The Annual Report of the IACHR is a regional reference instrument that compiles the human rights situation in the hemisphere, presenting the progress and challenges of the OAS Member States in this area; and offers the institutional achievements, work and activities carried out by the Commission to guarantee and protect the human rights of all persons in the region.

interactive / interactivo



The introduction describes the structure of the annual report and summarizes the progress made by the IACHR in 2023. It also discusses the status of Inter-American System instruments and progress on the ratification and signing of these.

Chapter I

Chapter II highlights the progress made on implementing the Strategic Plan 2023–2027 and the periods of sessions held in 2023. It lists the resolutions that were adopted and instances of cooperation with States and civil society. It also describes the IACHR’s relationship with the political organs of the OAS and discusses follow-up activities on recommendations and their impact.

IACHR Activities in 2023

Chapter II

The system of petitions and cases, friendly settlements and precautionary measures

Chapter II reflects the work carried out by the IACHR through its system of petitions, cases, precautionary measures, and friendly settlements and its work with the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

Chapter III

Chapter III covers the activities of the 11 offices of the country and thematic rapporteurs, working visits, requests for information, approved reports, and promotional and training activities.

Activities of thematic and country rapporteurs and promotion and training activities

Chapter IV

Situation of human rights in the Region

Chapter IVa summarizes the regional human rights situation and country perspectives in the following areas: democratic institutions, human rights, access to justice, citizen security, and equality and discrimination. This information is complemented by the annual reports from the Office of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression and the Office of the Special Rapporteur on Economic, Social, Cultural, and Economic Rights.

Chapter IVb—Cuba examines the human rights situation on the island, noting the lack of representative democracy and independence of the judiciary.

B - Special report: Cuba

B - Special report: Nicaragua

Chapter IVb—Nicaragua analyzes the serious human rights crisis in the country, which is characterized by the breakdown of constitutional and democratic order.

Chapter IVb—Venezuela describes the serious human rights crisis in the country resulting from the absence of the rule of law and the deterioration of democratic institutions.

B - Special Report: Venezuela

B - Special report: Guatemala

Chapter IVb—Guatemala highlights the intensification of judicial persecution and the criminalization of individuals in the judicial sphere in a context of continuous deterioration of human rights and the rule of law.

Chapter V

Chapter V—Brazil follows up on the recommendations made in the “Human Rights Situation in Brazil” report.

Second follow-up report on recommendations issued by the IACHR in its report on the situation of human rights in Brazil

Second follow-up report on compliance with the recommendations of the IACHR on the report on the situation of human rights in El Salvador

Chapter V—El Salvador follows up on the recommendations made in the “Human Rights Situation in El Salvador” report.

Chapter V—Mexico follows up on the recommendations made in the “Human Rights Situation in Mexico” report, approved on December 31, 2015.

Eighth follow-up report on the recommendations issued by the IACHR in its report on the situation of human rights in Mexico

Chapter VI

Institutional Development

Chapter VI includes information on the IACHR’s structure and personnel; financial resources and budget execution; planning, resource mobilization, and project management; and the technological advances achieved in 2023.


Mecanismos Nacionales de Implementación de Recomendaciones de Derechos Humanos

Pandemic and Human Rights

Labor and Union Rights in Cuba report

Impact of organized crime on women, girls and adolescents in the countries of northern Central America

The economic, social, cultural, and environmental rights of indigenous peoples and tribal people of African descent in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua

Situation of Environmental Human Rights Defenders in the northern Central American Countries

Organized Crime and the Rights of Children, Adolescents, and Young People: lines of action and the challenges facing States in northern Central America

Situation of Human Rights in Peru in the context of social protests

National Protection Systems and the Human Rights of Older Persons in the Americas

Women deprived of liberty in the Americas

IACHR Impacts: Compendium of academic articles

Poverty, Climate Change and ESCER in Central America and Mexico, in the Context of Human Mobility

Las enfermedades no transmisibles y los Derechos Humanos en las Américas

Practical guide: Estándares interamericanos sobre derechos económicos, sociales, culturales, y ambientales de personas afrodescendientes

Human mobility and protection obligations

Compendio de avances y medidas de cumplimiento de recomendaciones y otras decisiones

Primer Informe MESEG: seguimiento a las recomendaciones del GIEI-Bolivia

Migrants and Refugees from Venezuela

Practical guide: Situación de los derechos humanos en Brasil con enfoque étnico-racial: personas afrodescendientes, indígenas y Quilombolas

Closure of civic space in Nicaragua

Compendio sobre Institucionalidad Democrática, Estado de Derecho y Derechos Humanos

Report of the Office of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression

Report of the Special Rapporteur on Economic, Social, Cultural, and Environmental Rights (ESCERSR)

Doc. 386 rev. 1
December 31, 2023
Original: Spanish