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  • Afro - descendentes
  • Agricultura
    Parágrafos Relacionados ao Tema
    • Relatórios
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 23
    The Ministry of Health, through the following departments is responsible for ongoing monitoring and inspection as it pertains to food safety:

    *The Chemistry, Food and Drugs Division – which is responsible for: ensuring safe quality of an equitable standard for use by consumers of food, drugs, cosmetics and medical services; and providing technological and laboratory services in the areas of food, drug, cosmetics, medical devices, pesticides and toxic chemicals.

    *The Trinidad Public Health Laboratory – which is responsible for the testing of food specimens from food establishments, with the aim of protecting the health of the public and improving the prevention, control and treatment of communicable diseases

    *The Public Health Inspectorate – which monitors the regulation of public and environmental health standards, including food safety, incorporating activities such as food inspections at Ports and inspections of establishments that prepare or sell food

    *The Veterinary Public Health Department – which monitors and inspects foods from animals to assist in the prevention and control of diseases from animals

    *National Surveillance Unit – which has responsibility for investigating outbreaks of food poisoning, etc.

    In addition the Ministry of Health collaborates with the Trinidad and Tobago Bureau of Standards (TTBS) in the development of guidelines for labelling and packaging of foodstuff.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 25
    Promoting competitive rural enterprises:

    *Land Distribution Programme – The Land Distribution Programme is an initiative aimed at increasing domestic agricultural production by making land accessible to those who lack land for cultivation. It has instituted new governance arrangements to facilitate the timely assessment of applications for state lands and for the distribution of agricultural leases.

    Integrating chains and strengthening their competitiveness:

    *Agricultural Access Roads – this is an on-going programme of road improvements for the agricultural sector in support of the increased investment in the sector. This serves to contribute to the development of agricultural farms in rural communities across Trinidad.

    Promoting an environment conducive to competitive agriculture:

    *Contract farming – Aimed at improving the efficiency of farmers through coordination of production and use of resources. The Trinidad and Tobago Agri-business Association has provided contracts to farmers who are members of farmers’ organizations, groups and associations for the supply of fresh produce at guaranteed prices. Approximately 462 acres of cultivated farm land have been contracted.

    Being environmentally responsible in the rural areas:

    *Sustainable fisheries management efforts have been pursued through stock assessment, research, surveillance and enforcement of the laws. With respect to forestry, the Community based Forestry and Agro-Forestry Reforestation Programmes have the dual benefits of protecting the environment as well as providing rural communities with employment opportunities. As at June 2009, approximately 57,000 tree seedlings were produced and 23,000 seedlings transplanted.

    (For more information, please refer to pages 28-37 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report)
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  • Ambiente
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    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 57
    For information on Environmental Sustainability, please refer to pages 53-71 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 58
    For information on Environmental Sustainability, please refer to pages 53-71 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 59
    For more information on Environmental Sustainability, please refer to pages 53-71 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 63
    For information on the Environment, please refer to pages 53-71 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 64
    For information on the Environment, please refer to pages 53-71 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 65
    For information on the Environment, please refer to pages 53-71 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 66
    For information on the Environment, please refer to pages 53-71 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 67
    For information on the Environment, please refer to pages 53-71 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report
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  • Comércio
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    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 14
    In the year 2009 the contribution of trade to the economy and the trade performance of Trinidad and Tobago must be highlighted in the context of a multilateral trading arena. During the period 2000-2008, Trinidad and Tobago’s domestic merchandise exports had increased by approximately 330% from TT$26.4Bn to TT$113.5Bn. As a result, overseas trade has facilitated the promotion of growth, development and employment in the economy coupled with the proliferation of a large number of small and medium-sized companies. In 2004, domestic exports were TT$40.0Bn or 47.8% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) however, by 2008, domestic exports contributions rose to 74.6% of a GDP.

    There are efforts to expand the existing CARICOM-Costa Rica Free Trade Agreement to include El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua (CA4); and Panama. This will help local firms gain the experience required in accessing international markets and thereby build the requisite competencies to prepare further for heightened global competition.
  • Cooperação pública e privada
  • Democracia
    Parágrafos Relacionados ao Tema
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    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 78
    For information on Strengthening Democratic Governance, please refer to pages 81-82 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 79
    For information on Strengthening Democratic Governance, please refer to pages 81-82 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 80
    For information on Strengthening Democratic Governance, please refer to pages 81-82 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 81
    For information on Strengthening Democratic Governance, please refer to pages 81-82 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report
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  • Desenvolvimento Econômico Sustentável
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    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 13
    In relation to the development of the business sector and other productive economic sectors it is important to note that the Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago has identified seven (7) targeted non-energy sectors for the diversification of the economy away from the helms of the non-renewable energy sector. These sectors are:
    -Fish and Fish Processing;
    -Food and Beverage;
    -Merchant Marine;
    -Music and Entertainment;
    -Printing and Packaging; and

    To this end, Industry Specialists and relevant secretarial support have been mobilized to develop and grow these Sectors so as to assist in the diversification of the economy. Strategic Plans have also been developed for all seven (7) Sectors and are currently being executed. Furthermore, a range of incentives have been provided that are sector-specific to individuals and companies in the above-mentioned Sectors to assist the various sectors. In all Sectors Industry Development Committee, Industry Development Boards or Industry Development Councils have been approved by Cabinet and are functioning to move the Sectors forward.

