Repository

The topics for discussion on this portal have already been analyzed by multiple actors. In this repository, the GS / OAS brings together some of them, as one more contribution to the discussion. This repository has two sections: In the Policy section, we will integrate information on policies relevant to the issues under discussion that are being implemented by Member States, Observer States and other States of the world. In Studies we will include analyzes, reports and reports published by academic institutions, think tanks, international and multilateral organizations, non-governmental organizations and private entities, all of them of recognized prestige, which are relevant to the conversation. The OAS will publish these articles and reports in their original language.

France - Paris Peace Forum - 2020 Calls for Projects now Open, Focused on Responding to COVID-19

  • 14 May 2020

The 2020 Call for Projects will henceforth give particular attention to responses and solutions aiming to improve the current context, prevent future crises, and facilitate a transition to a better tomorrow. It will focus improving the governance of health, the use of digital tools and platforms and the support of civil society and economic activity in times of pandemics.

Costa Rica: Gobierno inyecta ₡900 mil millones en créditos al sector productivo para la recuperación del país

  • 12 May 2020

El Gobierno definió seis áreas en las que concentrará los esfuerzos para la reactivación, basado en las proyecciones de crecimiento del PIB mundial de -3% en 2020 y de 5,8% en 2021, y en las proyecciones de crecimiento de Costa Rica de un -3,6% en 2020 y un 2,3% en 2021, así como en la proyección de las principales afectaciones al sector comercial.

Mitigating Risks to Food Systems During COVID-19: Reducing Food Loss and Waste/ FAO

  • 12 May 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to wreak havoc globally, generating significant challenges that could result in risks to food security and nutrition in many countries. Countries are ordering lockdowns, restricting movement and observing physical distancing to curb the pandemic. Disruptions in supply chains resulting from blockages on transport routes, transport restrictions and quarantine measures are resulting in significant increases in food loss and waste, especially of perishable agricultural produce such as fruits and vegetables, fish, meat and dairy products. In addition, labour shortages, owing to the restriction of movement of key stakeholders in production and transport, are significantly impacting food supply and demand owing to food shortages in some markets, further contributing to food loss and to the unnecessary waste of food supplies in these difficult times.

El desafío social en tiempos del COVID-19/ CEPAL

  • 12 May 2020

La pandemia del COVID-19 tiene fuertes efectos en el ámbito de la salud y profundas implicaciones sobre el crecimiento económico y el desarrollo social. Llega a América Latina y el Caribe en un contexto de bajo crecimiento —como fue analizado en anteriores informes especiales sobre la materia (CEPAL, 2020a y 2020b)— y, sobre todo, de alta desigualdad y vulnerabilidad, en el que se observan tendencias crecientes en la pobreza y pobreza extrema, un debilitamiento de la cohesión social y manifestaciones de descontento popular.

Migration-Related Socioeconomic Impacts of COVID-19 on Developing Countries/ IOM

  • 12 May 2020

While the world has focused primarily on the impacts of the COVID-19 Crisis on developed countries in Europe, North America, and East Asia, developing countries will not be immune to the economic fallout from the crisis or its social implications. The vast majority of these countries are deeply integrated into global goods and labour supply chains and will feel the effects of declining demand in the short term; current travel restrictions will have a severe impact on communities reliant on tourism; and many developing countries rely heavily on labour migration – both to developing countries as well as to developed countries – as a way of easing domestic labour market pressures and as a financial resource, with migrants sending home billions of US dollars to family members in the form of remittances, as well as returning with savings which serve to stimulate local economic activity. Restrictions on internal migration further exacerbate the situation as seasonal and trade-related mobility is disrupted, impacting the livelihoods of migrants and their families.

Latin America and Caribbean: Tax Revenue Under Threat amid Deteriorating Regional Outlook/ IDB

  • 7 May 2020
Latin America and Caribbean: Tax Revenue Under Threat amid Deteriorating Regional Outlook/ IDB

Tax revenues in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) increased to 23.1% of GDP on average in 2018, according to the new edition of Revenue Statistics in Latin America in the Caribbean published today. However, these gains are now under threat as a result of the region’s deteriorating fiscal outlook, which has been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic and the global economic crisis.

COVID-19: Panamá recibirá USD 350 millones de CAF para reforzar sus políticas anticíclicas/ CAF

  • 6 May 2020
COVID-19: Panamá recibirá USD 350 millones de CAF para reforzar sus políticas anticíclicas/ CAF

La protección del tejido social, el empleo y la reactivación de la economía requieren una respuesta rápida y oportuna por parte de las autoridades. Como aliado incondicional de sus países miembros, CAF -banco de desarrollo de América Latina- aprobó un préstamo de largo plazo bajo la Línea de Crédito Contingente Regional de Apoyo Anticíclico para la Emergencia generada por el COVID-19 en Panamá por hasta USD 350 millones.

OAS and Facebook Launch Initiative to Offer Resilience Tools for MSMEs

  • 6 May 2020
OAS and Facebook Launch Initiative to Offer Resilience Tools for MSMEs

The Organization of American States (OAS) and Facebook launched May 6, 2020, a partnership to support the micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) of the region through online training sessions and policy roundtables. The program will help MSMEs face the challenges they are facing as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic as many of them have been forced to close temporarily due to weak consumer demand, and plummeting foot traffic and social interaction.

República Dominicana: Medidas tomadas por el gobierno dominicano para enfrentar la pandemia de la COVID-19

  • 2 May 2020
República Dominicana: Medidas tomadas por el gobierno dominicano para enfrentar la pandemia de la COVID-19

Documento de la Misión Permanente de la República Dominicana ante la OEA, detallando las medidas adoptadas por el Gobierno Dominicano frente a la pandemia.

