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Costa Rica and Nicaragua


OAS Photo | Border Zone between Costa Rica and Nicaragua

Following a border issue between Costa Rica and Nicaragua over Calero Island in the San Juan River, the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States met in an emergency session on November 3, 2010 at the request of the Government of Costa Rica. Both countries expressed their desire to resolve the dispute swiftly and pacifically and invited the Secretary General to lead a Mission to the disputed area and report back to the Permanent Council on November 9, 2010 with its findings.

Photo: Presidency Costa Rica
OAS Secretary General Meets with The President of Costa Rica
Photo: OAS
Above, OAS Secretary General with the President of Nicaragua

During his trip from November 5-8, 2010, OAS Secretary General, José Miguel Insulza met with the President of Costa Rica, Laura Chinchilla, and Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega, as well as with their respective Foreign Ministers, René Castro and Samuel Santos, and other authorities. Secretary Insulza also flew over both sides of the area involved.


Photo: OAS | Permanent Council on the Costa Rica – Nicaragua Situation

On November 9, Secretary Insulza presented before the Permanent Council of the Organization his report on the visit conducted, which includes four recommendations on possible points of agreement between the two parties: to hold a meeting of the Binational Committee foreseen for November 27; to immediately renew conversations on the demarcation of the border; to avoid the presence of the armed or security forces in the area; and to instruct the pertinent authorities to review the mechanisms of bilateral cooperation to combat drug trafficking, organized crime and arms trafficking in the border area.

On November 12, a Special Meeting of the Permanent Council was convened to discuss the adoption of a Resolution based on the four recommendations made by the Secretary General to the Permanent Council. Following an extended debate, CP/RES. 978 (1777/10) was put to vote, and passed with 21 votes for the Resolution, 1 against and 3 abstentions.

On November 18, the Permanent Council met again to discuss a Resolution which would refer the border issue to a Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Organization of American States. Costa Rica was exercising its right as stipulated in the Charter of the Organization of American States (1948), Chapter X, Articles 61-65. Following debate in the Permanent Council, a vote was taken in which 22 countries voted in favor of Costa Rica’s Resolution, 1 against whilst 7 abstained.

On December 7, 2010, at the Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Organization of American States (OAS), the delegations of the Member States approved Resolution RC.26/RES. 1/10 on the situation between Costa Rica and Nicaragua with 24 votes in favor, two votes against and five abstentions, whereby they called upon the parties to implement, simultaneously and without delay, the recommendations adopted through resolution CP/RES. 978 (1777/10), “Situation in the Border Area between Costa Rica and Nicaragua,” of November 12, 2010.

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Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs to Address the Situation in the Border Area between Costa Rica and Nicaragua
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Permanent Council on the Costa Rica and Nicaragua Situation
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Permanent Council Meets to Address Costa Rica – Nicaragua Situation
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Documents

NOTE FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF COSTA RICA REQUESTING THE CONVOCATION OF A SPECIAL MEETING OF THE PERMANENT COUNCIL FOR WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2010
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APPOINTMENT OF A FACT-FINDING COMMISSION FOR THE SITUATION ON THE BORDER BETWEEN COSTA RICA AND NICARAGUA
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DRAFT RESOLUTION
APPOINTMENT OF A FACT-FINDING COMMISSION FOR THE SITUATION ON THE BORDER BETWEEN COSTA RICA AND NICARAGUA
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DRAFT AGENDA OF THE TWENTY-SIXTH MEETING OF CONSULTATION OF MINISTERS OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
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NOTA DE LA MISION PERMANENTE DE COSTA RICA (Only available in spanish)
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DOCUMENTS OF THE MEETING OF CONSULTATION OF MINISTERS OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

RESOLUTION ON THE SITUATION BETWEEN COSTA RICA AND NICARAGUA (Approved at the meeting held on December 7, 2010)
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PROCEDURE OF THE TWENTY-SIXTH MEETING OF CONSULTATION OF MINISTERS OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS (Adopted at the first plenary session, held on December 7, 2010)
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Participants List (Provisional Version)
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REPORT OF THE OAS SECRETARY GENERAL PURSUANT TO RESOLUTION CP/RES. 979 (1780/10)
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ORDER OF BUSINESS
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Press Release

January 11, 2011

Divulga Costa Rica imágenes satelitales sobre daño ambiental en frontera con Nicaragua

Nicaragua y Costa Rica debaten en La Haya

December 16, 2010

OAS Secretary General Welcomes Attempts to Renew Dialogue between Costa Rica and Nicaragua