    The Ministry of Trade and Industry has recently developed a Draft Investment Policy focusing on ten (10) sectors that are earmarked for increased investment in Trinidad and Tobago. Two (2) of these sectors are Tourism and Information and Communications Technology (ICT). As such, emphasis has been placed on further developing and growing these sectors among other non-energy sectors. Another of the ten (10) sectors identified for investment is that of Financial Services. It must be noted that a clear relationship can be traced between the provision of Financial Services and Information and Communication Technology linking the two (2) sectors.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 20
    The Enterprise Development Division is charged with the following responsibilities:

    -To develop policy and co-ordinate its implementation and make necessary intervention with the approval of the Minister to ensure that policy implementation is on course;

    -To provide advice and consultation to the Minister with regard to the different arms of the institutional structure;

    -To manage inter-institutional and inter-agency relationships;

    -To perform a supervisory role on behalf of the Minister by receiving and reviewing reports;

    -To monitor the performance of the small and micro enterprise (SME) sector, the National Entrepreneurship Development Company (NEDCO), the Small and Micro Enterprise Development Fund, the Small Enterprising Businesses Assocation or any other organization receiving Government subventions for SME development;

    -To address and resolve the following issues with the assistance and collaboration of NEDCO:
    *availability and access to sources of funding
    *integration of support programmes and services
    *proliferation of agencies and the need for collaboration, co-ordination and/or rationalization among micro and small business assistance agencies
    *development, streamlining and synchronization of policies, legislation and regulations that impact on the SME sector

    Actions taken by Trinidad and Tobago in support of SMEs:

    -Business Development Service and access to credit facility

    -Fair Share Programme

    -Greater access to Information on the Market

    -Cooperative Development
    *Micro-Enterprise Loan Facility (MEL)
    *Micro Enterprise Training and Development Grant (MEG)
    *Poverty Reduction Programme
  • Desenvolvimento Social
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    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 10
    *Poverty Reduction Programme
    The Poverty Reduction Programme seeks to contribute to the overall reduction of poverty inTrinidad and Tobago and aims
    to achieve the following outcomes:
    -The improvement of the delivery of poverty reduction services
    -Strengthening of the institutional framework for poverty reduction
    -The strengthening of the information system on poverty and poverty reduction

    *Targeted Conditional Cash Transfer Programme
    Additionally, there exists the Targeted Conditional Cash Transfer Programme (TCCTP) aimed at reducing the incidence of poverty by promoting nutrition and food security to vulnerable households.

    *STEP UP- Fighting Poverty Building Strong Families
    Some of the main components of the STEP-UP include the provision a system which contains programmes intended to protect the vulnerable so as to prevent further hardship, and to provide developmental opportunities for sustainable poverty reduction and acquisition of life skills.

    *Social Assistance Grants
    The Social Assistance Grants under the Social Welfare Division seeks to improve the quality of life of the poor in Trinidad and Tobago, by supporting those who are unable to support themselves due to illness or injury.

    *Provision of Micro-Credit Facilities
    The Ministry of the People and Social Development is committed to the provision of Micro-Credit facilities that promote sustainable livelihoods among the underprivileged. In this regard, the following two micro-credit initiatives are currently being implemented:
    -Micro-Enterprise Loan Facility (MEL)

    In fiscal 2009, forty–four loans were awarded to various communities.
    -Micro Enterprise Training and Development Grant (MEG)

    In fiscal 2009, thirty-nine (39) grants were disbursed in areas such as Sewing, Agriculture, Educational services, Hairdressing and Day Care Services.
  • Direitos Humanos
    Parágrafos Relacionados ao Tema
    • Relatórios
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 40
    Initiatives to support the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities in Trinidad and Tobago include:

    -Access to Social Protection and Financial Assistance

    *Provision of textbooks and reading material in braille and large print
    *Provision of braille for students with visual impairment
    *Commenced the recruitment process to employ additional interpreters in
    schools to facilitate hearing impaired students
    *Approximately 70 schools (both primary and secondary) have been modified to
    accommodate students with disabilities

    -Access to Health
    *First year and second year students at primary schools are screened for hearing
    impairment and corrective action taken
    *Medication and testing equipment are provided to persons with disabilities through
    the CDAP4 programme

    -Access to Built Physical Infrastructure
    *Several Government offices (Ministry of the Attorney General, Social Welfare
    Offices of the Ministry of the People and Social Development and the Industrial
    Court) have provided physical access to their offices.
    *The Ministry of Works and Transport has begun to modify sidewalks in rural districts.

    -Access to Transportation

    -Access to Employment

    -Access to Sport, Recreation, Leisure and Hospitality
  • Diversidade cultural
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    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 44
    Culture and attitudes of Trinidad and Tobago are conceptualized as the rhythm and catalyst for growth and change. In recognition of its responsibility for supporting and guiding the development of the various manifestations of our culture, Trinidad and Tobago executes this mandate through:

    -Support for the work of cultural and religious organizations, national cultural organizations and deserving individuals
    -The development and implementation of policies in the culture sector
    -The management of Trinidad and Tobago’s National Carnival Celebrations
    -The preservation and management of our National Heritage
    -The conceptualization and management of the National Steel Symphony Orchestra and the soon to be launched National Theatre Company.

    The following are the actions undertaken by this country, through the Ministry of the Arts and Multiculturalism, in fulfilling its mandate on culture as articulated in the Declaration of Commitment of Port-of-Spain.

    -Government’s Tax Incentive Regime for Philanthropy and Investment in the Arts reflects its commitment in the provision of policy to guide the promotion of culture.
    -The Open School for the Arts which was re-named the Community Cultural Training Programme in 2007 was designed to offer quality training to budding artists via a collaborative arrangement with major stakeholder organizations in the arts. Community organizations assist in management of the venues and sourcing of participants, whilst the national bodies design the curricula and provide the tutors for the various disciplines.

