Repositorio

Los temas a discusión en este portal ya han sido analizados por múltiples actores. En este repositorio la SG/OEA reúne algunos de ellos, como una contribución más a la discusión. Este repositorio tiene dos secciones: En la de Políticas integraremos información sobre políticas relevantes a los temas a debate que estén siendo implementadas por los Estados Miembros, Estados Observadores y otros Estados del mundo. En la de Estudios incluiremos análisis, informes y reportes publicados por instituciones académicas, centros de pensamiento, organizaciones internacionales y multilaterales, organizaciones no gubernamentales y entes privados, todos ellos de reconocido prestigio, que sean relevantes para la conversación. La OEA publicará estos artículos e informes en su idioma original.

Ukraine – Quarantine in Ukraine will be Extended Until June 22, While Relaxation Process Will Take Place in Five Stages

  • 20 mayo 2020

Quarantine measures introduced in Ukraine due to coronavirus COVID-19 will be extended until June 22. Adaptive quarantine will be in effect, ie restrictive measures will be gradually eased depending on the epidemical situation in each region. There will be a total of 5 stages of quarantine relaxation.

Refugiados indígenas luchan contra el coronavirus en América Latina

  • 20 mayo 2020

Muchos viven en áreas aisladas o remotas sin acceso a servicios de salud, agua potable y jabón. Otros viven en viviendas muy pequeñas y abarrotadas o en asentamientos urbanos informales sin acceso a materiales de protección individual. La mayoría de los grupos indígenas fronterizos ven amenazada su supervivencia física y cultural a causa de la escasez de alimentos y la desnutrición severa, aspectos que pueden incrementar el riesgo de contagio. Estas áreas ya carecían de servicios de salud adecuados, lo que ahora se podría agravar la situación actual.

Directora de la OPS llama a proteger a los grupos vulnerables de los efectos de la pandemia de COVID-19

  • 20 mayo 2020

“Durante una pandemia, debemos superar las desigualdades estructurales que limitan el acceso a los servicios de salud. Esto significa establecer mecanismos que apoyen el acceso universal a la salud independientemente de los ingresos, unir recursos con el sector privado y sin fines de lucro, eliminar el pago en el punto de servicio y establecer hospitales de emergencia que agreguen capacidad de emergencia donde más se necesita”.

BID-AFD fortalecen su alianza en tiempos de crisis de COVID-19 y a largo plazo

  • 20 mayo 2020

Con este propósito, el BID y la AFD han intercambiado las modalidades del apoyo que se brindará a los países latinoamericanos tanto en sus respuestas más inmediatas a corto plazo al COVID-19, como en los planes de recuperación a mediano y largo plazo. Este apoyo podría desarrollarse de manera adicional, conduciendo a una posible cooperación conjunta alineada con los objetivos climáticos y los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio (ODS), impulsores clave de la alianza BID-AFD.

Alicia Bárcena llama a repensar el modelo y consolidar las dimensiones económicas, sociales y ambientales del desarrollo sostenible para no dejar a nadie atrás

  • 20 mayo 2020

La pandemia provocada por el COVID-19 ha hecho visibles los problemas estructurales del modelo económico y las carencias de los sistemas de protección social y los regímenes de bienestar. Por ello, una nueva normalidad no es el camino, debemos repensar el modelo de desarrollo y consolidar las dimensiones económicas, sociales y ambientales del desarrollo sostenible, sin dejar a nadie atrás, afirmó hoy Alicia Bárcena.

CDB to Provide Almost US$67 Million to Seven Caribbean Countries to Counter the COVID-19 Crisis

  • 20 mayo 2020

The Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) is making available emergency loans to seven Caribbean countries, in the first instance, to finance the response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Today, the Bank’s Board of Directors has approved a total of US$66.7 million for Antigua and Barbuda (US$13 million), Belize (US$15 million), Dominica (US$2.5 million), Grenada (US$5.9 million), Saint Lucia (US$10.8 million), St. Vincent and the Grenadines (US$11.3 million), and Suriname (US$8.2 million).

