Fernando Henrique Cardoso was President of the Federative Republic of
Brazil for two successive mandates (from 01/01/1995 to 01/01/2003),
winning both elections by an absolute majority.
Among his current functions, Fernando Henrique Cardoso is President
of the United Nations Panel of Eminent Personalities on the relationship
between the Organization and civil society. Professor “at large” at the
Brown University, Providence, and “Cultures of the South” Professor at
the Library of Congress, Washington.
He was born in Rio de Janeiro in 1931. He is married and has three
A sociologist trained at the University of São Paulo, he emerged
since the late 1960s as one of the most influential figures in the
analysis of large-scale social change, international development,
dependency, democracy, and state reform. Building on this successful
intellectual and academic career, Cardoso became deeply involved in
Brazil's struggle for democracy to overcome the authoritarian military
regime (1964-1985). Elected Senator in 1982, he was a founding member of
the Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB). He served as Minister of
Foreign Relations in 1992-93 and Minister of Finance in 1993-94.
Former Professor Catedrático of Political Science, to-day Professor
Emeritus, at the University of São Paulo, he served as Associate
Director of Studies at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales,
and visiting professor at the Collège de France and at the University of
Paris-Nanterre. He taught at Cambridge as Simon Bolivar Professor, and
at the Universities of Stanford and California at Berkeley, member of
the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton.
He is the recipient of a number of prestigious “Honoris Causa”
degrees as well as other honors and awards, and is also author of
various works and essays on political, social and economic issues.