    (For more information, please refer to pages 42-45 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report)
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  • Educação
    Parágrafos Relacionados ao Tema
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    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 36
    The following initiatives are also carried out by the MOE to promote the Government’s developmental pillars of People-centred development and A More Diversified, Knowledge Intensive Economy – Building on the Native Genius of Our People:

    -The formalization and expansion of the Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Sector to provide quality early education to 3 to 4 year olds with the goal of universal ECCE by 2012.
    -The construction of the state-of-the-art ECCE centres to be in alignment with the new ECCE Curriculum, 24 centres have already been opened and 50 more will be open in 2010.
    -A robust school construction programme – 5 new Primary schools have been opened and are under construction.
    -11 new Secondary schools are under construction.
    -The Primary school Curriculum is being revised
    -A modernized curriculum for Forms I to V is being implemented at the Secondary level.
    -New subject offerings of Physical Education; Visual and Performing Arts and Technology Education are now offered at the Secondary Level.
    -Additional opportunities are available to Secondary school students to pursue Technical Vocational Education leading to the Caribbean Vocational Qualifications (CVQs).
    -Wider opportunities are being created through the establishment of the National Open School of Trinidad and Tobago since 2007.
    -Expanded access for Special Needs Students – the Ministry of Education now pays fees for children in private special schools and provides a further subvention to these schools to cover administrative costs.
    -Literacy and Numeracy are being strengthened through the Centre of Excellence in Teacher Training programme and the teaching of Reading.
    -The Ministry of Education participates in Quality benchmarking to measure Trinidad and Tobago’s progress against other leading education system.

    (For more information, please refer to pages 24 & 25, of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report)
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  • Emprego
    Parágrafos Relacionados ao Tema
    • Relatórios
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 15
    The Ministry of Labour has sought to promote decent work through its on-going work in the social and economic sectors, such as:

    -Ratification and Implementation of International Labour Standards;

    -Enactment and Enforcement of Labour Legislation

    -Establishment of the Occupational Safety and Health Authority and Agency

    -Action against Child Labour

    -Adoption of a National Workplace Policy on HIV and AIDS

    -Enhancement of the Labour Inspection Function

    -Endorsement of a Work Programme at the Sixteenth IACML: Since 2001, one of the IACML’s top priorities has been the generation of decent work and of decent working conditions, with stable, productive, well paid jobs and social security, in an environment characterized by liberty, equity, security, and human dignity.

    Measures taken by the Ministry of Social Development include:

    -National Policy on Persons with Disabilities

    -National Workplace Policy on HIV/AIDS and National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan 2006-2010

    -ILO 144 Tripartite Committee
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 18
    There are criminal, civil and administrative provisions in the laws of Trinidad and Tobago that address factors such as poverty and gender inequality that increases women’s vulnerability to being trafficked. Such provisions include, but are not limited to:

    -The Matrimonial Proceedings and Property Act (Chap. 45:51) (as amended)

    -The Married Persons Act (Chap. 45:50)

    -The Domestic Violence Act (No. 27 of 1999)

    -The Maternity Protection Act (No. 4 of 1998)

    -The Cohabitational Relationships Act (No. 30 of 1998)

    -The Family Law (Guardianship of Minors, Domicile and Maintenance) Act (Chap. 46:08)

    -The Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act (No. 31 of 2000)

    -The Children’s Authority Act
  • Energia
    Parágrafos Relacionados ao Tema
    • Relatórios
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 45
    Trinidad and Tobago participates in the Energy Economic Information System (SIEE) which is a statistical database of the energy sector which includes information from the Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE) member countries on oil, natural gas, LNG, coal, refined oil, electricity and others with a historical series since 1970. Additionally, the SIEE produces the Energy Statistics Report which is developed based on the information provided by the Ministries of Energy of OLADE Member Countries and prepared by experts at the Organization. It presents statistical historical data and includes data on ethanol production and consumption, world power generation by type of plants and energy demand matrices by country, by region for Latin American and the Caribbean.

    The Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries, through its continued active membership in OLADE, is committed to its regional energy initiatives. The benefit is that it aims to increase our understanding of the dynamics of the global energy market and allows for the forging of partnerships between Trinidad and Tobago and the nations of the Latin American and Caribbean region.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 48
    Trinidad and Tobago continues to support regional interconnection initiatives for use of Natural Gas. In this regard, the Government is supportive of the private-led Eastern Caribbean Gas Pipeline (ECGP), which, essentially, seeks to replace the use of diesel and fuel oil. This concept of undersea network to supply gas to several small Caribbean markets is another prong in the business strategy. This initiative also offers the potential for diversifying energy sources and reducing costs. Trinidad and Tobago sees this proposal as an attempt to assist its less-fortunate neighbours. The major benefits of the ECGP are as follows:

    -The provision of natural gas to the Caribbean region at predictable non-volatile prices;
    -The integration of the Eastern Caribbean through infrastructure development;
    -The deepening of opportunities for Trinidad and Tobago business expansion and development in the Eastern Caribbean; and
    -The opportunity for broad Caribbean participation in the Energy Sector.

    Cooperation is also encouraged in improving the security, safety, quality, reliability and protection of our critical energy infrastructure and supply networks, including regional interconnection networks where feasible and useful. In this context, the Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries, together with the Ministry of National Security, and in collaboration with international experts, have conducted the first phase of a Critical Infrastructure Protection Programme. Further activity on this matter is ongoing as the need for a long-term action plan is evident.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 50
    In terms of industrial power generation, Trinidad and Tobago has moved from single-cycle to combined-cycle generators. The Trinidad and Tobago Electricity Commission (T&TEC) has proposed various strategies to efficiently use and maximise natural gas. These include the use of high efficient combined cycle generators, replacing the less efficient Single-Cycle plant. A combined-cycle generator uses natural gas more efficiently than a single cycle turbine. The combined-cycle generators will increase generation capacity of plants with no additional use of natural gas.

