Repositorio

Los temas a discusión en este portal ya han sido analizados por múltiples actores. En este repositorio la SG/OEA reúne algunos de ellos, como una contribución más a la discusión. Este repositorio tiene dos secciones: En la de Políticas integraremos información sobre políticas relevantes a los temas a debate que estén siendo implementadas por los Estados Miembros, Estados Observadores y otros Estados del mundo. En la de Estudios incluiremos análisis, informes y reportes publicados por instituciones académicas, centros de pensamiento, organizaciones internacionales y multilaterales, organizaciones no gubernamentales y entes privados, todos ellos de reconocido prestigio, que sean relevantes para la conversación. La OEA publicará estos artículos e informes en su idioma original.

OECD - Global development efforts should increase focus on fragile states in light of COVID-19 crisis

  • 17 septiembre 2020

States of Fragility 2020 finds that progress on several UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – including the crucial Goal 16 relating to peace, justice and strong institutions – has stagnated or declined in fragile locations in recent years. The coronavirus crisis is hurting incomes and stability in already poor and vulnerable countries, as well as health and education – two key building blocks of sustainable development in fragile states.

OECD - Building Confidence Crucial Amid an Uncertain Economic Recovery

  • 16 septiembre 2020

If the threat from COVID-19 fades more quickly than expected, improved business and consumer confidence could boost global activity sharply in 2021. But a stronger resurgence of the virus, or more stringent lockdowns could cut 2-3 percentage points from global growth in 2021, with even higher unemployment and a prolonged period of weak investment.

Presenting the Interim Economic Outlook, covering G20 economies, OECD Chief Economist Laurence Boone said: “The world is facing an acute health crisis and the most dramatic economic slowdown since the Second World War. The end is not yet in sight but there is still much policymakers can do to help build confidence.”

OECD - More Can be Done to Ensure a Green Recovery from COVID-19 Crisis

  • 14 septiembre 2020

Many countries are making “green” recovery measures a central part of stimulus packages to drive sustainable, inclusive, resilient economic growth and improve well-being in the wake of the COVID-19 crisis. However some countries are also implementing measures that risk having a negative environmental impact and locking in unsustainable growth, according to new OECD analysis discussed by member country ministers today. New OECD analysis, Making the Green Recovery Work for Jobs, Income and Growth, indicates that OECD member governments have committed USD 312 billion of public resources to a green recovery, according to a preliminary estimate that will be refined in the coming months. However, a number of other measures within broader recovery packages are going into “non-green” spending such as fossil fuel investments.

WEF - Critical Frontier: Leveraging Technology to Combat COVID-19 (actualization)

  • 21 julio 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic has challenged clinicians, public health authorities, companies and governments to quickly develop new capabilities for supporting recovery, maintaining health security, and building resilience. Digital tools and strategies have become crucial in this effort.
This document is an update of the Early Compendium of Technology Responses to COVID-19 published in April 2020. It more than triples the number of solutions, providing better visibility into the diverse uses of technology for the COVID-19 response.

CEPAL presenta cinco propuestas para ampliar el espacio fiscal de los países del Caribe

  • 9 julio 2020

Alicia Bárcena explicó que la CEPAL propone cinco recomendaciones muy concretas: la iniciativa de alivio de la deuda mediante un canje de deuda por adaptación al cambio climático, que incluye la creación de un fondo de resiliencia; la paralización del servicio de la deuda y un cambio en los criterios de eligibilidad de las instituciones financieras internacionales (IFIs) para el otorgamiento de financiamiento concesional; bonos de contingencia, en especial con cláusulas sobre los huracanes; bonos verdes y azules; y el apoyo a la liquidez mediante la emisión de derechos especiales de giro.

El yoga nos hace más resilientes y nos da calma frente a la emergencia generada por el coronavirus

  • 21 junio 2020

En el contexto actual, el yoga apoya el estado físico de las personas que, en general, se mueven menos por la limitación de las actividades fuera de casa y, sobre todo sirve como instrumento para mantener un equilibrio mental.

UN - On International Yoga Day, UN Spotlights Power of Ancient Practice to Help Ease COVID-19 Stress

  • 21 junio 2020

As the global outbreak of COVID-19 has upended lives across the world, a rise in conditions including depression and anxiety have been seen as people adapt to lifestyle changes.

“During my missions and the ongoing confinement, yoga has really helped me to stay calm, balanced and focused,” said Silke Von Brockhausen, who is currently based in New York at the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and has a career in helping the UN respond to global emergencies.

La COVID-19 provoca una crisis sin precedentes, y las medidas de confinamiento afectan a casi todos los trabajadores y las empresas

  • 19 junio 2020

Para el segundo trimestre de 2020 se prevé una pérdida masiva de horas de trabajo, equivalente a 305 millones de trabajos a tiempo completo , y el 38 por ciento de la población activa –aproximadamente 1.250 millones de trabajadores– trabaja en sectores de alto riesgo.

La nota de información, basada en datos y análisis de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo (OIT), advierte de que muchas de las personas que han perdido su trabajo y sus medios de vida en los últimos meses no podrán reincorporarse al mercado de trabajo en breve.

OECD - Global Economy Faces a Tightrope Walk to Recovery

  • 10 junio 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered the most severe recession in nearly a century and is causing enormous damage to people’s health, jobs and well-being, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

As restrictions begin to ease, the path to economic recovery remains highly uncertain and vulnerable to a second wave of infections. Strengthening healthcare systems and supporting people and businesses to help adapt to a post-COVID-19 world will be crucial, it says.

