The topics for discussion on this portal have already been analyzed by multiple actors. In this repository, the GS / OAS brings together some of them, as one more contribution to the discussion. This repository has two sections: In the Policy section, we will integrate information on policies relevant to the issues under discussion that are being implemented by Member States, Observer States and other States of the world. In Studies we will include analyzes, reports and reports published by academic institutions, think tanks, international and multilateral organizations, non-governmental organizations and private entities, all of them of recognized prestige, which are relevant to the conversation. The OAS will publish these articles and reports in their original language.

Italy: Coronavirus; Sereni, Global Alliance for Drugs and Vaccine, and Coalition for Food to Prevent a Health Crisis from Adding to a Food Crisis

  • 17 April 2020

In order to decrease the overall impact of the coronavirus, Italy has been active domestically with significant mitigation measures, a robust medical response and important collaborative scientific research – as well as economic recovery initiatives. At the international level Italy has also undertaken important measures through its development agencies.

Switzerland: SDC Supporting Global Fight Against COVID-19 Pandemic

  • 17 April 2020

The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) is contributing financially and with relief supplies to help overcome the global COVID-19 pandemic. To this end, it is adapting existing programmes by redirecting CHF 56 million of funding. The SDC has also transferred CHF 18 million to international organizations.

Austria: Public Health Measures to Prevent the Further Spread of the Disease

  • 17 April 2020

Austria has taken key public health measures that aim to prevent the further spread of the disease as well as measures in place to test and identify cases, trace contacts, and monitor the scale of the outbreak from different fronts: (i) ensuring sufficient physical infrastructure and workforce capacity; (ii) preventing transmission; (iii) providing health services effectively; (iv) paying for services; and (v) governance.

Alliance for Multilateralism: We Need Strong Global Cooperation and Solidarity to Fight COVID-19

  • 16 April 2020
Alliance for Multilateralism: We Need Strong Global Cooperation and Solidarity to Fight COVID-19

The Foreign Ministers of Argentina, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Peru, Singapore, Sout Africa, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland signed this document, where they establish: “The COVID-19 pandemic is a wake-up call for multilateralism. Trying to cope with the immediate devastating effects of the virus, nations have turned toward imposing unprecedented executive measures, including closing borders. However, a virus knows no borders. All countries are affected. We must remain united in our shared humanity. The fight against this global pandemic, which is taking so many lives and challenging our societies, requires more and enhanced international cooperation and worldwide solidarity.” The document addresses the health, financial, information, prevention and economic challenges the world currently faces.

Projecting the Transmission Dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 Through the Post-Pandemic Period/ Science

  • 14 April 2020
Projecting the Transmission Dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 Through the Post-Pandemic Period/ Science

It is urgent to understand the future of severe acute respiratory syndrome–coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission. We used estimates of seasonality, immunity, and cross-immunity for betacoronaviruses OC43 and HKU1 from time series data from the USA to inform a model of SARS-CoV-2 transmission. We projected that recurrent wintertime outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 will probably occur after the initial, most severe pandemic wave. Absent other interventions, a key metric for the success of social distancing is whether critical care capacities are exceeded. To avoid this, prolonged or intermittent social distancing may be necessary into 2022. Additional interventions, including expanded critical care capacity and an effective therapeutic, would improve the success of intermittent distancing and hasten the acquisition of herd immunity. Longitudinal serological studies are urgently needed to determine the extent and duration of immunity to SARS-CoV-2. Even in the event of apparent elimination, SARS-CoV-2 surveillance should be maintained since a resurgence in contagion could be possible as late as 2024.

Cybercrime: Threats During the Covid-19 Pandemic/ Global Initiative

  • 8 April 2020

As COVID-19 spreads quickly, so does the threat of cybercrime. Hackers are taking advantage of the current uncertainty to send out even more phishing messages than usual, with varying degrees of sophistication.

The sector which is most crucial to containing the spread of COVID-19 – healthcare – is perhaps also the most vulnerable to ransomware attack.

Security experts are increasingly concerned about cybercrime because it currently benefits from favourable external conditions: a massive and uncoordinated shift to working from home offices in both public and private sectors, nationwide lockdowns which require increasing use of electronic transactions, and a rush for basic necessities, which fractures any semblance of ‘civil’ society. In the long run, economic recession will likely trigger tectonic changes in how young people sustain themselves. An increased reliance on criminality, both online and offline, is to be expected, particularly in regions where youth unemployment was already high.

Guía práctica de respuestas inclusivas y con enfoque de derechos ante el COVID-19 en las Américas

  • 7 April 2020
Guía práctica de respuestas inclusivas y con enfoque de derechos ante el COVID-19 en las Américas

Esta guía busca apoyar a los Estados Miembros de la OEA en la respuesta ante la pandemia, ofreciéndoles una serie de herramientas para pensar respuestas que tengan en cuenta las circunstancias particulares de los grupos en situación de vulnerabilidad. La guía señala que, bajo situaciones de emergencia como la pandemia y en un contexto regional marcado por la desigualdad y la exclusión social, la situación de vulnerabilidad de estos grupos se agrava. Es por ello que la OEA, a través de esta guía, señala que los Estados Miembros deben poner el énfasis en la garantía del derecho a la salud de estos grupos, utilizando criterios de distinción objetivos y razonables, basados en la equiparación de las oportunidades para saldar la brecha de desigualdad y evitando diferencias de trato arbitrarias.

Coronavírus (COVID-19) e Comércio Brasil-Mundo/ Apex-Brasil

  • 1 April 2020

Painel Covid - um mapa com dados de evolução de casos do Covid-19, juntamente com dados de evolução de exportação entre o Brasil e outros países, atualizados mensalmente, para que formuladores de políticas e exportadores possam seguir essa dinâmica e tomar suas decisões