Repository

The topics for discussion on this portal have already been analyzed by multiple actors. In this repository, the GS / OAS brings together some of them, as one more contribution to the discussion. This repository has two sections: In the Policy section, we will integrate information on policies relevant to the issues under discussion that are being implemented by Member States, Observer States and other States of the world. In Studies we will include analyzes, reports and reports published by academic institutions, think tanks, international and multilateral organizations, non-governmental organizations and private entities, all of them of recognized prestige, which are relevant to the conversation. The OAS will publish these articles and reports in their original language.

Challenges of COVID-19 in Latin America, the Most Unequal Region in the World/OPEN DEMOCRACY

  • 22 May 2020

While the pandemic arrived after it had already devastated Europe (and now the United States), everybody in the human rights field knew that health and social services in Latin America had been dismantled progressively, mostly via privatisation and the shrinking of public programmes and spending. Hence the pandemic will affect principally the vulnerable people who can’t access basic public services.

Challenges and Opportunities in the Post-COVID-19 World/WEF

  • 22 May 2020

While a global pandemic has been a looming risk for decades, COVID-19 has come as a shock to society, health systems, economies and governments worldwide. In the midst of extraordinary challenges and uncertainty, and countless personal tragedies, leaders are under pressure to make decisions on managing the immediate impact of the pandemic and its consequences, decisions that will shape the state of the world for years to come. What might be the silver linings in the crisis and how might leaders use this moment to build a more prosperous, equitable and sustainable world?

How COVID-19 is Changing the World: a Statistical Perspective/CCSA

  • 21 May 2020

The United Nations and other partner organizations of the CCSA make a wealth of impartial data and statistics available free of charge with the spirit of promoting facts-based planning. This report presents a snapshot of some of the latest information available on how COVID-19 is affecting the world today. Although a wide range of topics are covered in this report, a consistency of message is clear – this is an unprecedented crisis, and no aspect of our lives is immune. The quantitative knowledge presented in this report covers different aspects of public and private life from economic and environmental fluctuations to changes that affect individuals in terms of income, education, employment and violence and changes affecting public services such as civil aviation and postal services. The report also puts a spotlight on the affects for some sub-population groups like women and children as well as geographical regions.

Ukraine – Quarantine in Ukraine will be Extended Until June 22, While Relaxation Process Will Take Place in Five Stages

  • 20 May 2020

Quarantine measures introduced in Ukraine due to coronavirus COVID-19 will be extended until June 22. Adaptive quarantine will be in effect, ie restrictive measures will be gradually eased depending on the epidemical situation in each region. There will be a total of 5 stages of quarantine relaxation.

Mitigating Risks to Food Systems During COVID-19: Reducing Food Loss and Waste/ FAO

  • 12 May 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to wreak havoc globally, generating significant challenges that could result in risks to food security and nutrition in many countries. Countries are ordering lockdowns, restricting movement and observing physical distancing to curb the pandemic. Disruptions in supply chains resulting from blockages on transport routes, transport restrictions and quarantine measures are resulting in significant increases in food loss and waste, especially of perishable agricultural produce such as fruits and vegetables, fish, meat and dairy products. In addition, labour shortages, owing to the restriction of movement of key stakeholders in production and transport, are significantly impacting food supply and demand owing to food shortages in some markets, further contributing to food loss and to the unnecessary waste of food supplies in these difficult times.

Migration-Related Socioeconomic Impacts of COVID-19 on Developing Countries/ IOM

  • 12 May 2020

While the world has focused primarily on the impacts of the COVID-19 Crisis on developed countries in Europe, North America, and East Asia, developing countries will not be immune to the economic fallout from the crisis or its social implications. The vast majority of these countries are deeply integrated into global goods and labour supply chains and will feel the effects of declining demand in the short term; current travel restrictions will have a severe impact on communities reliant on tourism; and many developing countries rely heavily on labour migration – both to developing countries as well as to developed countries – as a way of easing domestic labour market pressures and as a financial resource, with migrants sending home billions of US dollars to family members in the form of remittances, as well as returning with savings which serve to stimulate local economic activity. Restrictions on internal migration further exacerbate the situation as seasonal and trade-related mobility is disrupted, impacting the livelihoods of migrants and their families.

Guía práctica de respuestas inclusivas y con enfoque de derechos ante el COVID-19 en las Américas

  • 7 April 2020
Guía práctica de respuestas inclusivas y con enfoque de derechos ante el COVID-19 en las Américas

Esta guía busca apoyar a los Estados Miembros de la OEA en la respuesta ante la pandemia, ofreciéndoles una serie de herramientas para pensar respuestas que tengan en cuenta las circunstancias particulares de los grupos en situación de vulnerabilidad. La guía señala que, bajo situaciones de emergencia como la pandemia y en un contexto regional marcado por la desigualdad y la exclusión social, la situación de vulnerabilidad de estos grupos se agrava. Es por ello que la OEA, a través de esta guía, señala que los Estados Miembros deben poner el énfasis en la garantía del derecho a la salud de estos grupos, utilizando criterios de distinción objetivos y razonables, basados en la equiparación de las oportunidades para saldar la brecha de desigualdad y evitando diferencias de trato arbitrarias.

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