POLITICAL DECLARATION OF MERCOSUR, BOLIVIA, AND
AS A ZONE OF PEACE
THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE ARGENTINE REPUBLIC, THE REPUBLIC OF
BOLIVIA, THE FEDERATIVE REPUBLIC OF BRAZIL, THE REPUBLIC OF CHILE, THE REPUBLIC
OF PARAGUAY, AND THE EASTERN REPUBLIC OF URUGUAY
CONVINCED that peace is the main desire of our peoples, the
basis for the development of humanity, and an essential condition for the
present and future existence of MERCOSUR,
RATIFYING their commitment to the purposes and principles of
the Charter of the United Nations and the Charter of the Organization of
REAFFIRMING that strict adherence to these principles and
purposes, as well as to strengthening representative democracy, respect for
human rights, basic liberties, social progress, and the protection of the
environment are fundamental elements for strengthening peace and security in the
BEARING IN MIND that the progress in the integration processes
in which they are involved has made an effective contribution to establishing
the current climate of growing confidence and cooperation,
CONVINCED that an effective security system is fundamental for
the development of their peoples,
REITERATING the decision, taken through the adoption by the
General Assembly of the OAS of the Commitment of Santiago in 1991, to begin a
process of consultation on hemispheric security in light of new world and
REAFFIRMING the full effectiveness of the 1995 Declaration of
Santiago and the 1998 Declaration of San Salvador on Confidence and
Security-Building Measures and the need to continue to strengthen confidence and
security in the region,
STRESSING that the Parties have adopted different measures to
encourage a joint response to the threat of weapons proliferation, thus
contributing to the strengthening of the perception of a region united by
cooperation and free of the risks of an arms race, which would be unjustified in
our context of integration,
REITERATING their full support for the Treaty for the
Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of
Tlatelolco) and expressing their satisfaction with the full entry into force of
this instrument of nonproliferation in their territories,
REAFFIRMING the full effectiveness of the 1991 Commitment of
Mendoza for the Total Prohibition of Chemical and Biological Weapons, and
RECALLING that MERCOSUR is a process that is open to other
states in the region that share the above-mentioned principles,
1. DECLARE MERCOSUR, Bolivia and Chile a zone of peace, free of
weapons of mass destruction.
2. STATE that peace is essential to the continuation and
development of the MERCOSUR integration process.
3. STRENGTHEN existing consultation and cooperation mechanisms
on security and defense issues among its members, promote their progressive
coordination, and make progress on cooperation in the sphere of confidence- and
security-building measures and promote their implementation.
4. SUPPORT in the pertinent international fora the full force
and improvement of instruments and mechanisms for the non-proliferation of
nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction.
5. CARRY OUT joint efforts in pertinent international fora to
move forward, within the framework of a gradual and systematic process, with
strengthening international agreements aimed at achieving the objective of
nuclear disarmament and all aspects of non-proliferation.
6. MAKE PROGRESS towards establishing MERCOSUR, Bolivia y Chile
as an antipersonnel-land-mine-free zone and endeavor to spread this to include
the entire Western Hemisphere.
7. REAFFIRM their commitment to broadening and systematizing
the information they provide to the UN Register of Conventional Arms and
establish a uniform methodology for reporting military expenditure, with a view
to increasing transparency and developing confidence in this area.
8. SUPPORT the work of the Committee on Hemispheric Security of
the Organization of American States, in particular with regard to the mandate
given to the Committee through the Plan of Action of the Second Summit of the
9. PROMOTE cooperation among their members for exclusively
peaceful and safe use of nuclear energy, science, and space technology.
10. TRANSMIT THIS Declaration to the Secretaries General of the
United Nations and the Organization of American States and request that they
circulate it as an official document of those Organizations.
Issued at Ushuaia, Argentine Republic, on July 24, 1999.