IACHR Urges to Investigate Information on Massacre of a Community of the Yanomami Indigenous Peoples in Venezuela
September 5, 2012
Washington, D.C. – The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) expresses its deepest concern about the informaton on a massacre that allegedly took place in the Community of Irotatheri, of the Yanomami Indigenous Peoples, Municipality of Alto Orinoco, Amazonas State, Venezuela.
According to the information recently made public, illegal miners, also known as garimpeiros, allegedly attacked last July a shabono or community housing where approximately eighty members of the Irotatheri Community of the Yanomami Peoples were gathered. The information alleges that some survivors had seen how people from a helicopter shot the members of the Community, including children and elders.
The Office of the Public Prosecutor of Venezuela publicly announced that an investigation on the events would be launched. Days later, the minister on Indigenous Peoples, Nicia Maldonado, announced that no evidence was found on the massacre, and the minister on Interior and Justice, Tareck el Aissami, informed that the delegation did not find any signs of violence.
On their part, the Coordination of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazonia (Coordinación de Organizaciones Indígenas de Amazonas, COIAM) issued a statement expressing their concern because the governmental investigative commission did not reach the Community of Irotatheri, place where the killing allegedly took place. The IACHR urges the authorities to conduct a thorough investigation to conclusively determine what happened.
The States have an obligation under international human rights law to conduct a judicial investigation into the serious acts of violence reported, to punish those responsible and to repair the consequences. In this regard, the Commission values the actions regarding justice related to the massacre of 16 Yanomami indigenous persons perpetrated in 1993 by illegal miners or Brazilian origin (garimpeiros), in the region of Haximú, Venezuela, which is described in Report 88/11 of Case 11.745 (16 Indigenous Yanomami v/s Brazil).*
In addition, the States have an obligation to adopt effective measures directed to protect the life and integrity of the members of the Yanomami Indigenous Peoples from the constant attacks of third parties interested in the natural resources that exist in their ancestral territories. On this matter, the Commission recalls the commitment made by the Venezuelan State in the friendly solution agreement subscribed in Case 11.706, Yanomami Indigenous People of Haximú v. Venezuela, which can be found in the Report on Friendly Settlement 32/12, approved by the IACHR on March 20, 2012. In this agreement, the State of Venezuela made a commitment to promote the establishment of a plan for permanent and joint supervision and control, in order to monitor and control the access of garimpeiros and illegal mining in the Yanomami area.
The IACHR directed requests of information on this situation to the Governments of Venezuela and Brasil.
A principal, autonomous body of the Organization of American States (OAS), the IACHR derives its mandate from the OAS Charter and the American Convention on Human Rights. The Inter-American Commission has a mandate to promote respect for human rights in the region and acts as a consultative body to the OAS in this area. The Commission is composed of seven independent members who are elected in an individual capacity by the OAS General Assembly and who do not represent their countries of origin or residence.
* This paragraph was corrected on September 25, 2012.