Repositorio

Los temas a discusión en este portal ya han sido analizados por múltiples actores. En este repositorio la SG/OEA reúne algunos de ellos, como una contribución más a la discusión. Este repositorio tiene dos secciones: En la de Políticas integraremos información sobre políticas relevantes a los temas a debate que estén siendo implementadas por los Estados Miembros, Estados Observadores y otros Estados del mundo. En la de Estudios incluiremos análisis, informes y reportes publicados por instituciones académicas, centros de pensamiento, organizaciones internacionales y multilaterales, organizaciones no gubernamentales y entes privados, todos ellos de reconocido prestigio, que sean relevantes para la conversación. La OEA publicará estos artículos e informes en su idioma original.

México: Acciones e iniciativas de México frente a la pandemia

  • 19 mayo 2020

Relación de las acciones e iniciativas más destacadas que México, como una respuesta de Estado, ha puesto en marcha para hacer frente a la pandemia.

Tax and fiscal policy: Strengthening confidence and resilience

  • 19 mayo 2020

This report focuses on how tax policy can aid governments in dealing with the COVID-19 crisis. The report finds that governments have taken decisive action to contain and mitigate the spread of the virus and to limit the adverse impacts on their citizens and their economies. Through various measures, countries are helping businesses stay afloat, supporting households and helping preserve employment. This readiness to act helps boost confidence. However, further action, with broader and stronger measures, is needed. Policies will need to be adapted to the evolving health and economic challenges. Containment measures may only be removed gradually, so recovery may be uneven. Where recovery is weak, fiscal action can strengthen it. In this context, multilateral collaboration will be vital for recovery and to strengthen the global economy’s resilience to future shocks. The report finds that specific support will be necessary for developing countries, including through international coordination, financial support and adaptation of tax rules that benefit all countries. Public finances will eventually need to be restored. All options should be explored, including revamping old tools, introducing new ones, and bolstering ongoing efforts to address the international tax challenges posed by the digitalisation of the economy. Tax and Fiscal Policy in Response to the Coronavirus Crisis: Strengthening Confidence and Resilience

Tax and Fiscal Policy in Response to the Coronavirus Crisis: Strengthening Confidence and Resilience

  • 19 mayo 2020

This report takes stock of the emergency tax and fiscal policy measures introduced by countries worldwide in response to the Coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic. It discusses how tax and fiscal policy can cushion the impact of continued containment and mitigation policies and subsequently support economic recovery. It also outlines the major policy reforms that will be needed to prepare for restoration of public finances.

Notice Related to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN)

  • 18 mayo 2020

The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) is issuing this Notice as part of FinCEN’s COVID-19-related response.  This Notice contains pertinent information regarding reporting COVID-19-related criminal and suspicious activity and reminds financial institutions of certain Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) obligations.  FinCEN intends to issue multiple COVID-19-related advisories.  Each advisory will refer financial institutions to this Notice. 

How organized criminals are exploiting the pandemic

  • 18 mayo 2020

Organized criminals are taking advantage of the misinformation and fear within our societies by selling counterfeit medical products online. Where they have infiltrated the health sector and pharmaceutical supply chains, they are trying to divert public funds allocated for the effective response to COVID-19. This is putting lives at risk and hindering our state institutions from ensuring our public health and security.

Covid nostra The pandemic is creating fresh opportunities for organised crime

  • 16 mayo 2020

Karachi is among Asia’s most crime-ridden cities. And yet in eight days in March, after covid-19 forced it into lockdown, not a single car was reported stolen. El Salvador, which has one of the world’s highest murder rates, enjoyed four homicide-free days in the same month. Many countries have reported tumbling crime rates, as crooks, along with everyone else, have shut themselves away. Italy was the first European country to lock down, on March 9th. Even before then, many people were working from home. The number of crimes reported in Italy between March 1st and March 22nd dropped by 64% compared with the same period in 2019.

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO - Prime Minister’s Media Conference

  • 16 mayo 2020

Prime Minister Dr the Hon. Keith Rowley announced further relaxation of COVID-19 restrictions at a media conference at the Diplomatic Center, St Anns.

Trinidad ant Tobago - Prime Minister’s Media Conference- Saturday 16th May, 2020

  • 16 mayo 2020

Prime Minister Dr the Hon Keith Rowley said today Phase 2, initially scheduled to begin on May 24th, 2020 will now commence earlier due to favourable testing results.

Phase 2 will also include the reopening of :
* Auto repair/parts and tyre shops
* Laundry and dry cleaning services

Special Commentary: COVID-19: Shaping a Sicker, Poorer, More Violent, and Unstable Western Hemisphere

  • 15 mayo 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic will have profound and enduring negative effects on Latin America and the Caribbean, significantly impacting the security, interests, and strategic position of the United States. Department of Defense and other US senior leaders should begin planning now to mitigate or manage the consequences.

Liechtenstein: Updated Information Regarding Liechtenstein's Next Steps Regarding the Pandemic

  • 15 mayo 2020

Starting 15 May 2020, services at places of worship will be allowed to resume. In addition, funeral services will be able to take place without limits to the number of family members or friends in attendance. Restaurants will be able to open, but will be limited to a maximum of four people per table (or parents with their children). Museums, libraries, archives, as well as sports centers, sport venues and fitness centers will be allowed to reopen. Fitness and sport classes such as yoga or spinning are therefore also limited to five people including the instructor.

France - Paris Peace Forum - 2020 Calls for Projects now Open, Focused on Responding to COVID-19

  • 14 mayo 2020

The 2020 Call for Projects will henceforth give particular attention to responses and solutions aiming to improve the current context, prevent future crises, and facilitate a transition to a better tomorrow. It will focus improving the governance of health, the use of digital tools and platforms and the support of civil society and economic activity in times of pandemics.

