Repositorio

Los temas a discusión en este portal ya han sido analizados por múltiples actores. En este repositorio la SG/OEA reúne algunos de ellos, como una contribución más a la discusión. Este repositorio tiene dos secciones: En la de Políticas integraremos información sobre políticas relevantes a los temas a debate que estén siendo implementadas por los Estados Miembros, Estados Observadores y otros Estados del mundo. En la de Estudios incluiremos análisis, informes y reportes publicados por instituciones académicas, centros de pensamiento, organizaciones internacionales y multilaterales, organizaciones no gubernamentales y entes privados, todos ellos de reconocido prestigio, que sean relevantes para la conversación. La OEA publicará estos artículos e informes en su idioma original.

OECD - Biodiversity and the economic response to COVID-19: Ensuring a green and resilient recovery

  • 31 octubre 2020

This Policy Brief focuses on the vital role of biodiversity for human life and the importance of integrating biodiversity considerations into the recovery from the COVID-19 crisis. The Brief first outlines how biodiversity loss is a key driver of emerging infectious diseases and poses a variety of other growing risks to businesses, society and the global economy. Investing in the conservation, sustainable use and restoration of biodiversity can help to address these risks, while providing jobs, business opportunities and other benefits to society.

UN Women From Insights to Action: Gender Equality in the wake of COVID-19

  • 31 octubre 2020

The COVID-19 crisis will dramatically increase the poverty rate for women and widen the gap between men and women who live in poverty, according to new data released today by UN Women and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The poverty rate for women was expected to decrease by 2.7 percent between 2019 and 2021, but projections now point to an increase of 9.1 percent due to the pandemic and its fallout.

UNDP - Las consecuencias de largo alcance de COVID-19

  • 31 octubre 2020

Con hasta 100 millones más de personas que son arrastradas a la pobreza extrema en 2020, 1,4 mil millones de niños y niñas afectados por el cierre de escuelas y un desempleo récord, COVID-19 es un gran impedimento para el progreso humano. El PNUD ha predicho que el desarrollo humano mundial va camino de retroceder este año por primera vez desde que se introdujo el concepto.

OEA y WhatsApp unen fuerzas en soluciones de marketing digital para pequeñas empresas en respuesta al COVID-19

  • 13 octubre 2020

The Organization of American States (OAS) is partnering with WhatsApp Business to provide micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) in Latin America and the Caribbean access to digital tools and customized training on WhatsApp's Business app, to help them better position themselves in the marketplace.

UN - Global Trade Amid COVID-19: Signs of Rebound, but Recovery Uncertain

  • 7 octubre 2020

Global trade is showing signs of bouncing back from a deep, COVID-19-induced slump, the World Trade Organization (WTO) has said, with the caveat that any recovery could be badly disrupted by the future course of the pandemic and how societies react.

ECLAC - Alicia Bárcena Urges for Strengthening Triangular Cooperation in the Region and Fostering its Role as a Catalyst of the Post-Pandemic Recovery

  • 7 octubre 2020

ECLAC’s Executive Secretary participated in a regional conference organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Argentina and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany, focused on the prospects for triangular cooperation in Latin America and the Caribbean.

ECLAC - For the Recovery and a Transformation towards Sustainable Economies and Inclusive Societies, Active Macroeconomic Policies must be Maintained and Deepened

  • 6 octubre 2020

ECLAC launched its Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2020, an annual report in which it reaffirms that international cooperation, through better distribution of global liquidity, must underpin the expansion of policy space in the region.

What now? Decisive actions to emerge stronger in the next normal/McKINSEY&COMPANY

  • 30 septiembre 2020

One priority, then, is to reenergize the organization—to act rather than react. Even as the COVID-19 crisis continues to create a world of uncertainty, the goal must be to rebuild for the longer term. Companies that are strong and resilient will be better placed to survive and prosper. Those are qualities that can’t be taken for granted; they need to be cultivated.

OECD - Global development efforts should increase focus on fragile states in light of COVID-19 crisis

  • 17 septiembre 2020

States of Fragility 2020 finds that progress on several UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – including the crucial Goal 16 relating to peace, justice and strong institutions – has stagnated or declined in fragile locations in recent years. The coronavirus crisis is hurting incomes and stability in already poor and vulnerable countries, as well as health and education – two key building blocks of sustainable development in fragile states.

PAHO - Despite large numbers of cases, countless people not yet exposed remain vulnerable to COVID-19 infection in the Americas

  • 16 septiembre 2020

Reopening societies before health systems are ready “would risk a handful of cases in one area becoming a full-blown outbreak,” PAHO Director Carissa F. Etienne said today. “As leaders across the world face pressure to resume social and public life, it’s important that they avoid making decisions in a vacuum. Data about the virus’s spread and the state of health systems and services must guide each country’s plans to reopen, including the mix of preventive measures that should remain in place to keep people safe,” she told a media briefing today.

OECD - Building Confidence Crucial Amid an Uncertain Economic Recovery

  • 16 septiembre 2020

If the threat from COVID-19 fades more quickly than expected, improved business and consumer confidence could boost global activity sharply in 2021. But a stronger resurgence of the virus, or more stringent lockdowns could cut 2-3 percentage points from global growth in 2021, with even higher unemployment and a prolonged period of weak investment.

