Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR)

Precautionary Measures

Resolution No. 17/21
PM 1076-18 - Carlos Ramon Brenes Sánchez and his nuclear family, Nicaragua

On February 25, 2021, the IACHR decided to grant precautionary measures to Carlos Brenes and his family in Nicaragua. The Commission identified Mr. Brenes as a leader among retired military personnel and the population of Masaya and Carazo. Furthermore, he is recognized for being a dissident voice, particularly after the events of April 2018. In this context, the IACHR noted that Mr. Brenes has been subjected to acts of harassment, intimidation and threats. In particular, it noted that such acts have been attributed to police officers, and have also been perpetrated against members of Mr. Brenes' family. Consequently, the State was requested to: a) adopt the necessary measures to guarantee the rights to life and personal integrity of Carlos Ramon Brenes Sánchez and his family. In particular, the State must ensure that the rights of the beneficiaries are respected in accordance with the standards established by international human rights law, both by its agents and with regard to acts of risk attributable to third parties; b) agree on the measures to be adopted with the beneficiary and his representatives; and c) report on the actions taken to investigate the alleged facts that gave rise to the adoption of the precautionary measure at hand, so as to prevent them from reoccurring.

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Resolution No. 16/21
PM 907-20 - Kevin Adrián Monzón Mora and his nuclear family, Nicaragua

On February 22, 2021, the IACHR granted precautionary measures to Kevin Adrián Monzón Mora and his family in Nicaragua. In the current context of the country, the Commission identified that, after making several posts on "Tik Tok", Kevin Adrián Monzón has been exposed to threats, harassment, intimidation and acts of violence, including while in the custody of the State. Consequently, the Commission requested that the State of Nicaragua: a) adopt the necessary measures to guarantee the rights to life and personal integrity of Kevin Adrián Monzón Mora and his family. In particular, the State must ensure that the rights of the beneficiaries are respected in accordance with the standards established by international human rights law, both by its agents and in relation to acts of risk attributable to third parties. This includes the adoption of measures so that he can freely exercise his freedom of expression without being subjected to threats, intimidation, harassment or aggression; b) agree on the measures to be adopted with the beneficiary and his representatives; and c) report on the actions taken to investigate the alleged facts that gave rise to the adoption of this precautionary measure so as to avoid such acts from reoccurring.

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Resolution No. 14/21
PM 1101-20 - 20 identified members of the San Isidro Movement (MSI), Cuba

On February 11, 2021, the IACHR granted precautionary protection measures in favor of 20 identified members of the San Isidro Movement (MSI) in Cuba. According to the request received, the proposed beneficiaries are at risk due to threats, harassment, surveillance, persecution, detention and acts of violence by state actors and third parties because of their work as activists and journalists, human rights defenders in Cuba.After analyzing the allegations of fact and law provided by the petitioners, the Commission asked Cuba to adopt the necessary measures to protect the rights to life and personal integrity of the 20 identified members of the San Isidro Movement (MSI). To this end, the State must both ensure that its agents respect the life and personal integrity of the beneficiaries, and protect their rights in relation to acts of risk that are attributable to third parties, in accordance with the standards established by international law of human rights; b) adopt the necessary measures so that the beneficiaries can carry out their activities as human rights defenders, without being subjected to acts of violence, intimidation and harassment in the performance of their work; c) agree on the measures to be adopted with the beneficiaries and their representatives; and, d) report on the actions taken to investigate the alleged events that led to the adoption of this precautionary measure and thus avoid its repetition.

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Resolution No. 12/21
PM 1051-20 - 34 identified members of the digital newspaper “El Faro”, El Salvador

@falta

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Resolution No. 11/21
PM 664-20 - Olman Onel Salazar Umanzor and his nuclear family, Nicaragua

El 4 de febrero de 2021, la CIDH otorgó medidas cautelares a favor de Olman Onel Salazar Umanzor y su núcleo familiar, en Nicaragua. El señor Salazar tiene un liderazgo tanto en su comunidad como en el movimiento ambientalista. La Comisión valoró los diversos actos continuados de amenazas de agresión, descalificaciones, intimidaciones, seguimientos y hostigamientos en su contra a lo largo del tiempo, particularmente tras los sucesos de abril de 2018. En consecuencia, la Comisión solicitó al Estado que: a) adopte las medidas necesarias para garantizar los derechos a la vida e integridad personal de Olman Onel Salazar Umanzor y su núcleo familiar. En particular, el Estado debe asegurar que los derechos de los beneficiarios sean respetados de conformidad con los estándares establecidos por el derecho internacional de los derechos humanos, tanto por sus agentes, como en relación con actos de riesgo atribuibles a terceros; b) concierte las medidas a adoptarse con el beneficiario y sus representantes; y, c) informe sobre las acciones adoptadas a fin de investigar los presuntos hechos que dieron lugar a la adopción de la presente medida cautelar y evitar así su repetición.