IICA - Caribbean Ministers of Agriculture Explore Funding Options to Mitigate the Effects of the Pandemic on Agriculture

  • 8 junio 2020

During a videoconference, representatives of financial institutions, development organizations and donors informed the ministers of funding alternatives and resources available to strengthen agriculture, with special emphasis on food security, resilience, economic recovery, technological innovation, sustainable use of resources and the preservation of biodiversity, among other areas.

The meeting was organized by the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) and the Secretariat of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), as part of their efforts to strengthen agriculture in the region. 

UNICEF - How Parents Can Support Their Child Through COVID-19 Losses

  • 4 junio 2020

According to Dr. Damour, a lot will depend on the age of your child. “Very young children may be confused about what happened – both with loss and grief. Children under the age of 5 may not understand why they don’t go to school and why their parents are home. In the case of death, they may not really understand what death is or understand that it’s permanent. We need to appreciate that really young children are not only dealing with dramatic changes in their lives, but that they often don’t entirely understand why these changes have occurred or what caused them.”

COVID-19 crisis: How South-South Cooperation can Support Economic Recovery

  • 3 junio 2020

Cooperation among countries of the South cannot substitute for the actions required by the wider international community but it can bring a degree of relief and support with recovery.

As important, it can provide a blueprint for the kind of international coordination and cooperation that will be needed to recover better than after previous crises.

With this in mind, a South-South cooperation agenda needs to build around three broad objectives: scaling-up financial resources; enhancing policy space; and building resilience.

Now is the Time for a 'Great Reset'

  • 3 junio 2020

To achieve a better outcome, the world must act jointly and swiftly to revamp all aspects of our societies and economies, from education to social contracts and working conditions. Every country, from the United States to China, must participate, and every industry, from oil and gas to tech, must be transformed. In short, we need a “Great Reset” of capitalism.

Countries Can Take Steps Now to Rebuild from COVID-19

  • 2 junio 2020

Short-term response measures to address the health emergency and secure core public services will need to be accompanied by comprehensive policies to boost long-term growth, including by improving governance and business environments, and expanding and improving the results of investment in education and public health. To make future economies more resilient, many countries will need systems that can build and retain more human and physical capital during the recovery – using policies that reflect and encourage the post-pandemic need for new types of jobs, businesses and governance systems.

THE COVID-19 Pandemic: Shocks to Education and Policy Responses

  • 31 mayo 2020

This report presents a set of policies to mitigate the impacts and groups them in three overlapping phases: Coping, Managing Continuity, and Improving and Accelerating. The guiding principle are to use every opportunity, in each phase, to do things better. This includes the provision of incentives, such as school feeding and school health programmes, to maximize reenrolment and attendance as schools reopen. By learning from innovations and emergency processes, systems can adapt and scale up the more effective solutions. In doing so, they could become more effective, more agile, and more resilient. A vision and proactive action will help not only mitigate the damage from the current crisis, but could turn recovery into real growth.

UN Seeks to Build Transport and Trade Resilience in Wake of COVID-19

  • 28 mayo 2020

The project launched this month will implement UN solutions, standards, guidelines, metrics, tools and methodologies to help developing countries build transport, trade and logistics resilience in the wake of COVID-19.

It seeks to equip governments in developing and least developed countries to adapt to new post-COVID-19 conditions by tapping into UN expertise, standards, tools and guidance, while considering their specific and local conditions.

WORLD BANK – We’re Moving to the Next Stage’

  • 27 mayo 2020

Over the past three months, the World Bank Group has mounted the fastest crisis response in its history. We are now financing emergency operations in over 100 countries – home to 70% of the global population.

In this virtual interview, David Malpass, President of the World Bank Group, discussed the path ahead for developing countries. What will a robust and resilient recovery look like? How can we promote economic growth, support the poorest, and sustain businesses and jobs?

Coronavirus and Human Rights: New UN Report Calls for Disability-Inclusive Recovery/ UN

  • 6 mayo 2020
Coronavirus and Human Rights: New UN Report Calls for Disability-Inclusive Recovery/ UN

The COVID-19 pandemic is intensifying inequalities experienced by the world’s one billion people with disabilities, UN Secretary-General António Guterres said in launching a report issued on Wednesday that calls for a disability-inclusive recovery and response to the crisis.

La UE y América Latina y el Caribe: aunar esfuerzos frente a la COVID-19/ European External Action

  • 24 abril 2020
La UE y América Latina y el Caribe: aunar esfuerzos frente a la COVID-19/ European External Action

Hace pocos años, la Unión Europea situó el concepto de “resiliencia” en el centro de su estrategia global y de seguridad. En un mundo más complejo, disputado e interconectado, se asumía que la seguridad y el bienestar enfrentaba nuevos desafíos geopolíticos y los riesgos transnacionales de la globalización. Ello exigía fortalecer la capacidad de cada país para encajar y sobreponerse a un choque externo. Ese era un objetivo de nuestra cooperación con los países en desarrollo, menos resilientes, pero también interpelaba a una UE que se sabía vulnerable ante esos riesgos.

Latin America and Covid-19: Conditions for a Sustained Recovery/ The Dialogue

  • 14 abril 2020

This article by The Dialogue claims that the COVID-19 pandemic is one of the worst shocks ever to affect Latin America and the Caribbean. Governments, firms, and workers are coping with a severe economic crisis with yet unknown human losses and potential for social disarray. The region is being hit by large demand shocks from sharp commodity price falls due to a slump in external demand, external capital flight, financial sector volatility, and a collapse in tourist flows due to border closures and immobility measures. These shocks have been exacerbated by output disruptions associated with mandatory social distancing which have paralyzed all non-essential economic sectors, with a high toll on the spending capacity of millions of firms and consumers. In view of this situation, there is an urgent need to build more resilient societies, with buffers to mitigate shocks and adequate delivery of public goods and services. This will test the capacity and determination of all relevant actors in the region.