Protection of Children:
The results achieved by Brazil in combating child labor are attributable to the policies instituted by the federal government beginning in 1994, such as the establishment of the National Forum for the Prevention and Eradication of Child Labor (FNPETI, 1994), and the Program for the Eradication of Child Labor (PETI, 1996). Other significant efforts in this regard include Brazil’s ratification (2001) of the ILO Convention Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor (Convention 182), formulation of the National Plan for the Eradication of Child Labor (2004), and publication of Decree No. 6481 of June 12, 2008, which defines and regulates child and adolescent labor conditions on the basis of ILO Convention 182. These actions, which have been comprehensively integrated into Brazilian social policies and programs including, inter alia, Bolsa Família, the pro-youth program of socio-educational services of basic protection "ProJovem Adolescente," and Fome Zero have met with extremely positive results, including a drop in the child labor rate among children ages 5 to 15 years, from 13.6 percent in 1992, to 5.8 percent in 2008. International initiatives in this regard, especially in the context of South-South cooperation, have proven effective at reducing poverty, hunger, and child labor. Moreover, Brazil will host the Third Global Conference on Child Labor in 2013.
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs):
The "social protection floor" concept is consistent with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), especially those associated with combating poverty and improving childhood social indicators. The direct correlation between Brazil’s social protection programs and achievement of the various MDGs has been widely documented. The Bolsa Família program has been largely credited with improving Brazil’s MDG indicators. The Bolsa Família currently provides monthly assistance of up to R$140 (US$80) to 12.4 million families. In this way, the Bolsa Família program has contributed to attaining the targets associated with eradicating extreme hunger and poverty (MDG 1), increasing the number of children enrolled in primary education (MDG 2), reducing child mortality (MDG 4), and improving maternal health (MDG 5), by delivering millions from poverty through social assistance payments which promote school attendance and health care for children, nursing mothers, and pregnant women. Program social assistance provided to families residing in low-income communities has helped to buoy local economies and to create consumer markets where none previously existed.
Source: REPORT OF THE FEDERATIVE REPUBLIC OF BRAZIL ON IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MANDATES ARISING FROM THE FIFTH SUMMIT OF THE AMERICAS (Brazil 2010)