordance with this Convention, in order to obtain, directly or indirectly, financial or other material benefit". "STRUCTURED GROUP" shall mean a "group that is not randomly formed for the immediate commission of an offence and that does not need to have formally defined roles for its members, continuity of its membership or a developed structure". "GANG" means a group or association of three or more persons that is defined by a set of characteristics including durability over time, street-oriented lifestyle, youth fullness of members, involvement in illegal activities and group identity. Definitions used by national law enforcement bodies may include some additional elements and may in some cases deviate from this generic definition. [Sources: United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols Thereto. New York, N.Y., 2004, Art.2 (a) and (c). Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/treaties/UNTOC/Publications/TOC%20Convention/TOCebook-e.pdf; International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p. 98, footnote 148. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
08. Victims of Intentional Homicide attacked with firearm
Victims of Intentional Homicide attacked with firearm refers to the total of victims of Intentional Homicide killed by firearm, at the national level. “ATTACK WITH FIREARM" includes handgun discharge, rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge, as well as other and unspecified firearm discharge, according to the causes of death by assault by firearm discharge. [Source:World Health Organization (WHO) "International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems", 10th Revision (ICD-10), Chapter XX, codes X93, X94 and X95. Web: http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2016/en#/X85-Y09]
08.1 Victims of Intentional Homicide attacked with firearm (Rate)
RATE of Victims of Intentional Homicide attacked with firearm refers to the rate of victims of Intentional Homicide killed by firearm, at the national level. “ATTACK WITH FIREARM" includes handgun discharge, rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge, as well as other and unspecified firearm discharge, according to the causes of death by assault by firearm discharge. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparative purpose. [Source: World Health Organization (WHO) "International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems", 10th Revision (ICD-10), Chapter XX, codes X93, X94 and X95. Web: http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2016/en#/X85-Y09. Source for population data: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/]
08.2 Victims of Intentional Homicide attacked with firearm (Percentage)
Total number of Victims of Intentional Homicide killed by firearm, as a PERCENTAGE of the total of Victims of Intentional Homicide (Males and Females), at the national level. [(Total of Male and Female Victims of Intentional Homicide committed with a firearm*100) / Total of Male and Female Victims of Intentional Homicide]. “ATTACK WITH FIREARM" includes handgun discharge, rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge, as well as other and unspecified firearm discharge, according to the causes of death by assault by firearm discharge. [Source: World Health Organization (WHO) "International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems", 10th Revision (ICD-10), Chapter XX, codes X93, X94 and X95. Web: http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2016/en#/X85-Y09]
09. Victims of Intentional Homicide attacked with a sharp object
Victims of Intentional Homicide attacked with a sharp object refers to the total of victims of Intentional Homicide killed by a sharp object, at the national level. "SHARP OBJECT" includes: sharp glass, knife, sword or dagger, as well as other and unspecified sharp object. “Knife” is an instrument composed of a blade fixed into a handle. [Definition of "Sharp Object" based on: World Health Organization (WHO) "International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems", 10th Revision (ICD-10), Chapter XX, code W26. Web: http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2016/en#/X85-Y09. Definition of "knife" from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p. 9., footnote 156. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf ]
10.1 Victims of Intentional Homicide (aged 0-14) (percentage)
Victims of Intentional Homicide aged 0 to 14 as a PERCENTAGE of the Total of Victims of Intentional Homicide (Males and Females), at the national level. [(Victims of Intentional Homicide aged 0 to 14 *100) / Total of Victims of Intentional Homicide (Males and Females)].
02. Violent Crimes: Sexual Offenses
01. Rape (ICCS 03011), number of offences
Total number of offences of "Rape" registered at the national level. "RAPE" means "Sexual penetration without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of benefits". INCLUSIONS: Rape with force (030111), defined as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person with force”; Rape without force (030112), defined as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person without force”; Statutory rape (030113), defined as “Sexual penetration with or without consent with a person below the age of consent, or with a person incapable of consent for reason of law”; and “Other rape” (030119) not described or classified in previous categories. EXCLUSIONS: Sexual exploitation (0302), defined as “acts of abuse of a position of vulnerability, power or trust, or use of force or threat of force, for profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the prostitution or sexual acts of a person”; coercion (0205), defined as “demanding a particular course of action through the use of force, threat, intimidation, threat to reveal compromising information, or threat of defamation”; prostitution offences (08021); pornography offences (08022); other acts against public order sexual standards such as incest not amounting to rape and exhibitionism (0802); assaults and threats (0201); slavery and exploitation not amounting to injurious acts of a sexual nature (0203); trafficking in persons (TIP) for sexual exploitation (02041); harassment and stalking (0208). [Source:International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
02. Rape (rate)
RATE of Victims of "Rape" at the national level. "RAPE" means “Sexual penetration without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of benefits”. INCLUSIONS: Rape with force (030111) as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person with force”; Rape without force (030112) as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person without force”; Statutory rape (030113), defined as “Sexual penetration with or without consent with a person below the age of consent, or with a person incapable of consent for reason of law”; and Other Rape not described in previous categories. EXCLUSIONS: Sexual exploitation (0302), defined as “acts of abuse of a position of vulnerability, power or trust, or use of force or threat of force, for profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the prostitution or sexual acts of a person”; coercion”(0205), defined as “demanding a particular course of action through the use of force, threat, intimidation, threat to reveal compromising information, or threat of defamation”; prostitution (08021) and pornography offences (08022); other acts against public order sexual standards such as incest not amounting to rape and exhibitionism (0802); assaults and threats (0201); slavery and exploitation not amounting to injurious acts of a sexual nature (0203); trafficking in persons (TIP) for sexual exploitation (02041); harassment and stalking (0208). RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison purpose. (Source: ICCS, UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. For population data: United Nations Population Division. Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/)
03. Victims of Rape (Males)
Total number of "Male Victims of Rape", at the national level. "RAPE" means "Sexual penetration without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of benefits". INCLUSIONS: Rape with force (030111), defined as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person with force”; Rape without force (030112), defined as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person without force”; Statutory rape (030113), defined as “Sexual penetration with or without consent with a person below the age of consent, or with a person incapable of consent for reason of law”; and “Other rape” (030119), defined as “Rape not described or classified in categories 030111-030113”. EXCLUSIONS: Sexual exploitation (0302), defined as “acts of abuse of a position of vulnerability, power or trust, or use of force or threat of force, for profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the prostitution or sexual acts of a person”; coercion (0205), defined as “demanding a particular course of action through the use of force, threat, intimidation, threat to reveal compromising information, or threat of defamation”; prostitution offences (08021); pornography offences (08022); other acts against public order sexual standards such as incest not amounting to rape and exhibitionism (0802); assaults and threats (0201); slavery and exploitation not amounting to injurious acts of a sexual nature (0203); trafficking in persons (TIP) for sexual exploitation (02041); harassment and stalking (0208). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
04. Victims of Rape (Females)
Total number of "Female Victims of Rape", at the national level. "RAPE" means 'Sexual penetration without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of benefits". INCLUSIONS: Rape with force (030111), defined as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person with force”; Rape without force (030112), defined as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person without force”; Statutory rape (030113), defined as “Sexual penetration with or without consent with a person below the age of consent, or with a person incapable of consent for reason of law”; and “Other rape” (030119), defined as “Rape not described or classified in categories 030111-030113”. EXCLUSIONS: Sexual exploitation (0302), defined as “acts of abuse of a position of vulnerability, power or trust, or use of force or threat of force, for profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the prostitution or sexual acts of a person”; coercion (0205), defined as “demanding a particular course of action through the use of force, threat, intimidation, threat to reveal compromising information, or threat of defamation”; prostitution offences (08021); pornography offences (08022); other acts against public order sexual standards such as incest not amounting to rape and exhibitionism (0802); assaults and threats (0201); slavery and exploitation not amounting to injurious acts of a sexual nature (0203); trafficking in persons (TIP) for sexual exploitation (02041); harassment and stalking (0208). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