“The provision of support to the seven countries to respond to COVID-19 and keep critical government services and operations running is urgent to halt the economic decline and minimise social hardship, while giving focused attention to the most vulnerable people,” says CDB President Dr. Wm Warren Smith.

UN – Only Venezuelans Can Resolve Venezuela’s Deepening Crisis, DiCarlo Tells Security Council

  • 20 mayo 2020

“Venezuela is mired in a deepening protracted crisis that only Venezuelans can resolve,” said Rosemary A. DiCarlo, Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs. “In the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, an agreement that strengthens democratic governance, with full respect for human rights and the rule of law, is more urgent than ever,” she said, urging Member States to stand behind that call.

WHO - Tedros Hails WHO ‘Landmark Resolution’ to Accelerate COVID-19 Response

  • 20 mayo 2020

With  “unprecedented solidarity”, the World Health Assembly adopted a “landmark resolution” on Tuesday, which sets out a “clear roadmap” of the actions needed to sustain and accelerate the COVID-19 response at both national and international levels, the UN health agency chief told a press briefing on Wednesday, the day after the meeting concluded.

WEF - 'Millions Facing Starvation' - Global Political and Business Leaders on the Economic Impact of COVID-19

  • 20 mayo 2020

"Unless we open up our economy, we have millions facing starvation." That was the straightforward assessment of Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan on the impact of COVID-19 during a virtual meeting of the Forum's COVID Action Platform on 20 May.

Khan explained: "In Pakistan, we have 25 million workers who are either [on] daily wages or get paid weekly or are self-employed. When we locked down, like the whole of the world, to stop the spread of the virus, all these people became unemployed. When we're talking about 25 million workers, you're talking about 25 million families and it has affected almost 120-150 million people...unless the men and women work, they cannot feed their families."

UNDP - COVID-19 Sparks Urgency Around Justice for Women, New Report Calls for Action

  • 20 mayo 2020

Curtailed access to justice institutions, rising intimate partner violence, growing injustice for women workers – including those on the frontlines of the crisis –, and discriminatory laws are some of the major risks to women’s lives and livelihoods associated with COVID-19. Estimates suggest that roughly 2.73 billion women around the world live in countries where stay-at-home orders are in place, which sharply heightens the risk of intimate partner violence.

ILO - Small Matters More Now Than Ever Before

  • 20 mayo 2020

I have many friends who run their own small businesses, in Europe, Australia, and Asia. They include dental clinics, restaurants, small travel agencies, and manufacturing businesses. All have been forced to close.

Small businesses are incredibly important, both socially and economically. In 2019 the ILO published a report, Small Matters which showed that small economic units with up to 49 employees account for approximately 70 per cent of global employment. Their contribution to GDP is significant. So small really does matter.

Apoyo de la OIT a los empleadores durante la crisis de la COVID-19

  • 20 mayo 2020

La crisis de la COVID-19 ha ejercido una enorme presión sobre los empleadores y las empresas del sector privado, que luchan por sobrevivir y seguir ofreciendo trabajo decente. Deborah France Massin, directora de la Oficina de Actividades para los Empleadores, explica cómo ha estado ayudando con servicios y herramientas y al garantizar que el punto de vista de las empresas esté representado ante los responsables de la toma de decisiones.

IMF - Trade as a Tool for an Efficient Recovery

  • 19 mayo 2020

As economies now look for paths to recovery from the COVID-19 crisis, new evidence reaffirms that policies for more open and trade-integrated economies could significantly benefit domestic competition and ultimately may help lower costs for consumers in emerging and developing economies.

Italy - Italy’s “Phase 2” Officially Starts. PM Conte’s Press Conference (in IT)

  • 19 mayo 2020

“Phase two starts now. Let us face it with a desire to restart, but also with caution (...) this is a 'calculated risk'”. Please find provisions regulating entry to Italy here.