    With regard to Commercial enterprises, there is a programme whereby there are several industrial estates, where small and medium industries are supplied with natural gas; and initiative of Government to stimulate the Light Industrial and Commercial (LIC) sector.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 51
    In 1970, Trinidad and Tobago ratified the “Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America”, which obligates Latin American parties not to acquire or possess nuclear weapons, nor to permit the storage or deployment of nuclear weapons on their territories by other countries. This Treaty seeks to ensure that Latin America remains a ‘nuclear free zone’. However, this country has not signed any of the three amendments to the Treaty subsequent to the ratification of 1970. The Government of Trinidad and Tobago is committed to the development of a sustainable mechanism to detect and manage all possible threats/crises that may occur against the energy based resources and energy sectors through the collaboration and co-operation amongst the Ministry of National Security, other state agencies such as the Ministry of Energy and the industrial sector.

    The following objectives were named:
    -To formalise an arrangement between the industrial sector; the Ministry of National Security and other relevant state agencies with respect to information sharing and mutual assistance;
    -To formalize an arrangement amongst state agencies and the industrial sector with respect to incidents/crises management;
    -To create a framework to conduct an assessment and evaluate the risk to the industrial sector;
    -To create a management system to ensure the sustainability of the mechanism
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 52
    In 2006, the Natural Gas Institute of the Americas (NGIA) was launched by the UTT, with grant funding from several state and private sector entities. The NGIA is dedicated to natural gas-related research that impacts the largely hydrocarbon-based economy of the country.

    Trinidad and Tobago is developing a policy framework through the National Climate Change Policy to enhance energy efficiency. Ways are currently being explored for renewable energy sources and there is an appointed committee under the Chairmanship of the Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries to develop a green paper on renewable energy.

    In the context of Research and Development (R&D), the NGIA has also initiated several projects in collaboration with industry which have more immediate application and commercial value; these include a renewable energy project with the Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries (MEEI). The NGIA took the lead in drafting the terms of reference for a comprehensive study into the implementation of RE technology in Trinidad and Tobago. The proposed study is to include, inter alia, a current state assessment (technical and economic) of RE applications and research activities in Trinidad and Tobago into Photovoltaic solar power, solar thermal energy, wind energy, wave energy and bio fuels (biomass, biogas, biodiesel and bio ethanol). Targets, strategies and fiscal incentives are to be considered. The study is intended to examine fiscal, regulatory and institutional frameworks for RE implementation. The study is intended to examine fiscal, regulatory and institutional frameworks for RE implementation. Targets, strategies and fiscal incentives are also to be considered.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 55
    The Government of Trinidad and Tobago expects corporate social responsibility by large corporate entities such as bpTT and BHP Billiton to be regularly practiced and cover a wide scope of the region. To date, a number of energy companies have been driven to carry out various community outreach programmes. bpTT has been continuously engaged in a number of educational initiatives, from remedial programmes, to the provision of scholarships and incentives for outstanding performance. This includes awards for the top performers in the national Secondary Entrance Assessment (SEA) examinations at the primary level, bursaries at the tertiary-level and sponsorship of technical/vocational skills training and development.

    BHP Billiton has partnered with community groups in the North East of Trinidad to establish the Turtle Village Trust. The Vision of the Turtle Village Trust is to make Trinidad and Tobago the premier turtle tourism destination globally. Trinidad and Tobago is one of the top turtle nesting sites in the world; with an average of 400-500 leatherback turtles coming onto Gran Riviere beach alone per night at the peak of the season. Additionally, BHP cosponsored an ecotourism conference held earlier this year with the goal of sharing ideas on critical issues relative to turtle conservation, ecotourism, challenges of climate change and sustainable community development.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 49
    Since 1964, Trinidad and Tobago has been utilizing clean-burning Natural Gas exclusively, for electricity generation. Presently, existing generation plants are predominantly simple cycle gas turbines (GTs) and gas fired boiler steam turbines (STs) with a thermal efficiency averaging 25%. The strategy is to have a generation expansion plan that will use high efficiency generation (over 40%) operated as combine cycle.
    Further fuel economies in generation will be achieved through:
    -The use of these new high efficient machines in combined cycle for base load (mainly industrial load).
    -The cycling of less efficient plant to follow load peaks.
    -The introduction of Demand Side Management through tariffs as well as incentives for the use of Renewable Energy Sources

    Further, it is the intention of the Government of Trinidad and Tobago to increase the number of service stations retailing Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) throughout the country in order to promote an environmentally friendly, cleaner and cheaper fuel which will also reduce transportation costs to the benefit of commuters and the national economy. As the number of service stations offering CNG increases, the Government will be able to reduce the subsidy on gas as a more economical source of fuel will be available to its citizens. The Government will also support the cost of CNG conversion Kits as well as the importation of CNG ready vehicles. The applicable taxes and duties on the CNG equipment will also be waived.

    A Renewable Energy Committee (REC) was launched on February 13, 2009 to prepare a Policy Green Paper on RE and promote domestic RE development and usage. The Green Paper, when completed, is intended to provide the framework for rational and prudent decision making by the Government, for moving forward with its plans and programmes.

    (For more information, please refer to pages 46-49 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report)
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  • Gestão de Desastres
  • Grupo de Trabalho Conjunto das Cúpulas
  • Infância e juventude
    Parágrafos Relacionados ao Tema
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    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 19
    -Children’s Legislation and the Children’s Authority of Trinidad and Tobago
    *The Children’s Authority Amendment Bill and the Children’s Community Residences, Foster Homes and Nurseries Bill form part of a comprehensive Package of Children’s Legislation for the care and protection of the children in Trinidad and Tobago.

    -Community Mediation Services
    *The nation’s children have also been able to benefit from the establishment of Community Mediation Services. This service provides an alternative to litigation as attempts are made to resolve conflicts in the society. Parental Support Groups, the formation of which is encouraged by the Community Mediation Programme, aim at improving familial relationships by providing a mechanism to enhance the capacity of parents to manage difficult child relations.

