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DPS > Transnational Organized Crime > Key Documents

Key Documents
OAS Hemispheric Plan of Action against Transnational Organized Crime

In October 2006, the OAS Member States adopted the Hemispheric Plan of Action against Transnational Organized Crime whose primary concern is the promotion of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Palermo Convention) and its three Protocols.  These instruments constitute the international legal framework for the fight against transnational organized crime. 

The general objectives of the Plan of Action are to urge Member States to:

1. Prevent and combat transnational organized crime, in full observance of human rights, using as a frame of reference the Palermo Convention and the three additional Protocols thereto. This shall be done in accordance with the principles of sovereign equality and territorial integrity of states and of nonintervention in the internal affairs of other states;

2. Enhance cooperation in the areas of prevention, investigation, prosecution of, and judicial decisions related to, transnational organized crime;

3. Encourage coordination among OAS bodies responsible for issues related to combating transnational organized crime and cooperation among those bodies with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC); and

4. Strengthen national, subregional and regional capacities and capabilities to deal with transnational organized crime.

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Resolutions of the OAS General Assembly

AG/RES 2543 (XL-O/10) - Execution of the Hemispheric Plan of Action against Transnational Organized Crime and Strengthening of Hemispheric Cooperation
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AG/RES 2490 (XXXIX-O/09) - Execution of the Hemispheric Plan of Action against Transnational Organized Crime and Strengthening of Hemispheric Cooperation
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AG/RES 2379 (XXXVIII-O/08) - Execution of the Hemispheric Plan of Action against Transnational Organized Crime and Strengthening of Hemispheric Cooperation
ES EN

AG/RES 2334 (XXXVII-O/07) - Execution of the Hemispheric Plan of Action against Transnational Organized Crime
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AG/RES 2189 (XXXVI/O-06) - Fighting Transnational Organized Crime in the Hemisphere
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AG/RES 2116 (XXXV-O/05) - Fighting Transnational Organized Crime in the Hemisphere
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United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols

Recognizing that the ability to fight transnational organized crime goes beyond the power and resources of individual States, the UN Member States approved the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime in 2000 (known as the Palermo Convention) and its three Protocols: the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children; the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air; the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition. 

The adoption of these instruments is a big step forward in the fight against transnational organized crime.  The Convention contains a series of measures, among which the creation of criminal offenses, the adoption of new frameworks on extradition, judicial assistance and law-enforcement cooperation, as well as the promotion of trainings and technical assistance for the establishment and the improvement of the skills of national authorities against organized crime.   

United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
New York - 15 November 2000

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Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
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Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air
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Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition
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For more OAS Documents on Transnational Organized Crime, click here

 

Last update: July 9, 2010

 
     


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