Repositorio

Los temas a discusión en este portal ya han sido analizados por múltiples actores. En este repositorio la SG/OEA reúne algunos de ellos, como una contribución más a la discusión. Este repositorio tiene dos secciones: En la de Políticas integraremos información sobre políticas relevantes a los temas a debate que estén siendo implementadas por los Estados Miembros, Estados Observadores y otros Estados del mundo. En la de Estudios incluiremos análisis, informes y reportes publicados por instituciones académicas, centros de pensamiento, organizaciones internacionales y multilaterales, organizaciones no gubernamentales y entes privados, todos ellos de reconocido prestigio, que sean relevantes para la conversación. La OEA publicará estos artículos e informes en su idioma original.

UNCTAD: COVID-19: Shipping Data Hints to Dome Recovery in Global Trade

  • 9 septiembre 2020

The number of ships pulling into ports to unload and load containers rebounded in many parts of the world in the third quarter of 2020, according to new UNCTAD calculations. This offers a hopeful sign for world merchandise trade, which suffered a historic year-on-year fall of 27% in the second quarter.

Nueva herramienta busca medir el nivel de madurez de instituciones de salud para ofrecer telemedicina en tiempos de pandemia

  • 8 septiembre 2020

“La telemedicina es clave para llevar la atención a lugares donde la salud no llega, y hoy en día es una forma segura y efectiva de evaluar casos sospechosos de COVID-19 y otras enfermedades mientras los servicios regresan a la modalidad presencial”, afirmó Sebastián García Saiso, director del Departamento de Evidencia e Inteligencia para la Acción en Salud de la OPS. “Medir las capacidades internas es el primer paso para comenzar a implementar servicios de telemedicina, y la herramienta que desarrollamos puede ser una guía para avanzar en ese camino”.

CAF propone un fondo para que países desarrollados apoyen la reactivación de América Latina con infraestructura de integración y digital

  • 8 septiembre 2020

La pandemia del COVID-19 representará una contracción del 9% en América Latina a pesar de los esfuerzos de los gobiernos, las empresas y los trabajadores. La reactivación económica de la región requiere fuentes de financiación que sobrepasan las capacidades actuales, por ello CAF –banco de desarrollo de América Latina- además de otorgar una cifra récord de USD 16.000 millones este año, propone con el apoyo de sus 19 países accionistas, la estructuración de un fondo para el financiamiento de proyectos de infraestructura de integración y digital.

Informe de ACNUR: El coronavirus, una grave amenaza para la educación de las personas refugiadas.

  • 3 septiembre 2020

En un informe publicado hoy bajo el título “Uniendo fuerzas por la educación de las personas refugiadas”, ACNUR, la Agencia de la ONU para los Refugiados, predice que, a menos que la comunidad internacional tome medidas inmediatas y ambiciosas para contrarrestar los efectos catastróficos de la COVID-19 en la educación de las personas refugiadas, el potencial de millones de jóvenes refugiados que viven en algunas de las comunidades más vulnerables del mundo se verá aún más amenazado. Los datos ofrecidos en el informe se basan en las estadísticas en bruto sobre la escolarización del año escolar 2019.

OPS - COVID-19: América tiene el mayor número de trabajadores de salud infectados del mundo

  • 2 septiembre 2020

La Organización Panamericana de la Salud cifra en unos 570.000 el número de trabajadores sanitarios infectados. Unas tres cuartas partes de los diagnosticados con la enfermedad son mujeres. Estados Unidos y México suman casi el 85% de todas las muertes por COVID-19 de estos profesionales en la región. El costo humano de la pandemia en América continúa alto con casi 4000 muertes al día.

COVID-19 Has Infected Some 570,000 Health workers and killed 2,500 in the Americas, PAHO Director Says

  • 2 septiembre 2020

“We have the highest number of health care workers infected in the world,” PAHO Director Carissa F. Etienne said during a press conference today. “Our data shows that nearly 570,000 health workers across our region have fallen ill and more than 2,500 have succumbed to the virus.”

BID apoya a Uruguay en la protección de la población vulnerable ante crisis del COVID-19

  • 2 septiembre 2020

El programa financiará transferencias monetarias extraordinarias para hogares titulares de la Tarjeta Uruguay Social y para beneficiarios de las Asignaciones Familiares-Plan Equidad. En este marco, apoyará igualmente el desarrollo de una Ventanilla Única Digital cuyo objetivo será mejorar la eficiencia de los procesos de selección y recertificación de elegibilidad de los titulares de ambas transferencias.

La Tarjeta Uruguay Social busca garantizar un nivel de acceso básico a alimentos y artículos de primera necesidad para las familias en situación de extrema pobreza. Las Asignaciones Familiares-Plan Equidad brindan asistencia económica para complementar los ingresos familiares de los hogares en situación de vulnerabilidad económica con menores a cargo. Además, promueven la permanencia de los niños, niñas y adolescentes en el sistema educativo e incentivan los controles de salud.

World Bank Group and COVID-19 (coronavirus)

  • 2 septiembre 2020

General overview

WORLD BANK: Understanding the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Through Data

  • 2 septiembre 2020

Data is critical to support countries in managing the global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. This site provides an array of real-time data, statistical indicators, and other types of data that are relevant to the coronavirus pandemic. These data are drawn from the World Bank’s data catalog and other authoritative sources.