05. Rape (suspects)
"RAPE (suspects)" means total persons brought into formal contact with the Police and/or criminal justice system in relation to a case of rape. May include persons suspected of, or arrested or cautioned, at the national level. "RAPE" means "Sexual penetration without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of benefits". INCLUSIONS: Rape with force (030111) as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person with force”; Rape without force (030112) as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person without force”; Statutory rape (030113), as “Sexual penetration with or without consent with a person below the age of consent, or with a person incapable of consent for reason of law”; and “Other rape” not described in previous categories. EXCLUSIONS: Sexual exploitation (0302), defined as “acts of abuse of a position of vulnerability, power or trust, or use of force or threat of force, for profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the prostitution or sexual acts of a person”; coercion (0205), defined as “demanding a particular course of action through the use of force, threat, intimidation, threat to reveal compromising information, or threat of defamation”; prostitution (08021) and pornography offences (08022); other acts against public order sexual standards such as incest not amounting to rape and exhibitionism (0802); assaults and threats (0201); slavery and exploitation not amounting to injurious acts of a sexual nature (0203); trafficking in persons (TIP) for sexual exploitation (02041); harassment and stalking (0208) (Source: ICCS, UNODC, 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf)
06. Rape (percentage of suspects convicted)
Total number of cases of "Rape" convicted by the courts, as a PERCENTAGE of the total of suspects of rape, at the national level. "RAPE" is defined as "Sexual penetration without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of benefits". INCLUSIONS: Rape with force (030111), defined as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person with force”; Rape without force (030112), defined as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person without force”; Statutory rape (030113), defined as “Sexual penetration with or without consent with a person below the age of consent, or with a person incapable of consent for reason of law”; and “Other rape” (030119), defined as “Rape not described or classified in categories 030111-030113”. EXCLUSIONS: Sexual exploitation (0302), defined as “acts of abuse of a position of vulnerability, power or trust, or use of force or threat of force, for profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the prostitution or sexual acts of a person”; coercion (0205), defined as “demanding a particular course of action through the use of force, threat, intimidation, threat to reveal compromising information, or threat of defamation”; prostitution offences (08021); pornography offences (08022); other acts against public order sexual standards such as incest not amounting to rape and exhibitionism (0802); assaults and threats (0201); slavery and exploitation not amounting to injurious acts of a sexual nature (0203); trafficking in persons (TIP) for sexual exploitation (02041); harassment and stalking (0208). (Source: ICCS, UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf)
07. Sexual Violence (ICCS 0301)
Total number of offences of "Sexual Violence", at the national level. "SEXUAL VIOLENCE” means any “Unwanted sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, or contact or communication with unwanted sexual attention without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, or abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability". INCLUDES "Rape" (03011); "Sexual Assault" (03012); and "Other Acts of Sexual Violence" (03019). EXCLUSIONS: Sexual exploitation (0302), defined as “acts of abuse of a position of vulnerability, power or trust, or use of force or threat of force, for profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the prostitution or sexual acts of a person”; coercion (0205), defined as “demanding a particular course of action through the use of force, threat, intimidation, threat to reveal compromising information, or threat of defamation”; prostitution offences (08021); pornography offences (08022); other acts against public order sexual standards such as incest not amounting to rape and exhibitionism (0802); assaults and threats (0201); slavery and exploitation not amounting to injurious acts of a sexual nature (0203); trafficking in persons (TIP) for sexual exploitation (02041); harassment and stalking (0208). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
08. Sexual Violence (rate)
RATE of offences of "Sexual Violence", at the national level. "SEXUAL VIOLENCE” means any "Unwanted sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, or contact or communication with unwanted sexual attention without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, or abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability". INCLUDES "Rape" (03011); "Sexual Assault" (03012); and "Other Acts of Sexual Violence" (03019). EXCLUSIONS: Sexual exploitation (0302), defined as “acts of abuse of a position of vulnerability, power or trust, or use of force or threat of force, for profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the prostitution or sexual acts of a person”; coercion (0205), defined as “demanding a particular course of action through the use of force, threat, intimidation, threat to reveal compromising information, or threat of defamation”; prostitution offences (08021): pornography offences (08022); other acts against public order sexual standards such as incest not amounting to rape and exhibitionism (0802); assaults and threats (0201); slavery and exploitation not amounting to injurious acts of a sexual nature (0203); trafficking in persons for sexual exploitation (02041); harassment and stalking (0208). RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf For population data: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/]
09. Victims of Sexual Violence (Females)
Total number of Female Victims of an offence of "Sexual Violence", at the national level. "SEXUAL VIOLENCE” means any “Unwanted sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, or contact or communication with unwanted sexual attention without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, or abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability". INCLUDES "Rape" (03011); "Sexual Assault" (03012); and "Other Acts of Sexual Violence" (03019). EXCLUSIONS: Sexual exploitation (0302), defined as “acts of abuse of a position of vulnerability, power or trust, or use of force or threat of force, for profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the prostitution or sexual acts of a person”; coercion (0205), defined as “demanding a particular course of action through the use of force, threat, intimidation, threat to reveal compromising information, or threat of defamation”; prostitution offences (08021); pornography offences (08022); other acts against public order sexual standards such as incest not amounting to rape and exhibitionism (0802); assaults and threats (0201); slavery and exploitation not amounting to injurious acts of a sexual nature (0203); trafficking in persons (TIP) for sexual exploitation (02041); harassment and stalking (0208). [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
10. Victims of Sexual Violence (Females, rate)
RATE of Female Victims of an offence of Sexual Violence, at the national level. "SEXUAL VIOLENCE” means any “Unwanted sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, or contact or communication with unwanted sexual attention without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, or abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability". INCLUSIONS: "Rape" (03011); "Sexual Assault" (03012); and "Other Acts of Sexual Violence" (03019). EXCLUSIONS: Sexual exploitation (0302), defined as “acts of abuse of a position of vulnerability, power or trust, or use of force or threat of force, for profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the prostitution or sexual acts of a person”; coercion (0205), defined as “demanding a particular course of action through the use of force, threat, intimidation, threat to reveal compromising information, or threat of defamation”; prostitution offences (08021); pornography offences (08022); other acts against public order sexual standards such as incest not amounting to rape and exhibitionism (0802); assaults and threats (0201); slavery and exploitation not amounting to injurious acts of a sexual nature (0203); trafficking in persons (TIP) for sexual exploitation (02041); harassment and stalking (0208). RATES are calculated per 100,000 women. Some countries with less than 100,000 women have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf For population data: United Nations, Population Division. Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/]
11. Sexual Offences against children (total)
Total number of "Sexual Offences against children", at the national level. "SEXUAL OFFENCES AGAINST CHILDREN" means "Crimes of a sexual nature committed against children [according to the age defined by each country in the correspondent United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) Metadata section]. These crimes should include child pornography, procuring a child for prostitution, statutory rape of a person below the age of consent and other offences related to the sexual exploitation of children". [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2015] Note: Any cross-national comparison should be conducted with caution because of the differences that exist between the legal definitions of both "children" and offences in countries, the different methods of offence counting and recording and differences in the share of criminal offences that are not reported to or detected by law enforcement authorities.
