IACHR

Country Visits

          Complete list of IACHR in loco visits »

2014

Mexico - April 21 to 23

The Rapporteur on the Rights of the child, accompanied by specialist Marisol Blanchard Vera, conducted a visit to Mexico from April 21 to 23. The object of the visit was to present the Report on the “Right of girls and boys to a family. Alternative Care. Ending Institutionalization in the Americas”, organized by the Senate. The Rapporteur also had meetings with civil society and State officials to gather information on the legislative process that will create the National System of promotion and protection of girls, boys and adolescentents in mexico.

Tha Rapporteur will conduct an official visit to Mexico on the second semester of 2014.

Mexico 2014 Mexico 2014 Mexico 2014
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New York, United States - April, 7 to 10

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) conducted a visit to New York, United States, from April 7 to 10, 2014. The delegation was led by the IACHR Rapporteur on the Rights of the Child, Commissioner Rosa Maria Ortiz, accompanied by staff attorneys of the Executive Secretary of the IACHR from the Office of the Rapporteurs on the Rights of the Child and Adolescents and on the Rights of Persons Deprived of Liberty. The delegation talked to state authorities in Albany including Acting Commissioner of the New York Department of Corrections, Anthony Annucci, with the Chair of the Correction Committee of the State Assembly, Danny O´Donnell, and was welcomed by the New York State Assembly. The delegation also met city officials in New York City, including Member of the NYC Board of Corrections Bryanne Hamill and Executive Director Cathy Potler. In addition, they also received information from the Assistant Commissioner of the Correctional Health Services, Homer Venters. The delegation visited the Robert N. Davoren Complex (RNDC) in Rikers Island jail in New York City. The Rapporteur was welcomed by the Commissioner of the New York City Department of Corrections, Joseph Ponte, and the Warden of the Complex, James Perrino, as well as the Deputy Director for Strategic Planning and the complex’s school principal and other high ranking officials from the NYC Department of Corrections and the Mayor’s Office.


New York 2014 New York 2014 New York 2014
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2013

Dominican Republic - December 2-6, 2013

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) conducted an on-site visit to the Dominican Republic on December 2-5, 2013, in response to an invitation by the State. The purpose of the visit was to observe the situation related to the rights to nationality, identity, and equal protection without discrimination, along with other related rights and issues. The Commission carried out this visit to oversee compliance with the international commitments made freely by the State of the Dominican Republic in exercise of its sovereignty.


Guatemala – August 21-30, 2013

The Office of the Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples of the IACHR carried out a working visit to Guatemala on August 21-30, 2013. The visit aimed to gather information on the situation of indigenous peoples in Guatemala, with special emphasis on the discrimination and exclusion experienced by indigenous peoples, as well as the situation involving their lands, territories, and natural resources and their right to prior, free, and informed consultation. The delegation was led by the IACHR Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Commissioner Dinah Shelton.

“We were able to substantiate that racism and discrimination against indigenous peoples persists in Guatemala, but also that the government has initiated several new programs intended to address this situation. Unfortunately, disproportionate rates of poverty, extreme poverty, and child malnutrition, persist among the rural indigenous population” Rapporteur Dinah Shelton said. “It is also of concern that the current licenses for mining and hydroelectric plants were granted without the State having implemented prior, free, and informed consultation with affected indigenous communities, as it is obligated to do under international treaties signed by Guatemala,” she added.


Visita Guatemala Visita Guatemala Visita Guatemala
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Canada – August 6-9, 2013

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights carried out a working visit to Canada on August 6-9, 2013, to look into the disappearances and murders of indigenous women in British Columbia. The delegation was made up of Commissioner Dinah Shelton, Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples; Commissioner Tracy Robinson, First Vice Chair of the IACHR and Rapporteur on the Rights of Women; and staff of the Executive Secretariat. The visit began in Ottawa and continued in British Columbia, specifically in Vancouver and Prince George. The delegation received information and testimony from relatives of indigenous girls and women who have disappeared or have been killed. In Ottawa, the delegation met with federal government authorities and civil society organizations and representatives, including tribal organizations and leaders. In British Columbia, the delegation met with provincial government authorities, representatives of the legislative branch, and civil society organizations and representatives, including tribal organizations, authorities, and leaders.


Visita Canada Visita Canada Visita Canada
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Honduras - May 14-18, 2013

From May 14 to 18, 2013, the Rapporteur for Honduras, Commissioner Tracy Robinson, and the Commission’s Executive Secretary, Emilio Álvarez Icaza Longoria, visited Honduras in the framework of their participation as speakers at the Third Assembly of the Latin American and Caribbean Network for Democracy (LAC Network). The delegation met with state authorities, representatives of civil society organizations, and representatives of international and regional organizations. In addition, they met with indigenous women leaders from various parts of the country. They also organized two meetings on friendly settlement cases and three meetings on precautionary measure monitoring.

Honduras – 14 al 18 de mayo de 2013 Honduras – 14 al 18 de mayo de 2013 Honduras – 14 al 18 de mayo de 2013
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Argentina - Lhaka Honhat - May 9-13, 2013

A delegation of the Executive Secretariat of the IACHR made a visit to Argentina from May 9 to13, 2013. The goal was to prepare a diagnostic on the compliance with the recommendations that the IACHR included in Merits Report 2/12 on the case of the Indigenous Communities members of the Association Lhaka Honhat of Argentina, approved on January 26, 2012. The delegation held meetings in the city of Salta with representatives of the Government of the Salta Province. It also visited the municipality of Santa Victoria del Este, to meet with indigenous leaders of the Lhaka Honhat Association, and to visit the indigenous territory. It also held meetings in Buenos Aires with authorities of the National Government. The parties expressed that the visit enabled an opportunity to open a dialogue and incentivate the compliance of the recommendation by the Argentine State.

Visit to Salta Visit to Salta Visit to Salta
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Suriname - January 23-25, 2013

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights undertook a working visit to the Republic of Suriname between January 23-25, 2013 in order to examine the situation of the rights of women and indigenous peoples.   The delegation was composed of Commissioner Dinah Shelton, Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples; Commissioner Tracy Robinson, First Vice-President and Rapporteur on the Rights of Women; and staff from the Executive Secretariat. 

Visita Suriname - 23 al 25 de enero de 2013 Visita Suriname - 23 al 25 de enero de 2013 Visita Suriname - 23 al 25 de enero de 2013
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During the visit, the delegation held meetings with the highest authorities of the Suriname state, and representatives from civil society organizations dedicated to the defense of the rights of indigenous peoples, women and LGBTI persons in the country.   Several members of the delegation also traveled to the district of Brokopondo and the village of Brownsweg to visit a Maroon village composed of 8,000 persons. The delegation offered in a workshop attended by approximately fifty government officials on the Inter-American System of Human Rights and an academic event at the Anton de Kom University, with the participation of law professors and students.

2012

Colombia - December 3 to 7

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) carried out an onsite visit to Colombia December 3 -7, 2012, in response to an invitation from the State, in order to observe the human rights situation in the country. The delegation was composed of the Chair, José de Jesús Orozco Henríquez; the First Vice-Chair, Tracy Robinson; the Second Vice-Chair, Felipe González; and Commissioners Rosa María Ortiz and Rose-Marie Antoine, as well as Executive Secretary Emilio Álvarez Icaza L., Assistant Executive Secretary Elizabeth Abi-Mershed, and staff of the Executive Secretariat. During the visit, various IAHCR delegations visited Bogotá (D.C.), Quibdó (Chocó), Medellín (Antioquia), and Popayán (Cauca), where they met with authorities of the State, civil society organizations, victims of human rights violations, and representatives of international agencies.

IACHR Chair and President of the Colombia Supreme Court of Justice sign a cooperation agreement IACHR Plenary, Executive Secretary and Adjunt Executive Secretary during the in loco visit to Colombia IACHR Chair, Jose de Jesus Orozco, answers questions to the media at the conclusion of meetings in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Colombia
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Haiti - February 27 - March 2

Commissioner Ortiz, in her capacity as Rapporteur on the Rights of the Child, was invited by UNICEF to participate, along with the Chairman of the Committee on the Rights of the Child of the United Nations, on an observation visit on the issue of international adoptions in Haiti. The visit took place February 27 and 28. Also, from February 29 to March 2, Commissioner Ortiz, in her capacity as Rapporteur for Haiti, together with a staff member of the Executive Secretariat, held meetings with authorities, international agencies, and civil society, in which she introduced herself as the new Rapporteur and collected information on various issues.

2011

Mexico - September 26-30

The Rapporteur for Mexico, Commissioner Escobar Gil, conducted a working visit to Mexico from September 26 to 30, 2011. During the visit, the delegation held a series of meetings with senior State officials, including the President of the Republic, Felipe Calderón Hinojosa, and with civil society organizations. Various working meetings on cases and precautionary measures were held.

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Paraguay - August 1-5

From August 1 to 5, 2011, the President and First Vice-President, in their roles as Rapporteur for Indigenous Peoples and Country Rapporteur, respectively, conducted a visit to Paraguay. The visit was aimed at carrying out promotional activities, urging the fulfillment of decisions of the Inter-American Commission and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, and promoting the use of the friendly settlement mechanism for the resolution of pending petitions and cases. The delegation also took advantage of its presence in the country to further its understanding of the human rights situation in Paraguay. To this end, the Commission met with senior officials of the State's public powers, as well as with representatives of civil society organizations. During the visit an important number of working meetings were held among the parties on petitions and cases pending before the IACHR, in which important steps were taken. In five of the cases agreements were reached during the meetings, and in another two cases, the parties signed documents stating their willingness to move forward towards reaching a friendly settlement.