Colombia: Acciones tomadas por el gobierno colombiano en respuesta a la situación del COVID-19

  • 1 May 2020
Colombia: Acciones tomadas por el gobierno colombiano en respuesta a la situación del COVID-19

Tras declarar el Estado de Emergencia, el Presidente de la República, Iván Duque Márquez, anunció, el 18 de marzo de 2020, un paquete de medidas económicas y sociales para enfrentar la pandemia del coronavirus (COVID-19) en Colombia, el cual se ha venido revisando, actualizando y ampliando desde entonces.

Este documento detalla las acciones adoptadas por el Gobierno Colombiano ante la pandemia.

Cómo el Caribe puede enfrentar la tormenta económica del coronavirus

  • 30 April 2020

Para medir el pleno impacto de la crisis y proporcionar la base para las acciones necesarias, los economistas del BID han seguido de cerca los efectos de COVID-19 en la región. El resultado es un informe que arroja luz sobre las implicaciones económicas para seis países del Caribe: Las Bahamas, Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, Surinam y Trinidad y Tobago. De este análisis surgen dos desafíos principales que deberán enfrentar los países en esta coyuntura.

Panamá: Medidas tomadas por Panamá para abordar la pandemia de COVID-19

  • 30 April 2020
Panamá: Medidas tomadas por Panamá para abordar la pandemia de COVID-19

Documento proporcionado por la Misión Permanente de Panamá ante la OEA, Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de la República de Panamá, bajo el “Plan Protégete Panamá”, sobre las medidas adoptadas para abordar la pandemia COVID-19

Belize - “Statutory Instrument No. 65 of 2020, the Belize Constitution (Emergency Powers) Regulations, 2020”

  • 30 April 2020

Regulations made by the Governor-General in exercise of the powers conferred upon him by section 18(9) of the Belize Constitution, Chapter 4 of the Substantive Laws of Belize, Revised Edition 2011, and all other powers thereunto him enabling.

Expecting Organized Criminal Groups to Quickly Adapt in Order to Exploit the Pandemic via Various Illicit Schemes/ George C. Marshall- European Center for Security Studies

  • 30 April 2020

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic poses a host of global health, economic, and security challenges, to include the continued challenge of combating transnational organized crime. While some believe this pandemic will disrupt and have a negative impact on the global operations of transnational organized criminal groups, the morbid reality is that these groups view the crisis as a lucrative opportunity. For the foreseeable future, we can expect organized criminal groups to quickly adapt in order to exploit the pandemic via various illicit schemes. In Italy, mafia groups are already demonstrating that they are intent on benefiting from the crime-related opportunities that the COVID-19 pandemic will present.

Liechtenstein - Liechtenstein’s National and International Response to COVID-19

  • 29 April 2020
Liechtenstein - Liechtenstein’s National and International Response to COVID-19

If we look at the reaction of the Principality of Liechtenstein to the COVID-19 pandemic, there are two sides: Internally, the focus was on limiting the spread of the disease while mitigating its negative impact on the economy and ensuring that the national measures are in line with international obligations. Externally, Liechtenstein has demonstrated solidarity through contributions to the UN Global Humanitarian Response plan while also advocating international cooperation by initiating – together with five other States – a COVID-19 resolution that was passed by the UN General Assembly with the active support of 188 States.

Guyana - Guyana’s COVID-19 Emergency Measures

  • 29 April 2020

On 29th April 2020, The Official Gazette published the emergency measures to take effect from the 4th May 2020 and last until 3rd June 2020 unless earlier terminated, extended or amended by notice of the Minister of Public Health.

Paraguay - Gobierno de Paraguay pone en marcha plataforma para transparentar uso de recursos de la emergencia por el COVID-19

  • 29 April 2020
Paraguay - Gobierno de Paraguay pone en marcha plataforma para transparentar uso de recursos de la emergencia por el COVID-19

El Gobierno del Paraguay puso a disposición de la ciudadanía la plataforma rindiendocuentas.gov.py. Se trata de una herramienta tecnológica de visualización de datos para que la población haga seguimiento del destino y uso de los recursos que el Gobierno paraguayo está destinando a la atención de la emergencia sanitaria desatada por la pandemia del COVID-19.

Italy: Premier Conte Signs Decree to Kick Off Phase Two: "If you Love Italy, Keep your Distance"

  • 27 April 2020

Premier Giuseppe Conte announced that "phase two is starting, now it's time to live together with the virus" during a press conference from his office at Palazzo Chigi.

Italy: Decree from Italy Initiating Phase 2 to Combat and Contain the new Coronavirus

  • 26 April 2020
Italy: Decree from Italy Initiating Phase 2 to Combat and Contain the new Coronavirus

On April 26 2020, the Prime Minister of Italy signed a Decree (text in Italian) that initiates the Phase 2 of Government actions to combat and contain the coronavirus. The new Decree goes into effect on May 4, and envisages a gradual easing of restrictions and restart of activities, including the reopening of schools in September. 

OAS and Honduras Launch Initiative for Entrepreneurs, MSMEs and the Social Sector to Access Electronic Commerce

  • 23 April 2020

The initiative allows MSMEs to access electronic commerce easily and free of charge. The "OAS Plan for MSME Digitalization" is available to all micro and small companies in the country, as well as to any entrepreneur, regardless of whether or not they are formalized. Through digitization and foray into electronic commerce, it is intended that non-formalized companies become professionalized and formalized.

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