Repositorio

Los temas a discusión en este portal ya han sido analizados por múltiples actores. En este repositorio la SG/OEA reúne algunos de ellos, como una contribución más a la discusión. Este repositorio tiene dos secciones: En la de Políticas integraremos información sobre políticas relevantes a los temas a debate que estén siendo implementadas por los Estados Miembros, Estados Observadores y otros Estados del mundo. En la de Estudios incluiremos análisis, informes y reportes publicados por instituciones académicas, centros de pensamiento, organizaciones internacionales y multilaterales, organizaciones no gubernamentales y entes privados, todos ellos de reconocido prestigio, que sean relevantes para la conversación. La OEA publicará estos artículos e informes en su idioma original.

UNHCR - COVID-19 Crisis Underlines Need for Refugee Solidarity and Inclusion

  • 7 octubre 2020

While the COVID-19 pandemic has “profoundly tested” global commitment to protecting refugees and forcibly displaced people, it has also shown the value of including refugees in national responses and safety nets to the benefit of all, UNHCR’s Assistant High Commissioner for Protection Gillian Triggs said today. 

Some Countries Showing Spikes in COVID-19 Transmission, Especially Among Young People: PAHO

  • 7 octubre 2020

Transmission of COVID19 in the Americas remains very active, with some countries suffering recurrent spikes in cases and the virus spreading in new and different ways, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Director Carissa F Etienne, said today. 

ECLAC - Alicia Bárcena Urges for Strengthening Triangular Cooperation in the Region and Fostering its Role as a Catalyst of the Post-Pandemic Recovery

  • 7 octubre 2020

ECLAC’s Executive Secretary participated in a regional conference organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Argentina and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany, focused on the prospects for triangular cooperation in Latin America and the Caribbean.

ECLAC - For the Recovery and a Transformation towards Sustainable Economies and Inclusive Societies, Active Macroeconomic Policies must be Maintained and Deepened

  • 6 octubre 2020

ECLAC launched its Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2020, an annual report in which it reaffirms that international cooperation, through better distribution of global liquidity, must underpin the expansion of policy space in the region.

OMS - El COVID-19 interrumpe la provisión de servicios cruciales de salud mental

  • 5 octubre 2020

La pandemia del coronavirus ha interrumpido o trastornado los servicios de salud críticos en el 93% de los países, revela una encuesta de la agencia sanitaria mundial, que destaca la urgencia de aumentar los presupuestos para ese rubro de la sanidad pública.

BID - ALIDE evaluará la respuesta de la banca de desarrollo frente a la crisis COVID-19

  • 5 octubre 2020

La Asamblea de ALIDE convocará a la Banca de Desarrollo de América Latina y el Caribe para evaluar en reunión virtual el desempeño en la mitigación de la crisis COVID-19 y la ruta para la recuperación económica. Los máximos representantes de las entidades financieras, dialogarán acerca de las diversas experiencias afrontadas durante la pandemia en apoyo a sectores productivos y sociales. 

PAHO - COVID-19 Disrupting Mental Health Services in Most Countries, WHO Survey

  • 5 octubre 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted or halted critical mental health services in 93% of countries worldwide while the demand for mental health is increasing, according to a new WHO survey. The survey of 130 countries provides the first global data showing the devastating impact of COVID-19 on access to mental health services and underscores the urgent need for increased funding.

IDB - ALIDE Will Evaluate the Response of Latin American Development Banks to COVID-19

  • 5 octubre 2020

The ALIDE General Assembly will bring the Development Bank System of Latin America and the Caribbean to evaluate in a digital meeting the performance in mitigating the COVID-19 crisis and the path to economic recovery. High level representatives from the financial institutions will discuss the various experiences faced during the pandemic.

UNHCR - As COVID-19 Pandemic Roils Latin America, Venezuelans Face Wave of Evictions

  • 2 octubre 2020

Governments throughout the region have put in place temporary bans on forced evictions amid the pandemic. But some of these regulations either have already expired or are slated to in the coming weeks, raising concerns over a spike in evictions.

Where such measures remain on the books, they are not always enforced, with many landlords simply throwing tenants who are behind on the rent out onto the streets – where keeping safe from the coronavirus is that much more difficult. 

ACNUR - A medida que la COVID-19 sacude a América Latina, los venezolanos se enfrentan a una ola de desalojos

  • 2 octubre 2020

Los gobiernos de la región han impuesto prohibiciones temporales a los desalojos forzosos en medio de la pandemia. Pero algunas de estas regulaciones ya han expirado o se espera que expiren en las próximas semanas, lo que genera preocupaciones sobre un aumento en los desalojos.

Donde tales medidas de prohibición de desalojo permanecen, no siempre se aplican, ya que muchos propietarios simplemente arrojan a los inquilinos que están atrasados ​​en el alquiler a las calles, donde mantenerse a salvo del coronavirus es mucho más difícil.

