Repositorio

Los temas a discusión en este portal ya han sido analizados por múltiples actores. En este repositorio la SG/OEA reúne algunos de ellos, como una contribución más a la discusión. Este repositorio tiene dos secciones: En la de Políticas integraremos información sobre políticas relevantes a los temas a debate que estén siendo implementadas por los Estados Miembros, Estados Observadores y otros Estados del mundo. En la de Estudios incluiremos análisis, informes y reportes publicados por instituciones académicas, centros de pensamiento, organizaciones internacionales y multilaterales, organizaciones no gubernamentales y entes privados, todos ellos de reconocido prestigio, que sean relevantes para la conversación. La OEA publicará estos artículos e informes en su idioma original.

What Can Central Banks Do to Mitigate the Effects of the Coronavirus?

  • 16 abril 2020

The unprecedented conditions created by the spread of the coronavirus call for exceptional policy responses from the regional monetary authorities. Besides traditional tools such as interest rate reductions, central banks have been pursuing unconventional measures to avoid permanent consequences from a transitory, but potentially severe, negative shock. Since the 2008 global financial crisis, central banks have developed new tools that they can deploy to help firms and households weather the storm. Not only do central banks find themselves in a different situation than before the previous financial crisis, the shock they are facing is also of a different nature. This article lays out several policies that some central banks may already be implementing and others may want to consider, and explains some of the limitations of other policies.

Statistical Insights: Small, Medium and Vulnerable

  • 15 abril 2020

An increasing number of countries have begun to impose containment measures in order to curb the spread of COVID-19 infections and, in turn, introduce significant financial support packages to mitigate the impact on firms and people.
Many of the firms are Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)1, which are particularly vulnerable to a prolonged lockdown. A 10 March survey by the business finance platform MarketFinance2, before the UK introduced containment measures, revealed that two-thirds of SMEs in the UK were already reporting severe cash-flow problems and one-third claimed they were likely to fold within weeks without support.

World Bank Raises Record-breaking USD8 Billion from Global Investors to Support its Member Countries

  • 15 abril 2020

Sustainable Development Bond Raises Awareness for Health and COVID-19 Response

COVID-19 Challenges and Response: How procurement underpins the World Bank’s response to the pandemic

  • 15 abril 2020

The World Bank Group is committed to providing a fast, flexible response to the coronavirus pandemic. We are offering financing, policy advice and technical assistance in every region, across every area from healthcare and education to trade and technology. In this blog series we explore how different teams around the World Bank Group are responding to the challenges ahead.

Bringing the power of global innovation to tackle COVID-19

  • 15 abril 2020

UNDP and Hackster, the largest online open-source hardware community, have mobilized some of the biggest names in the technology world, with support from Amazon Web Services, Arduino, Arm, Avnet, Edge Impulse, Google, Microsoft, NVIDIA, NVP, Nordic Semiconductor, Soracom, and The Things Industries. In partnership, we are launching the COVID-19 Detect & Protect Challenge.

Ensuring data privacy as we battle covid-19

  • 14 abril 2020

Many governments are taking unprecedented measures to track, trace and contain the spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), by turning to digital technologies and advanced analytics to collect, process and share data for effective front-line responses.  •While the exceptional measures implemented or envisaged in some countries may ultimately prove effective in limiting the spread of the virus, some approaches have proven controversial in  terms  of  their  risk  of  violating  privacy  and  other  fundamental  rights  of  citizens,  particularly  when such measures lack transparency and public consultation. •Privacy enforcement authorities have generally endorsed a pragmatic and contextual approach at times of crisis or a state of emergency, and exercised enforcement discretion recalling that respect  for  fundamental  data  protection  and  privacy  principles  do  not  stand  in  the  way  of  necessary and proportionate front-line responses to COVID-19.•Policy makers, in consultation with privacy enforcement authorities, must assess the possible trade-offs in data utilization during this crisis (reconciling the risks and benefits), but must ensure that  any  extraordinary  measures  are proportionate  to  the  risks  and  are  implemented with  full  transparency,  accountability  and  a commitment  to  immediately cease  or  reverse  exceptional  uses of data when the crisis is over.

Planning for the economic recovery from COVID-19: A sustainability checklist for policymakers

  • 14 abril 2020

As the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic continues, governments and emergency services are focusing on immediate needs: boosting capacity in hospitals, addressing hunger, and protecting firms and families from eviction and bankruptcy. The majority of the funds flowing so far from the World Bank, the IMF, other regional development banks, or central banks seek to provide funds for protective gear at hospitals, stabilize financial institutions, pay companies to provide goods and services to essential workers, or provide direct cash support to households.

