Repositorio

Los temas a discusión en este portal ya han sido analizados por múltiples actores. En este repositorio la SG/OEA reúne algunos de ellos, como una contribución más a la discusión. Este repositorio tiene dos secciones: En la de Políticas integraremos información sobre políticas relevantes a los temas a debate que estén siendo implementadas por los Estados Miembros, Estados Observadores y otros Estados del mundo. En la de Estudios incluiremos análisis, informes y reportes publicados por instituciones académicas, centros de pensamiento, organizaciones internacionales y multilaterales, organizaciones no gubernamentales y entes privados, todos ellos de reconocido prestigio, que sean relevantes para la conversación. La OEA publicará estos artículos e informes en su idioma original.

Oportunidades para América Latina ante el COVID-19

  • 6 mayo 2020
Oportunidades para América Latina ante el COVID-19

La crisis del COVID-19 será aguda e impactará a casi todos los sectores económicos y sociales de América Latina, pero también puede generar nuevas oportunidades de cooperación global e integración regional, indican CEPAL y CAF.

OAS and Facebook Launch Initiative to Offer Resilience Tools for MSMEs

  • 6 mayo 2020

“Small businesses across the Hemisphere serve as the lifeblood of our communities. Supporting them is not only about supporting the economy — it’s also about supporting lives. We must help them weather the pandemic and adapt to the new post-pandemic reality. Their success will be our success,” said the Secretary General of the OAS, Luis Almagro.

IOM Issues Communication Guidance to Stem Rising Anti-Migrant Sentiment in Wake of COVID-19

  • 5 mayo 2020
IOM Issues Communication Guidance to Stem Rising Anti-Migrant Sentiment in Wake of COVID-19

During the Covid-19 pandemic, misinformation and hate speech are spreading with devastating consequences for migrants, refugees and other vulnerable groups.  

PAHO Director Calls on Eeach Country to Analyze Trends of the Pandemic Before Relaxing Social Distancing Measures

  • 5 mayo 2020
PAHO Director Calls on Eeach Country to Analyze Trends of the Pandemic Before Relaxing Social Distancing Measures

The Director of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Carissa F. Etienne, asked countries to analyze specific trends in the COVID-19 pandemic according to their unique contexts, and warned that reducing social distancing measures “too soon could accelerate the spread of the virus and open the door for a dramatic upsurge or for spread to adjacent areas.”

In a briefing with journalists, Dr. Etienne also expressed her particular concern for Haiti in the context of the pandemic, and warned of the dangers of a large-scale outbreak in that country, which, added to the difficult situation Haiti is going through, could trigger a humanitarian crisis. “A much broader coalition to address a potential health crisis in this country is needed,” said Dr. Etienne.

United States: Combatting COVID-19 fraud. Report US Department of Justice

  • 5 mayo 2020

The US Department of Justice is remaining vigilant in detecting, investigating, and prosecuting wrongdoing related to the crisis.  In a memo to U.S. Attorneys, Attorney General Barr said, "The pandemic is dangerous enough without wrongdoers seeking to profit from public panic and this sort of conduct cannot be tolerated."

Fraud Alert: Be aware that criminals are attempting to exploit COVID-19 worldwide through a variety of scams.

Why ‘Shoe-Leather’ Contact Tracing Can’t be Ignored: WHO COVID-19 Briefing

  • 4 mayo 2020
Why ‘Shoe-Leather’ Contact Tracing Can’t be Ignored: WHO COVID-19 Briefing

While high-tech tools have enhanced modern contact tracing efforts, they are still no substitute for public health basics, said Michael J. Ryan, Chief Executive Director of the World Health Organization (WHO) Health Emergencies Programme, according to this article published by the World Economic Forum.

“IT tools do not replace the basic public health workforce that is going to be needed to trace, test, isolate and quarantine," Ryan said at a briefing Monday in Geneva.