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Argentina - April 25-27

Commissioner Luz Patricia Mejía, in her role as Country Rapporteur, conducted a working visit to Argentina from April 25 to 27. The visit was aimed at encouraging the fulfillment of friendly settlement agreements and of IACHR recommendations, for which purpose the Rapporteur met with senior officials of the National and Provincial Public Powers, as well as representatives of civil society.

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2010

Argentina - December 2-3

On December 2-3, 2010, Commissioner Luz Patricia Mejía Guerrero carried out a visit to Argentina, in her capacity as Rapporteur for Argentina. She met with Government authorities and representatives of civil society organizations.

Brazil - June 28- July 2

Commissioner Felipe González, President of the IACHR and Rapporteur for Brazil, made a working visit to the Federative Republic of Brazil on June 28 to July 2, 2010. During his visit, the Commissioner received the support of two attorneys from the IACHR Executive Secretariat. The aim of the visit was to prepare for the future on-site observation visit that the IACHR plans to make to Brazil in 2011, as well as to receive up-to-date information on the general human rights situation in Brazil, particularly as regards citizen security, and to make progress with cases and precautionary measures involving that country.

Commissioner Felipe Gonzalez in Brasil Commissioner Felipe Gonzalez in Brasil Commissioner Felipe Gonzalez in Brasil

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The visit began in Brasilia, where meetings were held with senior officials from the federal government and with civil society. The delegation later traveled to the city of Rio de Janeiro, to hold a series of working meetings on precautionary measures and friendly settlement proceedings in cases before the IACHR, attended by the petitioners and the corresponding federal and local authorities. It also held a meeting with broad participation by civil society organizations, and then several interviews with authorities responsible for public security and human rights. The visit concluded in the city of São Paulo, where further meetings on precautionary measures and friendly settlements were held, attended by the parties involved; in addition, the delegation met broadly with civil society, with the governor of the state and with state authorities responsible for public security and the prisons service.

Honduras – May 15-18

The purpose of the Commission’s visit to Honduras in May 2010 was to follow up on the onsite visit it had made in August 2009. The delegation was composed of the Chair of the IACHR, Felipe González; the First Vice-Chair, Paulo Sergio Pinheiro; Executive Secretary Santiago A. Canton; the IACHR Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression, Catalina Botero; the coordinator for Mesoamerica and the Spanish-Speaking Caribbean, Isabel Madariaga; the attorney of the Office of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression, Ramiro Álvarez-Ugarte; and document technician Gloria Hansen.

During the visit, the IACHR met with authorities from the three braches of government. It also held meetings with human rights defenders, journalists, civil society representatives, and members of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. In addition, it met with representatives of the United Nations system in Honduras and with ambassadors from the Stockholm Declaration Follow-Up Group. After the visit, the IACHR published its Preliminary Observations of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights on its Visit to Honduras, May 15 to 18, 2010.

Argentina - February 15-17

Commissioner Luz Patricia Mejía carried out a working visit to Argentina February 15-17, 2010, in her capacity of Rapporteur ono Argentina. The object of the visit was to promote compliance with IACHR friendly settlement agreements and recommendations, and to this end Rapporteur Mejía Guerrero met with high-level national and provincial authorities, as well as with representatives of civil society organizations.

Commissioner Luz Patricia Mejía in Argentina Commissioner Luz Patricia Mejía in Argentina Commissioner Luz Patricia Mejía in Argentina
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2009

Honduras – August 17-21

The IACHR carried out an onsite visit to Honduras August 17-21, 2009. The delegation was composed of the Chair of the Commission, Luz Patricia Mejía Guerrero; the First Vice-Chair, Víctor Abramovich; the Second Vice-Chair and Rapporteur for Honduras, Felipe González; Commissioner Paolo Carozza; and the Executive Secretary, Santiago A. Canton. Other members of the delegation were the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression, Catalina Botero; attorneys Isabel Madariaga, Víctor Madrigal, Débora Benchoam, Milagros Noli, and Tatiana Gos of the Executive Secretariat; press director María Isabel Rivero; journalist Pablo Sandino Martínez; and assistants Gloria Hansen and Gloria Amanda Molina.

Presidenta de la CIDH, Comisionada Luz Patricia Mejía; Vicepresidente Primero, Comisionado Victor Abramovich; Secretario Ejecutivo, Santiago A. Canton, y Relatora Especial para la Libertad de Expresión, Catalina Botero, ofrecen conferencia de prensa el 21 de agosto de 2009 en Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Crédito: Cortesía del Diario Tiempo, de San Pedro Sula, Honduras La delegación de la CIDH se reunió con magistrados de la Corte Suprema de Justicia de Honduras al inicio y al cierre de la visita a Honduras de agosto de 2009. Crédito: Cortesía de la Corte Suprema de Justicia de Honduras. La delegación de la CIDH se reunió con magistrados de la Corte Suprema de Justicia de Honduras al inicio y al cierre de la visita a Honduras de agosto de 2009. Crédito: Cortesía de la Corte Suprema de Justicia de Honduras.
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Considering the purpose and circumstances of the visit, the IACHR prepared the agenda to collect information from all sectors of Honduran society, with a pluralistic perspective that would make it possible to analyze the impact of the coup d’état on the observance of human rights.

During the visit, the IACHR received 460 testimonies and complaints, 29 requests for precautionary measures, and 88 documents on the situation in the country. Of the total number of testimonies and complaints, more than 300 individuals denounced acts of aggression and illegal detentions in the context of demonstrations calling for the return of President Zelaya. During the whole week of the visit, the IACHR had an office in place to receive complaints.

On August 21, 2009, the last day of the visit, the IACHR issued Press Release 60/09 with preliminary observations on the visit, and gave a press conference in Tegucigalpa. On December 30, 2009, the IACHR approved the report Honduras: Human Rights and the Coup d’État, which was published on January 20, 2010.

Haiti – May 24-29

The IACHR conducted a working visit to Haiti May 24-29, 2010. The delegation was led by Commissioner Clare K. Roberts, in his capacity as IACHR Rapporteur for Haiti, and also included human rights specialists Angelita Baeyens and Marie Claude Fornier, as well as Begoña Arellano of UNICEF. The main purpose of the visit was to collect information about citizen security, the human rights situation, and juvenile justice. The visit was organized as part of a joint effort with UNICEF, the regional office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, and the IACHR, in order to prepare special reports on the aforementioned subjects.

Delegación de la CIDH en reunión con oficiales de la Policía en la Dirección Departamental de Artibonite, Comisaría de Gonaives (Police Nationale d’Haiti, Direction Departementale de l’Artibonite, Commissariat des Gonaives) el 27 de mayo de 2010. Delegación de la CIDH en reunión con representantes de la sociedad civil de Gonaives en las instalaciones de la organización AGREDAH, el 27 de mayo de 2009. Comisionado Clare K. Roberts en la visita al Centro de acogida para niños, niñas y adolescentes de Carrefpur, en Puerto Príncipe (Centre d’accueil du Carrefour), 29 de mayo de 2009.
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In Port-au-Prince, the delegation met with representatives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor, the Institute of Social Welfare and Research (IBESR), the Minors Protection Division of the Haitian National Police, the Central Direction of the Judiciary Police, the Penitentiary Administration, prison staff, and the Office of Citizen Protection. The delegation also met with two members of the Tribunal for Children. The delegation visited the main office of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). It also met with local and international nongovernmental organizations involved in citizen security and juvenile criminal justice issues in Haiti. In addition, the delegation participated in a conference on the IACHR and the inter-American system for the protection of human rights at the State University in Port-au-Prince.

On June 29, 2009, the IACHR published a press release on its visit to Haiti.

2008

Jamaica – December 1-5

The IACHR delegation that conducted an onsite visit to Jamaica in December 2008 was made up of the Chair of the Commission, Paolo Carozza; its First Vice-Chair, Luz Patricia Mejía; its Second Vice-Chair, Felipe González; Commissioner Sir Clare K. Roberts; the Executive Secretary of the Inter-American Commission, Santiago A. Canton; the Assistant Executive Secretary, Elizabeth Abi-Mershed; attorneys Mario López-Garelli, Angelita Baeyens, and Ismene Zarifis; press director María Isabel Rivero; and assistants Gloria Hansen and Melanie Blackwell.

Una delegación de la CIDH visitó el Centro Correccional para Adultos de St. Catherine, a fin de examinar las condiciones de detención Una delegación de la CIDH visitó las celdas de las Comisarías de Spanish Town y de Hunts Bay, y el Centro Juvenil de Detención Preventiva de St. Andrew. Comisionado Clare K. Roberts, Presidente de la CIDH, Comisionado Paolo Carozza, y Ministra de Justicia de Jamaica, Dorothy Lightbourne, en reunión durante la visita Durante la visita, la CIDH tuvo una reunión con el Comisionado de la Policía, Contra Almirante Hardley Lewin
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During the visit, the Commission met with representatives of the government of Jamaica and members of civil society. The IACHR also organized a promotional activity in conjunction with the Ministry of Justice and Jamaicans for Justice, and signed an agreement with the Norman Manley Law School that seeks to deepen and strengthen institutional cooperation to promote awareness of the inter-American human rights system in the Caribbean. At the end of the visit, the Commission issued its preliminary observations. The IACHR is currently preparing a report on the human rights situation in Jamaica.

