The Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA) is the region's main tool to address the issue of the illicit proliferation and trafficking of firearms from a coordinated and transnational perspective.

CIFTA is a binding multilateral agreement to promote the establishment of controls and regulations on the illicit manufacturing and trafficking of firearms. Adopted in 1997, it is the first regional tool of this nature and it was ratified by 31 of the 34 OAS member states.

CIFTA establishes a series of binding obligations on the States Parties, including:

  • Criminalization of conducts associated with the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms
  • Mandatory marking of firearms
  • Licensing systems for export, import, and transit of firearms, ammunition, explosives, and related materials
  • Strengthening of controls at export points
  • Regional cooperation and exchange of experiences

The CIFTA structure is divided into:

Conference of States Parties:

The Conference of the States Parties is the highest organ of the Convention and brings together the highest authorities of the countries, who examine the operation and application of the Convention.

Consultative Committee:

The Consultative Committee is comprised by the national entities of the States Parties. It meets annually to exchange information, promote regional cooperation, and analyze the progress made in the implementation of the Convention and the current Course of Action.

Technical secretary:

The Technical Secretariat is exercised by the General Secretariat of the OAS through the Department against Transnational Organized Crime (DTOC) and the

Department of Public Security (DPS), which implement operational programs to support the States Parties in complying with the obligations of the CIFTA and provides assistance to the Pro-Tempore Secretariat and the Presidency of the Conference of States Parties to organize the meetings of the CIFTA.

Secretariat Pro-Tempore:

The Secretariat Pro-Tempore is exercised by a State Party, elected annually by the other countries, responsible for organizing and chairing the meetings of the Consultative Committee. Currently, it is occupied by Mexico.

Objectives
  • Prevent, combat, and eradicate the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials
  • Promote and facilitate cooperation, the exchange of information, and good practices among the States Parties


Activities

Secretariat Pro-Tempore:

Convene and organize the Annual Meetings of the Advisory Committee.

Technical secretary:

Support the Secretariat pro Tempore in the organization of the meetings.

Strengthen the capacities of the States Parties to comply with the obligations of the CIFTA, particularly in relation to:

  • Marking and tracking.
  • System of import, export and transit licenses.
  • Management and destruction of stockpiles.
  • Adaptation of national legislation to the regulatory framework of the CIFTA.
  • Investigation of crimes related to illicit trafficking and proliferation of firearms.

Beneficiary Countries
Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Argentina
Barbados
Barbados
Belize
Belize
Bolivia
Bolivia
Brazil
Brazil
Canada
Canada
Chile
Chile
Colombia
Colombia
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Dominica
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Ecuador
El Salvador
El Salvador
Grenada
Grenada
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guyana
Guyana
Haiti
Haiti
Honduras
Honduras
Jamaica
Jamaica
Mexico
Mexico
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Panama
Panama
Paraguay
Paraguay
Peru
Peru
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Suriname
Suriname
The Bahamas
The Bahamas
Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago
United States of America
United States of America
Uruguay
Uruguay
Venezuela
Venezuela
CIFTA State Parties



Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda

Argentina

Argentina

Canada

Canada

Colombia

Colombia

Costa Rica

Costa Rica

Dominica

Dominica

Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic

El Salvador

El Salvador

Grenada

Grenada

Guatemala

Guatemala

Jamaica

Jamaica

Paraguay

Paraguay

Peru

Peru

Peru

Peru

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Kitts and Nevis

The Bahamas

The Bahamas

United States of America

United States of America

Uruguay

Uruguay