COVID-19 Support to Europe and Central Asia from World Bank Tops $1.4 Billion, as Anna Bjerde Becomes Regional Vice President

  • 4 mayo 2020
COVID-19 Support to Europe and Central Asia from World Bank Tops $1.4 Billion, as Anna Bjerde Becomes Regional Vice President

Announcement by the World Bank on Ms. Anna Bjerde, a Swedish national, becoming the new World Bank Vice President for Europe and Central Asia on May 1st, 2020. In this position, Ms. Bjerde will lead the World Bank’s strategic, analytical, operational and knowledge work in the region.

WHO Director-General's Opening Remarks at the Media Briefing on COVID-19 - 4 May 2020

  • 4 mayo 2020
WHO Director-General's Opening Remarks at the Media Briefing on COVID-19 - 4 May 2020

Opening remarks transcript, media briefing on COVID-19 by WHO Director-General, 4 May 2020

Six Ways Coronavirus is Impacting Organized Crime in the Americas

  • 4 mayo 2020

Criminal groups across Latin America have been forced to dig deep by the coronavirus pandemic and subsequent lockdown. Moving drugs and contraband, shaking down extortion victims and getting migrants across borders have all become far more difficult amid increased scrutiny and the lack of human activity.

Keeping the Internet up and running in times of crisis

  • 4 mayo 2020

Since  the  start  of  the  COVID-19  crisis,  demand  for  broadband  communication  services  has  soared, with some operators experiencing as much as a 60% increase in Internet traffic compared to before the crisis. •Network  operators  and  content  providers  have  to  date  successfully  maintained  services  and  efficiently utilized pre-existing capacity, and in certain cases expanded this capacity. •Additional short term measures are important to further enhance network stability and resilience, and to reduce the digital divide: for example, ensuring access for network operators and content providers to communication equipment, data centres, and mobility of technicians to customers’ homes. •Policy makers and regulators can alleviate congestion in mobile networks by releasing additional spectrum on a temporary basis, or by approving temporary commercial spectrum transactions between providers that put unused spectrum into service. •In the medium term, regulators could stimulate broadband providers to deploy more deeper into  the  networks  and  gradually  phase  out  xDSL  technologies,  where  possible,  and  alleviate  administrative burdens to ease network deployment. Keeping the Internet up and running in times of crisis

COVID-19 in Latin America and the Caribbean: An overview of government responses to the crisis

  • 4 mayo 2020

LAC country governments have reacted swiftly and preventatively to protect their citizens and contain COVID-19’s spread, which is likely to face its most difficult period in the region duringthe first weeks of May. Suchapreventative reactionis very important due to a number of particular regional challenges that LAC countries face in response to this pandemic, such as less equippedhealthcare systems and fragmented social safety nets. Yet, the region is alreadyfacingan economic crisis with less fiscal space than in 2008 to mitigate the deeper recession that will result. Focusing on the 15 countries that are a part of the Steering Group of the OECD LAC Regional Programme, this note providesan overview of the measures being enacted to mitigate the public health situation, including its social, economic, and governance dimensions

Testing for Covid: A way to lift confinement restrictions

  • 4 mayo 2020

This policy brief discusses the role of testing for COVID-19 as part of any plan to lift confinement restrictions and prepare for a possible new wave of viral infections. If all confinement restrictions are lifted before a vaccine or effective treatments are developed without other measures to suppress new infections, the infection rate is expected to rebound rapidly. Crucially, quick suppression of infections requires testing more people to identify who is infected; tracking them to make sure they do not spread the disease further; and tracing with whom they have been in contact. This brief discusses how testing strategies can be used to achieve three main goals: 1)suppressing the resurgence of local outbreaks; 2)identifying people who have developed some form of immunity and can safely return to work; and 3)gaining intelligence on the evolution of the epidemic, including on when a threshold for herd immunity has been reached. The brief discusses what testscan be used for each goal, as well as practical implementation issues with testing strategies, including the opportunities and risks of using digital tools in this context.

