Repository

The topics for discussion on this portal have already been analyzed by multiple actors. In this repository, the GS / OAS brings together some of them, as one more contribution to the discussion. This repository has two sections: In the Policy section, we will integrate information on policies relevant to the issues under discussion that are being implemented by Member States, Observer States and other States of the world. In Studies we will include analyzes, reports and reports published by academic institutions, think tanks, international and multilateral organizations, non-governmental organizations and private entities, all of them of recognized prestige, which are relevant to the conversation. The OAS will publish these articles and reports in their original language.

Healthcare Workers Must be Protected while Vaccinating During the COVID-19 Pandemic

  • 29 April 2020
Healthcare Workers Must be Protected while Vaccinating During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Health authorities should take specific steps to protect health care workers and communities during essential immunization activities throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, say experts at the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO).

El COVID-19 y el estado de los conflictos internacionales/ Foreign Affairs Latinoamérica

  • 22 April 2020

La irrupción en el escenario internacional de la COVID-19 ha tenido incalculables consecuencias, más allá de las fatalidades y otras repercusiones lamentables. La pandemia ha expuesto las vulnerabilidades del sistema internacional, así como la fragilidad intestina de los países para afrontar amenazas emergentes a la seguridad nacional, como las pandemias y otros riesgos.

Comunicado de la Comisión Interamericana de Telecomunicaciones-CITEL

  • 17 April 2020

La Secretaría de la Comisión Interamericana de Telecomunicaciones – CITEL, órgano especializado en tecnologías de la información y comunicaciones / telecomunicaciones – TIC – de la OEA, se ha sumado a las acciones que la organización ha emprendido para emprender el control y la disminución de la pandemia de COVID-19.

Vaticano: Comunicato del Dicastero per il Servizio dello Sviluppo Umano Integrale

  • 17 April 2020

On March 20, 2020, Pope Francis asked the Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development (DPIHD) to establish a Commission consisting of five working groups with the objectives of: supporting local Churches, enabling them within their own local circumstances to be active agents of assistance in cooperation with Caritas Internationalis; focusing on the study of the pandemic, reflecting on society and a post-Covid-19 world, particularly in areas such as the environment, economy, employment, health, policy, communication and security; supporting the Holy See in its activities and in its relations with Countries and International Organizations, conveying to them the results of the research, dialogue and reflection undertaken; and funding its activities in the areas of research, analysis and communication.

Alliance for Multilateralism: We Need Strong Global Cooperation and Solidarity to Fight COVID-19

  • 16 April 2020
Alliance for Multilateralism: We Need Strong Global Cooperation and Solidarity to Fight COVID-19

The Foreign Ministers of Argentina, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Peru, Singapore, Sout Africa, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland signed this document, where they establish: “The COVID-19 pandemic is a wake-up call for multilateralism. Trying to cope with the immediate devastating effects of the virus, nations have turned toward imposing unprecedented executive measures, including closing borders. However, a virus knows no borders. All countries are affected. We must remain united in our shared humanity. The fight against this global pandemic, which is taking so many lives and challenging our societies, requires more and enhanced international cooperation and worldwide solidarity.” The document addresses the health, financial, information, prevention and economic challenges the world currently faces.

Projecting the Transmission Dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 Through the Post-Pandemic Period/ Science

  • 14 April 2020
Projecting the Transmission Dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 Through the Post-Pandemic Period/ Science

It is urgent to understand the future of severe acute respiratory syndrome–coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission. We used estimates of seasonality, immunity, and cross-immunity for betacoronaviruses OC43 and HKU1 from time series data from the USA to inform a model of SARS-CoV-2 transmission. We projected that recurrent wintertime outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 will probably occur after the initial, most severe pandemic wave. Absent other interventions, a key metric for the success of social distancing is whether critical care capacities are exceeded. To avoid this, prolonged or intermittent social distancing may be necessary into 2022. Additional interventions, including expanded critical care capacity and an effective therapeutic, would improve the success of intermittent distancing and hasten the acquisition of herd immunity. Longitudinal serological studies are urgently needed to determine the extent and duration of immunity to SARS-CoV-2. Even in the event of apparent elimination, SARS-CoV-2 surveillance should be maintained since a resurgence in contagion could be possible as late as 2024.

Guía práctica de respuestas inclusivas y con enfoque de derechos ante el COVID-19 en las Américas

  • 7 April 2020
Guía práctica de respuestas inclusivas y con enfoque de derechos ante el COVID-19 en las Américas

Esta guía busca apoyar a los Estados Miembros de la OEA en la respuesta ante la pandemia, ofreciéndoles una serie de herramientas para pensar respuestas que tengan en cuenta las circunstancias particulares de los grupos en situación de vulnerabilidad. La guía señala que, bajo situaciones de emergencia como la pandemia y en un contexto regional marcado por la desigualdad y la exclusión social, la situación de vulnerabilidad de estos grupos se agrava. Es por ello que la OEA, a través de esta guía, señala que los Estados Miembros deben poner el énfasis en la garantía del derecho a la salud de estos grupos, utilizando criterios de distinción objetivos y razonables, basados en la equiparación de las oportunidades para saldar la brecha de desigualdad y evitando diferencias de trato arbitrarias.

Organized Crime In the Time of Corona/ Forbes

  • 27 March 2020

The mafia is like the coronavirus—it will get you wherever you are.

If transnational organized crime had its own stock market, it would have taken a serious beating this month like the world’s legitimate stock exchanges have suffered. Sealed borders are not exactly helpful for smuggling-supply chains of any type of contraband.

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