VOX-CEPR - Corona politics: The cost of mismanaging pandemics

  • 1 octubre 2020

The Covid-19 pandemic is a major test for governments around the world. We study the political consequences of (mis-)managing the Covid crisis by constructing a high-frequency dataset of government approval for 35 countries. In the first weeks after the outbreak, approval rates for incumbents increase strongly, consistent with a global “rally around the flag” effect. Approval, however, drops again in countries where Covid cases continue to grow. This is especially true for governments that do not implement stringent policies to control the number of infections. Overall, the evidence suggests that loose pandemic policies are politically costly. Governments that placed more weight on health rather than short-term economic outcomes obtained higher approval.

UN Welcomes Nearly $1 Billion in Recent Pledges - to Bolster Access to Lifesaving Tests, Treatments and Vaccines to End COVID-19

  • 30 septiembre 2020

New commitments from governments, international organizations and the private sector support unified approach to end pandemic, backing a response of unprecedented scale, scope and speed­—through the Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator­—as pandemic claims more than 1 million lives

ONU - Vacuna de la COVID-19: Un pequeño esfuerzo presupuestario, puede suponer un gran salto para la humanidad

  • 30 septiembre 2020

La iniciativa global para las vacunas COVID-19 es la mejor opción para reactivar la economía mundial, sostiene el titular de la ONU. Su financiación equivale al consumo mundial de cigarrillos durante dos semanas, apunta el director de la OMS.   

PAHO - People Over 60 Have Been Hardest Hit by COVID-19 in the Americas

  • 30 septiembre 2020

Health systems in the Americas are not adequately responding to the needs of older adults and must be adapted in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, say experts at the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). For the International Day of Older Persons on October 1, the organization is calling for comprehensive, person-centered, integrated care and primary health services that are responsive to older people´s needs. 

European Union - Venezuela: Press Release on EU Dialogue with Stakeholders in Caracas

  • 30 septiembre 2020

Following the Ministerial meeting of the International Contact Group (ICG) on 17 September, in particular the decision of the Group to work for improving electoral conditions in Venezuela, two EEAS officials travelled to Caracas, Venezuela last week. The aim of the visit was to discuss directly the situation in the country and reiterate the EU’s position that electoral conditions now in place do not allow for fair, democratic, competitive elections on 6th of December. The mission underlined the EU position for a peaceful, democratic, Venezuelan-owned solution to the country’s crisis.

ILO: 34 million jobs lost by the COVID-19 crisis in Latin America and the Caribbean

  • 30 septiembre 2020

It says that during this crisis "34 million workers lost their jobs (some temporarily)", according to available information from nine countries that represent more than 80 per cent of the economically active population of the region. The employment rate reached 51.1 per cent in the first quarter, a reduction of 5.4 percentage points compared to the data for the same period of the previous year, which represents "a historical minimum value."

The report also highlights that as of the third quarter of 2020, levels of economic activity have slightly improved. Data reveals a beginning of recovery in employment and a return of some workers to the labour force.

What now? Decisive actions to emerge stronger in the next normal/McKINSEY&COMPANY

  • 30 septiembre 2020

One priority, then, is to reenergize the organization—to act rather than react. Even as the COVID-19 crisis continues to create a world of uncertainty, the goal must be to rebuild for the longer term. Companies that are strong and resilient will be better placed to survive and prosper. Those are qualities that can’t be taken for granted; they need to be cultivated.

“When Will We Have a Vaccine?” — Understanding Questions and Answers about Covid-19 Vaccination/NEJM

  • 29 septiembre 2020

As Covid-19 vaccines move into phase 3 clinical trials, enthusiasm about the innovative and sophisticated technologies being used needs to be replaced by consideration of the actions and messages that will foster trust among clinicians and the public. Although vast investments have been made in developing safe and effective vaccines, it is important to remember that it is the act of vaccination itself that prevents harm and saves lives. Considered fully, the question “When will we have a Covid-19 vaccine?” makes clear the many ways in which efforts related to both the “when” and the “we” can affect vaccination uptake. Recognizing the significance of both aspects of the question can help public health officials and scientists both to hone current messaging related to Covid-19 vaccines and to build a better foundation for clinicians who will be educating patients and parents about vaccination.

Supporting Migrants and Remittances as COVID-19 Rages On/ IMF

  • 29 septiembre 2020

Just as COVID-19 has disproportionately impacted some communities more than others, globally, the virus has had an oversized negative impact on migrant workers.

Perhaps surprisingly, despite the bleak experience for foreign overseas workers during the pandemic, the effect on remittances—the flow of money they send back home—has, in many cases, proven resilient. But that trend may yet be upended.

The impact of COVID-19 on education - Insights from Education at a Glance 2020/ OECD

  • 29 septiembre 2020

The lockdowns in response to COVID-19 have interrupted conventional schooling with nationwide school closures in most OECD and partner countries, the majority lasting at least 10 weeks. While the educational community have made concerted efforts to maintain learning continuity during this period, children and students have had to rely more on their own resources to continue learning remotely through the Internet, television or radio. Teachers also had to adapt to new pedagogical concepts and modes of delivery of teaching, for which they may not have been trained. In particular, learners in the most marginalised groups, who don’t have access to digital learning resources or lack the resilience and engagement to learn on their own, are at risk of falling behind.

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