Universal Civil Identity Program in the Americas (PUICA)


AG/RES. was adopted in the General Assembly of the year 2008. 2362 (XXXVIII-O/08) Inter-American program for the Universal Civil registration and right to identity. This program entrusts the General Secretariat of the OAS to assist Member States in their efforts to achieve universality and accessibility of the civil registry, and comply with the goal of universal birth registration by 2015.

Identity is a fundamental human right, which has been historically recognized in several international legislative bodies: 

  • FOLLOW-UP TO THE INTER-AMERICAN PROGRAM FOR UNIVERSAL CIVIL REGISTRY AND THE “RIGHT TO IDENTITY” - (Agreed upon by the Permanent Council at its meeting of May 25, 2012)

  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
    • Article 6: Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
    • Article 15: Everyone has the right to a nationality.

  • American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man (1948)
    • Article 17: Every person has the right to be recognized everywhere as a person having rights and obligations, and to enjoy the basic civil rights.
    • Article 19: Every person has the right to the nationality to which he is entitled by law and to change it, if he so wishes, for the nationality of any other country that is willing to grant it to him.

  • Convention on the Rights of a Child (1948)
    • Article 7: The child shall be registered immediately after birth and shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and. as far as possible, the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents.
    • Article 8: States Parties undertake to respect the right of the child to preserve his or her identity, including nationality, name and family relations as recognized by law without unlawful interference.