2007

Haiti – April 16-20

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights carried out a visit to the Republic of Haiti in April 2007, at the invitation of the government. The delegation was led by Sir Clare K. Roberts, Commissioner and Rapporteur for Haiti, and included staff members of the Executive Secretariat.

During the visit, the IACHR met with representatives of the Haitian government and with members of civil society, as well as with representatives of international organizations. The Commission met with the President of the Republic of Haiti, René Préval, and Prime Minister Jacques Edouard Alexis. It also met with the President of the Supreme Court.

At the end of its visit the IACHR issued Press Release 24/07.

2006

Bolivia – November 12-17

Following an invitation by the government, the Commission carried out a visit to the Republic of Bolivia November 12-17, 2006, in order to observe the general human rights situation in that country. The Commission delegation was made up of its Chair, Evelio Fernández Arévalos; its Second Vice-Chair and Rapporteur for Bolivia, Florentín Meléndez; Commissioner Víctor Abramovich; the Executive Secretary, Santiago A. Canton; human rights specialists Débora Benchoam, Silvia Serrano, and Leonardo Hidaka; and document technician Gloria Hansen.

Conferencia sobre el Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos, ofrecida en La Paz el 17 de noviembre de 2006. Crédito: Leonardo Hidaka La delegación de la CIDH en reunión con sindicalistas en La Paz, Bolivia. Crédito: Leonardo Hidaka La delegación de la CIDH dialogó con la prensa en la sede de la Defensoría del Pueblo de Bolivia, tras una reunión con el Defensor del Pueblo, Waldo Albarracín. La Paz, 13 de noviembre de 2006. Crédito: Leonardo Hidaka
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During its stay in Bolivia, the Commission met with government authorities and held meetings with various segments of civil society. These included representatives of organizations promoting the rights of indigenous peoples, the rights of women, the rights of children, and the rights of persons deprived of liberty; representatives of campesino organizations and organizations devoted to strengthening the administration of justice; journalists; and trade union members.

At the end of its visit, the IACHR issued Press Release 46/06. On June 28, 2007, the IACHR approved the report Access to Justice and Social Inclusion: The Road towards Strengthening Democracy in Bolivia, which was published on August 7, 2007. In its 2009 Annual Report, the IACHR published a Follow-Up Report in which it analyzes the State’s compliance with the report’s recommendations.

2005

Haiti

In 2004 and 2005, the IACHR made three visits to Haiti, at the invitation of the government and with the financial support of the government of France: the first on September 1-3, 2004; the second, April 18-22, 2005; and the third, July 11-15, 2005. During these visits, the Commission’s delegations sought to obtain information about the situation involving human rights protection mechanisms in Haiti following the events of February 2004, as well as the special situation involving the administration of justice in the country. The Commission had also carried out a visit to Haiti August 18-22, 2003, at the invitation of the State.

The IACHR delegations met with representatives of the transitional government; the Conseil des Sages; judges from the Court of First Instance, the Court of Appeal, and the Supreme Court; members of civil society; associations of judges, attorneys, and magistrates; and representatives of other international bodies, including MINUSTAH and the United Nations Development Programme. They also visited the National Penitentiary and other relevant establishments and collected the appropriate documentation. During the course of these visits, the Commission also held three training seminars on the inter-American human rights system with authorities and personnel from various ministries and governmental organizations, as well as representatives of various nongovernmental organizations.

The observations made during these visits were included in the report Haiti: Failed Justice or the Rule of Law? Challenges for Haiti and the International Community.

2003

Guatemala – March 24-29

Following an invitation by the Guatemalan government, the Commission carried out an onsite visit to the Republic of Guatemala March 24-29, 2003. The IACHR delegation for this visit was composed of its First Vice-Chair, José Zalaquett; its Second Vice-Chair, Clare K. Roberts; Commissioner and Rapporteur for Guatemala Susana Villarán; Commissioners Juan E. Méndez and Julio Prado Vallejo; the IACHR Executive Secretary, Santiago A. Canton; and staff of the Executive Secretariat.

During its visit, the IACHR met with authorities from the different branches of government and with representatives of civil society. It also received testimony from victims of human rights violations, and a delegation traveled to Nebaj, in the department of Quiché. In addition, the Commission received those who wished to denounce alleged human rights violations or receive information about the workings of the inter-American system for the protection of human rights.

At the end of the visit, the IACHR published its preliminary observations in Press Release 8/03. On December 29, 2003, the IACHR approved the report Justice and Social Inclusion: The Challenges for Democracy in Guatemala (available only in Spanish), which was presented to President Oscar Berger on March 22, 2004, at the National Palace. In its 2004 Annual Report, the IACHR published a Follow-Up Report on the State’s compliance with the recommendations included in the aforementioned report.

2002

Venezuela – May 6-10

The Commission carried out an onsite visit to the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela in May 2002, which included the participation of the Chair of the Commission and Rapporteur for matters related to Venezuela, Juan E. Méndez ; the First Vice-Chair, Marta Altolaguirre; and Commissioners Robert K. Goldman, Julio Prado Vallejo, and Susana Villarán. Also participating in the visit were Executive Secretary Santiago A. Canton; the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression, Eduardo Bertoni; and staff of the Executive Secretariat.

El Presidente de Venezuela, Hugo Chávez Frías, y el Presidente de la CIDH, Comisionado Juan Méndez. Hugo Chávez Frías, Presidente de Venezuela; Jorge Dugarte Contreras, Agente del Estado venezolano para los Derechos Humanos ante el Sistema Interamericano e Internacional, Comisionada Susana Villarán; Secretario Ejecutivo de la CIDH, Santiago A. Canton; Comisionado Julio Prado Vallejo y Comisionada Marta Altolaguirre, en el Palacio de Miraflores. Reunión celebrada durante la visita del a CIDH a Venezuela en mayo de 2002.
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During the visit, the IACHR met with authorities of the different branches of government, including the President of the Republic, Hugo Chávez Frías. The IACHR also met with the highest-level authorities of the National Assembly, the Commission on Justice and Human Rights, and the Supreme Court of Justice. It also met with nongovernmental human rights organizations, representatives of the Venezuelan Episcopal Conference, political leaders, journalists and representatives of media outlets, representatives of trade union associations, victims and relatives of victims, and other representatives of civil society at the national and local level. The IACHR maintained contact with international bodies and received information and testimony on the situations in all regions of the country, especially the state of Portuguesa, to which a delegation traveled.

On October 24, 2003, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Venezuela. The report’s publication was announced in Press Release 9/04.

2001

Colombia – December 7-13

The IACHR carried out an onsite visit to Colombia December 7-13, 2001, at the invitation of the government of President Andrés Pastrana. The delegation was made up of the Chair of the IACHR, Claudio Grossman; the First Vice-Chair, Juan E. Méndez ; the Second Vice-Chair, Marta Altolaguirre; and Commissioners Robert K. Goldman, Hélio Bicudo, Peter Laurie, and Julio Prado Vallejo.  It also included the Executive Secretary and Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression, Santiago A. Canton; human rights specialists Verónica Gómez, Mario López-Garelli, and Ignacio Álvarez; and documentation specialist Gloria Hansen and administrative assistants Gabriela Hageman and Gloria Molina. The IACHR delegation was also accompanied by attorney Débora Benchoam and journalist Victoria Amato, of the Office of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression. 

Comisionados Robert K. Goldman y Hélio Bicudo con el Presidente de Colombia, Andrés Pastrana, durante la reunión sostenida en Bogotá. Crédito: Mario López-Garelli Parte de la delegación de la CIDH que realizó la visita a Colombia en 2001. Crédito: Mario López-Garelli
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During the visit, the IACHR met with authorities of the three branches of government, including President Andrés Pastrana Arango. It also held meetings with nongovernmental human rights organizations; religious representatives; political leaders; journalists and representatives of media outlets; representatives of associations representing campesinos, ethnic groups, and women; trade union members; and other civil society representatives at the national and local level. The IACHR maintained contact with international bodies such as the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) and the International Committee of the Red Cross. It also received information and testimony on the situation in all regions of the country, especially in Cundinamarca, Antioquia, Magdalena Medio, Arauca, Valle, Cauca, Putumayo, Nariño, Tolima, and Catatumbo. The full Commission met with presidential candidates Luis Eduardo Garzón, Horacio Serpa Uribe, and Álvaro Uribe Vélez.

At the end of its visit, on December 13, 2001, the IACHR issued a press release.

2000

Haiti – August

On August 25, 2000, the IACHR concluded on onsite visit it had made to Haiti, at the invitation of the government, in order to observe the human rights situation in that country. Participating in the visit were the Chair of the Commission, Hélio  Bicudo; Commissioners Peter Laurie and Julio Prado Vallejo; and Executive Secretary Jorge E. Taiana, Assistant Executive Secretary David J. Padilla, and attorneys Bertha Santoscoy and Raquel Poitevien Cabral.

In Press Release 11/00, issued at the end of the visit, the IACHR underscored the dramatic day-to-day circumstances experienced by the Haitian people, the chronic weakness of government institutions, and the challenges Haiti faced to achieve the effective observance of human rights.

