The friendly settlement mechanism allows the creation of spaces for dialogue between alleged victims, petitioners and States, to reach agreements that establish reparation measures beneficial to the alleged victims of the denounced situation and often to society as a whole. Likewise, it also makes it possible to conclude the controversy outside the contentious route, demonstrates the commitment of States to respect and guarantee human rights, as well as the fulfillment in good faith of the obligations assumed in the American Convention and other regional instruments for the protection of human rights.

The procedure is based on two fundamental pillars: the will of the parties to reach a friendly settlement of the matter and the fulfilment of the reparation measures provided for in the friendly settlement agreement. Once the amicable settlement agreement is signed, States have the duty to comply fully and in good faith with the commitments undertaken in this agreement.

When the agreement is approved and published by the IACHR, it has legal effects and the petition concludes in the system of petitions and cases as established in Article 49 of the ACHR by virtue of which the approval and publication of agreements by the IACHR is carried out. Subsequent to the publication of the report approving the agreement in light of Article 49, the IACHR monitors compliance with the commitments established in the agreement that are pending for implementation until achieving the full compliance with the agreement.

In the files listed below you can access the detail about friendly settlement agreements that have reached full compliance.

The category of Full compliance refers to those cases in which the State has fully complied with all the clauses of the friendly settlement agreements that have been approved and published by the. The Commission considers as fully complied with those clauses of FSAs in which the State has initiated and satisfactorily concluded all the corresponding actions to their fulfillment.

Once that full compliance with the commitments established in the friendly settlement agreements approved and published by the IACHR is achieved, their supervision ceases based on the full satisfaction of the reparation measures agreed between the parties. In that sense, cases closed with full compliance of the measures agreed in the FSAs are considered successful experiences of using the friendly solutions mechanism.

Argentina

  • Report No. 102/14, Case 12.710, Marcos Gilberto Chaves and Sandra Beatríz Chaves
  • Report No. 168/11, Case 11.670, Menéndez, Caride, et al.
  • Report No. 21/11, Case 11.833, Ricardo Domingo Monterisi
  • Report No. 20/11, Case 11.708, Aníbal Acosta, et al.
  • Report No. 19/11, Petition 2829-02, Inocencio Rodríguez
  • Report No. 161/10, Petition 4554-02, Valerio Castillo Báez
  • Report No. 16/10, Case 11.796, Mario Humberto Gómez Yardez
  • Report No. 15/10, Case 11.758, Rodolfo Correa Belisle
  • Report No. 103/01, Case 11.307, María Merciadri de Morini
  • Report No. 33/00, Case 11.308, Ragnar Erland Hagelin
  • Report No. 21/00, Case 12.059, Carmen Aguiar de Lapacó
  • Report No. 22/94, Case 11.012, Horacio Verbitsky
  • Report No. 1/93, Case 10.288; 10.310; 10.436; 10.496; 10.631; 10.771, Vaca Narvaja, Miguel,Por Sus Derecho Habientes; Birt, Guillermo Alberto, Caletti, Gerardo Andrés, Di Cola, Silvia, Giuliani, Héctor Lucio Y Olivares, Jorge Abelardo; Ferrero De Fierro, Irma Carolina Fierro, José Enrique, Gatica De Giulani, Marta Ester; Bartoli, Bernardo, Padula, Rubén Héctor; Puerta, Guillermo Rolando; Torregiani, José Mariano Y Caletti, Gerardo Andrés

Bolivia

Brazil

Chile

Colombia

Costa Rica

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

Guatemala

Honduras

Mexico

Panama

Paraguay

Peru

Uruguay

The “Under Supervision” category includes the petitions and cases in which the Commission has approved and published friendly settlement agreements that are still in the process of being implemented. In that sense, the following matters are included in this category:

  • Friendly settlement agreements  approved by the IACHR that have a "Substantial Partial Compliance" because the State has adopted relevant measures for its compliance and has provided proof of these, achieving an advanced level of execution, but that to the opinion of the Commission have not yet been satisfactorily concluded.
  • Friendly settlement agreements approved by the IACHR that have a "Partial Compliance" because the State has adopted measures for its compliance, achieving a minimum to medium level of execution,  but it is still necessary that additional measures be implemented so that the clauses acquire a satisfactory level of compliance.
  • Friendly settlement agreements approved by the IACHR that are "Pending compliance" because the State has not adopted any measure to comply with the clause agreed upon; or the steps taken have not yet produced concrete results; or the measure(s) adopted do not correspond to the situation under review.

In the files listed below you can access the detail on the friendly settlement agreements that remain under compliance monitoring by the IACHR.

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights makes efforts to provide clear and comprehensive information on the progress in the implementation of friendly settlement agreements and for this purpose it conducts an annual review of the published friendly settlement agreements that are still in the implementation phase through its Annual Report. In this section the information on petitions and cases under supervision of implementation of agreements is accessible, which contains the detail of the analysis carried out by the IACHR in past years.

Annual Report 2021


Chapter II

The System of Petitions and Cases, Friendly Settlements and Precautionary Measures




Annual Report 2020


Chapter II

The System of Petitions and Cases, Friendly Settlements and Precautionary Measures




Annual Report 2019


Chapter II

The System of Petitions and Cases, Friendly Settlements and Precautionary Measures




Annual Report 2018


Chapter II

System of Individual Petitions and Cases




Annual Report 2017


Chapter II

Petitions, Cases and Precautionary Measures


Bolivia

Colombia

  • 11.141, P-403-CA, Masacre de Villatina

Ecuador

  • 12.394, P-336-01, Joaquín Hernández Alvarado, Marlon Loor Argote y Hugo Lara Pinos
  • 12.238, P-21-99, Myriam Larrea Pintado
  • 11.868, P-461-97, Carlos Santiago y Pedro Andrés Restrepo Arismendy

Guatemala

  • 12.546, P-569-99, Juan Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán