IACHR

Resolutions to Lift Precautionary Measure

PM 425/11 – Arnoldo Ariel Vélez Estigarribia and His Household, Argentina (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On June 24, 2016, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measure 425/11, which had been granted on November 18, 2011, in favor of Arnoldo Ariel Vélez Estigarribia and his household. Arnoldo Ariel Vélez Estigarribia had been the victim of attacks by agents of the Federal Correctional Complex No. 2 of Marcos Paz, where he was detained. As a result, the Commission had requested the adoption of precautionary measures to protect the life and physical integrity of those identified, among other measures. Read the resolution (in Spanish).

PM 331/02 – Some members of the  Central Union of Workers  (CUT) and the Permanent Committee for the Defense of Human Rights (CPDH), Colombia (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On November 25, 2015, the Commission lifted Precautionary Measure 301/02, granted on August 27, 2002, in favor of Diego Osorio, Carlos Valencia and Aide Trujillo, among other persons belonging to the Central Union of Workers of Risaralda (CUT, in Spanish) and the Committee for the Defense of Human Rights (CPDH). The request presented to the Commission alleged that on August 21, 2002, the Colombian Teachers’ Trade Union of Risaralda received via fax a pamphlet signed by the self-proclaimed “Cacique Calarcá Bloc” of the “United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia” in which they were threatened to “leave the area within a maximum period of 15 days”, specifically mentioning the names of identified members of the CUT and the CPDH; among other acts that suggested that the life and personal integrity of the latter were at risk.  Consequently, the Commission requested that precautionary measures be adopted so as to protect the life and personal integrity of the identified persons, among other measures.

PM 292/02 – Members of Corpojurídico, Colombia (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On November 25, 2015, the Commission lifted Precautionary Measures 292/02, granted on August 6, 2002, in favor of the members of the Colombian Law Foundation (Corpojurídico). The request presented to the Commission alleged that María del Carmen Flores Jaime, attorney and member of Corpojurídico, was killed after meeting the mother of a victim in a case that the foundation was working on before the Inter-American System. Consequently, the Commission requested that precautionary measures be adopted to protect the life and personal integrity of the identified persons, members of the organization, among other measures.

PM 108/05 – Marcos Peralta Mendoza and his family, Colombia (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure

On November 25, 2015, the Commission lifted Precautionary Measures 108/05, granted on August 1, 2006, in favor of Marcos Peralta Mendoza and his family. The request presented to the Commission indicated that the journalist and his family, were the target of death threats from May, 2005, and other acts that may have put them at risk. Consequently, the Commission requested that precautionary measures be adopted to protect the life and personal integrity of the identified persons, among other measures.

PM 346/02 – Members of the CUT, sub directive of the Department of Atlántico, Colombia (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On November 23, 2015, the Commission lifted Precautionary Measures 346/02, granted on October 4, 2002, in favor of Antonio García Barrios, among others, who were identified members of the sub directive of the Department of Atlántico of the Central Union of Workers (CUT). The request presented to the Commission indicated that the identified persons were declared a military target by the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC). The criminal forces such as “los chamos,” “los mezas,” “muerte a activistas revolucionarios,” and “Braca el que no falla” distributed written threats in the metropolitan area which read “you will suffer the same fate as Ricardo Orozco, because you are guerrillas” –Mr. Orozco was an ANTHOC union leader, assassinated on September 27, 2001.  Consequently, the Commission requested that precautionary measures be adopted to protect the life and personal integrity of the identified persons, among other measures.

PM 304/08 – Diomedes Meneses Carvajalino, Colombia (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On November 24, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 304/08, granted on April 9, 2010, in favor of Diomedes Meneses Carvajalino. The request presented to the Commission indicated that the life and health of Mr. Meneses Carvajalino were in grave danger, in view that the prison he was in had not provided him with adequate medical care to address a health problem he has had since the beginning of 2009, which put him at risk. Consequently, the IACHR requested that precautionary measures be adopted so as to protect the life, personal integrity, and health of Diomedes Meneses Carvajalino, among other measures.

PM 25/98 - Domingo Rafael Tovar Arrieta, Colombia (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On December 11, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 25/98, granted on November 21, 1997, in favor of Domingo Rafael Tovar Arrieta, Colombia, a member of the Executive Committee of the Central Union of Workers (CUT). The request presented to the Commission indicated that Mr. Tovar had received death threats as reprisal for the work he was performing as trade union leader.  On June 14, 1994, when he was at the transport terminal in the city of Bogota, Mr. Tovar was violently thrown into a car carrying four individuals, presumably from intelligence and security agencies of the Colombian state.  Later on, Mr. Tovar was set free.  In August 1995, Mr. Tovar received an anonymous death threat and in May, 1997, he was the target of an attack.   Consequently, the Commission requested that precautionary measures be adopted in order to protect the life and personal integrity of Mr. Domingo Rafael Tovar Arrieta, among other measures.

PM 995/04 – Holmes Enrique Fernández and other members of ASOCAIDENA, Colombia  (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On December 11, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 995/04, granted on October 14, 2004, in favor of Holmes Enrique Fernández and other members of ASOCAIDENA. The request presented to the IACHR indicated that the members of ASOCADEINA–integrated by displaced persons,  now relocated in La Laguna, Timbío, Department of Cauca– have been the target of threats against their life and personal safety by members of paramilitary groups operating in the area and that, on September 30, 2004, Holmes Enrique Fernández and Jorge Salazar were the targets of an ultimatum by paramilitary groups, indicating that the time had come to settle scores with the leaders of the association for their activity in the region of Alto Naya.  Consequently, the Commission requested that precautionary measures be adopted to protect the lives and physical integrity of the beneficiaries, among other measures.

PM 131/12 - Hernán Henry Díaz, Colombia (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On December 21, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 131/12, granted on June 11, 2012, in favor of Hernán Henry Díaz. The information presented to the Commission indicated the alleged forced disappearance of Hernan Henry Díaz, a peasant leader, member of the Coordination of Social, Peasant, Afro descendent and Indigenous Organizations of the Department of Putumayo, member of the National Federation of Agricultural Farming Unions, and leader of the social and political movement Marcha Patriótica (Patriotic March). According to the information received, the last time that anyone heard from Hernán Henry Díaz was on April 18, 2012, when through a text message he communicated that he was on his way to Bogotá  to participate in the launching of the Marcha Patriótica. Consequently, the Commission requested that the necessary measures were adopted so as to determine the situation and whereabouts of Hernán Henry Díaz and to protect his life and personal integrity; among other measures.

PM 520/03 – José Ramiro Orijuela, Colombia (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On December 21, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 520/03, granted on July 2. 2003, in favor of José Ramiro Orijuela. The information presented indicated that he has been the target of persistent threats against his life and personal integrity by the AUC due to his legal work and his membership in the Unión Patriótica. Prior to the request for precautionary measures, his colleague, attorney Absalón Achury, had been kidnapped by members of the AUC and his corpse was found in San Juan de Arama, department of Meta. Consequently, the Commission requested that precautionary measures be adopted to protect José Ramiro Orijuela’s the life and personal integrity; among other measures.

PM 613/03 – Workers of the Health Mission of Hospitals in Arauca, Colombia (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On December 21, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures PM 613/03, granted on November 13, 2003, in favor of the identified workers of the health mission of hospitals in Arauca. The information presented alleged that the beneficiaries had been the target of a series of threats, acts of violence, and intimidation, some of which had deadly consequences. Therefore, the Commission requested that precautionary measures be adopted to protect the life and personal integrity of said beneficiaries; among other measures.

PM 937/04 – 49 Families displaced from Ariari, Colombia (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On December 21, 2004, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 937/04, granted on August 17, 2004, in favor of the members of 49 displaced families from Ariari (Civilian Community for Life and Peace). The information presented to the Commission alleged that the displaced persons were scattered in a series of neighborhoods living in misery and/or marginal conditions and under the control of the same paramilitary-type structures that led to their displacement from the municipality of Castillo, on the border of the former zone of détente, due to alleged acts of violence. Consequently, the Commission requested that precautionary measures be adopted to protect the life and personal integrity of the beneficiaries, among other measures.

PM 115/05 – Nery Roberto Barrios de Leon et al., Guatemala (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On November 23, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 115/15, granted on July 19, 2015, in favor of Nery Roberto Barrios de Leon and others. The information available indicated that Nery Roberto Barrios de León, Jovial Acevedo Ayala, and Walter Robles had been harassed and had received a series of threats to their lives and physical integrity, due to their work as part of the Teachers’ Trade Union of Guatemala. As a result, the Commission requested that precautionary measures were to be adopted to protect the life and personal integrity of the beneficiaries, among other measures.

PM 157/01 – Anabella De León Ruiz et al., Guatemala (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On December 14, 2015, the Commission lifted Precautionary Measures 157/01, granted on December 2001, in favor of Anabella De León Ruiz and others. The information presented indicated that the identified persons had publicly and judicially denounced the alleged use by the Guatemalan vice-president of the National Printing Press to print 20,000 posters and 500,000 handbills bearing accusations and slanderous comments about the president of the Guatemalan Chamber of Commerce, which were later distributed anonymously in the nation’s capital and other cities. As a result of these complaints, Silvia Méndez not only was asked to resign but also received a series of serious death threats that forced her to flee the country. In turn, Magda Arceo and Anabella De León also received death threats and were subjected to harassment.  Consequently, the Commission requested that precautionary measures be adopted to protect the life and personal integrity of the beneficiaries; among other measures.

PM 447/03 - María de los Ángeles Monzón Paredes and her two under aged children, Guatemala (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On December 14, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 447/03, granted on March 18, 2003, in favor of María de los Angeles Monzón Paredes and her two under aged children. The information available indicated that the beneficiary had been threatened in the wake of publishing articles on the situation of the Azmitia Dorantes’ family –the petitioner in a case before the IACHR– and the assassination of indigenous leader Antonio Pop. In addition, in the early morning hours of March 2, 2003, unknown persons entered her home, checked her vehicles, and removed parts of her property, allegedly to make it look like a robbery. Consequently, the Commission requested that precautionary measure be adopted to protect the life and personal integrity of the identified persons; among other measures.

PM 308/08 - Danilo del Arca et al., Honduras (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On November 25, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 308/08 granted on December 12, 2008, in favor of Danilo del Arca and other identified persons, who are community leaders in the town of Villanueva, Department of Cortés.  The request for precautionary measures indicated that the afore-named leaders are the targets of threats and attacks due to their land-claiming activities. It also indicated that a number of community leaders from the area have allegedly been killed recently. Consequently, the Commission requested that precautionary measures be adopted to protect the life and personal integrity of the beneficiaries; among other measures.

PM 50/11- Jimena Castillo and other women, Honduras (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On December 11, 2015 the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 50/11, granted on March 7, 2011, in favor of Jimena Castillo and other women. The request for precautionary measure alleged that on February 13, 2011, Jimena Castillo Canales and Lorena Ruiz were traveling in a vehicle when two masked individuals reportedly shot at them 15 times. Jimena Castillo was wounded in the arm, and eight bullets hit the vehicle. Consequently, the Inter-American Commission requested that precautionary measures be adopted to guarantee the beneficiaries' life and physical integrity; among other measures.

PM 276/11 - “X”, Honduras (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On December 11, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 276/11 granted on September 15, 2011, in favor of “X”, under aged. The precautionary measure request indicated that on June 19, 2011, X and a friend had allegedly been detained by three police officers of Comayagüela. It also stated that this friend was allegedly released on that same day, but when X’s family went to pick up X from the police station, the officers provided inconsistent information on the whereabouts of X. Consequently, the Commission requested that precautionary measures be adopted to determine the whereabouts of X and to protect the life and personal integrity of X investigate the actions that led to the request of said precautionary measure.

PM 305/11 - Wilmer Nahúm Fonseca et al., Honduras (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On December 26, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 305/11, granted on October 13, 2011, in favor of Wilmer Nahúm Fonseca and others. The precautionary measure request claimed that six members of Wilmer Nahúm Fonseca’s family were disappeared in 2009 and 2010 by agents of the National Police. It also reports that his father, Apolonio Fonseca Mejía, was killed on June 27, 2011, and that his brother, Usai Fonseca Rodríguez, was the victim of a homicide attempt on October 3, 2011. The application indicates that the facts were reported to the authorities, but that no timely response was given. Consequently, the Commission requested that precautionary measures were adopted to protect the life and personal integrity of the identified persons; among other measures.

PM 314/13 – X, Y, Z, Mexico (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On October 26, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measure 314/13, which had been granted on March 6, 2015, for X, Y and Z, in Mexico. The request for precautionary measures alleged that the children were in a serious and urgent situation, because their right to family and to integrity, as part of their overall development, could be at risk of irreparable harm. The Commission had asked the State to adopt immediate measures, in light of the best interests of the child, to provide specialized services and support to ensure the children’s well-being. It also requested that the State, in keeping with the children’s interests and the protection they are due, immediately implement a system of visits under appropriate conditions, one that would guarantee the children’s access to their mother and extended family in an atmosphere that ensured that they could interact as normally as possible. The Commission also asked the State to take measures to ensure that this system was implemented effectively throughout the international restitution process. The precautionary measures for X, Y and Z no longer serve a purpose, as a result of the agreement signed between the parents and the lack of current information to assess the situation. As is the Commission’s practice, Resolution 40/2015 deciding to lift this precautionary measure is not being published to protect the children’s human rights.

PM 165/05 - Antonio Jacinto López Martínez, México (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On November 25, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 165/05, granted on July 29, 2005, in favor of Antonio Jacinto López Martínez. The information available alleged that on October 24, 2004, Mr. López Martínez was appointed mayor of the municipality de San Martín Itunyoso, Tlaxiaco, Oaxaca for the 2005-07 period under the system of uses and customs. Mr. López Martínez received death threats, warning him not to attend the swearing in ceremony, and he consequently did not report to assume office on the established date. Subsequently, when he attempted to take office, Mr. López Martínez and the people with him were targeted with gun shots and a total of four people were killed. On July 25, 2005, Mr. López Martínez was stopped by two individuals and his life was again threatened. Consequently, the Commission requested the adoption of precautionary measures to protect the life and personal integrity of Antonio Jacinto López Martínez; among other measures.

PM 265/07 - MAA and daughters, México (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On December 21, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 265/07, granted on February 12, 2008, for Mrs. MAA and her three daughters.  The request for precautionary measures alleged that one of the girls had been the victim of a number of acts involving sexual abuse.  It also claimed that after the incidents were reported the competent authorities, the girl was allegedly abducted between August 28 and 29, 2007, and that the family had allegedly been the target of harassment to force them to withdraw their complaint. Consequently, the Commission requested that precautionary measures be adopted to guarantee the life and physical integrity of the beneficiaries; among other measures.

PM 573/15 - X and others, México (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On December 29, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 573/15, granted on November 16, 2015, in favor of X, journalist, and his family. At the request of the petitioners, the beneficiaries’ identity was withheld, though they are duly identified in the documents sent by the IACHR to the State. X is a journalist who participated in meetings held by the IACHR during its onsite visit to Mexico, in September 2015. According to the request for measures, as a result of such participation he received threats and attacks that jeopardized his life and physical integrity, as well as the rights of his family. Consequently, the Commission requested that precautionary measures be adopted to protect the lives and physical integrity of X and the members of his immediate family; among other measures.

PM 207/06 - José Vinicio Aguilar Mancilla et al., México (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On December 31, 2015, the IACHR lifted Precautionary Measures 207/06, granted in favor of José Vinicio Aguilar Mancilla and others, alleged employees at “Radio 10”. The precautionary measures request claimed that the workers were victims of reprisals and intimidation acts, resulting from the corruption claims made by said radio station. Specifically, on August 23, 2006, presenter Vinicio Aguilar was attacked with a firearm and wounded, and journalist Rodolfo Castañeda received a death threat during his radio program. Also, interference on the radio frequencies increased, and broadcasting equipment stolen. In view of this, the Commission requested that precautionary measures were adopted to protect the life and physical integrity of the beneficiaries; among other measures.

PM 110/14 - Ramiro Hernández Llanas, United States (Resolution to Lift Precautionary Measure)

On October 26, 2015, the IACHR decided to lift precautionary measure 110/14, granted on March 19, 2014, on behalf of Ramiro Hernández Llanas, who was sentenced to the death penalty in the United States. The request for precautionary measures was attached to a petition on the alleged violation of the rights recognized in the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man, which as registered under the number P-455/14. The Commission asked the Government of the United States to refrain from executing Ramiro Hernández Llanas until such time as the IACHR has ruled on the merits of the individual petition lodged on behalf of the beneficiary. Subsequently, it was brought to the attention of the IACHR that on April 9, 2014, Mr. Ramiro Hernández Llanas was executed and, therefore, the precautionary measures are rendered moot as a result of his death.