Effective application of quota laws in the Andean region

Women's political participation has made significant progress over the last few decades. However, and independently of the commitments adopted on women's political rights, States have made limited efforts to put these commitments into practice.

Since the 1990s, the majority of Latin American countries have addressed this issue through the adoption of gender quotas.

In recent years, and specifically in Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico and Nicaragua (2008 through 2014), the debate has begun to revolve around the idea of parity between women and men in public life.

For the most part, parity laws have focused on women's access to the legislative branch. CIM has addressed the issue from a comprehensive framework that contemplates two dimensions:

  • access to power; and
  • conditions in the exercise of power.
Parity implies both equal access of women and men to all State institutions (legislative, executive, judicial) at all levels (international, regional, national, local), and the conditions in which women exercise their political rights, including the different manifestations of discrimination and violence that they face.

Results:

Portada Paridad

Banking on parity: Democratizing the political system in Latin America

This series of analytical case studies explores the adoption and preliminary implementation of parity in Bolivia, Costa Rica and Ecuador as a sustainable and institutionalized alternative to quotas or other affirmative action measures.

Download the full publication in: Spanish (not available in English)

Portada Paridad

Quota Laws: State of the Art, Good Practices and Persistent Challenges in the Andean Region

The aim of this study is to highlight the current state women's political representation in Latin America and the Caribbean, with a specific focus on the Andean region, as well as the state of the art in electoral gender quota laws in the eleven countries that have adopted them.

Download the full publication in: Spanish (not available in English)

Portada Paridad

Special session of the Andean Parliament on the implementation of quota laws
(May 6th and 7th 2010, Lima)