Presenting the Interim Economic Outlook, covering G20 economies, OECD Chief Economist Laurence Boone said: “The world is facing an acute health crisis and the most dramatic economic slowdown since the Second World War. The end is not yet in sight but there is still much policymakers can do to help build confidence.”

OECD - More Can be Done to Ensure a Green Recovery from COVID-19 Crisis

  • 14 septiembre 2020

Many countries are making “green” recovery measures a central part of stimulus packages to drive sustainable, inclusive, resilient economic growth and improve well-being in the wake of the COVID-19 crisis. However some countries are also implementing measures that risk having a negative environmental impact and locking in unsustainable growth, according to new OECD analysis discussed by member country ministers today. New OECD analysis, Making the Green Recovery Work for Jobs, Income and Growth, indicates that OECD member governments have committed USD 312 billion of public resources to a green recovery, according to a preliminary estimate that will be refined in the coming months. However, a number of other measures within broader recovery packages are going into “non-green” spending such as fossil fuel investments.

Directora de OPS cita acciones necesarias para combatir el impacto de pandemia COVID-19 en conferencia CAF

  • 11 septiembre 2020

La Directora de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS), Carissa F. Etienne, dijo que “se requiere acción en todos los niveles”, desde las comunidades locales hasta el nivel nacional, y desde el nivel regional al global, para combatir una triple crisis en la Región: una crisis de salud, una crisis social y una crisis económica.

“Es solo a través de una acción concertada y colectiva que podemos enfrentar la COVID-19, suprimir su transmisión y recuperar el camino del desarrollo sostenible”, afirmó Etienne en una conferencia del Banco de Desarrollo de América Latina - CAF.

IICA - Mipyme agrícolas del Caribe fortalecen capacidades para aumentar exportaciones en la post pandemia

  • 10 septiembre 2020

Micro, pequeñas y medianas empresas agrícolas lideradas por jóvenes y mujeres del Caribe se preparan y adquieren nuevos conocimientos para sacar frutos del comercio internacional e intrarregional en la post pandemia.

El efecto de la pandemia en el Caribe evidenció la urgencia de pasar de las capacitaciones basadas en conceptos genéricos, centrados en la planificación empresarial y otras áreas relacionadas con el procesamiento de alimentos, hacia una capacitación especializada, aplicativa, adaptada al escenario actual.

UNCTAD: COVID-19: Shipping Data Hints to Dome Recovery in Global Trade

  • 9 septiembre 2020

The number of ships pulling into ports to unload and load containers rebounded in many parts of the world in the third quarter of 2020, according to new UNCTAD calculations. This offers a hopeful sign for world merchandise trade, which suffered a historic year-on-year fall of 27% in the second quarter.

CAF propone un fondo para que países desarrollados apoyen la reactivación de América Latina con infraestructura de integración y digital

  • 8 septiembre 2020

La pandemia del COVID-19 representará una contracción del 9% en América Latina a pesar de los esfuerzos de los gobiernos, las empresas y los trabajadores. La reactivación económica de la región requiere fuentes de financiación que sobrepasan las capacidades actuales, por ello CAF –banco de desarrollo de América Latina- además de otorgar una cifra récord de USD 16.000 millones este año, propone con el apoyo de sus 19 países accionistas, la estructuración de un fondo para el financiamiento de proyectos de infraestructura de integración y digital.

COVID-19 en la vida de las mujeres: Emergencia global de los cuidados

  • 17 agosto 2020

La Comisión Interamericana de Mujeres (CIM) de la Organización de los Estados Americanos (OEA), con la cooperación de la Unión Europea a través de su programa EUROsociAL+, presenta y pone a disposición de los Estados Miembros de la OEA, de organizaciones de la sociedad civil y sector privado el documento COVID-19 en la vida de las mujeres: Emergencia global de los cuidados, en respuesta a la profundización de la desigualdad en la distribución de las tareas domésticas y de cuidado y al incremento de la carga de trabajo no remunerado que están realizando las mujeres. El texto analiza el rol de las mujeres en el funcionamiento de la vida doméstica y productiva y los impactos en sus vidas y en la economía.

WEF - Five graphs that show how uncertain markets are about the coronavirus recovery

  • 4 agosto 2020

Financial markets can tell us a lot about the economic recovery ahead, based on their direction of travel and how confident investors feel about the future. This is important as we emerge from the COVID-19 pandemic. There is much debate about whether the economic recovery will be a V-shape, indicating a short-lived economic downturn with a quick return to previous levels of output. Or if the recovery will take longer, following a U-shape. Or it could be more like an L-shape, with no near-term recovery and ultimately taking many years or even decades..

UN chief outlines ‘bold steps’ for education in the face of COVID-19 disruption

  • 4 agosto 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic has created the largest disruption to education in history and prolonged school closures could further entrench inequalities in access to learning, the UN Secretary-General said on Tuesday, underlining the need for “bold steps” to address the crisis.

CDB - Framework for Reopening of Schools in the Caribbean

  • 30 julio 2020

These guidelines outline suggested actions to be considered to ensure health and safety while ensuring the continuation of education. In particular, the guidelines focus on preparations to meet the challenges of the new school year. The guidelines should help countries to identify their strengths and gaps in responses, survey the existing structures and processes in places that can be leveraged to fill gaps, and prioritise actions for the short and medium term.

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