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Resolution No. 7/21
PM 211-20 - Juan Antonio Madrazo Luna, Marthadela Tamayo y Oswaldo Navarro Veloz, Cuba

El 19 de enero de 2021, la CIDH otorgó medidas cautelares de protección a favor de Juan Antonio Madrazo Luna, Marthadela Tamayo y Oswaldo Navarro Veloz en Cuba. Según se alegó, las personas beneficiarias, integrantes del Comité Ciudadanos por la Integración Racial - CIR”, se encontrarían en una situación de riesgo como resultado del ejercicio de su labor como activistas. De acuerdo a la solicitud recibida, los propuestos beneficiarios se encuentran en una situación de riesgo debido a amenazas, hostigamientos, vigilancias, persecuciones, detenciones y actos de violencia por parte de agentes estatales y terceros, presuntamente como resultado de su labor como defensores de derechos humanos en Cuba. Tras analizar las alegaciones de hecho y de derecho aportadas por los solicitantes, la Comisión solicitó a Cuba que adopte las medidas necesarias para proteger los derechos a la vida e integridad personal del Juan Antonio Madrazo Luna, Marthadela Tamayo y Oswaldo Navarro Veloz. A tales efectos, el Estado debe tanto asegurar que sus agentes respeten la vida e integridad personal de las personas beneficiarias, como proteger sus derechos en relación con actos de riesgo que sean atribuibles a terceros, de conformidad con los estándares establecidos por el derecho internacional de los derechos humanos; adopte las medidas necesarias para que las personas beneficiarias puedan desarrollar sus actividades como defensores de derechos humanos, sin ser objeto de actos de violencia, intimidación, hostigamientos y detenciones en el ejercicio de sus labores. Lo anterior incluye la adopción de medidas para que pueda ejercer su libertad de expresión; concierte las medidas a adoptarse con las personas beneficiarias y sus representantes; e, informe sobre las acciones adoptadas a fin de investigar los presuntos hechos que dieron lugar a la adopción de la presente medida cautelar y así evitar su repetición.

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Resolution No. 6/21
PM 207-20 - Ricardo Calderón Villegas, Colombia

On January 14, 2021, the IACHR granted precautionary measures of protection in favor of Ricardo Calderón Villegas, in Colombia. According to the allegations, Mr. Calderón is at risk due to threats, surveillance and monitoring by individuals identified as agents of the State and other third parties, as a result of his investigations in his capacity as a journalist. Having analyzed the arguments of fact and law submitted by the parties, the Commission requested that Colombia adopt the necessary measures to protect the rights to life and personal integrity of Ricardo Calderón Villegas, allowing him to continue to carry out his journalistic activities under safe conditions; to agree on the measures to be adopted with the beneficiary and his representatives; and to report on the actions taken in order to investigate the alleged facts that gave rise to the adoption of this precautionary measure so as to prevent their recurrence.

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Resolution No. 5/21
PM 1068-20 - Yandier García Labrada, Cuba

On January 7, 2021, the IACHR granted precautionary measures in favour of Yandier García Labrada. According to the request, the beneficiary, who is an activist and member of the Christian Liberation Movement, is currently detained in the “El Típico” prison for the crimes of “contempt and public disorder.” He finds himself at risk in the context of his deprivation of liberty as a result of an alleged lack of adequate medical care following beatings received during his detention. Having analyzed the submissions of fact and law presented by the applicants, the Commission considers that the information presented demonstrates prima facie that Mr. Yandier García Labrada finds himself in a serious and urgent situation, given that his rights to life and personal integrity are at risk of irreparable harm. Consequently, in accordance with Article 25 of the IACHR’s Rules of Procedure, the Commission requests that Cuba: a) adopt the necessary measures to protect the life and personal integrity of Mr. Yandier García Labrada; in particular, guarantee that his conditions of detention are in conformity with the applicable international standards; b) agree upon the measures to be implemented with the beneficiary and his representatives; and, c) report on the actions taken in order to investigate the alleged events that led to the adoption of this resolution with the aim of preventing their reoccurrence.

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Resolution No. 4/21( EXTENSION )
PM 1286-18 - Twenty persons diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis, Venezuela

On January 7, 2021, the IACHR decided to extend precautionary measures to twenty persons with multiple sclerosis in Venezuela. According to the beneficiaries’ representation, these individuals are at risk due to the lack of adequate medical treatment for their medical conditions. The Venezuelan Institute of Social Security (IVSS) is allegedly not delivering the prescribed medicines required by the beneficiaries for their medical conditions, despite the actions taken to obtain them. The impacts on the health of the people suffering as a result of the lack of their prescribed medical treatments were detailed in the request. Consequently, in accordance with Article 25 of the Rules of Procedure of the IACHR, the State of Venezuela was requested to: a) Adopt the necessary measures to protect the life, personal integrity, and health of the beneficiaries, by adopting immediate measures that enable access to adequate medical treatment, including the necessary medications as prescribed by the corresponding doctors, as well as the diagnoses and examinations to regularly evaluate their state of health, according to the applicable international standards.

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Resolution No. 3/21
PM 968-20 - Mariano Valle Peters, Nicaragua, Nicaragua

On January 8, 2021, the IACHR decided to grant precautionary measures in favor of Mariano Valle Peters, after finding that his right to freedom of expression is at serious and urgent risk of irreparable harm in Nicaragua. Upon analyzing the request, the Commission considered the exceptional context of the human rights crisis that Nicaragua is undergoing, which has been directly confirmed by the IACHR and monitored by its MESENI. The Commission noted that, according to the available information, Mr. Valle Peters owns and oversees the general editorial line of the media outlet Canal 12, reportedly the only nationwide television station that constantly relays the news with a critical view of the government. Furthermore, the Commission found that Mr. Valle Peters faces serious difficulties in exercising his right to freedom of expression, due to his role within the television media and within the current context of Nicaragua. Therefore, Nicaragua was urged to guarantee the measures that will allow the beneficiary to continue exercising his right to freedom of expression, by adopting the pertinent actions and refraining from adopting those that hinder such right. Among such measures, the State is requested to refrain from carrying out the decision to auction or sell the Canal 12 media outlet until an examination has been made of the impact that such a decision would have on the exercise of Mr. Valle Peters' freedom of expression.

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