Repositorio

Los temas a discusión en este portal ya han sido analizados por múltiples actores. En este repositorio la SG/OEA reúne algunos de ellos, como una contribución más a la discusión. Este repositorio tiene dos secciones: En la de Políticas integraremos información sobre políticas relevantes a los temas a debate que estén siendo implementadas por los Estados Miembros, Estados Observadores y otros Estados del mundo. En la de Estudios incluiremos análisis, informes y reportes publicados por instituciones académicas, centros de pensamiento, organizaciones internacionales y multilaterales, organizaciones no gubernamentales y entes privados, todos ellos de reconocido prestigio, que sean relevantes para la conversación. La OEA publicará estos artículos e informes en su idioma original.

e-Discussion on Women’s Leadership in the COVID-19 Response

  • 2 septiembre 2020

Women are hardest hit by the current COVID-19 pandemic and its impacts. Beyond the direct effect of the infection by the coronavirus, women’s health and safety are at greater risk as increased prevalence of domestic violence and abuse is reported and sexual and reproductive health services are reduced. In this time of unprecedented crisis, women also face an increased burden of care and subsequent risk of getting sick because they represent the majority of front-line healthcare workers and caregivers in homes and communities globally. This is all in addition to the disproportionate indirect impact of the pandemic on women’s livelihoods everywhere. With the majority of women working in the informal economy, they often lack health insurance and social security, putting them further at risk. 

PAHO: Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

  • 2 septiembre 2020

As the communication needs of the Region evolve during the pandemic, PAHO continued to disseminate key messages across multiple platforms, and to respond to media enquiries. The infographics cover a range of issues related to COVID-19, including tips for older adults to keep active and health during COVID-19.

WHO: Responding to COVID-19

  • 2 septiembre 2020

OpenWHO is WHO’s new interactive, web-based, knowledge-transfer platform offering online courses to improve the response to health emergencies. OpenWHO enables the Organization and its key partners to transfer life-saving knowledge to large numbers of frontline responders.

OECD: Environmental responses to the COVID-19

  • 2 septiembre 2020

The focus of this brief is on the immediate steps that governments can take to ensure that emergency measures implemented to tackle the Coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis do not derail their efforts to address pressing environmental challenges and improve the environmental health and resilience of societies

Perspectivas económicas provisionales de la OECD

  • 2 septiembre 2020

El crecimiento era tenue, pero estaba estabilizándose cuando golpeó el Covid-19. Las restricciones sobre los movimientos de personas, bienes y servicios, y las medidas de contención aplicadas, como el cierre de fábricas, han hecho retroceder al sector industrial y recortado la demanda interna en China. El impacto sobre el resto del mundo a través de los viajes de negocios y el turismo, las cadenas de suministro, las materias primas y la caída de la confianza, está agravándose.

Latin American Economic Outlook 2019

  • 2 septiembre 2020

Latin America and the Caribbean has seen remarkable socio-economic progress since the beginning of the century. The macroeconomic situation of individual countries has strengthened, living standards have improved, and poverty and inequality have declined. Yet large structural vulnerabilities remain and new ones have emerged. Many of these are linked to countries’ transition to higher income and development levels. The Latin American Economic Outlook 2019: Development in Transition (LEO 2019) presents a fresh analytical approach in the region. It assesses four development traps relating to productivity, social vulnerability, institutions and the environment. It outlines local opportunities for responding to those traps and seeks ways of improving global public goods to reinforce national agendas, all in the context of the United Nations 2030 Agenda. LEO 2019 calls for improving domestic capacities and adopting a new vision of international co-operation as a facilitator to support those efforts.

OCDE: El COVID-19 y la conducta empresarial responsable

  • 2 septiembre 2020

Esta nota, preparada por el Centro de la OCDE para la Conducta Empresarial Responsable, revisa los desafíos de la crisis del COVID-19 frente al comportamiento empresarial y la respuesta de los gobiernos y las empresas; describe los fundamentos y el método para adoptar un enfoque de conducta empresarial responsable frenta al COVID-19; y explica los posibles beneficios a corto y largo plazo de tal enfoque.

OECD: COVID-19 and Responsible Business Conduct

  • 2 septiembre 2020

This note, prepared by the OECD Centre for Responsible Business Conduct, reviews the challenges the COVID-19 crisis presents for business behaviour and outlines initial responses by governments and companies. It describes the rationale and method for adopting a responsible business conduct approach to address the crisis and sets down the potential short-term and long-term benefits of such an approach.