1999

Paraguay – July 28-30

The July 1999 visit to Paraguay included the participation of the IACHR Chair, Robert K. Goldman; the First Vice-Chair, Hélio Bicudo; the Second Vice-Chair, Claudio Grossman; Commissioners Carlos Ayala Corao and Álvaro Tirado Mejía; Executive Secretary Jorge E. Taiana and Assistant Executive Secretary David J. Padilla; the IACHR Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression, Santiago A. Canton; and attorneys Ignacio J. Álvarez and Christina M. Cerna.

David Padilla, entonces Secretario Ejecutivo Adjunto, saluda al presidente Luis Ángel Macchi. Crédito: Archivo CIDH Comisión de la CIDH y Personal de la Secretaría  con el Presidente del Paraguay, Luis Ángel González Macchi. Crédito: Archivo CIDH
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During the visit, the IACHR met with authorities of the executive branch, including the President of the Republic, Luis Ángel González Macchi; authorities of the judicial and legislative branches; and with different sectors of civil society, such as human rights organizations, representatives of the Church, groups of campesinos and indigenous communities, union leaders, alleged victims of human rights violations, and others. The Commission also visited several prisons and traveled to different regions of the country.

At the end of the visit, the Commission issued Press Release 23/99. On March 9, 2001, the IACHR approved the Third Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Paraguay. The report’s publication, on March 21, 2001, was announced in Press Release 5/01. In its 2001 Annual Report, the IACHR published a Follow-Up Report on the State’s compliance with the recommendations in the report.

1998

Guatemala – August 6-11

Based on an invitation from the State, the Commission carried out an onsite visit to Guatemala August 6-11, 1998, to collect firsthand information about the human rights situation. The delegation for this visit was made up of the Chair of the IACHR, Carlos Ayala Corao, and Commissioners Claudio Grossman and Hélio  Bicudo. The Commission had technical support from its Executive Secretary, Jorge E. Taiana; its Assistant Executive Secretary, David Padilla; and attorneys Elizabeth Abi-Mershed, Osvaldo Kreimer, and Verónica Gómez.

Osvaldo Kreimer, entonces Comisionado de la CIDH, Verónica Gomez y  David Padilla, Secretario Ejecutivo Adjunto, en Guatemala. Crédito: Archivo CIDH
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During its stay in Guatemala, the Commission met with the President of the Republic, Álvaro Arzú Irigoyen; the President of Congress, Rafael Barrio Flores; and other authorities of the Guatemalan legislative branch. The Commission also met with a wide range of representatives of Guatemalan civil society and with individuals who wished to denounce alleged human rights violations or who were seeking information about the regional human rights system.

Following the visit, the IACHR published the Fifth Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Guatemala, which was approved on April 6, 2001. In its 2002 Annual Report, the IACHR published a Follow-Up Report on the State’s compliance with the recommendations in that report.

Peru – November 9-13

The IACHR delegation that visited Peru November 9-13, 1998, was made up of the Chair of the Commission, Carlos Ayala Corao; the First Vice-Chair, Robert K. Goldman; the Second Vice-Chair, Jean Joseph Exumé; Commissioner and Rapporteur for Peru Hélio  Bicudo; and Commissioners Claudio Grossman and Álvaro Tirado Mejía. Other members of the delegation included the Executive Secretary, Jorge E. Taiana; the Assistant Executive Secretary, David Padilla; the Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression, Santiago Canton; and attorneys Christina M. Cerna and Ignacio Álvarez. The Commission also received administrative support from Nora Anderson, Olga de Franco, and Ana Cecilia Adriazola.

En la foto aparece el Prof. Robert Goldman, durante la visita a la Corte Suprema de Justicia, Visita in-loco a Perú, noviembre 1998 Visita a la Corte Suprema de Justicia, Visita in-loco a Perú, noviembre 1998 Diversas actividades durante la Visita in-loco a Perú, noviembre 1998
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During the visit, the IACHR met with the President of the Republic, Alberto Fujimori Fujimori, and with other officials from his government. During the course of its visit, the IACHR carried out a work program in Lima, Ayacucho, Puno, Tacna, and Arequipa, where it traveled to meet with state authorities as well as with representatives of civil society. The IACHR met with authorities and inmates at several prisons: Ayacucho, Yanamayo and Challapalca, Castro Castro, Socabaya, and the Cuartel General “Simon Bolivar.” The Commission likewise had the opportunity to meet in Lima with many nongovernmental human rights organizations, and it received invaluable support from the National Human Rights Coordinator in organizing several meetings with sectors of Peruvian civil society. The IACHR also received complaints from those who alleged, either directly or through their representatives, that they had been victims of human rights violations.

On June 2, 2000, the IACHR approved the Second Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Peru. In the report’s final considerations, the Commission found that the weakening of the fundamental principles of a democratic state under the rule of law in the Republic of Peru was incompatible with the State’s obligations under the American Convention on Human Rights. The Commission indicated that the May 2000 election of Alberto Fujimori had not been held in keeping with due guarantees of free and fair elections required for the people of Peru to exercise their sovereign will, in violation of Article 23 of the American Convention. The Inter-American Commission indicated that the aforementioned electoral process clearly constituted an irregular interruption of the democratic process as contemplated in Resolution 1080, adopted in 1991 by the OAS General Assembly. The IACHR called for a return to the rule of law in Peru and the convocation, within a reasonable time, of free, sovereign, fair, and genuine elections that meet the respective international standards. In its 2001 Annual Report, the IACHR published a Follow-up Report on the State of Peru’s compliance with the recommendations in that report.

1997

Dominican Republic – June 16-20

The IACHR carried out an onsite visit to the Dominican Republic in June 1997 in order to observe the human rights situation in that country. The delegation was composed of the Chair of the IACHR, John S. Donaldson; the Rapporteur for the Dominican Republic, Commissioner Claudio Grossman; Commissioner Álvaro Tirado Mejía; the Executive Secretary, Jorge E. Taiana; and staff of the Executive Secretariat.

Miembros de la CIDH y Personal de la Secretaría con el Presidente de la República Dominicana, Leonel Fernández Reyna. Crédito: Archivo CIDH
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During its visit, the Special Commission met with the President of the Republic, Leonel Fernández Reyna, as well as with other State authorities, international organizations, and nongovernmental organizations, and visited detention centers. Working meetings were also held in reference to petitions and cases.

Following this visit, the IACHR published the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in the Dominican Republic, which was approved on October 7, 1999. In its 2001 Annual Report, the IACHR published a Follow-up Report on the State’s compliance with the recommendation in that report.

Colombia – December 1-8

The IACHR delegation that carried out an onsite visit to Colombia in December 1997 was composed of the Chair, John Donaldson; the First Vice-Chair, Carlos Ayala Corao; the Second Vice-Chair, Robert K. Goldman; and Commissioners Claudio Grossman, Oscar L. Fappiano, and Jean Joseph Exumé. Pursuant to the Rules of Procedure, Commissioner Álvaro Tirado Mejía did not participate in the visit due to his Colombian nationality. Commissioner-elect Hélio Bicudo accompanied the Commission as a special adviser. Also participating in the visit were the Executive Secretary, Jorge E. Taiana; the Assistant Executive Secretary, David J. Padilla; and the attorneys and human rights specialists Osvaldo Kreimer, Denise Gilman, and Mario López-Garelli. The Commission had administrative support from Gabriela Hageman, Gloria Hansen, and Martha Keller.

El Comisionado Oscar L. Fappiano, el Segundo Vicepresidente de la CIDH, Robert K. Goldman, y el Primer Vicepresidente, Carlos Ayala Corao, ofrecen conferencia de prensa en Colombia. Comisionado Oscar L. Fappiano, Presidente de la CIDH, John Donaldson y Comisionado Jean Joseph Exumé con el Defensor del Pueblo de Colombia, José Fernando Castro Caycedo. Secretario Ejecutivo de la CIDH, Jorge Taiana; Presidente de la CIDH, John Donaldson; Ministra de Relaciones Exteriores de Colombia, Maria Emma Mejia; y Marcela Briceño, de la Dirección de Derechos Humanos del Ministerio.
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During the course of its visit, the Commission met with the President of Colombia, Ernesto Samper Pizano, and with other high-level political, administrative, legislative, and judicial authorities, as well as with numerous nongovernmental human rights organizations and with leaders of the clergy, political leaders, businesspeople, representatives of the news media, trade union members, and other representatives of civil society. The Commission also met with representatives of international organizations. Delegations of the IACHR visited other regions of Colombia, including Puerto Asis, in the department of Putumayo; Medellín and Uraba, in the department of Antioquia; Villavicencio, in the department of Meta; and the territory of the U’wa indigenous community.

Following the visit, the IACHR published the Third Report on the Human Rights Situation in Colombia, which was approved on February 26, 1999.

Bolivia – April 26 - May 2

From April 26 to May 2, 1997, the IACHR carried out a visit to Bolivia for the purpose of investigating the events that had taken place in December 1996 in the localities of Amayapampa, Llallagua, and Capasirca, located in the north of the department of Potosí. The Bolivian government had invited the IACHR to investigate these events. Participating in the visit were the Chair of the Commission, John S. Donaldson; Commissioners Claudio Grossman and Jean Joseph Exumé; the Executive Secretary, Jorge E. Taiana; the Assistant Executive Secretary, David J. Padilla; and human rights specialists Milton Castillo and María Noel Rodríguez.