COVID-19 measures likely to lead to an increase in migrant smuggling and human trafficking in longer term, UNODC report finds

  • 14 mayo 2020

COVID-19 travel and movement restrictions are not stopping the movement of people fleeing conflict, human rights abuses, violence and dangerous living conditions, while the economic consequences of the pandemic are likely to lead to an increase in smuggling of migrants and trafficking in person flows from the most affected countries to more affluent destinations, according to a report launched by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) today.

Cisco and OAS to Finance Cybersecurity Innovation Projects in Latin America

  • 13 mayo 2020

The Organization of American States (OAS) together with Cisco, announced today the opening of a fund of US$150,000 to finance innovation projects in Latin America. The fund seeks to foster creativity and innovation in the execution of cybersecurity projects in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The process and requirements to submit projects will be announced soon.

CEJA - Estado de la justicia en América Latina bajo la COVID-19: medidas generales adoptadas y uso de las TICs en procesos judiciales

  • 13 mayo 2020

Mantener el funcionamiento de los sistemas de justicia en tiempos de Coronavirus, tiene relevancia y carga con este peso: que incluso en medio de una crisis sanitaria de proporciones y consecuencias como la actual, y en medio de medidas extremas y limitaciones a nuestros derechos y garantías; no sólo en teoría, sino materialmente -en la realidad-, debe haber acceso a mecanismos de solución de conflictos y de amparo de garantías y derechos, y estos mecanismos operar, incluso frente a la autoridad investida de facultades extraordinarias, y por cierto frente a otros particulares que abusen de sus libertades o derechos, de su posición, situación, o lisa y llanamente cometan delito.

Costa Rica: Gobierno inyecta ₡900 mil millones en créditos al sector productivo para la recuperación del país

  • 12 mayo 2020

El Gobierno definió seis áreas en las que concentrará los esfuerzos para la reactivación, basado en las proyecciones de crecimiento del PIB mundial de -3% en 2020 y de 5,8% en 2021, y en las proyecciones de crecimiento de Costa Rica de un -3,6% en 2020 y un 2,3% en 2021, así como en la proyección de las principales afectaciones al sector comercial.

Mitigating Risks to Food Systems During COVID-19: Reducing Food Loss and Waste/ FAO

  • 12 mayo 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to wreak havoc globally, generating significant challenges that could result in risks to food security and nutrition in many countries. Countries are ordering lockdowns, restricting movement and observing physical distancing to curb the pandemic. Disruptions in supply chains resulting from blockages on transport routes, transport restrictions and quarantine measures are resulting in significant increases in food loss and waste, especially of perishable agricultural produce such as fruits and vegetables, fish, meat and dairy products. In addition, labour shortages, owing to the restriction of movement of key stakeholders in production and transport, are significantly impacting food supply and demand owing to food shortages in some markets, further contributing to food loss and to the unnecessary waste of food supplies in these difficult times.

El desafío social en tiempos del COVID-19/ CEPAL

  • 12 mayo 2020

La pandemia del COVID-19 tiene fuertes efectos en el ámbito de la salud y profundas implicaciones sobre el crecimiento económico y el desarrollo social. Llega a América Latina y el Caribe en un contexto de bajo crecimiento —como fue analizado en anteriores informes especiales sobre la materia (CEPAL, 2020a y 2020b)— y, sobre todo, de alta desigualdad y vulnerabilidad, en el que se observan tendencias crecientes en la pobreza y pobreza extrema, un debilitamiento de la cohesión social y manifestaciones de descontento popular.

Migration-Related Socioeconomic Impacts of COVID-19 on Developing Countries/ IOM

  • 12 mayo 2020

While the world has focused primarily on the impacts of the COVID-19 Crisis on developed countries in Europe, North America, and East Asia, developing countries will not be immune to the economic fallout from the crisis or its social implications. The vast majority of these countries are deeply integrated into global goods and labour supply chains and will feel the effects of declining demand in the short term; current travel restrictions will have a severe impact on communities reliant on tourism; and many developing countries rely heavily on labour migration – both to developing countries as well as to developed countries – as a way of easing domestic labour market pressures and as a financial resource, with migrants sending home billions of US dollars to family members in the form of remittances, as well as returning with savings which serve to stimulate local economic activity. Restrictions on internal migration further exacerbate the situation as seasonal and trade-related mobility is disrupted, impacting the livelihoods of migrants and their families.

Why open science is critical to combatting COVID-19

  • 12 mayo 2020

In  global  emergencies  like  the  coronavirus  (COVID-19)  pandemic,  open  science  policies  can  remove obstacles to the free flow of research data and ideas, and thus accelerate the pace of research critical to combating the disease.• While global sharing and collaboration of research data has reached unprecedented levels, challenges remain. Trust in at least some of the data is relatively low, and outstanding issues include the lack of specific standards, co-ordination and interoperability, as well as data quality and interpretation. •To strengthen the contribution of open science to the COVID-19 response, policy makers need to ensure adequate data governance models, interoperable standards, sustainable data sharing agreements involving public sector, private sector and civil society, incentives for researchers, sustainable infrastructures, human and institutional capabilities and mechanisms for access to data across borders

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Situation Report on the COVID-19 Pandemic

  • 11 mayo 2020

It was reported that the number of COVID-19 cases recorded in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, as at the time of the situation report, is seventeen (17) persons. Nine (9) persons have so far recovered, while there are eight active cases. To date there have been no COVID-19 related deaths.

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