Confidence and security-building measures
List of confidence-
and security-building measures
Consolidated List of
Confidence and Security Building Measures for Reporting according to OAS
Resolutions (Approved at the meeting of January 15, 2009)
CP/CSH-1043/08 rev. 1
Summary table of member
states' reports on the application of confidence- and security-building
measures for the period 1997 to 2005
CP/CSH-671/05 corr. 1
1. Submit a comprehensive
inventory of CSBMs that each member state is conducting in the
hemisphere annually to the OAS.
2. Hold high-level meetings involving the ministries of defense and
foreign affairs at the bilateral, subregional, and regional levels in
order to provide for frank and direct dialogue on the joint evaluation
of various aspects of defense and security and to exchange ideas and
views with respect to the objectives of national defense policy, as well
as the shared means of addressing common problems in this area.
3. Extend to diplomatic training institutes, military academies,
research centers, and universities the seminars, courses, and studies
envisioned in the Declarations of Santiago and San Salvador on
confidence- and security-building measures and other issues related to
peace and hemispheric security, with participation in those activities
by government, civilian, and military officials and by civil society.
4. Notification and observance of joint exercises and routine
operations, as each state considers necessary.
5. Advance notice of military exercises.
6. Conduct defense visit programs whereby the representatives from
participating OAS member states visit defense installations and military
7. Invite the Chair of the OAS Committee on Hemispheric Security to
observe joint exercises in the Western Hemisphere.
8. Exchange of civilian and military personnel for both regular and
9. Participate in the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms,
including the provision and exchange of information on national
production of conventional arms.
10. Participate in the UN Standardized International Reporting of
Military Expenditures and exchange this information with other member
11. Develop common standardized methodologies for measuring defense
expenditures among neighboring states.
12. Develop and exchange defense policy and doctrine papers (defense
13. Exchange information on the functions, procedures, and institutional
organization of ministries of defense and security, and related and
14. Exchange information on the organization, structure, size, and
composition of defense and security forces.
15. Consider cooperative activities that develop regional peacekeeping
skills and capacity through common training, combined exercises, and
exchange of information on peacekeeping.
16. Hold meetings and activities to prevent incidents and increase
security for transport by land, sea, and air, and intensify cooperation
in increasing security for transport by land, sea, and air in accordance
with international law.
17. Strengthen cooperation and exchange of information among police, law
enforcement, and military authorities of neighboring states in
accordance with their border situation.
18. Establish, use, and exchange joint procedural manuals and
credentials among armed forces and security bodies deployed in border
19. Consider establishing, as appropriate, mutual confidence or security
zones in border areas, in accordance with security, freedom of movement,
and economic and commercial development needs of each state.
20. Conduct combined exercises between armed forces and/or public
security forces, respectively, in compliance with the legislation of
21. Develop and establish of communications among civilian or military
authorities of neighboring countries in accordance with their border
22. Intensify cooperation, within the framework of the OAS, in the fight
against terrorism, drug interdiction, preventing illicit small arms and
light weapons trafficking, combating piracy, preventing smuggling,
search and rescue operations, and the protection of natural resources
and archaeological goods.
23. Exchange information on security issues, such as the illicit
trafficking in small arms and light weapons and the nonproliferation of
weapons of mass destruction, within the framework of the UN and OAS.
24. Identify excess stocks of small arms and light weapons as well as
seized small arms and light weapons and, in accordance with national and
international agreements in which they participate, define programs for
the destruction of said weapons and to invite international
representatives to observe their destruction.
25. Hold of seminars and courses, and studies on mutual confidence- and
security-building measures and policies to promote confidence involving
the participation of civilians and military personnel, and on the
special security concerns of small island states.
26. Cooperation programs in the event of natural disasters or to prevent
such disasters, based on the request and authorization of the affected
27. Establish national points of contact regarding natural disaster
response, environmental security, transportation security, and critical
28. Exchange information regarding scientific and meteorological
research related to natural disasters.
29. Increase cooperation in accordance with the guidelines of the
Inter-American Committee on Natural Disaster Reduction and to mitigate
the consequences of such disasters, based on the request and
authorization of affected states.
30. Enhance multilateral cooperation among member states through the
development and application of policies, programs, and activities
regarding issues that are identified by the small island states as
concerns, threats, and challenges to their security, and exchange and
share information at the bilateral, subregional and regional levels on
the special security concerns of small island states to strengthen their
capacity to address these concerns.
31. Consider the following actions for early implementation aimed at
enhancing the security-building capabilities of the small island states:
- Establish a Virtual Private Network to facilitate regional sharing of
criminal intelligence and other relevant databases in the fight against
- Share critical information among border control authorities to
strengthen border control capacity in the fight against drug trafficking
- Create joint training programs to allow existing entities to meet new
- Engage in joint strategic planning and cooperation in the fight
against these common threats.
32. Cooperate closely to implement commitments agreed to at the 1998
Transportation Ministerial, active participation at the July 2003
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Conference on the Safety of
Transport of Radioactive Material, and to work together toward the
continued strengthening of international standards regarding the
maritime transport of potentially hazardous materials, including
petroleum and radioactive materials.
33. Implement the relevant aspects of the program “Education for Peace”
in the Hemisphere, adopted by OAS Permanent Council resolution CP/RES.
34. Suggest and promote dialogue among hemispheric legislators within
existing fora on confidence-building measures and on matters of peace
and hemispheric security, including the exchange of visits and the
convening of meetings.
35. Encourage exchanges and contacts between students, academics, and
experts in defense and security studies.
36. Exchange and share experience and ideas on transparency and CSBMs
with other regional security fora, such as the Organization for Security
and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), and
the African Union (AU).