El Presidente de la CIDH, John Donaldson; el Secretario Ejecutivo Adjunto, David Padilla; y el abogado especialista para Bolivia, Milton Padilla; en una reunión con el Presidente de Bolivia, Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada.
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In the city of La Paz, the President of the Republic, Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada, received the Commission, which also met with various ministers and former ministers, authorities from other branches of government, and officials of the Army and National Police. An IACHR group traveled to the place where the events had taken place, where it carried out an inspection visit and gathered testimony from many of the miners and campesinos in the area. The Commission also met with relatives of those who had died and with a group of the wounded at the Twentieth Century University in the city of Llallagua, and traveled to Amayapampa and Capasirca, where it heard testimony from trade union leaders and campesinos in the area. In addition, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights received testimony and abundant information from various members of civil society, ranging from campesinos to leaders of human rights organizations to union representatives. The Commission also received the widow of Colonel Eduardo Rivas and the police officers who were wounded during the events.

On July 29, 1997, the Commission approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Amayapampa, Llallagua and Capasirca, Northern Potosí, Bolivia, December 1996.

1996

Mexico – July 15-24

The IACHR carried out a visit to Mexico July 15-24, 1996. Members of the delegation were the Chair of the IACHR, Claudio Grossman; the First Vice-Chair, John S. Donaldson; the Second Vice-Chair and Rapporteur for Mexico, Carlos Ayala Corao; and Commissioners Oscar Luján Fappiano, Álvaro Tirado Mejía, Jean Joseph Exumé, and Robert K. Goldman. Also participating were the Executive Secretary, Jorge E. Taiana; the Assistant Executive Secretaries, David Padilla and Domingo Acevedo; and attorneys and human rights specialists Osvaldo Kreimer and Ibrahim García.

In the course of its visit, the IACHR carried out a work program in Mexico City and in the states of Chiapas, Guerrero, and Baja California, places to which it traveled to meet with state authorities and representatives of civil society. The IACHR met with the President of Mexico, Ernesto Zedillo, and with other high-level federal, state, and district officials, as well as with representatives of the Church, businesspeople, the news media, nongovernmental human rights organizations, and other civil society representatives.

On September 24, 1998, the IACHR published the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Mexico.

1995

Guatemala – July 5-10

In order to carry out investigations related to a case pending before the Commission, a special visit was made to Guatemala on July 5-10, 1995. The Assistant Executive Secretary of the IACHR, David Padilla, traveled to the country to arrange for the protection of a public prosecutor whose life had been threatened by paramilitary groups.

Campo de Personas desplazadas. Acumbal, cerca de la psita de Nebaj, en El Quiché. Crédito: Archivo CIDH Campo de Personas desplazadas. Acumbal, cerca de la psita de Nebaj, en El Quiché. Crédito: Archivo CIDH
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Brazil – November 27-December 8

The Commission conducted a visit to Brazil from November 27 to December 8, 1995. The IACHR delegation was composed of the Chair, Álvaro Tirado Mejía; the First Vice-Chair, Claudio Grossman; the Second Vice-Chair, John S. Donaldson; Commissioners Oscar L. Fappiano and Patrick Robinson; the Executive Secretary, Edith Márquez Rodríguez; the Assistant Executive Secretary, David Padilla; adviser Domingo Acevedo; and human rights specialists Martha Braga, Osvaldo Kreimer, Milton Castillo, and Felipe Sánchez.

Casa-habitación en Brasil. Foto tomada durante la visita de la CIDH. Crédito: Archivo CIDH Osvaldo Kreimer durante el recorrido por el interior de Brasil. Crédito: Archivo CIDH
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The delegation broke into smaller groups to travel to different areas of the country, so as to be able to visit Brasilia, Río de Janeiro, São Paulo, and several cities in the states of Bahía, Pernambuco, Pará, and Roraima.

On September 29, 1997, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Brazil.

1994

Ecuador – November 7-11

The IACHR visited Ecuador November 7-11, 1994. The delegation that visited Ecuador was composed of the Chair of the Commission, Michael Reisman; the First Vice-Chair, Álvaro Tirado Mejía; the Second Vice-Chair, Leo Valladares; Commissioner John Donaldson; the Assistant Executive Secretary, David Padilla; legal adviser Domingo Acevedo; and human rights specialist Elizabeth Abi-Mershed.

Entrevista con José Gallardo Román, Ministro de Defensa del Ecuador. Crédito: Archivo CIDH Entrevista con José Gallardo Román, Ministro de Defensa del Ecuador. Crédito: Archivo CIDH
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The Commission met with the Vice President of the Republic, Alberto Dahik Garzozi; the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Francisco Acosta Yepes; several ministers and other government authorities; and representatives of a number of nongovernmental organizations that work in the field of human rights. Hearings were also held with individuals and institutions representing a range of social sectors, who offered information about the human rights situation in Ecuador; these included environmental organizations. The Commission received a considerable number of individual complaints, heard testimony from relatives of the detained and disappeared, and met with petitioners interested in offering information related to individual cases.

The Commission traveled around Quito, Guayaquil, and several places in the interior of the country. It inspected several oil production facilities and waste deposits, along with their impact on the local environment and on the local population. The delegation met with representatives of the Cofan, Siona-Secoya, Shuar, Achuar, Quichua, and Huaorani peoples, as well as with representatives of the Amazonian Defense Front, the Federation of Communities, the Parliament of Indigenous Nationalities of the Ecuadorean Amazon (FCUNIAE), the Francisco de Orellana Human Rights Commission, campesinosfrom the organization La Delicia and the locality of La Primavera, and with representatives of the Carmelite and Capuchin Missions.

On April 24, 1997, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Ecuador.

Haiti – May 16-20

The visit to Haiti took place May 16-20, 1994. The Commission’s delegation was composed of Commissioners Patrick Robinson, John Donaldson, and Claudio Grossman, as well as Executive Secretary Edith Márquez Rodríguez and attorneys Bertha Santoscoy-Noro, Relinda Eddie, and Isabel Ricupero.

During its visit, the Commission met with the Prime Minister, Robert Malval, and other government authorities. The IACHR also met with the Coordinator of the former Presidential Commission, Father Antoine Adrien, and with representatives of nongovernmental organizations, including popular grassroots bodies; human rights groups; leaders of various political parties; and representatives of the media, the industrial sector, and different churches. The lack of authorization prevented the delegation from visiting the National Penitentiary of Port-au-Prince and gaining firsthand information on the legal situation of prisoners and on the general conditions in which the detention center is maintained. The Commission heard testimony from a large number of victims of human rights violations, breaking up into five groups to be able to see everyone and working in clandestine locations due to the fear that people expressed in being identified.

In addition, on May 22-27, 1994, a delegation of the IACHR visited The Bahamas to learn about the situation of Haitian refugees in that country. The delegation was composed of the Chair, Michael Reisman; Commissioners Leo Valladares Lanza and John Donaldson; the Executive Secretary, Edith Márquez Rodríguez; the Assistant Executive Secretary, David Padilla; and human rights specialist Relinda Eddie. The delegation visited Haitian settlements in Grand Abaco (Marsh Harbour, Treasure Cay), Grand Bahama (Freeport), Eleuthera, and New Providence, as well as the Carmichael Road Detention camp.

On February 9, 1995, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Haiti.

Guatemala – March 4-11

The IACHR carried out a visit to Guatemala March 4-11, 1994. The delegation was composed of the Second Vice-Chair, Leo Valladares Lanza, Assistant Executive Secretary David Padilla, and human rights specialists Osvaldo Kreimer and Elizabeth Houppert.

The delegation met with national authorities; contacted representatives of the Communities of Peoples in Resistance (CPRs), human rights organizations, and specialized government agencies, including the National Commission for Repatriates, Refugees and Displaced Persons (CEAR) and the National Peace Fund (FONAPAZ); and met with the Human Rights Attorney and the Director of the National Police, among others. The IACHR visited Quiché, where it talked to leaders and other residents of the resettled CPRs in Santiaguito, San Luis, San Francisco, Los Altos, and La Esperanza (Ixcán), and to others in the CPRs in Cabá and Santa Clara (highlands). The Commission also visited nearby settlements in Centro Veracruz (Ixcán) and Asunción del Copán (highlands), as well as farms (“trabajaderos”) attached to some of the CPRs, and met with military patrols operating in those areas.

On June 16, 1994, the IACHR approved the Special Report on the Human Rights Situation in the So-Called “Communities of Peoples in Resistance” in Guatemala.

1993

Peru – May 17-21

The IACHR carried out a visit to Peru May 17-21, 1993. The delegation was composed of the Chair of the Commission, Oscar Luján Fappiano; the First Vice-Chair, Michael Reisman; Commissioner Leo Valladares Lanza; the Executive Secretary, Edith Márquez Rodríguez; the Assistant Executive Secretary, David J. Padilla; special advisor Domingo Acevedo; and human rights specialist Sergio Apter.

La delegación de la CIDH en reunión con el Presidente de Perú, Alberto Fujimori. Crédito: Archivo CIDH Oficina de trabajo de la CIDH durante la visita. Crédito: Archivo CIDH Oficina de trabajo de la CIDH durante la visita. Crédito: Archivo CIDH
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The Commission met with President Alberto Fujimori, several members of his ministerial Cabinet, the Attorney General, the Director of the National Police, the Chairman of the Supreme Council of Military Justice, and the Joint Command of the Armed Forces, among other authorities. The delegation also held meetings with members of the Human Rights Commission of the Democratic Constitutional Congress; with the Chairman and General Secretary of the Episcopal Conference; and with the Head of Delegation of the International Committee of the Red Cross, among other organizations. Meetings were held with representatives of the National Human Rights Coordinator, the Andean Commission of Jurists, the Peruvian Council on International Law, the Democratic Forum, and the Council for Peace. Others who spoke with the Commission included individuals and institutions representative of Peruvian civil society, such as the College and National Federation of Journalists, the Peruvian Medical Federation, bar associations, and media executives. A delegation of the Commission visited five detention centers in Lima and two penitentiaries in Puno to examine conditions there and receive information. The Commission also received visits from relatives of detainees or detained-disappeared persons, as well as from representatives of individuals who have lodged petitions.

