Repository

The topics for discussion on this portal have already been analyzed by multiple actors. In this repository, the GS / OAS brings together some of them, as one more contribution to the discussion. This repository has two sections: In the Policy section, we will integrate information on policies relevant to the issues under discussion that are being implemented by Member States, Observer States and other States of the world. In Studies we will include analyzes, reports and reports published by academic institutions, think tanks, international and multilateral organizations, non-governmental organizations and private entities, all of them of recognized prestige, which are relevant to the conversation. The OAS will publish these articles and reports in their original language.

IDB Supports Jamaica’s Prevention and Management of Non-Communicable Diseases Program

  • 21 September 2020

The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) approved a programmatic policy-based loan of $100 million to support the strengthening of Jamaica’s health systems to better prevent and manage the care of non-communicable diseases.

The main objective of this program is to contribute to the improvement of the health of Jamaica’s population by bolstering comprehensive policies for the reduction of Non-Communicable (Chronic) Diseases (NCDs) risk factors.  It also aims to improve access to an upgraded and integrated primary and secondary health network in prioritized areas, with an emphasis on chronic disease management. The idea is to provide more efficient and higher quality care.

Keep health workers safe to keep patients safe: WHO

  • 17 September 2020

“The COVID-19 pandemic has reminded all of us of the vital role health workers play to relieve suffering and save lives,” said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General. “No country, hospital or clinic can keep its patients safe unless it keeps its health workers safe. WHO’s Health Worker Safety Charter is a step towards ensuring that health workers have the safe working conditions, the training, the pay and the respect they deserve.”

OECD - Global development efforts should increase focus on fragile states in light of COVID-19 crisis

  • 17 September 2020

States of Fragility 2020 finds that progress on several UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – including the crucial Goal 16 relating to peace, justice and strong institutions – has stagnated or declined in fragile locations in recent years. The coronavirus crisis is hurting incomes and stability in already poor and vulnerable countries, as well as health and education – two key building blocks of sustainable development in fragile states.

PAHO - Despite large numbers of cases, countless people not yet exposed remain vulnerable to COVID-19 infection in the Americas

  • 16 September 2020

Reopening societies before health systems are ready “would risk a handful of cases in one area becoming a full-blown outbreak,” PAHO Director Carissa F. Etienne said today. “As leaders across the world face pressure to resume social and public life, it’s important that they avoid making decisions in a vacuum. Data about the virus’s spread and the state of health systems and services must guide each country’s plans to reopen, including the mix of preventive measures that should remain in place to keep people safe,” she told a media briefing today.

OECD - Building Confidence Crucial Amid an Uncertain Economic Recovery

  • 16 September 2020

If the threat from COVID-19 fades more quickly than expected, improved business and consumer confidence could boost global activity sharply in 2021. But a stronger resurgence of the virus, or more stringent lockdowns could cut 2-3 percentage points from global growth in 2021, with even higher unemployment and a prolonged period of weak investment.

Presenting the Interim Economic Outlook, covering G20 economies, OECD Chief Economist Laurence Boone said: “The world is facing an acute health crisis and the most dramatic economic slowdown since the Second World War. The end is not yet in sight but there is still much policymakers can do to help build confidence.”

WHO’s three messages for UN75

  • 15 September 2020

As the world comes together at an unprecedented virtual session of the 75th UN General Assembly (UNGA), WHO has three messages to share. The first is about equitable access to COVID-19 tools. At UNGA, WHO will call on world leaders to support the Access to COVID-19 Tools (ACT)-Accelerator, a unique international collaboration to fast-track the development, production and equitable access to COVID-19 tests, treatments, and vaccines globally, while strengthening health systems.

UNICEF - La reapertura de las escuelas debe ser prioritaria una vez levantadas las restricciones debidas al COVID-19

  • 15 September 2020

El 25% de los países aún no tiene fecha para el regreso a la escuela con los efectos negativos que los cierres prolongados causados por la pandemia implican para la educación. Las agencias dedicadas a la salud, los niños y la educación urgen a los gobiernos a dar prioridad a la reapertura escolar invirtiendo en medidas de seguridad y protección sanitaria.

OECD - More Can be Done to Ensure a Green Recovery from COVID-19 Crisis

  • 14 September 2020

Many countries are making “green” recovery measures a central part of stimulus packages to drive sustainable, inclusive, resilient economic growth and improve well-being in the wake of the COVID-19 crisis. However some countries are also implementing measures that risk having a negative environmental impact and locking in unsustainable growth, according to new OECD analysis discussed by member country ministers today. New OECD analysis, Making the Green Recovery Work for Jobs, Income and Growth, indicates that OECD member governments have committed USD 312 billion of public resources to a green recovery, according to a preliminary estimate that will be refined in the coming months. However, a number of other measures within broader recovery packages are going into “non-green” spending such as fossil fuel investments.

PAHO - Director Cites Actions Required to Combat Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic at CAF Conference

  • 11 September 2020

The Director of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Carissa F. Etienne, said “Action is required at all levels” from local communities to national levels, and from regional to global levels to combat a triple crisis in the Region: a health crisis, a social crisis and an economic crisis. “It is only through concerted and collective action that we will address COVID-19, suppress its transmission and recover onto the path of sustainable development,” Etienne told a Development Bank of Latin America (CAF) conference yesterday.

ONU - COVID-19: Las medidas de protección social son cortoplacistas y no evitarán la extensión de la pobreza

  • 11 September 2020

Pese a los 589.000 millones de dólares dedicados a protección social en 113 países, las iniciativas de protección social no impedirán el aumento de la pobreza, alerta un experto de las Naciones Unidas en derechos humanos, que indica que muchas personas han quedado excluidas de ellas e insta a un replanteamiento global.