    -Children’s Homes
    *The Ministry of the People and Social Development remains committed to strengthening relationships with the institutions that work with children. As at the end of fiscal 2007/2008, the Ministry of the People and Social Development was committed to disbursing annual subventions to fourteen (14) Children’s Homes and four (4) Homes that provide services in Family Life and Counselling.

    -Social Services Delivery System
    *These are intended to facilitate early intervention and improved access to social services, reduce time, and improve the overall experience of clients (including children) seeking social services
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 39
    Youth Employment – Trinidad and Tobago seeks to eliminate youth unemployment through the various initiatives outlined below:

    -Job placement and career counselling services

    -Youth Entrepreneurship Success (YES) programme
    *The Youth Entrepreneurship Success (YES) programme targets young persons between the ages 18-30 and seeks to encourage an entrepreneurial culture through lifestyle and business training.

    -Youth Training and Employment Partnership Programme (YTEPP)
    *YTEPP is an intervention strategy aimed at addressing the issue of escalating unemployment, particularly among young persons between the ages of 15 and 25. YTEPP Limited offers over 80 vocational courses in 12 occupational areas.

    -On the Job Training Programme (OJT)
    *Under the purview of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Tertiary Education, this programme is designed to provide young persons with the opportunity to acquire work experience in order to develop the necessary skills and attitudes for their entry or re-entry into the world of work.

    -Youth Rise project
    *The project aims at providing “at risk” young persons with viable options to support business start up and growth for self-employment and self actualization.

    Youth Education
    The following programmes exist to harness the objective of youth education:

    -Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE)

    -Curriculum Development

    -Modernisation and Development of a New Secondary School Curriculum

    -Secondary Schools Programme

    -Student Support Services

    -Scholarship Programme

    -Establishment of the University of Trinidad and Tobago (UTT)
    *The UTT was established and legally incorporated in September 2004.

    -National Institute of Higher Education, Research, Science and Technology (NIHERST)

    -The Higher Education Loan Programme (HELP)

    -The Government Assistance for Tuition Expenses Programme (GATE)

    (For more information, please refer to pages 13-17 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report)
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  • Infra-estrutura e Transporte
  • Justiça e Estado de Direito
  • Melhora da Gestão Pública
  • Migração
    Parágrafos Relacionados ao Tema
    • Relatórios
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 17
    The IOM will be of assistance as it:
    -Offers expert advice, research, technical cooperation, and operational assistance to states, inter-governmental groups, NGOs and other stakeholders in building national capacities and facilitating national, regional and bi-lateral cooperation on migration
    -Supports states and migrants in addressing the challenges of irregular migration
    -Undertakes programs to facilitate the voluntary return and re-integration of refugees, displaced persons and other individuals in cooperation with other relevant international organizations as appropriate

    The lack of specific legislation to deal with the issue is a reality, and while the crime of trafficking can be addressed under provisions in other legislation, further plans are in place to enact specific legislation based on the model proposed by the IOM.
  • OEA
  • Pessoas idosas
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    • Relatórios
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 41
    Trinidad and Tobago has instituted a series of measures to defend the rights and dignity of the elderly in society:

    -National Policy on Ageing
    Trinidad and Tobago’s National Policy on Ageing was launched in 2007 and considers priority areas for action which include Social security, income security and employment, participation, involvement and social inclusion; dignity and respect for the elderly; healthcare and standards for hospitals and care facilities; housing; education and training; recreation; legislation; transportation; disaster preparedness and research.

    -The Ministry of the People and Social Development has already commenced implementation of some of the action areas of the Policy which include:
    *Collaboration with the United nations and other international agencies employing research studies on ageing
    *Collaboration with NGOs and CBOs to operate and manage senior citizens centres throughout Trinidad and Tobago
    *The restructuring of the Patient Care Assistants’ Programme of the Ministry of Health which would reinforce and improve health care for seniors in their homes.

    -Chronic Disease Assistance Programme (CDAP)
    It was discovered that the major health illnesses faced by the elderly are chronic non- communicable diseases such as hypertension, arthritis and diabetes. The State has, therefore, provided universal access to free health services at the nation’s health clinics and hospitals and older persons can also obtain selected drugs at no cost under the Chronic Disease Assistance Programme (CDAP).

    -Senior Activity Centres

    -Senior Citizens Grant

    -Social support for the elderly

    -Extension of the retirement age

    -Public fora on ageing

    -The Disability Studies Unit at the UWI, St. Augustine has been teaching a course on Social Gerontology since the academic year 2004/2005. This course had as a goal the preparation of the student for the inevitable ageing of the population and the resulting policy implications.
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    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 86
    Agriculture and Food Availability
    From farm to table: promoting integrated environmental management
    Trinidad and Tobago has embarked on the conservation of the plant diversity aspect of the national environment, including the protection of endemic species; the development of a national plant biodiversity database; appropriate landscape management, including policy planning and legislative review in respect of recreation, resource management and the maintenance of indigenous floricultural germplasm. Pág. 20
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    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 26
    Health Infrastructure Development

    *Access to quality, comprehensive health care is being extended through the Ministry’s ambitious infrastructure programme. Under this programme, the Ministry will substantially upgrade the existing stock of hospitals and health centres, as well as construct new hospitals that will make health services more accessible to a wider cross section of the population. To complement the expansion of secondary care services, there are at present approximately one hundred and three (103) Primary Health facilities in Trinidad and Tobago. These primary care facilities are strategically cited to ensure that even the most remote areas can access these services.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 27
    Implementation of the Regional Strategy and Plan of Action for Neonatal Health

