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Technology
Ministerials Paragraphs Related to the Theme Paragraphs VII Summit

- Antigua and Barbuda - Argentina - Bahamas - Barbados - Belize - Bolivia - Brazil - Canada - Chile - Colombia - Costa Rica - Dominica - Dominican Republic - Ecuador - El Salvador - Grenada - Guatemala - Guyana - Haiti - Honduras - Jamaica - Mexico - Nicaragua - Panama - Paraguay - Peru - Saint Kitts and Nevis - Saint Lucia - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Suriname - Trinidad and Tobago - United States - Uruguay - Venezuela -
Reports
Date:  11/29/2010 
Digital Inclusion:
With respect to employing information and communication technologies (ICTs) for development at the national level, Brazil is working to close the “digital divide” through policies of digital inclusion, e-government, as well as the use of ICTs in its education and health sectors.
The digital inclusion policy includes the recently launched National Broadband Plan, which aims to triple the number of high-speed Internet connections for citizens by 2014, with lower costs and faster speeds; the “Computers for All” program, which has helped increase sales of personal computers by offering tax credits and incentives; and a national digital inclusion program to support communities, which provides a network of centers where the public can access the Internet and financial assistance for the training of “monitors” for these centers, who teach the public how to use the Internet. Another noteworthy initiative in this regard is Brazil’s program to provide broadband Internet access in the country’s schools. By year’s end, the school broadband program expects to provide Internet access to 84 percent of the country’s schoolchildren enrolled in primary education. Moreover, Brazil’s national “telehealth” program, a videoconferencing network, was established to serve as a decision-making tool for health professionals and technicians. This network is made up of teleconferencing centers distributed throughout the country, allowing health professionals to consult and obtain second opinions.
With respect to e-government initiatives, Brazil serves as a model of reference for e-citizen services via Internet and access to these tools, the progressive use of free and open-source software applications, as well as the interoperability of e-government systems.
All of the aforementioned initiatives are being considered for cooperation projects with other countries in the Americas. Also in this regard, the recent proposal discussed at the Fifth European Union-Latin America and the Caribbean Ministerial Forum on the Information Society (Segovia, March 14-16, 2010), regarding the proposed direct interconnection via submarine cable of teaching and research networks in Latin America, Europe, and Africa, would have positive benefits for the Americas.
The recommendations arising from the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), the Agenda for Connectivity in the Americas, the Plan of Action of Quito, and the Declaration of Santo Domingo (“Good Governance and Development in the Knowledge-Based Society”), have guided Brazil’s international cooperation activities regarding the information society. In attempts to coordinate with the other countries of the region in various forums, including the Internet Governance Forum (IGF), the WSIS Forum, and the United Nations Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD), Brazil has worked to advance certain principles, such as the need for global, multilateral, democratic, and transparent Internet governance mechanisms, as well as issues such as access to information and full compliance with and renewal of the IGF mandate.
Paragraphs: 43 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  11/29/2010 
Intellectual Property:
With respect to its foreign policy, Brazil defends the multilateral approach to addressing intellectual property issues. In partnership with other developing countries, Brazil advocates for the development of an equitable system of intellectual property (IP) to promote innovation and disseminate knowledge; one that takes into account both the private rights of patent holders as well as the broader interests of society. In this regard, the effective implementation of the principles and recommendations of the Development Agenda, approved by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2007, is a priority concern of the Brazilian government. Based on WIPO’s Development Agenda, Brazil and other developing countries have proposed a variety of initiatives, especially new legal instruments designed to strengthen IP exceptions and limit IP rights, as an essential basis for ensuring equilibrium between the rights and duties of patent holders and users of the system. For example, a proposed treaty on copyright limitations and exceptions for the visually impaired is currently being debated in the WIPO, co-sponsored by Brazil, Ecuador, Mexico, and Paraguay. Moreover, Brazil recently presented a proposal to the Standing Committee of the Law on Patents (SCP) for a working program in respect of exceptions and limitations to patent rights.
Internally, Brazil has formulated innovative strategies to combat piracy and counterfeiting, following the establishment, in 2004, of the National Council on Combating Piracy and Intellectual Property Crimes (CNCP), a consultative body comprised of representatives from all government agencies responsible for enforcement activities, as well as representatives of the private sector. Year after year, the CNCP compiles successive records on confiscations of pirated and counterfeit goods. The CNCP has also promoted intensive media campaigns to raise awareness on the negative societal impacts associated with piracy and counterfeiting activities.
In 2009, the CNCP launched its new national plan to combat piracy. The plan is based on Brazil’s view that law enforcement alone cannot successfully combat piracy and counterfeiting activities, and that the problem must also be addressed on the educational and economic fronts.2 The Plan sets forth 16 strategic objectives and proposes 23 projects to be implemented between 2009 and 2012. Of these, five have been identified as priority areas: (1) an initiative to promote partnerships and cooperation with internet service providers, under the direction of the Ministry of Culture; (2) development of a Web portal with information on combating piracy, under the direction of the Brazilian Association of Software Companies (ABES); (3) a “business against pirated goods” initiative, under the direction of the National Confederation of Commerce (CNC); (4) a “piracy-free cities” initiative; and (5) a series of street fairs promoting legitimate rather than pirated products, the latter two of which are to be carried out by the Brazilian Institute for Ethics in Competition (ETCO). In 2009, Brazil launched an anti-pirating label to promote and identify legitimate goods. The label’s message roughly translates to “Brazil against Pirated Goods: Buy into the Idea” [“Brasil Original: Compre essa atitude”], which hopes to change consumer behavior by encouraging the public to buy legitimate products.
Another significant IP reform has been the reorganization of Brazil’s National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI). Beginning in 2004, this reorganization has helped streamline the Institute’s administrative processes and specific areas under its purview, especially those pertaining to trademarks and patents. As part of its reorganization effort, the Institute added additional staff and tripled the number of patent examiners. The Institute’s efforts to automate administrative procedures have helped to reduce its overall backlog.3 At present, there is no backlog for trademarks, while the backlog for patents is expected to be reduced to approximately 4.5 years.
2. By “economic front” we mean efforts to achieve greater cohesion between business models and the actual socioeconomic circumstances of the country.
3. Refers to applications awaiting examination.
Paragraphs: 22 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

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