Los desafíos para fortalecer la democracia en América Latina en tiempos de pandemia, eje del tercer día de la 24 Conferencia CAF

  • 11 September 2020

Confianza, tecnología, recuperación económica, protección social, seguridad y equilibrio de poderes son los principales retos que tiene la región para que la democracia no salga tan afectada por el impacto de la pandemia, que seguirá presente en las próximas elecciones en diversos países. La contienda electoral en Estados Unidos y sus efectos en América Latina también se abordó en la tercera jornada de la 24 Conferencia Anual CAF.

PAHO - COVID-19 Pandemic Exacerbates Suicide Risk Factors

  • 10 September 2020

The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) today warned that the COVID-19 pandemic may exacerbate suicide risk factors, urging people to speak about the issue in an open and responsible manner, remain connected even during physical distancing, and learn to identify warning signs to prevent it.

Coronavirus is affecting the mental health of many people. Data from recent studies show an increase in distress, anxiety and depression, particular among health care workers. These, in addition to violence, alcohol use disorders, substance abuse, and feelings of loss, are important factors that can increase a person's risk of deciding to take their own lives.

ONU - COVID-19: Hacen falta 35.000 millones de dólares para vacunas, tratamientos y diagnósticos

  • 10 September 2020

Mientras los líderes mundiales siguen batallando por tomar conjuntamente las decisiones o dedicar los recursos necesarios para derrotar al coronavirus, la pandemia se ha convertido en una amenaza para la seguridad global, indicó este jueves el líder de la ONU y subrayó la urgencia de otorgar 35.000 millones de dólares al mecanismo de aceleración del desarrollo de pruebas, tratamientos y vacunas contra la COVID-19.

IICA - Caribbean Agricultural MSMES Bolster Capacities to Strengthen Exports in the Aftermath of the Pandemic

  • 10 September 2020

Caribbean micro, small and medium-sized businesses, operated by youth and women, are preparing and building capacities to enable them to profit from international and intraregional trade in the aftermath of the pandemic.

The impact of the pandemic in the Caribbean has brought to light the urgency of moving away from training based on generic concepts, with a business planning and food processing-related focus, towards specialized, applied training, tailored to the current situation.

Salud, digitalización y cambio climático, entre los sectores más afectados por la Covid-19

  • 10 September 2020

El impacto de la pandemia en los sectores de salud, cambio climático y digitalización amenaza con expandir las brechas entre las economías más avanzadas y las regiones en desarrollo. Para evitarlo, se requiere más inversión pública y cooperación internacional, según un grupo de expertos internacionales reunidos virtualmente en el segundo día de la Conferencia Anual de CAF.

ONU - El cambio climático avanza implacablemente a pesar de la pandemia COVID-19, advierten los científicos

  • 9 September 2020

El mundo está muy lejos de cumplir los objetivos del Acuerdo de París. Las reducciones de emisiones de carbón en el punto máximo de las medidas de confinamiento por el coronavirus alcanzaron hasta un 17%, pero ya se acercan de nuevo a los niveles previos a la pandemia y a largo plazo no tendrán mucho impacto en las concentraciones de gases de efecto invernadero en la atmósfera, que permanecen en niveles récord. La temperatura sigue aumentando y el agua y los ecosistemas están cada vez más amenazados.

WHO - COVID-19 Could Reverse Decades of Progress Toward Eliminating Preventable Child Deaths, Agencies Warn

  • 9 September 2020

The number of global under-five deaths dropped to its lowest point on record in 2019 – down to 5.2 million from 12.5 million in 1990, according to new mortality estimates released by UNICEF, the World Health Organization (WHO), the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs and the World Bank Group.

Since then, however, surveys by UNICEF and WHO reveal that the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in major disruptions to health services that threaten to undo decades of hard-won progress.

CEPAL - Alicia Bárcena llama a la construcción de un pacto político, social y económico, y de un contrato social justo, inclusivo y progresivo

  • 9 September 2020

La máxima representante de la CEPAL intervino en la Sesión I: La recuperación económica post COVID-19 y el futuro del contrato social en las Américas, junto a Joseph E. Stiglitz, Premio Nobel de Economía y Profesor de la Universidad de Columbia; Carmen Reinhart, Vicepresidenta y Economista Jefe del Grupo del Banco Mundial; Rebeca Grynspan, Secretaria General Iberoamericana (SEGIB), y Paula Santilli, Directora Ejecutiva de PepsiCo Latinoamérica. El panel fue moderado por Luis Felipe López Calva, Director Regional para América Latina y el Caribe del Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD).

ONU - El cambio climático avanza implacablemente a pesar de la pandemia COVID-19, advierten los científicos

  • 9 September 2020

El mundo está muy lejos de cumplir los objetivos del Acuerdo de París. Las reducciones de emisiones de carbón en el punto máximo de las medidas de confinamiento por el coronavirus alcanzaron hasta un 17%, pero ya se acercan de nuevo a los niveles previos a la pandemia y a largo plazo no tendrán mucho impacto en las concentraciones de gases de efecto invernadero en la atmósfera, que permanecen en niveles récord. La temperatura sigue aumentando y el agua y los ecosistemas están cada vez más amenazados.

UNICEF - La COVID-19 puede arruinar treinta años de avances hacia la eliminación de muertes infantiles prevenibles

  • 9 September 2020

Tras alcanzarse el año pasado el menor número de muertes de niños y niñas a nivel mundial con 5,2 millones, la pandemia del coronavirus puede romper la tendencia a la baja y desarmar esfuerzos que tardaron décadas en lograrse. En muchos países se están produciendo interrupciones en los reconocimientos médicos, las vacunaciones y la atención pre y postnatal.

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