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4,27MB - 52 pages
Sustainable tourism development requires that projects be
financially independent and profitable. The profits should feed back into local
economies. However, as national governments, site and service owners, borrowers,
and lenders all recognize, there has been a lack of specific policies to guide
the growth of nature and heritage tourism-and in particular, its financing. This
is one of the areas singled out for consideration by the Caribbean Development
Bank, which is coordinating efforts to examine the issues concerning tourism in
the region in general. Since this kind of tourism has long been of interest to
the Organization of American States, for its double potential of contributing to
national economic development and to environmental protection, the OAS was happy
to respond to a request to undertake this part of the overall study and
commissioned the Inter-American Investment Corporation to collaborate. As the
private-sector financing arm of the Inter-American Development Bank, the IIC
provided valuable input from the perspective of entrepreneurs.
269Kb - 65 pages
A critical problem facing agricultural development in the Eastern Caribbean is
the acute scarcity of arable land. Concentrated ownership of best lands compounds this
scarcity. The majority of the rural population is left to farm small holdings on
unsuitable hillsides. In turn, this intensive cultivation of hillsides triggers a complex
process of soil erosion and environmental degradation of entire watersheds. Isolated
soil-conservation efforts have at best been palliative. The roots of the problem remain in
This volume, designed as a follow-up to the original report, addresses the Morne
Panache Pilot Project, the LRTP, and the Mabouya Valley Development Project. Together, the
results of these projects illustrate the importance of an integrated approach to land
issues, an approach that deals not only with the consequences of problems, but also with
causes. The Department of Regional Development and Environment at the OAS is pleased to
have cooperated with the Government of St. Lucia in this effort and believes that the
following account may be helpful to other governments faced with similar development
1,102Kb - 66 pages
Grenada is in the process of better defining its land use policy. The national
parks and protected areas program is an important step towards viewing the finite resource
of land in a multiple use context. Grenada's actions in the protection of the upper
watersheds and important ecosystems, promotion of cultural and natural attractions, and
the development of educational and tourism programs are noteworthy in this respect.
The methodology for the establishment and management of a system of national
parks and protected areas was developed by a team of national and international
specialists working together under the direction of the Ministry of Agriculture. The
inventory of the natural and cultural resource base relied on an interdisciplinary team
made up of fisheries, forestry, land use, extension, and physical planning personnel as
well as first-hand information of local hikers, naturalists and historians.
In conjunction with this report, and as part of the Government of Grenada/OAS
Integrated Development Project, land policy and infrastructure development guidelines have
also been defined. A zoning map has been generated to identify productive agricultural and
grazing lands, especially in the southeast section of the island of Grenada where
development pressures are most intense. The goal of these efforts is to protect and
develop the natural resources of Grenada and Carriacou.
2,807Kb - 144 pages
The unique land tenure problems inherited by Saint Lucia have represented a
major constraint for the development of the agricultural sector. They are one of the most
important factors preventing the farming community from diversifying production and
increasing productivity. Conscious of the complexity of the problem, and cognizant of the
far-reaching social and economic impact that possible solutions could have, the Government
of Saint Lucia requested technical cooperation from the Organization of American States.
This cooperation had two objectives: to undertake the studies required to design feasible
technical alternatives and to identify complementary actions capable of taking full
advantage of the solution of land tenure problems.
The present report synthesizes the technical studies undertaken during 1981 by a
team of national and international specialists working with the Ministry of Agriculture.
2,840 Kb - 235 pages
The Source Book of Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augmentation in
Latin America and the Caribbean was prepared by the Unit for Sustainable Development
and Environment of the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS) as
part of the joint United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Water Branch and
International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC) initiative to provide water resource
managers and planners, especially in developing countries and in countries with economies
in transition, with information on the range of technologies that have been developed and
used in the various countries throughout the world.
2,387Kb - 323 pages