UNDP and Hackster.io partner to launch a global innovation challenge to tackle COVID-19

  • 14 abril 2020

The fight against COVID-19 is at a crucial tipping point, so the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Hackster.io, an Avnet company and the largest online open-source technology hardware community, are taking action. The two organizations have partnered to launch the COVID-19 Detect and Protect Challenge to create open-source technology that developing countries can leverage in the fight against this global pandemic.

Far away, yet connected: water and sanitation in times of coronavirus

  • 14 abril 2020

The coronavirus pandemic has reminded us all of the vital importance of drinking water, sanitation and hygiene conditions, and, above all, to remind us that we have a pending task to ensure that these services reach all of our citizens.

Supporting Peru’s indigenous people in the fight against COVID-19

  • 13 abril 2020

The impact of COVID-19 could accentuate already existing inequalities in countries like Peru. For this reason, although this country is still only at the initial stage of the emergency, it is necessary to look towards the indigenous world as soon as possible. This includes the communities that live closest to the cities, those living in isolation and those who have had initial contact.  

Policies to Fight the Pandemic

  • 13 abril 2020

Amid the coronavirus pandemic, lockdowns and aggressive social-distancing measures are required to save lives and countries across Latin America and the Caribbean have put them in place.
As a result of the changing macroeconomic conditions, financing costs for emerging markets have risen and commodity prices have fallen.
There will be large drops in GDP, but this is not a normal recession, so typical countercyclical demand management, both fiscal and monetary, is likely inconducive. Policies should be aimed to provide relief, maintain economic stability and the core of the economy intact for the recovery.

Human Rights Due Diligence and COVID-19: Rapid Self-Assessment for Business

  • 10 abril 2020

With the global spread of COVID-19, businesses are facing bankruptcy at an unprecedented scale, resulting in job losses for millions. In this context, confidence in the durability of the global economy, and by extension the norms and institutions that support it, are being tested like never before. How businesses respond to the crisis—especially those firms who receive state support to continue operations—will shape public attitudes towards the private sector for years to come.

COVID-19 GLOBAL PANDEMIC: Joint Statement by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the OECD

  • 9 abril 2020

Tackling CORONA Virus, contributing to a global effort

Directorio de CAF aprueba USD 2.500 millones para enfrentar el COVID-19

  • 8 abril 2020

La institución ofrece la posibilidad de reasignar los desembolsos de recursos ya aprobados para otras iniciativas. El financiamiento permitirá apoyar a los países miembros en sus planes de protección de la población y la reactivación económica.

Cultivating Tomorrow’s Agriculture Today blog

  • 8 abril 2020

IICA  launches blog where experts discuss food vulnerability and the impact of covid -19 on agriculture

COVID-19 An informative guide. Advice for journalists

  • 8 abril 2020

This document offers tools to help journalists practice responsible coverage of the pandemic using evidence-based information. It also proposes ways to approach coverage and encourages journalists to provide advice and solutions that can help reduce health risks and save lives

COVID-19: ¿Cuál es el estado de la digitalización de América Latina para la resiliencia social, económica y productiva?

  • 7 abril 2020

El Observatorio CAF del Ecosistema Digital, a la luz de los desafíos socioeconómicos que supone la pandemia del COVID-19, presenta dos publicaciones que con base en evidencia empírica evalúan la posición y oportunidades de América Latina en términos del grado de preparación de su infraestructura digital y el nivel de digitalización para afrontarlos.

Sistemas de salud resilientes: Aprendizajes de la crisis del COVID-19

  • 7 abril 2020

Este artículo forma parte de una serie en la que expertos de la OCDE y líderes de pensamiento de todo el mundo y sectores de la sociedad, abordan la crisis del coronavirus (COVID-19), debatiendo y desarrollando soluciones para el momento actual y el futuro. 

ILO Monitor

  • 7 abril 2020

COVID-19 and the world of work. Second edition Updated estimates and analysis

CAF promueve la recuperación de las empresas de América Latina a través de la banca comercial y de desarrollo local

  • 6 abril 2020

Líneas de crédito y préstamos para apoyar a las pequeñas y medianas empresas a través de los bancos comerciales al sector de la salud y los demás afectados por la emergencia sanitaria, apoyo a los bancos locales de desarrollo, garantías, fondos nacionales de garantías, y asistencia técnica; son algunas de las iniciativas que CAF está implementando para apoyar la recuperación económica de América Latina.

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