    *The Ministry of Health continues to work towards improving outcomes in the area of neonatal and infant mortality, mortality in the under-five age group and maternal mortality. Strategies include reassessing the issues that contribute to mortality, updating equipment and technology in the health facilities and training. A Maternal and Child Health Manual was updated. This manual provides guidelines for health care personnel on procedures and processes in the area of maternal and child health. Input was provided by PAHO, the Nursing Council of T&T and other key stakeholders.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 28
    Reduction of the Burden of Chronic, Non-Communicable Diseases (CNCDs) through the Promotion of Preventive and Control Strategies

    The Ministry of Health is addressing the burgeoning health problem of CNCDs through an approach that incorporates prevention, treatment and care. Some of the initiatives being pursued by the Ministry are as follows:

    -CNCD Technical Advisory Committee
    *The National CNCD Technical Advisory Committee is an inter-sectoral body comprising public sector, private sector and civil society representation that was established in September 2008 to advise on matters related to CNCD prevention, treatment and control. Specifically, the Technical Advisory Committee is responsible for making recommendations on:
    *The development of a unified policy direction for national CNCD programmes, strategies and activities
    *Fostering intra- and intersectoral collaboration in the promotion of healthy lifestyles
    *Promoting coordination of efforts on health promotion, planning, service delivery, regulation, financing, resource mobilisation and research in relation to CNCD control.

    -Health Promotion and Education
    *Health promotion and education are preventive strategies aimed at reducing the risk factors for CNCDs such as Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Malignant Neoplasms (Cancer), Hypertensive Diseases and Cerebrovascular Disease. These risk factors include insufficient physical activity, inadequate diet and obesity, abuse of alcohol and tobacco use.

    (For more information, please refer to pages 38-40 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report)
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 30
    National Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention Programme (NADAPP)

    -The National Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention Programme (NADAPP) states its major objectives as being:
    *To facilitate the development of Community Prevention Programmes to provide healthy alternatives for the population and to reduce those factors contributing to drug use;
    *To promote and enhance Treatment and Rehabilitation services, including programmes for those addicts identified through the criminal justice system;
    *To strengthen research to provide reliable information for policy and administrative decision making; and
    *To ensure the efficient and effective development and conduct of programmes and projects aimed at reducing drug abuse

    -Empowerment Centre
    *The Piparo Empowerment Centre provides residential treatment and rehabilitation services for male drug addicts using the Therapeutic Community Model. The objectives of the programme are to provide clients with treatment and rehabilitation services towards their successful social rehabilitation and to provide a safe residential physical environment during clients’ recovery period.

    Reducing Drug Abuse and Illicit Drug Use
    The Ministry of Health is represented on a drug advisory committee led by the Ministry of National Security that seeks to reduce the prevalence of drug abuse and illicit drug use in the society. In addition, the Ministry of Health, through the RHAs, provides psychiatric care for patients including those that are subjected to substance abuse. The Ministry of Health also provides annual subventions to Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) that provide rehabilitative care to persons afflicted with drug abuse.

    (For more information on Drug Abuse Control, please refer to pages 77-78 of Trinidad and Tobago's National Report)
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 31
    Renewal of Primary Health Care and Access to Comprehensive Health Care:

    The MOH established a Working Committee to review the Primary Health Care System in Trinidad and Tobago in April, 2007.

    -Chronic Disease Assistance Programme (CDAP)
    *Through the CDAP programme, the population has increased access to a list of essential drugs to treat with chronic disease. The CDAP programme was started in 2003 with the primary aim of reducing the cost of health care of chronic disease patients by providing the population with free easily accessible medication to treat with chronic non-communicable diseases.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 32
    Implementing the PAHO Regional Strategy on Nutrition in Health and Development

    The Ministry of Health is guided by the World Health Organization (WHO) Strategy on diet, physical activity and health as well as the PAHO Strategy on NCD Prevention and Control.

    -Adequate Nutrition for Children Under Five and Other Vulnerable Groups
    *The health centres in the public health sector provide nutrition services where the weight of children are screened and monitored for nutritional deficiencies. Parents are also provided with counselling and where nutrition deficiencies are detected, the child is referred to a Nutritionist or to the Paediatric Clinic. These children are then subjected to closer monitoring at the health centre.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 34
    Implementation of the International Health Regulations (IHR)
    An implementation plan has been submitted to Cabinet to ensure compliance with the International Health Regulations (IHR). PAHO has been providing support and this plan is inter-sectoral, with input from the Ministry of Health and other agencies. Some aspects of the plan have already begun to be implemented, such as increased surveillance at airports.

    This country has committed to following the mandates of International Health Regulations (IHR) developed by the WHO. The necessary systems and structures are being put in place to prevent, control and manage communicable diseases and diseases monitored by the IHR, including emerging or re-emerging diseases. The A H1N1 Influenza is an example of a new or emerging disease that is being monitored according to IHR protocols. Other diseases such as yellow fever and malaria are also monitored.

    The Ministry’s surveillance capacity is also being developed and the Ministry has expressed its commitment to this. Surveillance has been heightened in view of the A H1N1 pandemic. The Ministry of Health has signed an MOU with the UK for a Health Information Management System, which would enhance surveillance and data management. Staff is being trained or re-tooled to deal with emerging and re-emerging diseases. Staff has been sensitized about the IHR 2005, which are the updated IHR).
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 35
    Halting and Reversing the Spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015

    One of the primary objectives of the MOH is to facilitate the reduction in the rate of HIV infection and the number of deaths from AIDS in Trinidad and Tobago. This is being achieved through the execution of programmes aimed at reducing the levels of mother to child transmission of HIV/AIDS, promoting safe and healthy sexual behaviours among the general population, mitigating the negative impacts of HIV/AIDS on persons infected and affected in Trinidad and Tobago, and integrating the treatment of HIV/AIDS into the health care system.