At the end of the visit, the IACHR issued Press Release 12/93.

Haiti – August 23-27

The IACHR visited Haiti August 23-27, 1993. The delegation was composed of the Vice-Chair of the IACHR, Michael Reisman; Commissioners Oliver Jackman, Marco Tulio Bruni Celli, Leo Valladares Lanza, and Patrick Robinson; the Assistant Executive Secretary, David Padilla; and human rights specialists Bertha Santoscoy, Relinda Eddie, and Meredith Caplan.

The IACHR delegation met with the Prime Minister, Robert Malval, and with representatives of some of the main political parties. It also held meetings with members of the OAS/UN Civilian Mission, representatives of nongovernmental human rights organizations, the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces, Raoul Cédras, and Army headquarters staff . It also met with several members of Parliament, representatives of the news media, union leaders, and religious authorities. The IACHR took testimony from victims of human rights violation on the part of members of the military. Divided into subgroups, the IACHR delegation visited the interior of the country, including the Central Plateau region and the regions of Artibonite and Gonaives, among others. It visited the Port-au-Prince Penitentiary and also received complaints about human rights violations.

On February 11, 1994, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Haiti.

1992

Guatemala – November 2-6

The IACHR conducted a visit to Guatemala November 2-6, 1992. The delegation was made up of the Chair, Marco Tulio Bruni Cellis; Commissioners Leo Valladares Lanza, Patrick L. Robinson, and Álvaro Tirado Mejía; the Executive Secretary, Edith Márquez-Rodríguez; the Assistant Executive Secretary, David Padilla; and human rights specialist Jorge Seall Sasiain.

The Inter-American Commission met with President Jorge Serrano Elías and with members of the ministerial Cabinet, as well as with authorities of the Attorney General’s Office, the Supreme Court of Justice, the Congress, and the National Commission for Reconciliation. The IACHR also held hearings with representatives of nongovernmental organizations working for the promotion and defense of human rights, including the Human Rights Office of the Archbishop, Casa Alianza, and others. Meetings were held with representatives of indigenous organizations and union, student, and press organizations. The IACHR also visited the San José Pinula, El Pavón, and El Pavoncito prisons and the Zone 18 Preventive Center, in which it met with those in charge, toured the cellblocks, and heard the testimony of some of those in custody.

On June 1, 1993, the IACHR approved the Fourth Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Guatemala.

Nicaragua – April 27-30

The IACHR carried out an observation visit to Nicaragua April 27-30, 1992. The delegation was composed of the Chair, Marco Tulio Bruni Celli; Commissioners Oliver Jackman and Álvaro Tirado Mejía; the Executive Secretary, Edith Márquez Rodríguez; and human rights specialists Luis F. Jiménez and Marcela Briceño-Donn.

Oliver Jackman, Edith Marquez Rodriguez, Marco Tulio Bruni Celli y Alvaro Tirado Mejía en la sala de protocolo, en Managua, Nicaragua. Crédito: Archivo CIDH
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The delegation met with President Violeta Barrios de Chamorro and other authorities from the different branches of government. The IACHR also met with Cardinal Obando y Bravo and with human rights institutions such as the Nicaraguan Association for Human Rights (ANPDH) and the Nicaraguan Center for Human Rights (CPDH), as well as the Movimiento Civilista, the Asociación Cívica Resistencia Nicaragüense and the Asociación Nacional de Confiscados, among others. Two subgroups of the Commission traveled to the interior of the country, one to Puerto Cabezas, on the Atlantic Coast, and the other to the Tipitapa Prison, where the group met with the director of the prison, toured the facility, and had the opportunity to talk with the inmates who had been convicted of the murder of Pedro Joaquín Chamorro, in which the IACHR had a case pending.
At the end of the visit, the IACHR issued Press Release 5/92 (Spanish only).

Colombia – May 4-8

The IACHR visited Colombia May 4-8, 1992. The delegation was composed of IACHR First Vice-Chair Oscar Luján Fappiano, Second Vice-Chair Michael Reisman, and Commissioner Leo Valladares Lanza, as well as the Assistant Executive Secretary of the IACHR, David Padilla, and human rights specialists Manuel Velasco Clark and Osvaldo Kreimer. The Commission met with the President of the Republic, the President of the Supreme Court of Justice, and the President of Congress, among other authorities. The IACHR traveled around the interior of the country and visited the departments of Santander and Antioquia. In Barrancabermeja and in Medellín, the IACHR set up offices to receive complaints and hold meetings with nongovernmental human rights organizations. The Commission also met with representatives of various national nongovernmental human rights institutions and with representatives of the Church, the media, humanitarian groups, and organizations representing labor, unions, indigenous peoples, campesinos, professional associations, and other community leaders.

On October 14, 1993, the IACHR approved the Second Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Colombia.

1991

Haiti – December 5-7

The Commission conducted a working visit to Haiti December 5-7, 1991. The delegation was composed of Commission Chair Patrick L. Robinson, Vice-Chair Marco Tulio Bruni Celli, and human rights specialists Bertha Santoscoy-Noro and Luis Jiménez. The delegation met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship, Jean-Jacques Honorat, and other authorities, as well as with representatives of human rights organizations and political parties. It also visited the “La famille c’est la vie” Children's Assistance Center and met with representatives of the media and representatives of trade unions and the Church, among others.

Peru – October 28-31

The IACHR carried out a visit to Peru October 28-31, 1991. The delegation was composed of the Chair, Patrick Robinson; the First Vice-Chair, Marco Tulio Bruni Celli; the Second Vice-Chair, Oscar Luján Fappiano; Commissioners Gilda M.C.M. de Russomano, Leo Valladares Lanza, and Michael Reisman; the Executive Secretary, Edith Márquez Rodríguez; and human rights specialists Luis F. Jiménez, Bertha Santoscoy-Noro, and Jorge Seall Sassian.

During the visit, the Inter-American Commission met with President Alberto Fujimori, members of his Cabinet, and the Office of the Attorney General for Human Rights and Defense of the People, among others. Two subcommissions traveled to the interior of the country, to Tarapoto, Tocache, Ayacucho, and Huancayo. The IACHR also met with human rights institutions—the National Human Rights Coordinator, the Andean Commission of Jurists, and the Episcopal Social Action Commission—and received individuals and members of institutions representative of Peruvian society. It also met with the Commission of Relatives of the Disappeared (COFADER), journalists and directors of media outlets, and the Association of Democratic Attorneys of Peru, and visited the Castro Castro Prison.

The IACHR had also visited Peru May 8-18, 1989. With the information gathered during both visits, and through other mechanisms, the IACHR prepared a Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Peru, which was approved on March 12, 1993.

1990

Guatemala – January 29–February 3

The IACHR carried out a visit to Guatemala from January 29 to February 3, 1990. The delegation was composed of the Vice-Chair of the IACHR, Leo Valladares Lanza, and Commissioner John Stevenson, as well as Assistant Executive Secretary David J. Padilla and human rights specialist Manuel Velasco Clark. The purpose of the visit was to carry out an investigation in situ in Case No. 10.400, having to do with the murders of 21 campesinos between November 22 and 29, 1988, in the mountainous region of Guatemala known as the Sierra Madre, near Las Minas Hill, El Soco Mountain, and the District of San Isidro. The visit also aimed to find out what investigations had been carried out by the appropriate bodies in the Republic of Guatemala.

Leo Valladares Lanza en la visita a El Aguacate. Crédito: Archivo CIDH Visita a El Aguacate. Crédito: Archivo CIDH
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The IACHR held meetings with the President of the Republic, the President of the Supreme Court, the Human Rights Ombudsman, Cabinet Ministers, and the Director General of the National Police, as well as with other national and departmental civilian and military authorities, the Forensic Medical Doctor, and judicial authorities. The delegation also met with the survivors, widows, and relatives of the victims, and with witnesses. In addition, the delegation held meetings with representatives of various political, humanitarian, and professional institutions. Two visits were made to the Chimaltenango region, to San Andrés Itsapa, El Agacate, and the Zone 302 Garrison. The delegation also traveled along the mountain paths where the kidnappings and search expeditions took place and where the victims’ graves and bodies were found.

Colombia – December 3-7

The IACHR visited Colombia December 3-7, 1990. The delegation was made up of Commission Chair Leo Valladares Lanza, Assistant Executive Secretary David Padilla, and human rights specialist Manuel Velasco Clark.

During its visit to Colombia, the Commission’s special delegation carried out an intensive program of activities that included interviews, hearings, and working meetings with the leading public officials of Colombia as well as with representatives of nongovernmental human rights organizations, petitioners in individual cases and people who had lodged complaints with the IACHR, representatives of various sectors of Colombian society, journalists, those sectors of the Church involved with programs to protect and defend human rights, and representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). The Special Commission also carried out an intensive agenda of interviews and working meetings with various nongovernmental human rights organizations in Colombia.