12. Sexual Offences against children (rate)
RATE of "Sexual Offences against children", at the national level. "SEXUAL OFFENSES AGAINST CHILDREN" means "Crimes of a sexual nature committed against children [according to the age defined by each country in the correspondent United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) Metadata section]. These crimes should include child pornography, procuring a child for prostitution, statutory rape of a person below the age of consent and other offences related to the sexual exploitation of children". RATES are calculated per 100,000 children. Some countries with less than 100,000 children have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2015 For population data: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/] Note: Any cross-national comparison should be conducted with caution because of the differences that exist between the legal definitions of both "children" and offences in countries, the different methods of offence counting and recording and differences in the share of criminal offences that are not reported to or detected by law enforcement authorities.
13. Sexual Offences against girls
Number of "Girl Victims of a Sexual Offence", at the national level. “SEXUAL OFFENCES AGAINST GIRLS" means "Crimes of a sexual nature committed against female children [according to the age defined by each country in the correspondent United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) Metadata section]. These crimes should include child pornography, procuring a child for prostitution, statutory rape of a person below the age of consent and other offences related to the sexual exploitation of children". [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2015] Note: Any cross-national comparison should be conducted with caution because of the differences that exist between the legal definitions of both "children" and offences in countries, the different methods of offence counting and recording and differences in the share of criminal offences that are not reported to or detected by law enforcement authorities.
03. Other Violent Crimes
01. Serious Assault (ICCS 020111)
02. Serious Assault (rate)
RATE of "Serious Assault" offences, at the national level. “SERIOUS ASSAULT” is defined as “Intentional or reckless application of serious physical force inflicted upon the body of a person resulting in serious bodily injury”. “Acting recklessly”, at minimum, is acting without thinking or caring about the consequences of an action. “Serious bodily injury”, at minimum, includes gunshot or bullet wounds; knife or stab wounds; severed limbs; broken bones or teeth knocked out; internal injuries; being knocked unconscious; and other severe or critical injuries. INCLUSIONS: Inflicting grievous bodily harm; wounding; aggravated assault; inflicting bodily harm under aggravating circumstances; battery; acid attacks; female genital mutilation; poisoning; assault with a weapon; forced sterilization; taking human blood, organs or tissues by use of violence. EXCLUSIONS: Serious Threat (020121) defined as “Threat to cause death or inflict serious bodily injury”; torture (11011); serious assault leading to death (0101); all injurious acts of a sexual nature (03); using force to take property (04); using threat of force to demand a particular course of action from a person (0205); Minor Assault (020112)”. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.37-38 incl. footnotes 54-55. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf For population data: United Nations Population Division.Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/]
03. Robbery (ICCS 0401)
Total number of offences of "Robbery", at the national level. “ROBBERY” is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining property with the use of force or threat of force against a person with intent to permanently or temporarily withhold it from a person or organization”. INCLUSIONS: Theft with violence from the person (04011): mugging; bag-snatching with force; banditry; dacoity; robbery of valuables or goods in transit (04012); robbery of a car or vehicle in transit from the person operating the vehicle or its passengers (040121); of an establishment or institution (04013); of livestock (04014), and other acts of robbery involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (0409) EXCLUSIONS: Burglary (0501); Theft (0502), and other acts only against property (05) without the use of force or threat of force against a person, as pick pocketing; assaults and threats (0201); possession of stolen goods or money (07049); receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods (07049); using stolen parts for producing other goods: car-rebirthing (07049); concealment of stolen goods (0704); property damage (0504); kidnapping (02022); extortion or demanding a particular course of action through a written or verbal threat (02051) [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.54. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016].
04. Robbery (rate)
RATE of "Robbery" offences, at the national level. “ROBBERY” is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining property with the use of force or threat of force against a person with intent to permanently or temporarily withhold it from a person or organization”. INCLUSIONS: Theft with violence from the person (04011): mugging; bag-snatching with force; banditry; dacoity; robbery of valuables or goods in transit (04012); robbery of a car or vehicle in transit from the person operating the vehicle or its passengers (040121); of an establishment or institution (04013); of livestock (04014), and other acts of robbery involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (0409) EXCLUSIONS: Burglary (0501); Theft (0502) and other acts only against property (05) without the use of force or threat of force against a person, as pick pocketing; assaults and threats (0201); possession of stolen goods or money (07049); receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods (07049); using stolen parts for producing other goods: car-rebirthing (07049); concealment of stolen goods (0704); property damage (0504); kidnapping (02022); extorsion or demanding a particular course of action through a written or verbal threat (02051) RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.54. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; UN-CTS Survey 2016. For population data: United Nations, Population Division. Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/]
07. Theft (ICCS 0502)
Total number of offences of "Theft" at the national level. “THEFT” is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining of property with the intent to permanently withhold it from a person or organization without consent and without the use of force, threat of force or violence, coercion or deception”. INCLUSIONS: Theft of personal property (05022) where entry was lawfully gained; theft of personal property from a person (050221) or from a vehicle (050222); other theft of personal property (050229); theft of business property (05023); theft of movable public property that is not a vehicle (05024); theft of livestock (05025); theft of services (05026); Other acts of theft NOT involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (05029): theft of mail; theft by conversion. EXCLUSIONS: “Theft” excludes Robbery (0401); Burglary (0501); and Theft of a motorized vehicle or parts thereof (05021), which are recorded separately. It also excludes possession of stolen goods or money; receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods; using stolen parts for producing other goods; concealment of stolen goods (0704); obtaining money or other benefit or evading a liability through deceit or dishonest conduct (0701); property damage (0504); theft of intellectual property (0503); identity theft (07019) [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.58. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
08. Theft (rate)
RATE of "Theft" offences, at the national level. “THEFT” is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining of property with the intent to permanently withhold it from a person or organization without consent and without the use of force, threat of force or violence, coercion or deception”. INCLUSIONS: Theft of personal property (05022) where entry was lawfully gained; theft of personal property from a person (050221) or from a vehicle (050222); other theft of personal property (050229); theft of business property (05023); theft of movable public property that is not a vehicle (05024); theft of livestock (05025); theft of services (05026); Other acts of theft NOT involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (05029): theft of mail; theft by conversion. EXCLUSIONS: Burglary (0501); Robbery (0401), and Theft of a motorized vehicle or parts thereof (05021), which are recorded separately. It also excludes possession of stolen goods or money; receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods; using stolen parts for producing other goods; concealment of stolen goods (0704); obtaining money or other benefit or evading a liability through deceit or dishonest conduct (0701); property damage (0504); theft of intellectual property (0503); identity theft (07019) RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison. purpose. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.58. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf For population data: United Nations, Population Division.Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/]
09. Theft of a motorized land vehicle (ICCS 050211) or parts thereof (ICCS 050213)
10. Theft of a motorized land vehicle (ICCS 050211) or parts thereof (ICCS 050213) (Rate)
RATE of "Theft of a motorized land vehicle" or "parts thereof". “THEFT OF A MOTORIZED LAND VEHICLE” (050211) OR "PARTS THEREOF (050213) is defined as unlawfully taking or obtaining a motorized land vehicle of the theft of parts of a motorized land vehicle, with the intent to permanently withhold them from a person or organization without consent and without the use of force, threat of force or violence, coercion or deception. “Motorized land vehicle” means all land vehicles with an engine that run on the road, including cars, motorcycles, buses, lorries, construction and agricultural vehicles. “Parts of a land vehicle” are any element or replacement element specifically designed for a vehicle and essential to its operation, including engines, transmissions, tires and windows. EXCLUSIONS: "Theft of a motorized land vehicle or parts thereof " should exclude the Illegal use of a motor vehicle with intent to temporarily deprive it from the owner without consent and without the use of force, threat of force or violence, coercion or deception (e.g.: joyriding) (050212); theft of personal property from a vehicle (050222); Robbery of a car or vehicle (040121) defined as “robbery of a vehicle in transit, from the person operating the vehicle or its passengers”. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparation purpose. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.59, incl. footnote 95. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf For population data: United Nations Population Division. Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/]
