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Security
Ministerials Paragraphs Related to the Theme Paragraphs VII Summit

- Antigua and Barbuda - Argentina - Bahamas - Barbados - Belize - Bolivia - Brazil - Canada - Chile - Colombia - Costa Rica - Dominica - Dominican Republic - Ecuador - El Salvador - Grenada - Guatemala - Guyana - Haiti - Honduras - Jamaica - Mexico - Nicaragua - Panama - Paraguay - Peru - Saint Kitts and Nevis - Saint Lucia - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Suriname - Trinidad and Tobago - United States - Uruguay - Venezuela -
Reports
Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada supports initiatives to prevent crime and conflict, increase security and promote peaceful resolution of conflicts through:
• annual contributions to key multilateral organisations and mechanisms leading initiatives against illicit trafficking, crime and terrorism;
• flexible and responsive projects that address crises and complex conflicts, public security, rule of law and human rights concerns, as well as build anti-crime and counter-terrorism capacities of security systems in the Americas;
• political support and deployment of personnel to peace operations while supporting continued training to increase peacekeeping capacities;
• capacity-building towards military cooperation;
• support to disaster risk reduction initiatives in Latin America and the Caribbean;
• active participation in and ongoing implementation of key UN and OAS groupings and instruments targeting the reduction of crime; and
• partnerships for the creation of the Caribbean Public Health Agency.

In preparations for the 2010 G8 Summit in Muskoka, Canada hosted a G-8 Foreign Ministers' Meeting in March 2010 that included discussions on transnational criminal activity and its impact on Latin America and Western Africa, as well as its potential links to terrorist activities. This led to a discussion at the Muskoka Summit between G8 leaders, select African leaders and leaders from Colombia, Haiti and Jamaica.
Paragraphs: 68 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada has a legislative framework to counter terrorism. It targets terrorists and terrorist groups and helps Canada to investigate, detect and prevent terrorist activities at home and abroad, including offences related to money laundering and terrorist funding.

Canada is able to provide mutual legal assistance to treaty partners under its Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Act. Canada is also able to provide assistance to non-treaty partners if such assistance does not require compulsory measures. In cases of extreme urgency pertaining to terrorism, it is possible to provide evidence on very short notice. Canada is able to extradite under bilateral and multilateral treaties containing provisions for extradition in cases where suspects are accused of terrorism or terrorist-related offences.

Canada’s Counter-Terrorism Capacity Building Program (CTCBP) disbursed approximately $6 million in fiscal year 2009/2010 to implement initiatives in the Americas. The CTCBP provides recipient states with training, funding, equipment, and technical and legal expertise to enable them to prevent and respond to terrorist activity in a manner consistent with international counter-terrorism and human rights norms.

As the largest contributor to the Inter-American Committee Against Terorrism (known by its Spanish acronym “CICTE”), Canada has provided approximately $4.7 million in project funding since 2005.
Paragraphs: 69 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Combating organized crime is a priority for Canada. Canada has strengthened its criminal laws to fight organized crime and has invested in crime prevention, targeting young people who are vulnerable to gang involvement.

Canada completed implementation of Public Agents Firearms Regulations, which have led to the creation of a national database, containing information on seized and recovered firearms. This has enabled national trafficking patterns to be investigated.

Canada is also engaged in hemispheric co-operation in the fight against crime. In August, 2009, Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced the establishment of an Anti-Crime Capacity Building Program that includes support for projects aimed at combating transnational organized crime. Canada is an active participant in meetings of Ministers Responsible or Public Security in the Americas (MISPA) and in meetings of Ministers of Justice or Other Ministers or Attorneys General of the Americas (REMJA). As follow-up to the First Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas, Canada provided input to the OAS feasibility study on how to best strengthen the training and education of personnel with responsibility in public security matters in the region.
Paragraphs: 70 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada’s National Crime Prevention Strategy provides a policy framework for the implementation of crime prevention interventions in Canada. The National Crime Prevention Centre provides leadership on effective and cost-efficient ways to both prevent and reduce crime by addressing known risk factors in high-risk populations and places.

In 2009, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police provided basic training to 1,500 new police officers and 300 middle managers in Mexico. Canada also trained 45 Mexican police executive as part of a joint training program with the United States and Colombia. In March 2010, the Canadian Police College provided forensic interviewing training to the Mexican Federal and State Police Departments.

In fiscal year 2009-2010, Canada committed approximately $1.5 million dollars to train police officers in the Americas to support crime prevention initiatives.

Canada participates in the Working Group on Mutual Legal Assistance and Extradition under the authority of meetings of Ministers of Justice or Other Ministers or Attorneys General of the Americas. This working group has advanced international cooperation in the fight against crime through various means, including the creation of a secure e-mail network that links relevant national authorities responsible for mutual legal assistance and extraction, sharing of best practices and drafting of model legislation.
Paragraphs: 71 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada has a National Anti-Drug Strategy which focuses on: combating illicit drug production and distribution; preventing illicit drug use; and, treating and rehabilitating those with illicit drug dependencies. As part of this strategy, Canada launched the Synthetic Drug Initiative, designed to combat the production and distribution of illegal synthetic drugs in Canada, and reduce the overall influence of organized crime on drug trafficking in Canada.

In 2009, the Government of Canada introduced a bill to impose mandatory minimum penalties ranging from a minimum of six months to three years for offences such as trafficking and production of drugs such as heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine and cannabis. The issue remains under Parliamentary consideration.