Eureopean Union - Coronavirus: Latest News on EU Actions, Repatriation Efforts and Solidarity Stories from Around the World

  • 19 mayo 2020

In Europe and in the world, all minds are focused on actions to tackle the outbreak of COVID-19 and mitigate the effects of the crisis. The European Union works on all fronts to support these efforts. We take this opportunity to thank all those who are working tirelessly to contain the pandemic and care for those in need, anywhere in the world.

Gauging the Impact of COVID-19 on Market-Based Inflation Expectations/VOX-EU

  • 19 mayo 2020

The decline in market-based inflation measures has accelerated markedly since the outbreak of COVID-19. Inflation-linked swap (ILS) rates are useful for deriving market-based measures of inflation expectations. In an inflation-linked swap contract, one participant pays a fixed rate cash flow on a notional principal amount while the other participant pays a floating rate that is linked to an inflation index. Thus, the euro 5y5y ILS rate measures current five-year inflation expectations five years ahead in time by taking a long position in a ten-year inflation-linked swap contract and a short position in a five-year contract. This measure reached an historic low on 23 March 2020 of 0.71%. Although market-based inflation measures have rebounded somewhat following efforts by central banks and governments to stem the economic downturn, with a current level of 0.9% the market-based inflation measure is still well below the ECB’s target for medium-term inflation of below, but close to 2% .

Apoyo para 100 países en respuesta a la COVID‑19 (coronavirus)

  • 19 mayo 2020

El Grupo Banco Mundial (GBM) anunció hoy que sus operaciones de emergencia para combatir la COVID‑19 (coronavirus) han llegado a 100 países en desarrollo, donde vive el 70 % de la población mundial. Desde marzo, el GBM ha proporcionado en muy poco tiempo niveles sin precedentes de apoyo para ayudar a los países a proteger a los pobres y vulnerables, reforzar los sistemas de salud, mantener el sector privado e impulsar la recuperación económica. Este apoyo, la mayor y más rápida respuesta a la crisis en la historia del GBM, marca un hito en el cumplimiento de su promesa de proporcionar USD 160 000 millones en donaciones y asistencia financiera a lo largo de 15 meses para ayudar a los países en desarrollo a responder a las consecuencias sanitarias, sociales y económicas de la COVID-19 y al cierre de las economías en los países avanzados.

Budget Execution Controls to Mitigate Corruption Risk in Pandemic Spending

  • 19 mayo 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in countries ramping up spending and contingent spending to address urgent needs related to saving lives and livelihoods. To ensure the effectiveness of such spending, it is crucial to be mindful of vulnerabilities to misuse and corruption. Emergency spending responses have differed markedly across countries and ensuring the effectiveness of such spending require different specific approaches in each country. Yet there are some common lessons, particularly for countries in which institutional capacities are constrained and fiscal governance is weak—notably in public financial management (PFM) systems and fiscal transparency practices. Drawing on lessons from the 2014–16 Ebola crisis, this note identifies measures that could mitigate corruption vulnerabilities, with a particular focus on budget execution controls.

Bridging the Skills Gap for Informal Economy Workers – How Can Skills and Lifelong Learning Help Mitigate the Consequences of the Crises?

  • 19 mayo 2020

Promoting the employability and income opportunities of people working in the informal economy is highly critical for inclusive societies, and more so in times of crisis. Innovations to facilitate outreach, the recognition of prior learning or digital solutions are highly needed, requiring new financing models and partnerships with employers and workers’ organizations.

Portugal: Study to Monitor the Evolution of the Portuguese Population’s Immunity Took Off

  • 19 mayo 2020

The National Serological Survey is a study promoted by the National Institute of Health Doutor Ricardo Jorge (INSA). This study aims at "monitoring the evolution of immunity against the new Coronavirus in the Portuguese population", as explained by the State Secretary for Health, António Sales.

All blood tests for antibody determination and data analysis will be carried out by INSA, through its Department of Epidemiology and Infectious Diseases.

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