The variety of
climates together with soil and drainage conditions are reflected in
Brazil's vegetation. In the Amazon Basin and in those places along the
Atlantic coast where the rainfall is very heavy, there is tropical
rain forest composed of broadleaf evergreen trees growing luxuriantly.
The rain forest is made up of a great many different species- as many
as 3,000 in a sq. mile (2.6 sq. km). In the lowlands and plateaus of
the eastern coast where rainfall is slightly less and the dry season
is really dry, there is semi-deciduous forest. Here the trees are
smaller than in the rain forest and they lose their leaves in the dry
season. In the semi-arid northeast, the caatinga, a dry bush,
predominates. The greater portion of central part of Brazil is covered
with a woodland savanna known as the cerrado. This is a special
type of land combining sparse scrub trees and dryness-resistant
grasses. In the south, needle-leaved pinewoods (Paraná-pine or Araucaria)
cover the highlands; grassland covers the sea-level plains.
The Mato Grosso swamplands (Pantanal Matogrossense), a plain
which covers 88,803 sq. miles (203,000 sq. km) in the western portion
of the center of the country, is covered in tall grasses, weeds, and
widely dispersed trees. It is submerged during the rainy season.*
in Brief" , published by The Brazilian Embassy, Cultural Section.
Information provided by Permanent Mission of Brazil to the OAS.
19 March 2008