Repositorio

Los temas a discusión en este portal ya han sido analizados por múltiples actores. En este repositorio la SG/OEA reúne algunos de ellos, como una contribución más a la discusión. Este repositorio tiene dos secciones: En la de Políticas integraremos información sobre políticas relevantes a los temas a debate que estén siendo implementadas por los Estados Miembros, Estados Observadores y otros Estados del mundo. En la de Estudios incluiremos análisis, informes y reportes publicados por instituciones académicas, centros de pensamiento, organizaciones internacionales y multilaterales, organizaciones no gubernamentales y entes privados, todos ellos de reconocido prestigio, que sean relevantes para la conversación. La OEA publicará estos artículos e informes en su idioma original.

OCDE - Adhesión de Colombia (28 de abril de 2020)

  • 28 abril 2020
OCDE - Adhesión de Colombia (28 de abril de 2020)

Francia, depositaria de la convención de la Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económicos (OCDE), recibió el 28 de abril el instrumento de adhesión de Colombia, que se convierte así en el 37.o Estado miembro de la organización.

Francia se congratula de poder contar con Colombia como nuevo socio en esta organización. Compartimos los mismos objetivos: promover políticas públicas que fomenten la prosperidad, la igualdad de oportunidades y el bienestar para todos, apoyándonos en la experiencia compartida de sus miembros y de los socios clave. El contexto de la pandemia de COVID-19 y sus consecuencias económicas y sociales harán que esta cooperación internacional sea aún más necesaria. Los valores comunes compartidos con Colombia, especialmente en lo que respecta a la preservación del medioambiente y la promoción del multilateralismo, no podrán sino reforzar la colaboración entre nuestros dos países en el marco de este foro.

Venezuela: EU members of the UNSC call for the depoliticization of humanitarian assistance

  • 28 abril 2020
Venezuela: EU members of the UNSC call for the depoliticization of humanitarian assistance

Humanitarian situation in Venezuela
Press statement by Belgium, Estonia, France, Germany and Poland

The EU members of the Security Council reiterate their concerns about the sharply deteriorating crisis in Venezuela and its destabilizing effects across the region, including its severe humanitarian consequences.

Vaccine Hesitancy Post-COVID-19: Will Our Memory Fade or Last?/ Global Health Now

  • 28 abril 2020
Vaccine Hesitancy Post-COVID-19: Will Our Memory Fade or Last?/ Global Health Now

Full-scale efforts are underway to develop a vaccine free us from COVID-19’s deadly grip. But even if they succeed (and that’s no guarantee), the question regrettably must be asked: Will people take it?

COVID-19 Emergency Shelter Provided for Homeless Migrants in Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • 28 abril 2020

Sarajevo – A 1,000-bed camp for homeless migrants has begun operating in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with IOM support. The new facility, in the northern city of Bihac will remain open for the duration of the COVID-19 Pandemic. 

Protect Workers Both now and after Lockdowns Ease, Says ILO

  • 28 abril 2020

The International Labour Organization warns that without adequate safeguards for returning workers there could be a second wave of the virus.

Smuggling in the Time of Covid-19: The Impact of the Pandemic on Human-Smuggling Dynamics and Migrant-Protection Risks/ Global Initiative

  • 28 abril 2020

Efforts to counter the COVID-19 pandemic have seen unprecedented restrictions on movement being imposed in many countries, both at borders and within countries. Some communities and policymakers have adopted increasingly hostile attitudes towards migrants, whom they perceive as contagion risks. Barriers to movement are therefore not only state-imposed but can also be community led.

Public employment services in the frontline for jobseekers, workers and employers

  • 28 abril 2020

The consequences of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic for the labour market are likely to be severe. Many firms are struggling to stay afloat during the often strict confinement measures, and large numbers of workers have already either been involved in various forms of short-time work schemes or laid off. Public and private employment services (PES) will play a crucial role in preventing the labour market from seizing up during the crisis and in promoting a fast recovery once confinement measures start to be lifted. They will need to provide support on an increasingly virtual (i.e. not face to face) basis to an unparalleled inflow of job seekers. This will include ensuring that benefits are paid out without delay, providing information, and seekers to stay active even if there are fewer vacancies. In the short-term, the economic impact of the pandemic is shifting labour demand across sectors and regions, and it remains to be seen if this will lead to more permanent re-allocation of labour across sectors and regions. Therefore, the PES in each country will not only be facing a surge in the number of jobseekers but also the need to potentially reallocate many of them across occupations, sectors and regions. This requires providing them with good labour market information and support for skills development. In order to fulfil these particularly challenging tasks, PES need to be agile and quickly adapt to the new situation. This policy brief provides guidance on how this can be done

The COVID-19 crisis may lead to mental health issues for many workers

  • 28 abril 2020
The COVID-19 crisis may lead to mental health issues for many workers

We need to be aware of the long-term consequences on the health of all workers. One can expect a drop out of personnel, not only due to infections with COVID-19, but also due to stress, frustration and isolation.