13. Burglary of private residential premises (ICCS 05012)
"BURGLARY OF PRIVATE RESIDENTIAL PREMISES" means burglary of real estate owned, rented, or leased by a person, including a house, apartment or other dwelling place. INCLUSIONS: Breaking and entering of residential premises; unlawful entry into residential premises with intent to commit theft; breaking, entering and stealing from residential premises; theft by burglary of a dwelling; burglary of a shed/garage belonging to a private residential premise; housebreaking. EXCLUSIONS: Theft (0502); possession of stolen goods or money; receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods; using stolen parts for producing other goods; concealment of stolen goods (0704); property damage (0504); Robbery (0401). "Burglary" should also exclude theft from a car, container, vending machine, parking meter and from a fenced meadow/compound. [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.57. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
14. Burglary of private residential premises (ICCS 05012) (Rate)
RATE of “Burglary of private residential premises” offences, at the national level. BURGLARY OF PRIVATE RESIDENTIAL PREMISES" means burglary of real estate owned, rented, or leased by a person, including a house, apartment or other dwelling place. INCLUSIONS: Breaking and entering of residential premises; unlawful entry into residential premises with intent to commit theft; breaking, entering and stealing from residential premises; theft by burglary of a dwelling; burglary of a shed/garage belonging to a private residential premise; housebreaking. EXCLUSIONS: Theft (0502); possession of stolen goods or money; receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods; using stolen parts for producing other goods; concealment of stolen goods (0704); property damage (0504); Robbery (0401). RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison purposes. [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.57. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016 For population data: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/]
04. Security Personnel
05. Criminal Justice System
10. Rape (Persons prosecuted)
"RAPE (PERSONS PROSECUTED)" means the total number of alleged offenders against whom prosecution for rape was commenced in the reporting year. Alleged offenders may be prosecuted by the public prosecutor or the law enforcement agency responsible for prosecution, at the national level, irrespective of the case-ending decision. “RAPE”(ICCS 03011) is defined as "Sexual penetration without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of benefits". [Sources: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016; International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
11. Rape (Males prosecuted)
"RAPE (MALES PROSECUTED)" means the total number of alleged Male offenders against whom prosecution for rape was commenced in the reporting year. Alleged Male offenders may be prosecuted by the public prosecutor or the law enforcement agency responsible for prosecution, at the national level, irrespective of the case-ending decision. “RAPE”(ICCS 03011) is defined as "Sexual penetration without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of benefits". [Sources: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016; International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
12. Rape (Females prosecuted)
"RAPE (FEMALES PROSECUTED)" means the total number of alleged Female offenders against whom prosecution for rape was commenced in the reporting year. Alleged Female offenders may be prosecuted by the public prosecutor or the law enforcement agency responsible for prosecution, at the national level, irrespective of the case-ending decision. “RAPE”(ICCS 03011) is defined as "Sexual penetration without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of benefits". [Sources: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016; International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
13. Rape (Persons convicted)
"RAPE (PERSONS CONVICTED)" means the total number of persons found guilty of rape by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. “RAPE”(ICCS 03011) is defined as "Sexual penetration without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of benefits". [Sources: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016; International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
14. Rape (Males convicted)
"RAPE (MALES CONVICTED)" means the number of Male persons found guilty of rape by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. “RAPE”(ICCS 03011) is defined as "Sexual penetration without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of benefits". [Sources: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016; International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
15. Rape (Females convicted)
"RAPE (FEMALES CONVICTED)" means the total number of Female persons found guilty of rape by any legal body authorized to pronounce a conviction under national criminal law, whether or not the conviction was later upheld. “RAPE”(ICCS 03011) is defined as "Sexual penetration without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of benefits". [Sources: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016; International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
06. Prison System
01. Adults Held in Prisons
"ADULTS HELD IN PRISONS" means the total number of adults held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, including persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
02. Adults Held in Prisons (rate)
"ADULTS HELD IN PRISONS (RATE)" means the rate of adults held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, including persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. RATES are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants. Some countries with less than 100,000 inhabitants have their rates presented for comparison purpose. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]. For population data: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/]
03. Adults Held in Prisons (Males)
MALE ADULTS HELD IN PRISONS" means the total number of Male adults held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, including persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
04. Adults Held in Prisons (Females)
FEMALE ADULTS HELD IN PRISONS" means the total number of Female Adults held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, including persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
05. Young Adults Held in Prisons (18-24)
"YOUNG ADULTS HELD IN PRISONS" means the total number of young adults, between 18 and 24 years of age, held in Prisons, Penal Institutions or Correctional Institutions on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, including persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay.
06. Juveniles Held
"JUVENILES Held" means the total number of juveniles held in Prisons, Penal institutions, Correctional institutions or detention centers for juveniles on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal minors held for administrative purposes, including juvenile persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or juvenile foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. In the law a “JUVENILE” means a minor who is not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. “Juvenile” is a minor or person who is of certain minimum age but still under the age of legal competence. The minority is determined according to what each country’s legislation establishes; however, a majority of countries establish that a person is no longer a minor after reaching the age of 18. Therefore an individual charged with a crime who is between the minimum age established by the country’s legislation and (in most cases) 18, is considered a juvenile.
07. Juveniles Held (rate)
"JUVENILES Held (rate)" means the percentage of juveniles held in Prisons, Penal institutions, Correctional institutions or detention centers for juveniles on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal minors held for administrative purposes, including minor persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or minor foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. In the law a “JUVENILE” means a minor who is not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. “Juvenile” is a minor or person who is of certain minimum age but still under the age of legal competence. The minority is determined according to what each country’s legislation establishes; however, a majority of countries establish that a person is no longer a minor after reaching the age of 18. Therefore an individual charged with a crime who is between the minimum age established by the country’s legislation and (in most cases) 18, is considered a juvenile. RATES are calculated per 100,000 children. Some countries with less than 100,000 children have their rates presented for comparison. (Source for population data: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Web: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/)
08. Juveniles Held (Boys)
"JUVENILES Held (Boys)" means the total number of Male juveniles held in Prisons, Penal institutions, Correctional institutions or detention centers for juveniles on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal Male juveniles held for administrative purposes, including Male juveniles held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizen juveniles without a legal right to stay. In the law a “JUVENILE” means as a minor who is not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. “Juvenile” is a minor or person who is of certain minimum age but still under the age of legal competence. The minority is determined according to what each country’s legislation establishes; however, a majority of countries establish that a person is no longer a minor after reaching the age of 18. Therefore an individual charged with a crime who is between the minimum age established by the country’s legislation and (in most cases) 18, is considered a juvenile.