Canada’s Anti-Crime Capacity Building Program supports initiatives designed to restrict the supply of, and demand for, illicit drugs in the Americas. Canada also supports the work of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) to combat the illicit drug trade in the Americas, including in the areas of container control, narcotic prosecution, information technology for drug control, synthetic drug information, and support for the Santo Domingo Pact and Managua Partnership and Monitoring Mechanism.

In 2009-10 Canada provided an annual contribution of $1 M to OAS Inter-American Drug Control Commission (CICAD) and $2.5 M for UNODC.
Paragraphs: 72 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada has engaged with the OAS on implementing the commitments made at Meetings of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA) and is actively engaged in preparing for MISPA III in 2011.

Since the 2008 meeting of Ministers of Justice or other Ministers or Attorneys General of the Americas (REMJA), Canada has demonstrated its re-engagement in the Americas through its support for a number of initiatives undertaken by REMJA in the Americas, and its leadership in the effort to enhance, within the hemisphere, the capacity and ability to effectively engage in international cooperation in the fight against transnational crime, cybercrime, trafficking in persons, and asset restraint and forfeiture.
Paragraphs: 73 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Through its contributions to the International Centre for the Prevention of Crime, Canada supported the preparation of the UN International Report on Crime Prevention and Community Safety: Trends and Perspectives, which was presented at the UN Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice in Brazil in April 2010.

Canada’s National Crime Prevention Centre has funded the development and dissemination of a crime prevention assessment tool, Guidance on Local Safety Audits: A Compendium of International Practices that was made available in Spanish and is being translated into Portuguese.

Canada is one of the founding members of the World Health Organization (WHO) Violence Prevention Alliance which promotes the use of an evidence-based, public health approach to address the root causes of violence. As a member of this network, Canada participated in the WHO meeting Milestones of a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention held in Geneva in September 2009.

Through its Family Violence Initiative, Canada has identified fourteen best and promising practices on the prevention of family violence to promote through the Canadian Best Practices Portal.

In March 2009, Canada participated in the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) meeting on Violence, Road Safety and Injuries in the Americas.
Paragraphs: 74 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada is a signatory to the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and other Related Materials. Canada participates actively in the annual CIFTA Consultative Committee process as well as other CIFTA related meetings and initiatives. In March 2009, Canada in conjunction with the OAS and US, hosted a workshop in Vancouver, British Columbia on Practical Approaches to Combating the Illicit Trafficking In Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and other Related Materials Across Borders, which brought together law enforcement authorities and customs officials.

Canada participated in a UN Office of Drugs and Crime regional workshop in Barbados to promote the implementation of the United Nations Protocol against Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts, Components and Ammunition.

In 2009, Canada’s Anti-Crime Capacity Building Program provided support to the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean to build the capacity of law enforcement officials to combat illicit firearms trafficking.
Paragraphs: 75 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada introduced legislation to amend its Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act to enable the government to bring countermeasures against jurisdictions and foreign entities that are deemed to be of high risk for facilitating money laundering and/or terrorist financing.

The Anti-Crime Capacity Building Program committed $202,000 to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime to strengthen asset recovery systems in Latin America. The project will support the establishment of asset recovery networks in Central and South America, based on the Camden Asset Recovery Inter-Agency Network model, which aims to help deprive criminals of illicit profits by improving inter-agency cooperation and information sharing.
Paragraphs: 76 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada is active in the OAS Working Group on Criminal Gangs and is providing input for the development of a regional strategy to promote Inter-American cooperation in dealing with criminal gangs.

In 2009, Canada enhanced its legislative tools to fight organized crime, including criminal gangs. On October 2009, amendments to the Criminal Code of Canada came into effect to respond to organized crime by:

• Making all murders connected to organized crime automatically first-degree regardless of whether they are unplanned or deliberate;
• Creating a new offence to target drive-by and other reckless shootings;
• Creating two new offences to address assaults against police and other peace officers; and,
• Strengthening the gang peace bond provisions – provisions which enable law enforcement to impose conditions designed to keep the peace on persons who are deemed likely to commit criminal organization offences.

These amendments build on a robust legislative framework targeting organized crime activity.
Paragraphs: 77 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Date:  6/20/2010 
Canada believes the OAS plays a critical role in safeguarding democratic governance in the region, notably through ensuring respect for the Inter-American Democratic Charter. Canada’s support for strengthening the OAS ability to perform this essential role takes many forms:

• High-level political engagement, such as through the personal involvement of the Canada’s Minister of State of Foreign Affairs (Americas) in OAS mediation efforts to resolve the 2009 political crisis in Honduras;
• Financial support for electoral observation missions, and technical support for democratic institutions; and
• Participation by Canadians in electoral observation missions.

Canada presented a resolution at the OAS General Assembly in June 2009 that identified ways of strengthening the role of the OAS in promoting and strengthening democracy as follow-up to the Inter-American Democratic Charter.
Paragraphs: 88 Paragraphs VII Summit: -

Related Resources
Act to amend the Criminal Code
Assessing violence against women: a statistical profile
Canada provides basic training for federal police recruits
Canadian International Development Agency and the Americas
Crime Prevention
Criminal Code of Canada
Department of Justice Canada
Department of Justice Canada - Contact Us
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada
National Anti-Drug Strategy
Natural Resources Canada - Explosives Regulatory Division
Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act
PROMOTION AND STRENGTHENING OF DEMOCRACY: FOLLOW-UP TO THE INTER-AMERICAN DEMOCRATIC CHARTER
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The Americas: Our Neighbours, Our Priority