December 7, 2010

OAS Secretary General Insulza Delivers Report to Foreign Ministers on Costa Rica-Nicaragua Situation

December 2, 2010

Press Registration for the Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs to Asses the "Situation in the Border Area Between Costa Rica and Nicaragua"

December 7, 2010

OAS Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs Approves Resolution on Costa Rica-Nicaragua Situation

November 16, 2010

OEA insistirá en diálogo (El Nuevo Diario)

Costa Rica insiste en solución en OEA y pedirá reunión de Cancilleres (EFE)

Decide Nicaragua 'sustraerse' de la OEA ante crisis con Costa Rica (Notimex)

País pide a OEA vigilancia y cita de cancilleres (La Nacion )

“Resolución OEA nos favorece” (El Nuevo Diario)

Nicaragua rechaza mediación de la OEA en diferendo fronterizo con Costa Rica (Andina)

November 9, 2010

OAS Secretary General Presents Recommendations following Visit to Costa Rica and Nicaragua

Report of the OAS Secretary General, José Miguel Insulza, On His Visit to Costa Rica and Nicaragua November 9, 2010, Washington, D.C.

November 8, 2010

OAS Secretary General Meets Again with President of Costa Rica

OAS Secretary General Flies Over Border Zone on Costa Rican Side

OAS Secretary General Concludes Visit to Costa Rica and Nicaragua and will Present Tomorrow a Report to the Permanent Council

OAS Permanent Council on Costa Rica – Nicaragua Situation to Reopen Tomorrow

Insulza sobrevolará zona de litigio y se reunirá con Chinchilla (EFE)

OEA confía en solución al conflicto entre Nicaragua y Costa Rica (BBC - UK)

Exhorta Insulza a Nicaragua y Costa Rica a restablecer confianza mutua (Notimex)

OEA intenta solucionar crisis por la vía del diálogo bilateral (Otro)

Insulza inspecciona frontera desde Nicaragua y prepara cita con Chinchilla (EFE)

Secretario General de la OEA realizará sobrevuelo sobre Isla Calero (Teletica)

Secretario OEA se reúne con presidentes de Costa Rica y Nicaragua (AP)

Insulza regresa a Costa Rica (El Nuevo Diario)

Insulza sobrevoló el río San Juan en helicóptero nica (El Nuevo Diario)

La OEA media en conflicto limítrofe (Otro)

Insulza visitará zona de conflicto entre Costa Rica y Nicaragua (AP)

Secretario general de OEA se reúne con presidente nicaragüense (Xinhua)

Concluyó titular de la OEA visita a Nicaragua (Prensa Latina)

Insulza llega a Costa Rica tras reunirse con Ortega y visitar zona de litigio (El Nacional)

Insulza visitará zona de conflicto en Isla Calero (El Heraldo)

Insulza confía en que diálogo resolverá diferendo entre Costa Rica y Nicaragua (Telesur)

OEA extiende misión mediadora en conflicto limítrofe entre Nicaragua y Costa Rica (AFP)

Insulza sobrevoló zona fronteriza, foco litigio entre Nicaragua y Costa Rica (Ultimas Noticias)

Chinchilla ausente en reunión con Secretario de la OEA (La Nacion )

Insulza confía en el diálogo para solucionar la disputa territorial (Europa Press)

OEA extiende misión mediadora en conflicto Nicaragua-Costa Rica (AFP)

Insulza dice hará esfuerzo por un diálogo entre Costa Rica y Nicaragua (DPA)

Insulza terminó consultas en Nicaragua y volvió a Costa Rica esperanzado (AFP)

Secretario general de OEA visita zona de conflicto entre Nicaragua y Costa Rica (Otro)

Insulza visitó hoy río San Juan de Nicaragua (La Prensa)

Cancillería tica dice que Insulza visitaría mañana lo que llaman "isla Calero" (La Prensa)

Insulza tiene una vision más amplia sobre zona de controversia (La Prensa)

Insulza sobrevoló zona limítrofe en conflicto entre Nicaragua y Costa Rica (AFP)

OEA extiende misión mediadora entre Nicaragua y Costa Rica (La Nación)

Secretario General de la OEA se reunió con presidentes de Costa Rica y Nicaragua (La Nacion Dominicana)

OEA busca concluir conflicto centroamericano (Notimex)

Insulza ve salida al diferendo de Costa Rica y Nicaragua (El Universal)