    The following are examples of initiatives aimed at reducing the levels of Mother to child transmission of HIV/AIDS
    *The Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission Programme occurs at all public sector antenatal clinics and there are Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission Coordinators available to monitor progress of the HIV exposed infants and mothers in all Regional Health Authorities
    *All HIV exposed infants are treated at birth, (the number treated in 2008 was 170)
    *Pregnant women enrolled in all public sector antenatal clinics are offered tests for HIV and free access to anti-retroviral treatment is available for all those that are HIV positive
    *HIV infected babies are provided with replacement infant formula for a period of 24 months
    *Dried Blood Spot Testing, a new screening strategy to determine the HIV status for HIV exposed infants was introduced in June 2008. The number of babies tested since was 98 with 7 positive cases.

    In addition, the MOH aims to reduce the incidence of HIV infections through the development of a condom management plan, the development of an HIV plan for the prison services, the development of national Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) Policy and Guidelines, the implementation of prevention intervention strategies among youths and the development of an integrated TB/HIV plan.
    • Recursos relacionados
    Ministry of Health of Trinidad and Tobago
    Summit of the Americas - status report
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    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 90
    Establishment of an Inter-Ministerial Committee
    In August 2009, Trinidad and Tobago appointed an Inter-Ministerial Committee to facilitate the implementation of the mandates of the Declaration of Commitment of Port of Spain, comprising officers from selected Government Ministries and Institutions to take the process of implementation further. The Inter-Ministerial Committee is vested with the responsibility to report to the Cabinet of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago approximately every three (3) months.

    Two senior members of the OAS Summits Secretariat: Ambassador Sonia M. Johnny, Senior Policy Advisor/Deputy Director of the Summits of the Americas Secretariat and Dr. Cristobal Dupouy, Specialist, Summits of the Americas Secretariat introduced the Summits of the Americas Mandate Follow-Up System (SISCA). The OAS gave a demonstration of SISCA, the online interagency work tool that would facilitate the entry of information by entities linked to the implementation of Summits’ mandates and for public consultation.

    Various Ministries and Institutions are currently engaged in the use of SISCA.
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    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 69
    Since 2003, Trinidad and Tobago has assigned four officers to work at the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE) Secretariat. Overall, in terms of financial and human resource support, the Government of Trinidad and Tobago has contributed more than U.S. $1,000,000.00 to CICTE from 2003 to present. Trinidad and Tobago held the Chair of CICTE from 2005 to 2006, hosting the Fifth Regular Session in Port of Spain in 2005. During its chairmanship Trinidad and Tobago established new policy directions that have brought Caribbean concerns for multidimensional security to the forefront of the hemispheric counter-terrorism agenda. Trinidad and Tobago’s commitment to fight terrorism is evident in its annual contribution to CICTE.

    On December 02 2006, Trinidad and Tobago became the 16th state within the OAS to ratify the Inter American Convention against Terrorism. The Convention spells out the standards required to determine whether a person is a suspected terrorist and requires all measures carried out under its banner be implemented with full respect for the rule of law, human rights and fundamental freedoms. The Government of Trinidad and Tobago has continued its efforts to implement various measures to enhance border security and ultimately strengthen the capacity of the country in the fight against terrorism.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 70

    Since 2007, there has been a steady decline in reported cases because of Government’s intensified anti-kidnapping efforts made possible through the implementation of Trinidad and Tobago’s integrated national security and public safety policy agenda. These efforts included the building of the specialist investigative capabilities, augmentation of the human resource base and the modernization of physical infrastructure and operating environment within national security.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 71
    In June 2009, the Draft National Cyber Security Strategy and the Strategic Plan for Information Security (SPIS) were reviewed and these two documents were incorporated to develop a comprehensive National Security Strategy. Government approval is currently being sought for the establishment of an Inter-Ministerial Committee comprising representatives from several Ministries and agencies managing critical infrastructure and information assets that can be affected by any disruption or breach of information security

    The Citizen Security Programme (CSP) is an initiative of the Ministry of National Security whose objective is that of contributing to the reduction in crime and violence in 22 ‘high needs’ pilot communities in Trinidad and Tobago, through the financing of preventative interventions addressing the most proximal and modifiable risks. The general aim of the CSP is to contribute to the reduction of crime and violence in 22 high crime communities. It focuses on young people between the ages of 7 to 24 to ensure that the greatest impact is achieved
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 72
    The illicit trafficking in drugs is the most visible form of serious crime in Trinidad and Tobago. This country is in support of the hemispheric commitment to address this problem. In April 2007, Trinidad and Tobago re-affirmed its commitment to CICAD by approving an annual contribution of US $20,000 to assist the Executive Secretariat in delivering its work program. This country also works with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and adheres to international counter-narcotics agreements.

    The Government is also pursuing both supply and demand reduction initiatives in the form of:

    -Inter-agency collaboration
    -Capacity Building
    -Border Control Initiatives
    -Information and Intelligence Sharing
    -Public Awareness
    -Substance Abuse and Diagnostic Studies
    -Standardization of Operations of Treatment and Rehabilitation Centres
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 75
    Measures to combat illicit arms trafficking include:
    -Improved naval law enforcement with the posting of additional officers at the various ports
    -The acquisition of maritime assets for interception of sea vessels suspected of transporting illegal commodities (Off Shore Patrol Vessels) and interceptors
    -The installation of a radar system to inter alia, monitor air and sea crafts entering and exiting the territory of Trinidad and Tobago
    -The merging of the Organized Crime and Narcotics Bureau with the Firearms Interdiction Unit in 2004, to form the Organized Crime, Narcotics and Firearms Bureau
    -Amendment of the Firearms Act by the Firearms Amendment Acts of 2004 and 2006 to allow for stricter penalties for those breaching the law
    -Consideration of the reintroduction of a Police Marine Branch Public Education

    In May 2009, Trinidad and Tobago signed the E-Trace Agreement with the United States. eTrace is a web based communication system which utilizes the internet to send requests to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) for searches of firearms connected with ongoing criminal investigations (“crime guns”), as well as firearms which are found or recovered by law enforcement officers.