09. Juveniles Held (Girls)
"JUVENILES Held (Girls)" means the total number of Female juveniles held in Prisons, Penal institutions, Correctional institutions or detention centers for juveniles on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal Female juveniles held for administrative purposes, including Female juveniles held pending investigation into their immigration status or Female juveniles who are foreign citizen without a legal right to stay. In the law a “JUVENILE” is defined as a minor who is not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. “Juvenile” is a minor or person who is of certain minimum age but still under the age of legal competence. The minority is determined according to what each country’s legislation establishes; however, a majority of countries establish that a person is no longer a minor after reaching the age of 18. Therefore an individual charged with a crime who is between the minimum age established by the country’s legislation and 18, is considered a juvenile.
10. Persons Held Unsentenced or in Pre-trial detention
"PERSONS HELD UNSENTENCED OR IN PRE-TRIAL DETENTION" refers to persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions who are untried, pre-trial or awaiting a first instance decision on their case from a competent authority regarding their conviction or acquittal. INCLUSIONS: Persons held before and during the trial should be included. EXCLUSIONS: Sentenced persons held awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing their sentence should be excluded. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
11. Persons Held Unsentenced or in Pre-trial detention (percentage)
Total number of "Persons Held Unsentenced or in Pre-trial detention" as a PERCENTAGE of the total prison population [Persons Held Unsentenced or in Pre-trial detention (%) = TNPD*100 /TNPP; where TNPD= total number of persons held unsentenced or in pre-trial detention; and TNPP= total prison population]. "PERSONS HELD UNSENTENCED OR IN PRE-TRIAL DETENTION" refers to persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions who are untried, pre-trial or awaiting a first instance decision on their case from a competent authority regarding their conviction or acquittal. INCLUSIONS: Persons held before and during the trial should be included. EXCLUSIONS: Sentenced persons held awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing their sentence should be excluded. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
12. Sentenced Persons Held
"SENTENCED PERSONS HELD" refers to the total number of persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions after a first instance decision or a final decision on their case has been made by a competent authority. This includes sentenced persons with a final decision, persons held who are awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing and persons held who have been convicted but who have not received a sentence yet. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
13. Foreign Citizens held
“FOREIGN CITIZENS HELD” means the total number of persons (adults or juveniles) who do not have citizenship of your country and is held in adult or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, including persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
14. Foreign Citizens Held (percentage)
It refers to the total number of “Foreign Citizens Held” as a PERCENTAGE of the total number of Persons Held in Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions. [(Total Foreign Citizen held *100)/Total Persons held]. “FOREIGN CITIZENS HELD” means the total number of persons (adults or juveniles) who do not have citizenship of your country and is held in adult or juvenile prisons, penal institutions or correctional institutions on a specified day, and should exclude non-criminal prisoners held for administrative purposes, including persons held pending investigation into their immigration status or foreign citizens without a legal right to stay. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
15. Persons sentenced for Robbery
PERSONS SENTENCED FOR ROBBERY" means the total number of persons who received a sentence for Robbery and is held in Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions, for that sentence. “ROBBERY” is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining property with the use of force or threat of force against a person with intent to permanently or temporarily withhold it from a person or organization”. INCLUSIONS: Theft with violence from the person (04011): mugging; bag-snatching with force; banditry; dacoity; robbery of valuables or goods in transit (04012); robbery of a car or vehicle in transit from the person operating the vehicle or its passengers (040121); of an establishment or institution (04013); of livestock (04014), and other acts of robbery involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (0409) EXCLUSIONS: Burglary (0501); Theft (0502) and other acts only against property (05) without the use of force or threat of force against a person, as pick pocketing; assaults and threats (0201); possession of stolen goods or money (07049); receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods (07049); using stolen parts for producing other goods: car-rebirthing (07049); concealment of stolen goods (0704); property damage (0504); kidnapping (02022); extortion or demanding a particular course of action through a written or verbal threat (02051) [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.54. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; UN-CTS Survey 2016]
16. Persons sentenced for Robbery (percentage)
It refers to the total number of persons who received a sentence for Robbery and are held in Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions, for that sentence, as a PERCENTAGE of the total number of persons held [(Total of persons sentenced for robbery *100)/Total of persons sentenced] “ROBBERY” is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining property with the use of force or threat of force against a person with intent to permanently or temporarily withhold it from a person or organization”. INCLUSIONS: “Robbery” includes theft with violence from the person (04011): mugging; bag-snatching with force; banditry; dacoity; robbery of valuables or goods in transit (04012); robbery of a car or vehicle in transit from the person operating the vehicle or its passengers (040121); of an establishment or institution (04013); of livestock (04014), and other acts of robbery involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (0409) EXCLUSIONS: “Robbery” does not include Burglary (0501), Theft (0502) and other acts only against property (05) without the use of force or threat of force against a person, as pick pocketing; assaults and threats (0201); possession of stolen goods or money (07049); receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods (07049); using stolen parts for producing other goods: car-rebirthing (07049); concealment of stolen goods (0704); property damage (0504); kidnapping (02022); demanding a particular course of action through a written or verbal threat (02051) [Sources: ICCS, UNODC, 2015, p.54. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; UN-CTS Survey 2016]
17. Persons sentenced for Robbery (Males)
"PERSONS SENTENCED FOR ROBBERY (MALES)" means the total number of Male persons who received a sentence for Robbery and are held in Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions, for that sentence. “ROBBERY” is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining property with the use of force or threat of force against a person with intent to permanently or temporarily withhold it from a person or organization”. INCLUSIONS: Theft with violence from the person (04011): mugging; bag-snatching with force; banditry; dacoity; robbery of valuables or goods in transit (04012); robbery of a car or vehicle in transit from the person operating the vehicle or its passengers (040121); of an establishment or institution (04013); of livestock (04014), and other acts of robbery involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (0409) EXCLUSIONS: Burglary (0501); Theft (0502) and other acts only against property (05) without the use of force or threat of force against a person, as pick pocketing; assaults and threats (0201); possession of stolen goods or money (07049); receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods (07049); using stolen parts for producing other goods: car-rebirthing (07049); concealment of stolen goods (0704); property damage (0504); kidnapping (02022); extortion or demanding a particular course of action through a written or verbal threat (02051) [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.54. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; UN-CTS Survey 2016]
18. Persons sentenced for Robbery (Males, percentage)
It refers to the total number of Male persons who received a sentence for Robbery and is held in Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions, for that sentence, as a PERCENTAGE of the total number of Males held [(Total of Males sentenced for robbery *100)/Total # of Males sentenced] “ROBBERY” is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining property with the use of force or threat of force against a person with intent to permanently or temporarily withhold it from a person or organization” INCLUSIONS: “Robbery” includes theft with violence from the person (04011): mugging; bag-snatching with force; banditry; dacoity; robbery of valuables or goods in transit (04012); robbery of a car or vehicle in transit from the person operating the vehicle or its passengers (040121); of an establishment or institution (04013); of livestock (04014), and other acts of robbery involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (0409) EXCLUSIONS: “Robbery” does not include Burglary (0501), Theft (0502) and other acts only against property (05) without the use of force or threat of force against a person, as pick pocketing; assaults and threats (0201); possession of stolen goods or money (07049); receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods (07049); using stolen parts for producing other goods: car-rebirthing (07049); concealment of stolen goods (0704); property damage (0504); kidnapping (02022); demanding a particular course of action through a written or verbal threat (02051) [Sources: ICCS, UNODC, 2015, p.54. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; UN-CTS Survey 2016]