Insulza apoya propuesta de Ortega de amojonar frontera (La Nacion )

Insulza apoya propuesta nicaragüense de amojonamiento del río San Juan (La Nacion)

Insulza confía que conflicto entre Costa Rica y Nicaragua se solucionará pronto (Radio Cooperativa)

Insulza visitara sector costarricense en conflicto con Nicaragua (Notimex)

Insulza busca salida a litigio limítrofe (Prensa Libre)

Insulza: "Me llevo una visión muy clara del punto de vista de Costa Rica" (La Nacion )

Insulza presenta el informe sobre el litigio limítrofe entre Costa Rica y Nicaragua (EFE)

Reafirma Insulza que visita a zona de conflicto fue esclarecedora (Noticias)

Retoma OEA sesión sobre Costa Rica y Nicaragua (Notimex)

OEA se reúne el martes para examinar diferendo de Costa Rica y Nicaragua (AFP)

Canciller viaja a Washington con Insulza, en espera de informe de OEA (La Nacion)

René Castro viajó a Washington para conocer informe de Insulza (Otro)

OEA DARÁ HOY INFORME SOBRE CONFLICTO EN FRONTERA NORTE (Diario Extra)

Insulza presentará informe sobre visita a zona del litigio entre Costa Rica y Nicaragua (Telesur)

Titular de la OEA busca llevar tranquilidad en conflicto fronterizo Costa Rica-Nicaragua (Otro)

Examinará OEA nuevamente diferendo Nicaragua-Costa Rica (Otro)

Insulza presentará informe sobre diferencias Costa Rica-Nicaragua (La Jornada)

Insulza concluye gira por conflicto entre Costa Rica y Nicaragua (AP)

Cautela de Insulza ante la controversia entre Ortega y Chinchilla (Otro)

Insulza concluye gira (Trinchera)

Secretario general de la OEA, José Miguel Insulza busca salvar el diálogo entre Costa Rica y Nicaragua (Otro)

Insulza evita dar detalles mientras Costa Rica endurece sus palabras (EFE)

INSULZA CONCLUYÓ VISITA A COSTA RICA Y NICARAGUA Y MAÑANA PRESENTA INFORME AL CONSEJO PERMANENTE (Otro)

OEA volverá a examinar hoy diferendo Nicaragua-Costa Rica (Prensa Latina)

OAS Secretary General Meets Again with President of Costa Rica (Otro)

Secretario de OEA culmina misión mediadora en diferendo Costa Rica-Nicaragua (AFP)

Insulza ve posible solución a diferendo limítrofe (El Heraldo)

INSULZA SOBREVOLO FRONTERA DE COSTA RICA Y NICARAGUA (ANSA)

OAS Secretary General Concludes Visit to Costa Rica and Nicaragua and will Present Tomorrow a Report to the Permanent Council (Otro)

Finalizó gira del Secretario General de la OEA (Teletica)

René Castro advierte sobre crisis en la OEA (Otro)

Insulza sobrevuela zona de controversia (La Prensa)

OAS Secretary General Flies Over Border Zone on Costa Rican Side

November 7, 2010

OAS Secretary General Visited Border Zone between Costa Rica and Nicaragua

OAS’ Insulza Does Flyover of San Juan River in Nicaraguan Military Helicopter (By Tim Rogers)

November 6, 2010

OAS Secretary General meets with the President of Nicaragua

Secretary General Arrives in Nicaragua

OAS Secretary General Meets with President of Costa Rica

November 05, 2010

Incidente fronterizo entre Costa Rica y Nicaragua por culpa de Google Maps

November 4, 2010

OAS Secretary General to Travel to Costa Rica and Nicaragua to Facilitate Dialogue

November 3, 2010

OAS Permanent Council Session on the Situation between Costa Rica and Nicaragua to Reopen Tomorrow

November 2, 2010

Special Meeting of the OAS Permanent Council on the situation between Costa Rica and Nicaragua, Wednesday, November 3, 2010

Costa Rica Protest to OAS Over Alleged Nicaraguan Incursion

October 22, 2010

Costa Rican Police Forces Sent to Nicaraguan Border (By Adam Williams)


Meeting of Water Authorities

Water Authorities from Costa Rica and Nicaragua will meet in the border area, under the auspices of the Peace Fund, to identify potential joint development activities stemming from the San Juan River Basin Project (OEA-GEF/Pro-Cuenca San Juan). This is a collaborative effort between the Peace Fund and the Department of Sustainable Development.
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