Repository

The topics for discussion on this portal have already been analyzed by multiple actors. In this repository, the GS / OAS brings together some of them, as one more contribution to the discussion. This repository has two sections: In the Policy section, we will integrate information on policies relevant to the issues under discussion that are being implemented by Member States, Observer States and other States of the world. In Studies we will include analyzes, reports and reports published by academic institutions, think tanks, international and multilateral organizations, non-governmental organizations and private entities, all of them of recognized prestige, which are relevant to the conversation. The OAS will publish these articles and reports in their original language.

UN – Only Venezuelans Can Resolve Venezuela’s Deepening Crisis, DiCarlo Tells Security Council

  • 20 May 2020

“Venezuela is mired in a deepening protracted crisis that only Venezuelans can resolve,” said Rosemary A. DiCarlo, Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs. “In the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, an agreement that strengthens democratic governance, with full respect for human rights and the rule of law, is more urgent than ever,” she said, urging Member States to stand behind that call.

WHO - Tedros Hails WHO ‘Landmark Resolution’ to Accelerate COVID-19 Response

  • 20 May 2020

With  “unprecedented solidarity”, the World Health Assembly adopted a “landmark resolution” on Tuesday, which sets out a “clear roadmap” of the actions needed to sustain and accelerate the COVID-19 response at both national and international levels, the UN health agency chief told a press briefing on Wednesday, the day after the meeting concluded.

Bridging the Skills Gap for Informal Economy Workers – How Can Skills and Lifelong Learning Help Mitigate the Consequences of the Crises?

  • 19 May 2020

Promoting the employability and income opportunities of people working in the informal economy is highly critical for inclusive societies, and more so in times of crisis. Innovations to facilitate outreach, the recognition of prior learning or digital solutions are highly needed, requiring new financing models and partnerships with employers and workers’ organizations.

Mitigating Risks to Food Systems During COVID-19: Reducing Food Loss and Waste/ FAO

  • 12 May 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to wreak havoc globally, generating significant challenges that could result in risks to food security and nutrition in many countries. Countries are ordering lockdowns, restricting movement and observing physical distancing to curb the pandemic. Disruptions in supply chains resulting from blockages on transport routes, transport restrictions and quarantine measures are resulting in significant increases in food loss and waste, especially of perishable agricultural produce such as fruits and vegetables, fish, meat and dairy products. In addition, labour shortages, owing to the restriction of movement of key stakeholders in production and transport, are significantly impacting food supply and demand owing to food shortages in some markets, further contributing to food loss and to the unnecessary waste of food supplies in these difficult times.

Migration-Related Socioeconomic Impacts of COVID-19 on Developing Countries/ IOM

  • 12 May 2020

While the world has focused primarily on the impacts of the COVID-19 Crisis on developed countries in Europe, North America, and East Asia, developing countries will not be immune to the economic fallout from the crisis or its social implications. The vast majority of these countries are deeply integrated into global goods and labour supply chains and will feel the effects of declining demand in the short term; current travel restrictions will have a severe impact on communities reliant on tourism; and many developing countries rely heavily on labour migration – both to developing countries as well as to developed countries – as a way of easing domestic labour market pressures and as a financial resource, with migrants sending home billions of US dollars to family members in the form of remittances, as well as returning with savings which serve to stimulate local economic activity. Restrictions on internal migration further exacerbate the situation as seasonal and trade-related mobility is disrupted, impacting the livelihoods of migrants and their families.

Recomendaciones para la limpieza y desinfección en casa con casos sospechosos o confirmados de COVID-19

  • 11 May 2020

En esta guía se presenta información sobre la higiene personal y las medidas básicas de prevención y control de infecciones, así como sobre la forma de cuidar de la manera más segura posible a la persona sospechosa de tener COVID-19 o ser portadora del virus y de evitar que la infección se propague a otros miembros del hogar. Esta ficha será de gran utilidad para el público en general como herramienta para la lucha contra la COVID-19.

Recomendaciones para la limpieza y desinfección en casa sin casos sospechosos o confirmados de COVID-19

  • 11 May 2020

En esta guía se presenta información sobre la higiene personal y las medidas básicas de prevención y control de infecciones con el propósito de evitar que la infección se propague. Esta ficha será de gran utilidad para el público en general como herramienta para la lucha contra la COVID-19.

Italy - Italy Promotes #FoodCoalition

  • 8 May 2020

Food security and nutrition have always been key priorities of Italian foreign policy. Italy has always played an important role in this sector, something testified by many UN agencies in Rome – FAO, IFAD and WFP.   Covid-19 requires us to rethink everything about food security and nutrition – universal goals – since they are at risk. Furthermore, Italy just recently propitiated the creation of the #FoodCoalition, a multilateral and multi-sector mechanism capable of creating a network of international solidarity to respond to the critical issues caused by the pandemic in the food sector. 

COVID-19 is Changing the Route of Illicit Drug Flows/ UNODC

  • 7 May 2020
COVID-19 is Changing the Route of Illicit Drug Flows/ UNODC

Measures implemented by governments to curb the COVID-19 pandemic have led to drug trafficking routes by air being disrupted, along with drastic reduction or increased interdiction in trafficking routes over land. Some drug supply chains have been interrupted and traffickers are looking for alternative routes, including maritime routes, depending on the types of drugs smuggled. These are some of the findings from a report on drug market trends during COVID-19, launched today by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

UN Sets Out COVID-19 Social and Economic Recovery Plan/ UN

  • 7 May 2020
UN Sets Out COVID-19 Social and Economic Recovery Plan/ UN

With economies stumbling and unemployment soaring, UN ramps up plans for social and economic recovery alongside WHO-led health response.