Vaccine Bottlenecks from COVID Lockdown Put Children’s Lives at Stake: UNICEF

  • 3 mayo 2020
Vaccine Bottlenecks from COVID Lockdown Put Children’s Lives at Stake: UNICEF

Help is needed urgently to distribute vaccines worldwide amid dramatic shortages because of COVID-19 restrictions, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) said on Friday. It has warned that youngsters’ lives “are at stake” owing to the dramatic decline in commercial flights and limited availability of charters.

República Dominicana: Medidas tomadas por el gobierno dominicano para enfrentar la pandemia de la COVID-19

  • 2 mayo 2020
República Dominicana: Medidas tomadas por el gobierno dominicano para enfrentar la pandemia de la COVID-19

Documento de la Misión Permanente de la República Dominicana ante la OEA, detallando las medidas adoptadas por el Gobierno Dominicano frente a la pandemia.

COVID-19 en la vida de las mujeres: Razones para reconocer los impactos diferenciados

  • 1 mayo 2020
COVID-19 en la vida de las mujeres: Razones para reconocer los impactos diferenciados

El documento, que responde a las necesidades que la CIM ha levantado a partir de reuniones con las Ministras y Altas Autoridades de género, Expertas del Mecanismo de Seguimiento de la Convención de Belém do Pará (MESECVI) y organizaciones de mujeres, ofrece un panorama amplio de los impactos diferenciados en las mujeres, prestando especial atención a los grupos más vulnerables. Asimismo, propone líneas para el diseño de acciones y políticas públicas basadas en el principio de igualdad y no discriminación de las mujeres, y en la necesidad de implementar medidas de acciones afirmativas.

Millions of missing airmiles: How the UN civil aviation agency is helping airlines take off again

  • 1 mayo 2020
Millions of missing airmiles: How the UN civil aviation agency is helping airlines take off again

In normal times, the world’s airlines would be carrying nearly 2 billion international passengers this year. That’s 5.7 million a day. But with the COVID-19 pandemic gripping the planet, these are not normal times. In its latest analysis of the economic impact of novel coronavirus on global commercial aviation, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) warns of a potential overall reduction of 872 million to just over 1.3 billion international passengers – if signs of recovery emerge in late May.

Global Health Experts Advise WHO to Identify Animal Source of COVID-19 Virus

  • 1 mayo 2020
Global Health Experts Advise WHO to Identify Animal Source of COVID-19 Virus

International experts have advised the World Health Organization (WHO) to work to identify the animal origins of the virus behind the COVID-19 pandemic and its transmission to humans, the UN agency said.

The future of work is here: 5 ways to reset labour markets after coronavirus recovery/ World Economic Forum

  • 1 mayo 2020
The future of work is here: 5 ways to reset labour markets after coronavirus recovery/ World Economic Forum

The coronavirus crisis has hurried the arrival of the “future of work”. Lockdown has seen widescale remote working, increasing automation, a global revaluation of the care economy and a more visible lack of social protection within the gig economy.

There is an opportunity to “build back better” in 5 areas: reskilling and upskilling; supporting the jobs of tomorrow; prioritizing redeployment and re-employment; re-evaluating essential work and improving the quality of jobs; and resetting education, skills and jobs systems for the post-pandemic recovery.

New Normal? Better Normal!

  • 1 mayo 2020
New Normal? Better Normal!

The COVID-19 pandemic has laid bare in the cruelest way, the extraordinary precariousness and injustices of our world of work, says ILO Director-General, Guy Ryder.

Debt relief for the world's poorest countries

  • 1 mayo 2020
Debt relief for the world's poorest countries

The World Bank is proceeding at full speed with our COVID-19 support. Using the fast-track approach developed in April, the World Bank is currently assisting 93 countries with COVID-related health projects, with support in another 18 countries expected shortly. The broad support efforts can be viewed on this interactive map of the World Bank’s ongoing COVID-19 projects.

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