19. Persons sentenced for Robbery (Females)
"PERSONS SENTENCED FOR ROBBERY (FEMALES)" means the total number of Female persons who received a sentence for Robbery and is held in Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions, for that sentence. “ROBBERY” is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining property with the use of force or threat of force against a person with intent to permanently or temporarily withhold it from a person or organization”. INCLUSIONS: Theft with violence from the person (04011): mugging; bag-snatching with force; banditry; dacoity; robbery of valuables or goods in transit (04012); robbery of a car or vehicle in transit from the person operating the vehicle or its passengers (040121); of an establishment or institution (04013); of livestock (04014), and other acts of robbery involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (0409) EXCLUSIONS: Burglary (0501); Theft (0502) and other acts only against property (05) without the use of force or threat of force against a person, as pick pocketing; assaults and threats (0201); possession of stolen goods or money (07049); receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods (07049); using stolen parts for producing other goods: car-rebirthing (07049); concealment of stolen goods (0704); property damage (0504); kidnapping (02022); extortion or demanding a particular course of action through a written or verbal threat (02051) [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.54. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; UN-CTS Survey 2016]
20. Persons sentenced for Robbery (Females, percentage)
Total number of Female persons who received a sentence for Robbery and is held in Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions, for that sentence, as a PERCENTAGE of the Total number of Females held [(Total of Females sentenced for robbery *100)/Total # of Females sentenced and held] “ROBBERY” is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining property with the use of force or threat of force against a person with intent to permanently or temporarily withhold it from a person or organization”. INCLUSIONS: “Robbery” includes theft with violence from the person (04011): mugging; bag-snatching with force; banditry; dacoity; robbery of valuables or goods in transit (04012); robbery of a car or vehicle in transit from the person operating the vehicle or its passengers (040121); of an establishment or institution (04013); of livestock (04014), and other acts of robbery involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (0409) EXCLUSIONS: “Robbery” does not include Burglary (0501), Theft (0502) and other acts only against property (05) without the use of force or threat of force against a person, as pick pocketing; assaults and threats (0201); possession of stolen goods or money (07049); receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods (07049); using stolen parts for producing other goods: car-rebirthing (07049); concealment of stolen goods (0704); property damage (0504); kidnapping (02022); demanding a particular course of action through a written or verbal threat (02051) [Sources: ICCS, UNODC, 2015, p.54. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; UN-CTS Survey 2016]
21. Persons sentenced for Homicide
"PERSONS SENTENCED FOR HOMICIDE" means the total number of persons who received a sentence for Homicide and is held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions, for that sentence. "SENTENCED PERSONS HELD" refers to persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions after a first instance decision or a final decision on their case has been made by a competent authority. This includes sentenced persons with a final decision, persons held who are awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing, and persons held who have been convicted but who have not received a sentence yet. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
22. Persons sentenced for Homicide (percentage)
"PERSONS SENTENCED FOR HOMICIDE (PERCENTAGE)" means the total number of persons who received a sentence for Homicide and is held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions, for that sentence, as a PERCENTAGE of the total number of persons held [(Total number of sentenced persons held for Homicide *100) / Total of sentenced persons held]. "SENTENCED PERSONS HELD" refers to persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions after a first instance decision or a final decision on their case has been made by a competent authority. This includes sentenced persons with a final decision, persons held who are awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing, and persons held who have been convicted but who have not received a sentence yet. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
23. Persons sentenced for Homicide (Males)
"PERSONS SENTENCED FOR HOMICIDE (MALES)" means the total number of Male persons who received a sentence for Homicide and is held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions, for that sentence. “SENTENCED MALE PERSONS HELD" refers to Male persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions after a first instance decision or a final decision on their case has been made by a competent authority. This includes sentenced Male persons with a final decision, Male persons held who are awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing, and Male persons held who have been convicted but who have not received a sentence yet. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
24. Persons sentenced for Homicide (Males, percentage)
"PERSONS SENTENCED FOR HOMICIDE (MALES, PERCENTAGE)" means the total of Male persons who received a sentence for Homicide and is held in adult and/or juvenile prisons, penal institutions or correctional institutions, for that sentence, as a PERCENTAGE of the total of sentenced Male persons held [(Male persons sentenced for Homicide * 100) / Total of sentenced Male persons held]. "SENTENCED MALE PERSONS HELD" refers to Male persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions after a first instance decision or a final decision on their case has been made by a competent authority. This includes sentenced Male persons with a final decision, Male persons held who are awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing, and Male persons held who have been convicted but who have not received a sentence yet. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
25. Persons sentenced for Homicide (Females)
"PERSONS SENTENCED FOR HOMICIDE (FEMALES)" means the total number of Female persons who received a sentence for Homicide and is held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions, for that sentence. “SENTENCED FEMALE PERSONS HELD" refers to Female persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions after a first instance decision or a final decision on their case has been made by a competent authority. This includes sentenced Female persons with a final decision and Female persons held who are awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing, and Female persons held who have been convicted but who have not received a sentence yet. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
26. Persons sentenced for Homicide (Females, percentage)
"PERSONS SENTENCED FOR HOMICIDE (FEMALES, PERCENTAGE)" means the total of Female persons who received a sentence for Homicide and is held in adult and/or juvenile prisons, penal institutions or correctional institutions, for that sentence, as a PERCENTAGE of the total of sentenced Female persons held [(Female persons sentenced for Homicide * 100) / Total of sentenced Female persons held]. “SENTENCED FEMALE PERSONS HELD" refers to Female persons held in adult and/or juvenile Prisons, Penal institutions or Correctional institutions after a first instance decision or a final decision on their case has been made by a competent authority. This includes sentenced Female persons with a final decision, Female persons held who are awaiting the outcome of an appeal in respect of verdict or sentence or who are within the statutory limits for appealing, and Female persons held who have been convicted but who have not received a sentence yet. [Source: United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
27. Persons held who were sentenced for drug related offences
"PERSONS HELD WHO WERE SENTENCED FOR DRUG RELATED OFFENCES” means the total number of persons who received a sentence for drug use, possession and/or traffic, and is held in a Prison, Penal institution or Correctional institution, for that sentence. “DRUG USE/POSSESSION” means “Unlawful possession, purchase or use of controlled drugs for personal consumption”. “DRUG TRAFFICKING” means “Unlawful offering, offering for sale, distribution, sale, delivery,brokerage, dispatch, dispatch in transit, transport, importation, exportation, cultivation, production, manufacture, extraction or preparation of controlled drugs or precursors not in connection with the use or possession of drugs for personal consumption. “Controlled drugs” are narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances scheduled as such under the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, as amended, and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances. “Precursors” are substances frequently used in the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances as defined in the 1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.63-64, incl. footnote 98. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
28. Persons held who were sentenced for drug related offences (percentage)
“PERSONS HELD WHO WERE SENTENCED FOR DRUG RELATED OFFENCES (PERCENTAGE)" means the total number of persons who received a sentence for drug use, possession and/or traffic, and is held in a Prison, Penal institution or Correctional institution for that sentence, as a PERCENTAGE of the total of sentenced persons held [(Persons sentenced for drug related offences drugs * 100) / Total of sentenced persons held]. “DRUG USE/POSSESSION” means “Unlawful possession, purchase or use of controlled drugs for personal consumption”. “DRUG TRAFFICKING” means “Unlawful offering, offering for sale, distribution, sale, delivery, brokerage, dispatch, dispatch in transit, transport, importation, exportation, cultivation, production, manufacture, extraction or preparation of controlled drugs or precursors not in connection with the use or possession of drugs for personal consumption. “Controlled drugs” are narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances scheduled as such under the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, as amended, and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances. “Precursors” are substances frequently used in the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances as defined in the 1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.63-64, incl. footnote 98. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
