is a plateau, consisting of broad, fertile plains broken by deep
valleys, and traversed by mountain ranges in a northwestern to
southwestern direction. Forests covering about 31 percent of the land,
yield valuable hardwoods and softwoods. Fertile paturelands provide
the basis for increasingly productive dairy farming and livestock
north is the fastest-growing and most industrialized part of Honduras.
Natural vegetation here is abundant and varied. Farther east along the
Caribbean coastline is La Mosquitia, a great expanse of waterlogged
terrain of mangrove swamps, wide sandy bars and lazy rivers.
Central Plateau, with its high ridges and deep valleys, occupies about
65 percent of the national territory. Most of the arable land in this
major region is under cultivation, producing coffee, tobacco, grains,
fruits and vegetables.
basin running from San Pedro Sula south to Comayagua and Tegucigalpa
and the Gulf of Fonesca hold most of the population. Corn, coffee,
beans, and sorghum are grown in its valleys. At lower altitudes, sugar
cane, rice, tobacco, and vegetables are grown. Some of the high
plateaus are forested in pine and oak.
the south, the natural, seasonally dry landscape of savanna and acacia
has given way to fields of cotton and irrigated rice, and cattle
ranches. High temperatures with dry climate conditions in some areas
are prevalent along the Pacific coast.
and oak and pine cover the cooler highlands, and savanna grasses cover
the drier parts of Honduras. Mangrove and palms are found in the
coastal regions. There is also a variety of flowers.*
Permanent Mission of Honduras to the OAS.
30 April 2008