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Conventions and Treaties related to Hemispheric Security

Treaties and conventions for which the OAS is depositary


American Treaty on Pacific Settlement (Pact of Bogota) 1948 Spanish

Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Treaty)
- Protocol of Amendment to the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Treaty) 1975

Inter-American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and other Related Materials 1997 (CIFTA)

Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions 1999 (CITAAC)

Subregional treaties and instruments


Declaration of Arequipa - XI Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas (Arequipa, Republic of Peru, October 12 to 14, 2014)

Brasilia Declaration of the Regional Preparatory Meeting of the Latin American and Caribbean States for the 2001 United nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects

Joint Presidential Declaration between Argentina and Chile on Confidence- and Security-Building 1999

Political Declaration of MERCOSUR, Bolivia and, Chile as a Zone of Peace 1999

Declaration by the Presidents of Central America and the Dominican Republic and the Representative of the Prime Minister of Belize to not procure strategic high-tech weapons, weapons of mass destruction, and costly weapons 1997

Treaty Establishing the Regional Security System 1996

Framework Treaty on Democratic Security in Central America  1995

Arms Control


Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction

Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction

Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco)

Palermo Convention: United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime


Antipersonnel mines


Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction (Ottawa Convention)


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