29. Persons sentenced for drug related offences (Males)
“PERSONS HELD WHO WERE SENTENCED FOR DRUG RELATED OFFENCES (MALES)” means the total of Male persons who received a sentence for drug use, possession and/or traffic, and is held in a Prison, Penal institution or Correctional institution, for that sentence. “DRUG USE/POSSESSION” means “Unlawful possession, purchase or use of controlled drugs for personal consumption”. “DRUG TRAFFICKING” means “Unlawful offering, offering for sale, distribution, sale, delivery, brokerage, dispatch, dispatch in transit, transport, importation, exportation, cultivation, production, manufacture, extraction or preparation of controlled drugs or precursors not in connection with the use or possession of drugs for personal consumption. “Controlled drugs” are narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances scheduled as such under the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, as amended, and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances “Precursors” are substances frequently used in the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances as defined in the 1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.63-64, incl. footnote 98. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf
30. Persons held who were sentenced for drug related offences (Males, percentage)
“PERSONS HELD WHO WERE SENTENCED FOR DRUG RELATED OFFENCES (MALES, PERCENTAGE)" means the total number of Male persons who received a sentence for drug use, possession and/or traffic, and is held in a Prison, Penal institution or Correctional institution for that sentence, as a PERCENTAGE of the total of sentenced Male persons held [(Male persons sentenced for drug related offences drugs * 100) / Total of sentenced Male persons held]. “DRUG USE/POSSESSION” means “Unlawful possession, purchase or use of controlled drugs for personal consumption”. “DRUG TRAFFICKING” means “Unlawful offering, offering for sale, distribution, sale, delivery, brokerage, dispatch, dispatch in transit, transport, importation, exportation, cultivation, production, manufacture, extraction or preparation of controlled drugs or precursors not in connection with the use or possession of drugs for personal consumption. “Controlled drugs” are narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances scheduled as such under the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, as amended, and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances. “Precursors” are substances frequently used in the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances as defined in the 1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.63-64, incl. footnote 98. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
31. Persons held who were sentenced for drug related offences (Females)
“PERSONS HELD WHO WERE SENTENCED FOR DRUG RELATED OFFENCES (FEMALES)” means the total of Female persons who received a sentence for drug use, possession and/or traffic, and is held in a Prison, Penal institution or Correctional institution, for that sentence. “DRUG USE/POSSESSION” means “Unlawful possession, purchase or use of controlled drugs for personal consumption”. “DRUG TRAFFICKING” means “Unlawful offering, offering for sale, distribution, sale, delivery, brokerage, dispatch, dispatch in transit, transport, importation, exportation, cultivation, production, manufacture, extraction or preparation of controlled drugs or precursors not in connection with the use or possession of drugs for personal consumption. “Controlled drugs” are narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances scheduled as such under the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, as amended, and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances “Precursors” are substances frequently used in the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances as defined in the 1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.63-64, incl. footnote 98. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf
32. Persons held who were sentenced for drug related offences (Females, percentage)
“PERSONS HELD WHO WERE SENTENCED FOR DRUG RELATED OFFENCES (FEMALES, PERCENTAGE)" means the total number of Female persons who received a sentence for drug use, possession and/or traffic; and is held in a Prison, Penal institution or Correctional institution for that sentence, as a PERCENTAGE of the total of sentenced Female persons held [(Female persons sentenced for drug related offences drugs * 100) / Total of sentenced Female persons held]. “DRUG USE/POSSESSION” means “Unlawful possession, purchase or use of controlled drugs for personal consumption”. “DRUG TRAFFICKING” means “Unlawful offering, offering for sale, distribution, sale, delivery, brokerage, dispatch, dispatch in transit, transport, importation, exportation, cultivation, production, manufacture, extraction or preparation of controlled drugs or precursors not in connection with the use or possession of drugs for personal consumption. “Controlled drugs” are narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances scheduled as such under the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, as amended, and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances. “Precursors” are substances frequently used in the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances as defined in the 1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, pp.63-64, incl. footnote 98. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
40. Prison occupancy rate (percentage)
"PRISON OCCUPANCY RATE" means the total prison population held in prisons, penal institutions or correctional institutions as a PERCENTAGE of the intended official capacity figure of the said prisons, penal institutions or correctional institutions. This percentage is the occupancy rate and it shows whether a prison system holds more persons than it is intended to, and if so, by how much [(Prison population * 100) / Official capacity].
07. Victimization Survey
08. Demograhic Data
HIDE 15. Unemployment rate (%)
Unemployment is defined by a Resolution concerning statistics of the economically active population, employment, unemployment and underemployment, adopted by the Thirteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians (Geneva, 1982) and recognized by the International Labor Organization (ILO). Data source: ILO LABORSTA
HIDE 16. Unemployed young adults (15-24, thousands)
This table shows the composition of the unemployed by age group 15-24 years old as defined by a Resolution concerning statistics of the economically active population - employment, unemployment and underemployment - adopted by the Thirteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians (Geneva, 1982) and recognized by the International Labor Organization (ILO). Data source: ILO LABORSTA
HIDE 09. Intentional Homicide (health system)
05. Homicide male (percentage, health system)
Percentage of homicide victims who are male as measured by the health system. Homicide of males in the health system means the number of male victims of homicide and mortal injuries inflicted by another person with intent to injure or kill, such as deaths resulting from all kinds of assault, sexual violence, neglect and abandonment, maltreatment, non accidental manslaughter, legal intervention, assassination, and murder. As defined by the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10). Codes X-85-Y09; Y-35 and Y87.1.
08. Homicide female (percentage, health system)
Percentage of homicide victims who are female as measured by the health system. Homicide of females in the health system means the number of female victims of homicide and mortal injuries inflicted by another person with intent to injure or kill, such as deaths resulting from all kinds of assault, sexual violence, neglect and abandonment, maltreatment, non accidental manslaughter, legal intervention, assassination, and murder. As defined by the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10). Codes X-85-Y09; Y-35 and Y87.1.
14. Homicide committed by firearm (percentage, health system)
Percentage of homicide victims killed by firearm, as reportered by the health system. For the health system homicide means mortal injuries inflicted by another person with intent to injure or kill, such as deaths resulting from all kinds of assault, sexual violence, neglect and abandonment, maltreatment, non accidental manslaughter, legal intervention, assassination, and murder. As defined by the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10). Codes X-85-Y09; Y-35 and Y87.1. Formula: (homicide victimis killed by fireamr*100)/total homicide victims.
17. Homicide committed by firearm male (percentage, health system)
Percentage of male homicide victims killed by firearm, as reportered by the health system. For the health system homicide means mortal injuries inflicted by another person with intent to injure or kill, such as deaths resulting from all kinds of assault, sexual violence, neglect and abandonment, maltreatment, non accidental manslaughter, legal intervention, assassination, and murder. As defined by the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10). Codes X-85-Y09; Y-35 and Y87.1. Formula: (male homicide victimis killed by fireamr*100)/total male homicide victims.
20. Homicide committed by firearm female (percentage, health system)
Percentage of male homicide victims killed by firearm, as reportered by the health system. For the health system homicide means mortal injuries inflicted by another person with intent to injure or kill, such as deaths resulting from all kinds of assault, sexual violence, neglect and abandonment, maltreatment, non accidental manslaughter, legal intervention, assassination, and murder. As defined by the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10). Codes X-85-Y09; Y-35 and Y87.1. Formula: (male homicide victimis killed by fireamr*100)/total male homicide victims.