UNDP: The COVID-19 Detect & Protect Challenge

  • 2 septiembre 2020

This extraordinary global situation demands a global response. As an answer, the United Nations Development Programme and Hackster.io are joining forces with the world’s brightest technology companies. We are calling on hardware and software developers, product designers, scientists, hackers, makers, and innovators to come together to work for those who will be hardest hit by this pandemic. 

e-Discussion on Women’s Leadership in the COVID-19 Response

  • 2 septiembre 2020

Women are hardest hit by the current COVID-19 pandemic and its impacts. Beyond the direct effect of the infection by the coronavirus, women’s health and safety are at greater risk as increased prevalence of domestic violence and abuse is reported and sexual and reproductive health services are reduced. In this time of unprecedented crisis, women also face an increased burden of care and subsequent risk of getting sick because they represent the majority of front-line healthcare workers and caregivers in homes and communities globally. This is all in addition to the disproportionate indirect impact of the pandemic on women’s livelihoods everywhere. With the majority of women working in the informal economy, they often lack health insurance and social security, putting them further at risk. 

PAHO: Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

  • 2 septiembre 2020

As the communication needs of the Region evolve during the pandemic, PAHO continued to disseminate key messages across multiple platforms, and to respond to media enquiries. The infographics cover a range of issues related to COVID-19, including tips for older adults to keep active and health during COVID-19.

WHO: Responding to COVID-19

  • 2 septiembre 2020

OpenWHO is WHO’s new interactive, web-based, knowledge-transfer platform offering online courses to improve the response to health emergencies. OpenWHO enables the Organization and its key partners to transfer life-saving knowledge to large numbers of frontline responders.

Perspectivas económicas provisionales de la OECD

  • 2 septiembre 2020

El crecimiento era tenue, pero estaba estabilizándose cuando golpeó el Covid-19. Las restricciones sobre los movimientos de personas, bienes y servicios, y las medidas de contención aplicadas, como el cierre de fábricas, han hecho retroceder al sector industrial y recortado la demanda interna en China. El impacto sobre el resto del mundo a través de los viajes de negocios y el turismo, las cadenas de suministro, las materias primas y la caída de la confianza, está agravándose.

Latin American Economic Outlook 2019

  • 2 septiembre 2020

Latin America and the Caribbean has seen remarkable socio-economic progress since the beginning of the century. The macroeconomic situation of individual countries has strengthened, living standards have improved, and poverty and inequality have declined. Yet large structural vulnerabilities remain and new ones have emerged. Many of these are linked to countries’ transition to higher income and development levels. The Latin American Economic Outlook 2019: Development in Transition (LEO 2019) presents a fresh analytical approach in the region. It assesses four development traps relating to productivity, social vulnerability, institutions and the environment. It outlines local opportunities for responding to those traps and seeks ways of improving global public goods to reinforce national agendas, all in the context of the United Nations 2030 Agenda. LEO 2019 calls for improving domestic capacities and adopting a new vision of international co-operation as a facilitator to support those efforts.

A framework to guide an education response to the Covid-19 Pandemic of 2020

  • 2 septiembre 2020

This report aims at supporting education decision making to develop and implement effective education responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic. The report explains why the necessary social isolation measures will disrupt school-based education for several months in most countries around the world. Absent an intentional and effective strategy to protect opportunity to learn during this period, this disruption will cause severe learning losses for students. The report proposes that leaders of education systems and organizations develop plans for the continuation of education through alternate modalities, during the period of necessary social isolation. It offers a framework of areas to be covered by such plans. Based on a rapid assessment of education needs and emerging responses in ninety eight countries, the report identifies the most salient needs that should be addressed in these plans, as well as the areas likely to face more implementation challenges. It also examines the education responses of various countries to the crisis. Based on an analysis of data from the most recent administration of the PISA survey, the report also describes the challenges facing various education systems to depend on online education as an alternative modality.

Tax administration responses: business continuity consideration

  • 2 septiembre 2020

This document, as well as any data and any map included herein, are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area

Supporting the financial resilience of citizens

  • 2 septiembre 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic has wide implications for the socio-economic fabric worldwide. In addition to health fears, citizens are facing a host of financial uncertainties stemming from the temporary closure of businesses, schools, public facilities and quarantines, as well as instability in the stock market and retirement income uncertainties. These can result in lost income, trouble paying bills, and meeting other financial obligations, as well as the risk of falling victim to scams and fraud. Policy makers worldwide need to increase the awareness of citizens about effective means to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and its potential long-term consequences for their financial resilience and well-being. Taking domesticcontextsintoaccount,governmentscouldconsiderthefollowinginitialmeasures

Women at the core of the fight against COVID-19 crisis

  • 2 septiembre 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic is harming health, social and economic well-being worldwide, with women at the centre. First and foremost, women are leading the health response: women make up almost 70% of the health care workforce, exposing them to a greater risk of infection. At the same time, women are also shouldering much of the burden at home, given school and child care facility closures and longstanding gender inequalities in unpaid work. Women also face high risks of job and income loss, and face increased risks of violence, exploitation, abuse or harassment during times of crisis and quarantine.Policy responses must be immediate, and they must account for women’s concerns. Governments should consider adopting emergency measures to help parents manage work and caringresponsibilities, reinforcing and extending income support measures, expanding support for small businesses and the self-employed, and improving measure to help women victims of violence. Fundamentally, all policy responses to the crisis must embed a gender lens and account for women’s unique needs, responsibilities and perspectives

Country Policy Tracker

  • 2 septiembre 2020

What are countries doing to contain the spread of the coronavirus? How are countries helping people, small businesses and the economy to weather the crisis and beyond? This Country Policy Tracker helps you to navigate the global response.

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