Big health inequities due to pandemic and economic recession are to be expected. For white coat workers, it will be mainly the mental health toll as a result of the high work load during the crisis. For white collar workers, their mental health will instead suffer from the effects of isolation and quarantine. Finally, for blue collar workers, job insecurity and loss of income could lead to mental health issues.

Coronavirus: ACNUR comparte recomendaciones prácticas para ayudar a los países europeos a asegurar el acceso al asilo y una recepción segura

  • 27 abril 2020

En un momento en el que el mundo se está movilizando para combatir la propagación del virus COVID-19, muchos países dentro y fuera de Europa han implementado medidas extraordinarias para gestionar sus fronteras, limitando los viajes por vía aérea y los movimientos transfronterizos. ACNUR, la Agencia de la ONU para los Refugiados, ha pedido hoy a los países europeos que, en estos tiempos difíciles, mantengan las buenas prácticas y redoblen sus esfuerzos para fortalecer los sistemas de asilo en Europa.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) From pandemic to recovery: Local employment and economic development

  • 27 abril 2020

This note provides evidence on the importance of local action to help address the short-term and long-term consequences of the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. It estimates that the share of jobs potentially at risk during confinement ranges from 15% to 35% across regions within 30OECD and 4non-OECD European countries. It explains why the local role is essential for the recovery, and explores the potential game changing nature of this outbreak for local development going forward

Del confinamiento a la recuperación: Respuestas medioambientales a la pandemia delCOVID-19

  • 27 abril 2020

El presente análisis se centra en las accionesinmediatas que pueden adoptar los distintos gobiernos con el fin de asegurarse de que las medidas excepcionales implementadas antela crisis causadapor el coronavirus (COVID-19) no echen por tierrasus esfuerzos porencontrar una solución eficaz a los problemas medioambientales másapremiantes, si no por el contrario mejoren la salud ambientaly laresilienciade las sociedades

OECD competition policy responses to COVID-19

  • 27 abril 2020

This policy brief discusses how competition policy can help address the immediate challenges raised by the COVID-19 crisis whilst looking to the post-pandemic future and the contribution of markets to medium and long-term economic recovery. It describes competition principles that governments can follow when designing support measures for the economy, including exit strategies. The note also outlines actions competition authorities can take to address the practical, theoretical and evidentiary challenges of the current crisis

Public servants and the Coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic: emerging responses and initial recommendations

  • 27 abril 2020

This note examines how governments across the OECD are managing public servants in response to the Coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic. It summarises the principles underpinning the most common measures taken across the OECD, and identifies initial opportunities for managing and harnessing change. The content of this note was developed through a Special Session of the Working Party on Public Employment and Management held on15 April

Pandemia del COVID-19 nos llama a construir un nuevo modelo de desarrollo y reforzar la integración regional para enfrentar la crisis: CEPAL

  • 27 abril 2020

Secretaria Ejecutiva del organismo, Alicia Bárcena, participó en webinar de la Fundación EU-LAC, en donde instó a generar con Europa un “nuevo green deal” para un mundo más democrático, menos desigual y más sostenible.

Italy: Premier Conte Signs Decree to Kick Off Phase Two: "If you Love Italy, Keep your Distance"

  • 27 abril 2020

Premier Giuseppe Conte announced that "phase two is starting, now it's time to live together with the virus" during a press conference from his office at Palazzo Chigi.

PAHO urges countries to maintain vaccination during COVID-19 pandemic

  • 26 abril 2020

On the cusp of Vaccination Week in the Americas, countries need to take innovative safety measures to strengthen flu and measles vaccination to avoid an added burden of vaccine-preventable diseases, says PAHO

Italy: Decree from Italy Initiating Phase 2 to Combat and Contain the new Coronavirus

  • 26 abril 2020
Italy: Decree from Italy Initiating Phase 2 to Combat and Contain the new Coronavirus

On April 26 2020, the Prime Minister of Italy signed a Decree (text in Italian) that initiates the Phase 2 of Government actions to combat and contain the coronavirus. The new Decree goes into effect on May 4, and envisages a gradual easing of restrictions and restart of activities, including the reopening of schools in September. 

Respuesta de CAF frente al COVID-19

  • 25 abril 2020

CAF -Banco de Desarrollo de América Latina- apoya a la región de manera ágil y oportuna mediante una serie de instrumentos financieros y técnicos que complementan las medidas que están aplicando los gobiernos.

BCIE y BCH suscriben convenio de US$200 millones para apoyo ante la crisis provocada por el COVID-19

  • 25 abril 2020

El Banco Centroamericano de Integración Económica (BCIE) y el Banco Central de Honduras (BCH) suscriben convenio para activar línea de crédito de contingencia por $200 millones de dólares. Estos recursos fortalecen la posición del BCH en el contexto de la emergencia sanitaria provocada por el COVID-19.

Global Leaders Unite to Ensure Everyone Everywhere Can Access New Vaccines, Tests and Treatments for COVID-19

  • 24 abril 2020

Unprecedented gathering of heads of government, institutions and industry cements commitment to accelerate development and delivery for all populations.

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