Haiti – April 17-20

The IACHR carried out a visit to Haiti April 17-20, 1990. The delegation was composed of Commission Chair Oliver H. Jackman, Vice-Chair Leo Valladares, and Commissioner Patrick L. Robinson, as well as Assistant Executive Secretary David J. Padilla and human rights specialists Luis F. Jiménez and Bertha Santoscoy.

The IACHR met with the President of Haiti, Ertha Pascal Trouillot, and other officials. It also met with representatives of human rights organizations and political parties, and talked to representatives of the press in order to learn about the state of freedom of expression. It also met with Haitian jurists and with representatives of trade unions, the industrial sector, the Chamber of Commerce, and the Church, as well as with other community leaders. The delegation traveled to Pont Sondé, St. Marc, and Piatre, where it obtained information about human rights violations and was able to observe the serious damage inflicted on the latter community. It also gave hearings to individuals from different social strata, from whom it received complaints, communications, and reports concerning respect for human rights.

On May 8, 1990, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Haiti.

1989

Panama – February 27–March 3

The IACHR visited Panama from February 27 to March 3, 1989. The delegation was composed of Commission Chair Marco Tulio Bruni Celli, Commissioners Oliver Jackman and Leo Valladares Lanza, Assistant Executive Secretary David Padilla, and specialists José Miguel Vivanco and Bertha Santoscoy.

The Commission held meetings with government officials and with representatives of different segments of Panamanian society, such as human rights groups, political parties, the news media, the Catholic Church, business organizations, organizations representing union and trade organizations, and humanitarian organizations and civic clubs. The Commission also visited several prison facilities.

On November 9, 1989, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Panama.

1988

Haiti – August 29–September 2

The IACHR carried out a visit to Haiti August 29-September 2, 1988. The delegation was unable to meet with the President of the military government, Henri Namphy, but it met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, General Hérard Abraham; the Minister of Justice, Brigadier General Fritz Antoine; and the Minister of Interior and National Defense, General Williams Regala, among others. Moreover, meetings were held with human rights organizations, political leaders, members of the written and oral press, and authorities of religious organizations, and with the commercial and labor sector. The delegation also traveled to St. Marc, Pont Sondé, Petite Riviere, Thomonde, Papaye, and Hinche, in order to verify the human rights situation in the interior of Haiti.

Visita a Fort Dimanche. Sentados, Mayor Isidore Pongnon (funcionario de gobierno), Monique Covington (Intérprete), Patrick L. Robinson, Christina Cerna y Diana P. Decker Comisionado Patrick L. Robinson con el Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores, Cnel. Herard Abraham
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On September 7, 1988, the Commission approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Haiti.

1985

Guatemala – May 6-10

The IACHR carried out a visit to Guatemala May 6-10, 1985. The delegation was made up of the Chair of the IACHR, César Sepúlveda; Commissioners Andrés Aguilar, Marco Gerardo Monroy Cabra, and Bruce McColm; the Assistant Executive Secretary, David Padilla; and human rights specialist Manuel Velasco Clark. The delegation met with officials of the executive and legislative branches, as well as with representatives of political organizations, professional bodies, religious authorities, and representatives of the private sector, the press, and labor and union entities. The delegation visited a center for detention and criminal rehabilitation. It  also traveled to the department of El Quiché and visited the area known as the “Ixil Triangle,” where it stopped to inspect San Felipe de Chenlá, Tzalbal, Acuel, and the Acumbal Camp, near the Nebaj runway. The IACHR directly and personally interviewed different individuals who make up the Civil Self-Defense Patrols as well as residents of each of the villages it visited. Numerous complaints were also lodged.

Reunión celebrada durante la visita de la CIDH a Guatemala. Crédito: Archivo CIDH Visita a una Comunidad Guatemalteca durante un funeral. Crédito: Archivo CIDH CIDH se reúne con el Grupo de Apoyo Mutuo durante la visita a Guatemala. Crédito: Archivo CIDH
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Following this visit, on October 3, 1985, the IACHR approved the Third Report on the Situation of Human Rights in the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish only).

Suriname – January 12-18

The IACHR carried out a visit to Suriname January 12-18, 1985. The delegation met with Acting Prime Minister E.L. Tjon Kie Sin and the Acting President of the Republic, L.P. Ramdat Misier; the Acting Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Oosterling; and a number of Cabinet members. The IACHR devoted at least half its time to private visits with religious, political, labor, press, university, and professional leaders. It also received a number of private citizens who wished to lodge complaints of human rights violations in the country. The delegation also traveled to the interior of the country and visited the Driettabeje community and the village of Tepoe, among other places.

On October 2, 1985, the IACHR approved the Second Report on the Human Rights Situation in Suriname.

1983

Suriname – June 20-24

The IACHR carried out a visit to Suriname June 20-24, 1983, at the invitation of the government. The delegation was composed of Commissioners Andrés Aguilar, Francisco Bertrand Galindo, and Tom J. Farer; the Executive Secretary, Edmundo Vargas Carreño; specialists Ernst Brea, Christina Cerna, and Diana Decker; and Claudio Grossman, as special adviser.

On October 6, 1983, the IACHR approved the Report on the Human Rights Situation in Suriname.

1982

Guatemala – September 21-26

The IACHR carried out a visit to Guatemala September 21-26, 1982. The delegation was made up of the Chair, Marco Gerardo Monroy Cabra; the Vice-Chair, César Sepúlveda; Commissioners Carlos A. Dunshee de Abranches, Tom J. Farer, and Francisco Bertrand Galindo; the Executive Secretary, Edmundo Vargas Carreño; the Assistant Executive Secretary, David Padilla; and human rights specialists Manuel Velasco Clark and Santiago Chaves Escoto.

Miembros de la CIDH y personal de la Secretaria Ejecutiva junto al Presidente de Guatemala, Efraín Ríos Montt y el ministro de relaciones exteriores de Guatemala. Créditos: Archivo CIDH La CIDH realiza una conferencia de Prensa en territorio guatemalteco. Créditos: Archivo CIDH.
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The Commission met with the President of Guatemala, Efraín Ríos Montt, and with other officials from the executive and judicial branches. It also met with representatives of political organizations, professional entities, and university institutions, and representatives of religious entities, press groups, indigenous organizations, private companies, and women’s organizations, among others. In the interior of the country, the Commission visited the following places: the cities of Santa Cruz del Quiché and Chichicastenango and the villages of Parraxtut, Pichiquil, and El Pajarito, in the department of El Quiché; in the department of Huehuetenango, the city of that same name, as well as the localities of Nentón and the village of Colotenango; in the department of Alta Verapaz, Cobán, Pacayas, and Somuc; and in the department of Chimaltenango, Estancia de la Virgen, in the municipality of San Martín Jilotepeque, and Agua Caliente, in the municipality of San José de Poaquil.

On October 3, 1983, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in the Republic of Guatemala.

Nicaragua – May 1-9

The IACHR carried out a visit to Nicaragua May 1-9, 1982, at the invitation of the government. The delegation was composed of Commission Chair Tom J. Farer and Commissioners César Sepúlveda and Luis Demetrio Tinoco Castro, as well as human rights specialists Christina Cerna and Manuel Velasco Clark.

La Comisión visita el Interior de Nicaragua. Crédito: Archivo CIDH La Comisión recoge testimonios durante su visita a Nicaragua. Crédito: Archivo CIDH
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The Commission met with members of the Government Junta of National Reconstruction and other authorities, as well as with representatives of diverse religious, humanitarian, and professional organizations in the country. During the visit, the Commission traveled around Nicaragua studying the complaints it had received before its visit, particularly those related to allegations of abuses of the Miskito peoples. Part of the IACHR delegation traveled to Honduras on May 7, to learn about the situation of Nicaraguan Miskito refugees in that country. This subcommission was led by Luis Demetrio Tinoco Castro.

On November 29, 1983, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights of a Segment of the Nicaraguan Population of Miskito Origin.

1980

Colombia – April 21–28

The IACHR carried out a visit to Colombia April 21-28, 1980, at the invitation of the government. The delegation was composed of the Chair, Tom J. Farer; the Vice-Chair, Francisco Bertrand Galindo; Commissioners Carlos A. Dunshee de Abranches, Andrés Aguilar, and César Sepúlveda; the Executive Secretary, Edmundo Vargas Carreño; the Assistant Executive Secretary, David Padilla; and specialists Edgardo Paz Barnica and Manuel Velasco Clark.

The delegation met with President Julio César Turbay Ayala and other authorities; former presidents; human rights agencies; professional entities, union and trade and union organizations; representatives of private companies; and any civil society members who wished to lodge a complaint with the Commission. The IACHR traveled to the interior of the country, visiting Cali, the capital of the department of Valle del Cauca; Medellín, capital of the department of Antioquia; and Bucaramanga, capital of Santander. It held meetings with department and local officials and visited detention centers and military facilities.

On June 30, 1981, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in the Republic of Colombia.

Nicaragua – October 6-11

The IACHR carried out a visit to Nicaragua October 6-11, 1980, at the invitation of the government. The delegation was composed of the Chair, Tom J. Farer; the First Vice-Chair, Marco Gerardo Monroy Cabra; the Second Vice-Chair, Francisco Bertrand Galindo; and Commissioners Carlos A. Dunshee de Abranches, Luis Demetrio Tinoco Castro, and César Sepúlveda, as well as staff of the Executive Secretariat.