Government Support and the COVID-19 Pandemic

  • 2 septiembre 2020

The economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic call for urgent policy responses to support households and firms alike, but how this support is designed will be critical in ensuring that it does not result in enduring global market distortions. Support packages that are time-limited, targeted, cash-based, and consistent with longer-term objectives are the basis for ensuring a sustainable recovery. Transparency of support packages is critical for public trust, but also once the crisis is over in order to foster accountability and enable governments to learn from what worked best

A framework to guide an education response to the Covid-19 Pandemic of 2020

  • 2 septiembre 2020

This report aims at supporting education decision making to develop and implement effective education responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic. The report explains why the necessary social isolation measures will disrupt school-based education for several months in most countries around the world. Absent an intentional and effective strategy to protect opportunity to learn during this period, this disruption will cause severe learning losses for students. The report proposes that leaders of education systems and organizations develop plans for the continuation of education through alternate modalities, during the period of necessary social isolation. It offers a framework of areas to be covered by such plans. Based on a rapid assessment of education needs and emerging responses in ninety eight countries, the report identifies the most salient needs that should be addressed in these plans, as well as the areas likely to face more implementation challenges. It also examines the education responses of various countries to the crisis. Based on an analysis of data from the most recent administration of the PISA survey, the report also describes the challenges facing various education systems to depend on online education as an alternative modality.

Tax administration responses: business continuity consideration

  • 2 septiembre 2020

This document, as well as any data and any map included herein, are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area

Supporting the financial resilience of citizens

  • 2 septiembre 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic has wide implications for the socio-economic fabric worldwide. In addition to health fears, citizens are facing a host of financial uncertainties stemming from the temporary closure of businesses, schools, public facilities and quarantines, as well as instability in the stock market and retirement income uncertainties. These can result in lost income, trouble paying bills, and meeting other financial obligations, as well as the risk of falling victim to scams and fraud. Policy makers worldwide need to increase the awareness of citizens about effective means to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and its potential long-term consequences for their financial resilience and well-being. Taking domesticcontextsintoaccount,governmentscouldconsiderthefollowinginitialmeasures

Women at the core of the fight against COVID-19 crisis

  • 2 septiembre 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic is harming health, social and economic well-being worldwide, with women at the centre. First and foremost, women are leading the health response: women make up almost 70% of the health care workforce, exposing them to a greater risk of infection. At the same time, women are also shouldering much of the burden at home, given school and child care facility closures and longstanding gender inequalities in unpaid work. Women also face high risks of job and income loss, and face increased risks of violence, exploitation, abuse or harassment during times of crisis and quarantine.Policy responses must be immediate, and they must account for women’s concerns. Governments should consider adopting emergency measures to help parents manage work and caringresponsibilities, reinforcing and extending income support measures, expanding support for small businesses and the self-employed, and improving measure to help women victims of violence. Fundamentally, all policy responses to the crisis must embed a gender lens and account for women’s unique needs, responsibilities and perspectives

Country Policy Tracker

  • 2 septiembre 2020

What are countries doing to contain the spread of the coronavirus? How are countries helping people, small businesses and the economy to weather the crisis and beyond? This Country Policy Tracker helps you to navigate the global response.

IOM Responds to Covid-19

  • 1 septiembre 2020

General responses to the pandemic

COVID-19 Analytical Snapshots

  • 1 septiembre 2020

These COVID-19 Analytical Snapshots are designed to capture the latest information and analysis in a fast-moving environment.

COVID-19 Analytical Snapshot #10: Economic Impacts on Migrants

  • 1 septiembre 2020

While the most immediate impact of COVID-19 is related to health, the pandemic also raises economic issues. The International Labor Organization (ILO) has estimated that under an extreme scenario, the pan- demic’s impact on economic growth could increase global unemployment by 24.7 million. However, the ILO have since warned that the true number could be far higher — in the USA alone, almost 16 million people have filed new claims for unemployment benefits in the past three weeks.

Mobility Restrictions COVID-19

  • 1 septiembre 2020

The current outbreak of COVID-19 has affected global mobility in the form of various travel disruptions, restrictions and blockages. To better understand how COVID-19 affects global mobility, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has been working to map the impacts on human mobility, at Global, Regional and Country level.

COVID-19 and the world of work

  • 1 septiembre 2020

The world of work is being profoundly affected by the global virus pandemic. In addition to the threat to public health, the economic and social disruption threatens the long-term livelihoods and wellbeing of millions. The ILO and its constituents – Governments, workers and employers – will play a crucial role in combating the outbreak, ensuring the safety of individuals and the sustainability of businesses and jobs.

La Conducta Empresarial Responsable en tiempos del COVID-19

  • 1 septiembre 2020

En estas circunstancias adversas, las empresas, especialmente las de gran tamaño y multinacionales, pueden contribuir decisivamente a paliar los efectos de la crisis en sus trabajadores y proveedores a través de acciones de responsabilidad para contribuir a la sostenibilidad de las sociedades en donde operan.

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