    Analysis of the firearms trace data can assist in the identification of firearms trafficking patterns and geographic profiling for criminal hot spots and possible sources of illicit firearms. Local law enforcement agencies will be able to effectively use the eTrace firearms trace information platform as an investigative strategy for the reduction of firearms-related crime and violence.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 76
    In respect to Trinidad and Tobago’s domestic legislative framework, the following Bills have been drafted as a step forward in satisfying the FATF recommendations:

    a) The Proceeds of Crime Amendment Bill 2009. This Bill amends the Proceeds of Crime Act (POCA) and some of the FATF recommendations are satisfied by this Bill. It is more robust than the existing POCA as the range of offences which it captures and the scope of entities which it now targets is wider. It also creates the offence of money laundering and provides for mutual assistance and the sharing of information between and among states.

    b)The Financial Obligations Regulations. These regulations are made by the Minister under section 56 of the Proceeds of Crime Amendment Bill. These Regulations codify the existing guidelines issued to financial institutions by the Central Bank and incorporate many of the FATF recommendations. Many of these recommendations speak to “know your customer rules”, due diligence and the reporting requirements for financial institutions in respect of large, complex and unusual transactions, as well as cash transactions above a particular limit.

    c)The Financial Intelligence Unit Bill 2009. This Bill creates a unit to which financial institutions submit SARs. The Unit is deemed to be the designated authority under POCA. Its function includes analyzing and disseminating information in respect of SARs to the relevant law enforcement authority. The Proceeds of Crime Amendment Bill 2009 and the Financial Intelligence Unit Bill 2009 were both laid in Parliament. In respect of Terrorist Financing, the office of the Chief Parliamentary Counsel and the Strategic Services Agency (SSA) are in the process of drafting an amendment to the Terrorism Act.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 77
    Trinidad and Tobago has adopted a two-pronged approach to the gang problem:

    -The deterrence of socially displaced/vulnerable persons, through an array of social
    -Programmes such as skills-enhancement and assistance programs for the unemployed.
    -The augmentation of law enforcement capabilities chiefly through the creation of the Special Anti-Crime Unit of Trinidad and Tobago (SAUTT) with a view to reduce gang activities and gang violence nationwide.
    • Data:  27/04/2010    Parágrafos: 69
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    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 43
    -The Library Net Programme - As at June 2009, 100 percent of libraries in Trinidad and Tobago were equipped with computers and free internet access through this programme. These systems facilitate research and continuous learning for many citizens right in their communities.

    -Knowledge, Innovation and Development (KID) Programme – In 2008-2009, 339 primary schools and 11 special schools were provided with networked computer laboratories and approximately 600 primary school teachers were oriented in the use of computers and ICT in education. In order to ensure the goal of widespread connectivity in the primary and secondary education systems 190 primary schools and125 secondary schools were connected to the internet. Additionally, to assist the students in the utilization of technology, 778 primary and 532 secondary school teachers were trained in basic network administration in 2008 alone.

    -Implementation of the National Broadband Action Plan - There are 13 Internet Service Providers available to the population. Additionally, two new international submarine fibre optic cables landed in Trinidad, thereby effectively tripling the offshore bandwidth capacity. This caused a reduction in retail and leased line broadband prices for citizens

    -Government Communications Backbone Project – It serves to facilitate communications and information sharing among Government agencies and departments, by providing basic connectivity services such as email (audio, video and text), e-messaging, e-scheduling and internet access over a Wide Area Network (WAN).

    -ttconnect - Through ttconnect online the e-Government Portal Project, information pertaining to 400 Government services is currently available.

    -B2B eMarketplace - The e-marketplace promotes trade - export sales and business development. It will thus help us diversify and expand our market and customer base through showcasing our products regionally and internationally at a significantly reduced cost.
    • Data:  21/01/2011    Parágrafos: 22
    Invention and Innovation:

    -Prime Minister’s Awards for Innovation and Invention
    *This awards scheme seeks to encourage technological creativity by recognising and rewarding outstanding achievements in the areas of innovation and invention.

    -Creativity Vacation Camps

    -Go Creative Project
    *Funded by the Organization of American States (OAS), the project seeks to foster a spirit of innovation in the region’s youth through the staging of ‘technopreneurship’ camps and invention competitions for students, ages 7 to 17 years.

    -Gen Y Foresight Study
    *It was recognised that Generation Y (youth between the ages of 14-28) had a key role to play in the realization of this developmental goal as they would constitute a critical component of our society and labour force in 2020 and beyond. NEXT Corporation was employed to undertake a foresight study aimed at identifying innovative programmes that could allow Generation Y (Gen Y) to make a more positive contribution towards the nation’s advancement.

    Science Popularization:

    -Sci-TechKnoFest 2008
    *The festival whose theme was Health and Wellness attracted over 55,000 visitors.

    -Camps, Special Exhibits & Workshops
    *Each year the National Science Centre (NSC) mounts a number of special exhibitions to commemorate various UN days. These displays provide an opportunity to educate visitors about current topics and issues in science, as well provide a platform for engaging visitors in specially designed hands-on activities that teach related science concepts.

    -Outreach Initiatives
    *Outreach programmes are a part of NIHERST’s commitment to ensure that science education is available to everyone.

    -Sector Foresighting
    *A survey on innovation in the food and beverage sector was completed in 2006/2007. It provides insight into the innovation process and will assist decision-makers in developing policies to create the environment and incentives to catalyze growth and innovation in the industry.