La Comisión encargada de la visita a Nicaragua recoge testimonios. Crédito: Archivo CIDH Miembro de la Comisión es entrevistado durante su recorrido por el interior de Nicaragua.
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The delegation met with members of the Government Junta of National Reconstruction, with the Vice President of the Supreme Court of Justice, and other high-level authorities. It also held meetings with representatives of political organizations, media executives, union organizations, the private sector, and members of the public who came to lodge complaints.

On June 30, 1981, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in the Republic of Nicaragua.

1979

Argentina – September 6-20

The IACHR conducted a visit to Argentina September 6-20, after seeking authorization from the government. The delegation was composed of the Chair of the IACHR, Andrés Aguilar; the Vice-Chair, Luis Demetrio Tinoco Castro; Commissioners Marco Gerardo Monroy Cabra, Carlos A. Dunshee de Abranches, Tom J. Farer, and Francisco Bertrand Galindo; the Executive Secretary, Edmundo Vargas Carreño; and human rights specialists Edgardo Paz Barnica, Guillermo Fernández de Soto, Manuel Velasco Clark, and Robert Norris.

CIDH visita presos políticos en la cárcel de Villa Devoto. Crédito: Cortesía del diario La Nación de Buenos Aires CIDH se reunió con la Junta Militar encabezada por el dictador Jorge Rafael Videla. Crédito: Cortesía del diario La Nación de Buenos Aires
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The Commission met with dictator Jorge Rafael Videla and the government military junta composed of Roberto E. Viola, Omar D. Graffigna, and Armando Lambruschini, among other authorities. The Commission also visited the cities of Córdoba, Tucumán, and Rosario. The Commission felt it was advisable to visit the former Presidents of the country, and it met with Arturo Frondizi; Roberto M. Levingston; Alejandro Agustín Lanusse; Héctor J. Cámpora, in asylum in the Embassy of Mexico; and Isabel Martínez de Perón, under house arrest in a country house in San Vicente, in Buenos Aires province. The IACHR also visited leaders of religious entities of different faiths; met with leaders of organizations for the protection of human rights; and talked to representatives of political organizations, professional associations, union and trade associations, women's associations, and commercial, industrial, and business entities, among others. During the entire visit, the Commission received complaints about human rights violations in Argentina.

On April 11, 1980, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Argentina.

1978

Haiti – August 16-25

The IACHR visited Haiti August 16-25, 1978, at the invitation of the government of Haiti. The delegation was composed of the Chair of the Commission, Andrés Aguilar; Commissioners Carlos García Bauer and Marco Monroy Cabra; and staff of the IACHR Executive Secretariat.

The IACHR visited the city of Port-au-Prince and two cities in the interior of the country, Cap Haitien and Jacmel. The Commission met with the President of the Republic, Jean-Claude Duvalier, and other authorities of the three branches of government, as well as with Metropolitan Office of the Archbishop, members of the diplomatic corps accredited to the Haitian government, civil society representatives, and local authorities, both civilian and military. The delegation received complaints and heard testimony from inhabitants of Haiti, as well as from spokespersons from a number of religious groups and representatives of professional and student associations, unions, and public and civic organizations. It visited the National Penitentiary of Port-au-Prince and local prisons in Cap Haitien and Jacmel, and was able to talk to prisoners freely and in private, including those who had expressed their desire to lodge complaints. The Commission also visited a number of factories, including Ciment d’Haiti, where there had been recent labor disputes, and met separately and in private with management, workers, and union leaders.

On September 13, 1979, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Haiti.

El Salvador – March 9-18

The IACHR visited El Salvador March 9-18, 1978. The Commission delegation was made up of Vice-Chair Carlos A. Dunshee de Abranches; Commissioners Gabino Fraga and José Joaquín Gori; the Executive Secretary, Edmundo Vargas Carreño; and human rights specialists Roberto Álvarez  and Juan Roberto Eskenasy. The IACHR met with the President, General Carlos Humberto Romero, and other authorities of the executive branch and the judiciary, as well as with religious and university authorities. It visited detention centers to gather information about the situation of persons deprived of liberty. The Commission traveled to Aguilares, where it met with individuals from the area who lodged complaints and offered testimony regarding human rights violations, and held meetings with local judicial authorities. In addition, the Commission met with individuals representing many other segments of the population, such as representatives of the coalition of political parties that made up the primary opposition to the government, the Committee of Relatives of the Disappeared, and persons who alleged that they had been subject to arbitrary detentions and physical force.

On November 17, 1978, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in El Salvador.

Nicaragua – October 3

At the invitation of the government and in consideration of the resolution of the Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, the Inter-American Commission began a visit to Nicaragua on October 3, 1978. The delegation was composed of the Chair of the IACHR, Andrés Aguilar; Vice-Chair Carlos A. Dunshee de Abranches; Commissioners Carlos García Bauer, Fernando Volio Jiménez, Tom J. Farer, and Marco Gerardo Monroy Cabra; the Executive Secretary of the Commission, Edmundo Vargas Carreño; Assistant Executive Secretary Charles Moyer; and human rights specialists Roberto Álvarez  and Jorge Suárez Marill.

Nicaragua - 3 de octubre de 1978 Nicaragua - 3 de octubre de 1978
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During its visit, the Commission received numerous complaints regarding human rights violations that were occurring under the government of General Anastasio Somoza.

On November 17, 1979, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Nicaragua.

Panama – November 29-December 7

From November 29 to December 7, 1978, the IACHR carried out an onsite visit to Panama at the invitation of the head of government, Omar Torrijos. The delegation was composed of IACHR Chair Andrés Aguilar, Commissioners Fernando Volio Jiménez and Tom Farer, and human rights specialists Charles Moyer, Roberto Álvarez , and Robert E. Norris. The delegation visited Panama City, Colón, and David, the capital of Chiriquí province, considered to be the center of the opposition. In Panama City, the Commission held meetings with the President, Demetrio Lakas; the Head of Government, Omar Torrijos; and other government officials, such as Head of Military Intelligence Manuel Noriega, the Minister of Government and Justice, the Attorney General, the Justices of the Supreme Court, and members of the National Legislative Council. It visited detention centers and talked freely and in private with prisoners and was able to observe their living conditions. It received visits from persons who requested hearings, representatives of professional associations (lawyers, businesspeople, and journalists), unions, and political, student, and civic organizations. It also interviewed spokespersons of various religious groups.

On June 22, 1978, the IACHR approved the Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Panama.

1974

Chile – July 22-August 2, 1974

The Inter-American Commission carried out a visit to Chile in 1974. The delegation was made up of the Chair, Justino Jiménez de Aréchaga; Vice-Chair Carlos A. Dunshee de Abranches; and Commissioners Manuel Bianchi, Robert F. Woodward, and Genaro R. Carrió.

On October 25, 1974, the IACHR approved the Report on the Status of Human Rights in Chile.

1969

El Salvador and Honduras – July 4-10

El Salvador and Honduras asked the IACHR to pay a visit their territories to confirm various human rights violations being perpetrated against their nationals living in each other’s countries. The government of El Salvador requested that the IACHR carry out a visit to verify human rights violations being committed against Salvadorans living in Honduras. For its part, Honduras made a request to the Commission to conduct a visit to verify acts of aggression against its nationals in Salvadoran territory. The IACHR visited both countries July 4-10, 1969. The delegation was composed of Commissioners Justino Jiménez de Aréchaga and Manuel Bianchi, Executive Secretary Luis Reque, and human rights specialist Guillermo Cabrera.

On April 29, 1970, the Commission approved a report (Spanish only) on these visits.

1966

Dominican Republic – November 1965-June 1966

The Commission carried out a visit to the Dominican Republic in 1966, at the invitation of the President of the provisional government, Héctor García Godoy. The purpose of the visit was to observe the human rights situation during the process of political normalization. The delegation was composed of Commission Chair Manuel Banchi and Commissioners Ángela Acuña de Chacón, Carlos A. Dunshee de Abranches, Daniel Hugo Martins, and Durward V. Sandifer. The Commission traveled throughout the interior of the country and visited prisons such as La Victoria and Bonao Prison, in addition to meeting with authorities and civil society representatives.

The IACHR approved the report on this visit on October 28, 1966.

1965

Dominican Republic – June 1–September 5

On June 1, 1965, the IACHR began a visit to the Dominican Republic. The delegation was composed of the Chair of the Commission, Manuel Bianchi, and Commissioners Carlos Alberto Dunshee de Abranches, Ángela Acuña de Chacón, and Durward V. Sandifer, as well as IACHR Executive Secretary Luis Reque and human rights specialists Isidoro Zanotti, Renzo Minut, Álvaro Gómez, and Guillermo Cabrera. The IACHR carried out the visit to examine the human rights situation in the country, after being asked to do so by the so-called Constitutional Government and the so-called Government for National Reconstruction, both of which had been installed following the start, on April 24, 1965, of a movement that affected the country’s stability and led to the deaths of thousands of people and innumerable human rights violations. The IACHR met with the President of the Constitutional Government, Francisco Camaño, and with the President of the Government of National Reconstruction, Antonio Imbert Barrera. The Commission also visited San Francisco de Macorís, San Pedro de Macorís, La Vega, Barahona, Baní, Isla Beata, Santiago de los Caballeros, Puerto Plata, San Cristóbal, the Haina Naval Base and Las Calderas Naval Base, Azua, and Monte Plata, in order to observe the human rights situation in those cities and locales.

On October 15, 1965, the Commission approved the Report on the Actions of the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights in the Dominican Republic (Spanish only).