Los temas a discusión en este portal ya han sido analizados por múltiples actores. En este repositorio la SG/OEA reúne algunos de ellos, como una contribución más a la discusión. Este repositorio tiene dos secciones: En la de Políticas integraremos información sobre políticas relevantes a los temas a debate que estén siendo implementadas por los Estados Miembros, Estados Observadores y otros Estados del mundo. En la de Estudios incluiremos análisis, informes y reportes publicados por instituciones académicas, centros de pensamiento, organizaciones internacionales y multilaterales, organizaciones no gubernamentales y entes privados, todos ellos de reconocido prestigio, que sean relevantes para la conversación. La OEA publicará estos artículos e informes en su idioma original.

La Línea de Liquidez a Corto Plazo: Una nueva herramienta del FMI para proporcionar ayuda en la crisis

  • 22 abril 2020

No podemos predecir cuándo se producirá una escasez de liquidez. Pero sabemos que cuando se congelan las redes mundiales de suministro de capital, un problema de liquidez de corto plazo puede transformarse con rapidez en un problema de solvencia más profundo y de mayor duración. Para tales casos, una línea de liquidez disponible cuando se la necesite puede ser una tabla de salvación.

El FMI respondió a esta necesidad mediante la creación, la semana pasada, de un nuevo servicio financiero, la Línea de Liquidez a Corto Plazo (LLCP), el primer nuevo instrumento de financiamiento del FMI que se crea en casi diez años. Como parte de su estrategia más amplia para responder a la crisis, este nuevo servicio financiero proporciona una línea de crédito fiable y renovable, sin condicionalidad ex post, a países miembros con fundamentos y marcos de política económica muy sólidos, es decir, los mismos criterios de habilitación que otro servicio del FMI, la llamada Línea de Crédito Flexible (LCF). La LLCP se ha concebido para hacer frente a una necesidad de balanza de pagos especial—potencial, moderados y de corto plazo—que se refleja en presiones sobre la cuenta de capital a raíz de shocks externos.

OAS Launched Virtual Community of the Emergency and Security Systems of the Region

  • 21 abril 2020

The virtual platform is a common space where the authorities of the Americas will be able to exchange, share and consult information, materials and tools to support them in addressing the challenges of the emergency that the novel coronavirus represents, as well as others that may arise in the future.

Latinoamérica y el Caribe afrontarán colectivamente la pobreza por el COVID-19

  • 17 abril 2020

La directora del Departamento de Inclusión Social de la OEA, Betilde Muñoz-Pogossian, indicó que “además de las afectaciones en el tema de salud, de los que lamentablemente fallecen y luego los que no tienen acceso al sistema de salud  medicinas, están las consecuencias en las personas del cese de la actividad económica.

Vaticano: Comunicato del Dicastero per il Servizio dello Sviluppo Umano Integrale

  • 17 abril 2020

On March 20, 2020, Pope Francis asked the Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development (DPIHD) to establish a Commission consisting of five working groups with the objectives of: supporting local Churches, enabling them within their own local circumstances to be active agents of assistance in cooperation with Caritas Internationalis; focusing on the study of the pandemic, reflecting on society and a post-Covid-19 world, particularly in areas such as the environment, economy, employment, health, policy, communication and security; supporting the Holy See in its activities and in its relations with Countries and International Organizations, conveying to them the results of the research, dialogue and reflection undertaken; and funding its activities in the areas of research, analysis and communication.

Alliance for Multilateralism: We Need Strong Global Cooperation and Solidarity to Fight COVID-19

  • 16 abril 2020
Alliance for Multilateralism: We Need Strong Global Cooperation and Solidarity to Fight COVID-19

The Foreign Ministers of Argentina, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Peru, Singapore, Sout Africa, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland signed this document, where they establish: “The COVID-19 pandemic is a wake-up call for multilateralism. Trying to cope with the immediate devastating effects of the virus, nations have turned toward imposing unprecedented executive measures, including closing borders. However, a virus knows no borders. All countries are affected. We must remain united in our shared humanity. The fight against this global pandemic, which is taking so many lives and challenging our societies, requires more and enhanced international cooperation and worldwide solidarity.” The document addresses the health, financial, information, prevention and economic challenges the world currently faces.

The Coronavirus Should Not Become an Excuse to Decouple/ CATO Institute

  • 16 abril 2020

This article by the CATO Institute says that as the COVID-19 virus spreads across the U.S., some Americans have highlighted the economic consequences of the crisis, particularly the disruptive drop in production of goods destined for U.S. manufacturers. This has led to calls to use the crisis as an opportunity to decouple the two nations economically, one reason for such being to protect U.S. companies and consumers from supply disruptions.

There always is a case for diversification, says the CATO Institute article, as well as domestic production of narrowly defined essential goods. Yet autarky long has been recognized as a strategy of economic impoverishment. The benefits of international trade remain great, ensuring the ability to acquire goods that are better, cheaper, and varied. The diversity in product, process, and location offer important alternatives to sometimes limited domestic supplies. Further, the increased prosperity that results from economic specialization generates a long‐​term cushion to temporary disruptions. Countries forced to practice veritable autarky because of foreign sanctions, such as Iran, become desperate when faced with a healthcare crisis like the present.

Cybercrime: Threats During the Covid-19 Pandemic/ Global Initiative

  • 8 abril 2020

As COVID-19 spreads quickly, so does the threat of cybercrime. Hackers are taking advantage of the current uncertainty to send out even more phishing messages than usual, with varying degrees of sophistication.

The sector which is most crucial to containing the spread of COVID-19 – healthcare – is perhaps also the most vulnerable to ransomware attack.

Security experts are increasingly concerned about cybercrime because it currently benefits from favourable external conditions: a massive and uncoordinated shift to working from home offices in both public and private sectors, nationwide lockdowns which require increasing use of electronic transactions, and a rush for basic necessities, which fractures any semblance of ‘civil’ society. In the long run, economic recession will likely trigger tectonic changes in how young people sustain themselves. An increased reliance on criminality, both online and offline, is to be expected, particularly in regions where youth unemployment was already high.

The Pandemic and Organized Crime in Latin America: Ten Unknowns/ Americas Quarterly.

  • 8 abril 2020

The relationship between catastrophes and organized crime is not straightforward, but past disasters can offer some clues. Especially in contexts marked by high levels of corruption, criminal groups reportedly have exploited crises to carry out extortion, embezzlement, diversion of aid, and other activities.

WTO Goods Barometer Flashes Red as COVID-19 Disrupts World Trade

  • 31 marzo 2020

World trade was already slowing in 2019 before the COVID-19 outbreak. WTO trade statistics show that the volume of world merchandise trade shrank by 0.1% in 2019, marking the first annual decline since 2009, during the global financial crisis. Trade was relatively weak in the final quarter of 2019, but this is unlikely to have been influenced by COVID-19, which was first detected very late in the year. The seasonally-adjusted volume of world merchandise trade in Q4 was down 1.0% year-on-year and 1.2% compared to the previous quarter. Growth was held back by persistent trade tensions and by slowing economic activity in major economies.