UN Issues US$6.7 Billion Appeal to Protect Millions of Lives and Stem the Spread of Coronavirus in Fragile Countries/ UN

  • 7 May 2020
UN Issues US$6.7 Billion Appeal to Protect Millions of Lives and Stem the Spread of Coronavirus in Fragile Countries/ UN

“The COVID-19 pandemic is hurting us all. But the most devastating and destabilizing effects will be felt in the world’s poorest countries. In the poorest countries we can already see economies contracting as export earnings, remittances and tourism disappear. Unless we take action now, we should be prepared for a significant rise in conflict, hunger and poverty. The spectre of multiple famines looms.

Coronavirus and Human Rights: New UN Report Calls for Disability-Inclusive Recovery/ UN

  • 6 May 2020
Coronavirus and Human Rights: New UN Report Calls for Disability-Inclusive Recovery/ UN

The COVID-19 pandemic is intensifying inequalities experienced by the world’s one billion people with disabilities, UN Secretary-General António Guterres said in launching a report issued on Wednesday that calls for a disability-inclusive recovery and response to the crisis.

COVID-19 and the Drug Supply Chain: from Production and Trafficking to Use/ UNODC

  • 6 May 2020
COVID-19 and the Drug Supply Chain: from Production and Trafficking to Use/ UNODC

Roughly half of the global population is living under mobility restrictions, international border crossings have been closed and economic activity has declined drastically, as many countries have opted for the closure of nonessential businesses.

Drug trafficking relies heavily on legal trade to camouflage its activities and on individuals being able to distribute drugs to consumers. The measures implemented by Governments to counter the COVID19 pandemic have thus inevitably affected all aspects of the illegal drug markets, from the production and trafficking of drugs to their consumption.

COVID-19 Crisis Putting Human Trafficking Victims at Risk of Further Exploitation, Experts Warn

  • 6 May 2020
COVID-19 Crisis Putting Human Trafficking Victims at Risk of Further Exploitation, Experts Warn

Lockdowns, travel restrictions, resource cutbacks and other measures to curb the spread of the new coronavirus are putting victims of human trafficking at risk of further exploitation, while organized crime networks could further profit from the pandemic, according to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

Vaccine Bottlenecks from COVID Lockdown Put Children’s Lives at Stake: UNICEF

  • 3 May 2020
Vaccine Bottlenecks from COVID Lockdown Put Children’s Lives at Stake: UNICEF

Help is needed urgently to distribute vaccines worldwide amid dramatic shortages because of COVID-19 restrictions, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) said on Friday. It has warned that youngsters’ lives “are at stake” owing to the dramatic decline in commercial flights and limited availability of charters.

‘Rights and Dignity’ of Older People Must be Respected During COVID-19 and Beyond

  • 1 May 2020
‘Rights and Dignity’ of Older People Must be Respected During COVID-19 and Beyond

The COVID-19 fatality rate for people over 80-years-old, is five times the global average, the UN Secretary-General said on Friday, launching a new policy initiative to address this and many other challenges faced by the elderly, during and after the biggest public health crisis to hit the world in a century.

Accountability And the Prevention of Corruption: in the Allocation and Distribution of Emergency Economic Rescue Packages in the Context and Aftermath of the COVID-19 Pandemic / UNODC

  • 1 May 2020

To avoid a global economic collapse and stave off a potential depression, Member States have taken dramatic and significant measures 2 to provide an economic safety net for citizens and businesses in distress, including through direct cash disbursements, short- and medium-term forgivable loans and deferment of payments, unemployment insurance and other measures.

In taking such emergency measures, Member States have necessarily relaxed safeguards by trading compliance, oversight and accountability for speed of response and achievement of rapid impact, thus leading to the creation of significant opportunities for corruption to thrive.

Combating Falsified Medical Product-Related Crime: A Guide to Good Legislative Practices-UNODC

  • 1 May 2020

This Guide is intended to support States in enacting or strengthening domestic legislation to combat falsified medical product-related crime and, in so doing, contributing to the protection of public health. States may use this Guide as a practical tool as they draft, amend or review relevant national legislation within their constitutional and legislative framework.

Healthcare Workers Must be Protected while Vaccinating During the COVID-19 Pandemic

  • 29 April 2020
Healthcare Workers Must be Protected while Vaccinating During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Health authorities should take specific steps to protect health care workers and communities during essential immunization activities throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, say experts at the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO).

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Trafficking in Persons. UNODC

  • 29 April 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic is putting the world under enormous strain, affecting the lives of everyone. The unprecedented measures adopted to flatten the infection curve include enforced quarantine, curfews and lockdowns, travel restrictions, and limitations on economic activities and public life. While at first sight, these enforcement measures and increased police presence at the borders and on the streets seem to dissuade crime, they may also drive it further underground. In trafficking in persons, criminals are adjusting their business models to the ‘new normal’ created by the pandemic, especially through the abuse of modern communications technologies. At the same time, COVID-19 impacts the capacity of state authorities and non-governmental organizations to provide essential services to the victims of this crime. Most importantly, the pandemic has exacerbated and brought to the forefront the systemic and deeply entrenched economic and societal inequalities that are among the root causes of human trafficking.

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