HIDE 10. Drug Supply
HIDE 11. Drug Demand: General Population
HIDE 12. Drug Demand: School-Age Population
HIDE 13. Accidental Death by Illicit Drug Overdose
HIDE 14. Possession of Firearms
HIDE 15. Death by External Causes (undetermined intent)
HIDE 16. Suicide
HIDE 17. Traffic and Transport Fatalities
Others
Burglary
“BURGLARY” is defined as “gaining unauthorized access to a part of a building/dwelling or other premises with or without the use of force against the building/dwelling, with intent to commit theft or when actually committing theft”. INCLUSIONS: Breaking and entering business premises (office buildings, shops, clubs, banks factories, hotels etc.); private residential premises (house, apartment or other dwelling place that is the habitual place of residence of the victim); or public premises owned, rented or leased by public bodies; unlawful entry with intent to commit theft; access by deception with intent to commit theft. EXCLUSIONS: Theft, defined as unlawfully taking or obtaining property with the intent to permanently or temporarily deprive it from a person or organization without consent and without the use of force, threat of force or violence, coercion or deception (0502); possession of stolen goods or money; receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods; using stolen parts for producing other goods; concealment of stolen goods (0704); property damage (0504); Robbery, defined as unlawfully taking or obtaining property directly from a person with the intent to permanently or temporarily withhold it from a person or organization with the use of force or threat of force (0401). "Burglary" should also exclude theft from a car, container, vending machine, parking meter and from a fenced meadow/compound. [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.57. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016]
International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS)
The “International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes” (ICCS) is a classification of criminal offences which is based on internationally agreed concepts, definitions and principles in order to enhance the consistency and international comparability of crime statistics, and improve analytical capabilities at both the national and international levels. It was produced on the basis of the plan to finalize by 2015 an international classification of crime for statistical purposes, as approved by the United Nations Statistical Commission (UNSC) in its decision 44/110 and by the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in its resolution 2013/37. Standardized concepts and definitions allow for the systematic collection, analysis and dissemination of data, and also respond to the demand for in-depth research and analysis of transnational crime. At the national level, the ICCS can be used as a model to provide structure and organize statistical data that are often produced according to legal rather than analytical categories. Moreover, the ICCS can harmonize data across domestic criminal justice institutions (police, prosecutions, courts, prisons) and across different data sources (administrative records and statistical surveys). The UNSC, at its 46th session in March 2015, and the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ) at its 24th session in May 2015 have endorsed the ICCS as an international statistical standard for data collection, both from administrative records and survey generated data, and as an analytical tool to elicit unique information on crime drivers and factors. The two Commissions have also confirmed the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) as the custodian of the ICCS, and have confirmed the implementation plan for the classification at national, regional and international levels. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf
Rape
"RAPE" means "Sexual penetration without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of benefits". INCLUSIONS: Rape with force (030111), defined as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person with force”; Rape without force (030112), defined as “Sexual penetration without valid consent inflicted upon a person without force”; Statutory rape (030113), defined as “Sexual penetration with or without consent with a person below the age of consent, or with a person incapable of consent for reason of law”; and “Other rape” (030119), defined as “Rape not described or classified in categories 030111-030113”. EXCLUSIONS: Sexual exploitation (0302), defined as “acts of abuse of a position of vulnerability, power or trust, or use of force or threat of force, for profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the prostitution or sexual acts of a person”; coercion (0205), defined as “demanding a particular course of action through the use of force, threat, intimidation, threat to reveal compromising information, or threat of defamation”; prostitution offences (08021); pornography offences (08022); other acts against public order sexual standards such as incest not amounting to rape and exhibitionism (0802); assaults and threats (0201); slavery and exploitation not amounting to injurious acts of a sexual nature (0203); trafficking in persons (TIP) for sexual exploitation (02041); harassment and stalking (0208) [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p. 50. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
Robbery
“ROBBERY” is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining property with the use of force or threat of force against a person with intent to permanently or temporarily withhold it from a person or organization”. INCLUSIONS: Theft with violence from the person (04011): mugging; bag-snatching with force; banditry; dacoity; robbery of valuables or goods in transit (04012); robbery of a car or vehicle in transit from the person operating the vehicle or its passengers (040121); of an establishment or institution (04013); of livestock (04014), and other acts of robbery involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (0409) EXCLUSIONS: Burglary (0501); Theft (0502) and other acts only against property (05) without the use of force or threat of force against a person, as pick pocketing; assaults and threats (0201); possession of stolen goods or money (07049); receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods (07049); using stolen parts for producing other goods: car-rebirthing (07049); concealment of stolen goods (0704); property damage (0504); kidnapping (02022); extortion or demanding a particular course of action through a written or verbal threat (02051) [Sources: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.54. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf; United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS) 2016].
Serious Assault
“SERIOUS ASSAULT” is defined as “Intentional or reckless application of serious physical force inflicted upon the body of a person resulting in serious bodily injury”. “Acting recklessly”, at minimum, is acting without thinking or caring about the consequences of an action. “Serious bodily injury”, at minimum, includes gunshot or bullet wounds; knife or stab wounds; severed limbs; broken bones or teeth knocked out; internal injuries; being knocked unconscious; and other severe or critical injuries. INCLUSIONS: Inflicting grievous bodily harm; wounding; aggravated assault; inflicting bodily harm under aggravating circumstances; battery; acid attacks; female genital mutilation; poisoning; assault with a weapon; forced sterilization; taking human blood, organs or tissues by use of violence. "Forced sterilization" means performing surgery which has the purpose or effect of terminating a woman or man’s capacity to naturally reproduce without his or her prior and informed consent or understanding of the procedure. EXCLUSIONS: Serious Threat (020121) defined as “Threat to cause death or inflict serious bodily injury”; torture (11011); serious assault leading to death (0101); all injurious acts of a sexual nature (03); using force to take property (04); using threat of force to demand a particular course of action from a person (0205); Minor Assault (020112) defined as “Intentional or reckless application of minor physical force inflicted upon the body of a person resulting in no injury or minor bodily injury; simple assault pushing, slapping, kicking, hitting; drugging or spiking”. [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.37 incl. footnotes 54,55,56. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]
Theft
“THEFT” is defined as “Unlawfully taking or obtaining of property with the intent to permanently withhold it from a person or organization without consent and without the use of force, threat of force or violence, coercion or deception”. INCLUSIONS: Theft of personal property (05022) where entry was lawfully gained; theft of personal property from a person (050221) or from a vehicle (050222); other theft of personal property (050229); theft of business property (05023); theft of movable public property that is not a vehicle (05024); theft of livestock (05025); theft of services (05026); Other acts of theft NOT involving the use of force or threat of force against a person (05029): theft of mail; theft by conversion. EXCLUSIONS: “Theft” excludes Burglary (0501) defined as “theft after unauthorized access to a part of a building/dwelling or other premises”; Robbery (0401), and Theft of a motorized vehicle or parts thereof (05021), which are recorded separately. It also excludes possession of stolen goods or money; receiving, handling, disposing, selling or trafficking stolen goods; using stolen parts for producing other goods; concealment of stolen goods (0704); obtaining money or other benefit or evading a liability through deceit or dishonest conduct (0701); property damage (0504); theft of intellectual property (0503); identity theft (07019) [Source: International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS), UNODC, Mar 2015, p.58. Web: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/ICCS/ICCS_English_2016_web.pdf]