Multilateral Treaties

[Treaty] [text in Spanish]

A-40: CONVENTION ON RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF STATES

ADOPTED AT: MONTEVIDEO, URUGUAY                                         
DATE: 12/26/33
CONF/ASSEM/MEETING: SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF AMERICAN STATES         
ENTRY INTO FORCE: 12/26/34,  IN ACCORDANCE WITH ARTICLE 14 OF THE CONVENTION  
DEPOSITORY: MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF URUGUAY (ORIGINAL INSTRUMENT)
GENERAL SECRETARIAT, OAS (RATIFICATIONS)                    
TEXT: OAS, LAW AND TREATY SERIES, NO. 37 
UN REGISTRATION:   /  /    No.         Vol.       
OBSERVATIONS: 
                                                            
              

GENERAL INFORMATION OF THE TREATY: A-40
COUNTRY SIGNATURE RATIFICATION/ACCESSION DEPOSIT INFORMATION*
Antigua & Barbuda - - - -
Argentina 12/26/33 - - -
Bahamas - - - -
Barbados - - - -
Belize - - - -
Bolivia - - - -
Brazil 12/26/33 09/01/36 02/23/37 RA Yes
Canada - - - -
Chile 12/26/33 02/02/35 03/28/35 RA -
Colombia 12/26/33 06/22/36 07/22/36 RA -
Costa Rica 12/26/33 07/28/37 09/28/37 RA -
Cuba 12/26/33 03/31/36 04/28/36 RA -
Dominica - - - -
Dominican Republic 12/26/33 11/26/34 12/26/34 RA -
Ecuador 12/26/33 06/24/36 10/03/36 RA -
El Salvador 12/26/33 07/26/36 01/09/37 RA -
Grenada - - - -
Guatemala 12/26/33 04/24/35 06/12/35 RA -
Guyana - - - -
Haiti 12/26/33 07/24/41 08/13/41 RA -
Honduras 12/26/33 11/06/37 12/01/37 RA -
Jamaica - - - -
Mexico 12/26/33 10/01/35 01/27/36 RA -
Nicaragua 12/26/33 12/02/36 01/08/37 RA -
Panama 12/26/33 11/11/38 11/13/38 RA -
Paraguay 12/26/33 - - -
Peru 12/26/33 - - Yes
St. Kitts & Nevis - - - -
St. Lucia - - - -
St. Vincent & Grenadines - - - -
Suriname - - - -
Trinidad & Tobago - - - -
United States 12/26/33 06/29/34 07/13/34 RA Yes
Uruguay 12/26/33 - - -
Venezuela 12/26/33 11/04/39 02/13/40 RA -

*DECLARATIONS/RESERVATIONS/DENUNCIATIONS/WITHDRAWS

A-40. CONVENTION ON RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF STATES

1. Brazil and Peru:

(Reservation made at the time of signature)

The delegates of Brazil and Peru recorded the following private vote with regard to article 11:  "That they accept the doctrine in principle but that they do not consider it codifiable because there are some countries which have not yet signed the Anti-War Pact of Rio de Janeiro of which this doctrine is a part and therefore it does not yet constitute positive international law suitable for codification".

Brazil:

(Reservation made at the time of ratification)

With the reservation made at the time of signature.

2. United States:

(Reservation made at the time of signature)  

The Delegation of the United States of America, in signing the Convention on the Rights and Duties of States, does so with the express reservation presented to the Plenary Session of the Conference on December 22, 1933, which reservation reads as follows:

The Delegation of the United States in voting "yes" on the final vote on this committee recommendation and proposal, makes the same reservation to the eleven articles of the project or proposal that the United States Delegation made to the first ten articles during the final vote in the full Commission, which reservation is in words as follows:

The policy and attitude of the United States Government toward every important phase of international relationships in this hemisphere could scarcely be made more clear and definite than they have been made by both word and action especially since March 4.  I have no disposition therefore to indulge in any repetition or rehearsal of these acts and utterances and shall not do so.  Every observing person must by this time thoroughly understand that under the Roosevelt Administration the United States Government is as much opposed as any other government to interference with the freedom, the sovereignty, or other internal affairs or processes of the governments of other nations.

In addition to numerous acts and utterances in connection with the carrying out of these doctrines and policies, President Roosevelt, during recent weeks, gave out a public statement expressing his disposition to open negotiations with the Cuban Government for the purpose of dealing with the treaty which has

A-40/2

existed since 1903.  I feel safe in undertaking to say that under our support of the general principle of non-intervention as has been suggested, no government need fear any intervention on the part of the United States under the Roosevelt Administration.  I think it is unfortunate that during the brief period of this Conference there is apparently not time within which to prepare interpretations and definitions of these fundamental terms that are embraced in the report.  Such definitions and interpretations would enable every government to proceed in a uniform way without any difference of opinion or of interpretations.  I hope that at the earliest possible date such very important work will be done.  In the meantime in case of differences of interpretations and also until they (the proposed doctrines and principles) can be worked out and codified for the
common use of every government, I desire to say that the United States Government in all of its international associations and relationships and conduct will follow scrupulously the doctrines and policies which it has pursued since March 4 which are embodied in the different addresses of President Roosevelt since that time and in the recent peace address of myself on the 15th day of December before this Conference and in the law of nations as generally
recognized and accepted.

United States:

(Reservation made at the time of ratification)                                                                              
With the reservation made at the time of signature.

[Text of the Treaty]