Repository

The topics for discussion on this portal have already been analyzed by multiple actors. In this repository, the GS / OAS brings together some of them, as one more contribution to the discussion. This repository has two sections: In the Policy section, we will integrate information on policies relevant to the issues under discussion that are being implemented by Member States, Observer States and other States of the world. In Studies we will include analyzes, reports and reports published by academic institutions, think tanks, international and multilateral organizations, non-governmental organizations and private entities, all of them of recognized prestige, which are relevant to the conversation. The OAS will publish these articles and reports in their original language.

PAHO Director Calls to Contain Spread of COVID-19 in Vulnerable Populations in Border Areas

  • 16 June 2020

“While the majority of infections in the region are reported in big cities, where economic inequality and population density fuel transmission, our data show a concerning trend towards high transmission in border areas.” Carissa Etienne said.

Blood Donations are Vital During the COVID-19 Pandemic, PAHO Says

  • 12 June 2020

In a message for World Blood Donor Day celebrated every June 14, the PAHO Director Carissa F. Etienne said, “The safest blood comes through voluntary unpaid donation from people like you and me. Donation is an act of solidarity and altruism, which the world needs now more than ever in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.”

“On World Blood Donor Day, I want to offer my deepest thanks to blood donors throughout the Region of the Americas for giving the gift of life,” Etienne said.

Government of Canada Contributes $5.3 Million to PAHO for Response to COVID-19

  • 11 June 2020

The collaboration will primarily support increased access to Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and other critical supplies to assist countries in their efforts to save lives and limit the human-to-human transmission of the COVID-19 diseases, focusing on populations experiencing marginalization or vulnerability including health care workers.

PAHO Director Says Preparations Needed to Combat Effects of Winter, Hurricanes on COVID-19 Response

  • 9 June 2020

The PAHO Director noted, “In South America, our response to the pandemic will be impacted by the arrival of winter, while hurricane season will complicate our efforts in North and Central America, and especially in the Caribbean.”

“This is a problem for patients because respiratory illnesses leave them at greater risk of severe COVID-19 infection. It’s also a challenge for strained health systems that will have to cope with the dual burden of a coronavirus pandemic and a spike in other respiratory illnesses. It does not help that the similar symptoms will make diagnosing COVID-19 even harder,” Dr. Etienne told journalists in a briefing.

PAHO Issues Guidance to Reduce COVID-19 Transmission Among Indigenous, Afro-Descendant Groups

  • 8 June 2020

The PAHO guidance notes that these groups face singular challenges, such as higher poverty levels, lack of access to some basic services such as water and sanitation, and cultural barriers, including language barriers. Other factors that can increase their vulnerability include health service access barriers, a higher prevalence of chronic diseases, less access to social safety nets, mistrust caused by a history of racism, and high levels of informal labor among members of these communities.

PANAFTOSA Calls on Countries to Establish Measures to Guarantee Food Safety Throughout the Production Chain

  • 5 June 2020

World Food Safety Day emphasizes the importance of safe food in traditional markets and recognizes the role of production chain workers in facilitating a continuous supply of food during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Social Distancing, Surveillance, and Stronger Health Systems as Keys to Controlling COVID-19 Pandemic, PAHO Director Says

  • 2 June 2020

Just in the past week there were 732,000 new cases globally, and of these, more than 250,000 new cases were in Latin American countries, “a serious concern that should serve as a clarion call to redouble our efforts,” Dr. Carissa Etienne said at a press briefing. “The situation we face is dire, but not hopeless – as long as our approach to defeating the virus is based on solidarity. We must work together, share resources and apply the proven strategies we have learned along the way.” 

Airborne Transmission of SARS-CoV-2: The World Should Face the Reality

  • 1 June 2020
Airborne Transmission of SARS-CoV-2: The World Should Face the Reality

Hand washing and maintaining social distance are the main measures recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to avoid contracting COVID-19. Unfortunately, these measured do not prevent infection by inhalation of small droplets exhaled by an infected person that can travel distance of meters or tens of meters in the air and carry their viral content. Science explains the mechanisms of such transport and there is evidence that this is a significant route of infection in indoor environments. Despite this, no countries or authorities consider airborne spread of COVID-19 in their regulations to prevent infections transmission indoors. It is therefore extremely important, that the national authorities acknowledge the reality that the virus spreads through air, and recommend that adequate control measures be implemented to prevent further spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, in particularly removal of the virus-laden droplets from indoor air by ventilation.

PAHO Director Calls to Protect Vulnerable Groups from Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic

  • 20 May 2020

“During a pandemic, we must overcome the structural inequalities that limit access to services. This means establishing mechanisms that support universal access to health regardless of income, pooling resources with the private and not for profit sector, eliminating payment at point of service and setting up emergency hospitals that add surge capacity where it is most needed.”

Recomendaciones para la limpieza y desinfección en casa con casos sospechosos o confirmados de COVID-19

  • 11 May 2020

En esta guía se presenta información sobre la higiene personal y las medidas básicas de prevención y control de infecciones, así como sobre la forma de cuidar de la manera más segura posible a la persona sospechosa de tener COVID-19 o ser portadora del virus y de evitar que la infección se propague a otros miembros del hogar. Esta ficha será de gran utilidad para el público en general como herramienta para la lucha contra la COVID-19.

Recomendaciones para la limpieza y desinfección en casa sin casos sospechosos o confirmados de COVID-19

  • 11 May 2020

En esta guía se presenta información sobre la higiene personal y las medidas básicas de prevención y control de infecciones con el propósito de evitar que la infección se propague. Esta ficha será de gran utilidad para el público en general como herramienta para la lucha contra la COVID-19.

PAHO Director Calls on Eeach Country to Analyze Trends of the Pandemic Before Relaxing Social Distancing Measures

  • 5 May 2020
PAHO Director Calls on Eeach Country to Analyze Trends of the Pandemic Before Relaxing Social Distancing Measures

The Director of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Carissa F. Etienne, asked countries to analyze specific trends in the COVID-19 pandemic according to their unique contexts, and warned that reducing social distancing measures “too soon could accelerate the spread of the virus and open the door for a dramatic upsurge or for spread to adjacent areas.”

In a briefing with journalists, Dr. Etienne also expressed her particular concern for Haiti in the context of the pandemic, and warned of the dangers of a large-scale outbreak in that country, which, added to the difficult situation Haiti is going through, could trigger a humanitarian crisis. “A much broader coalition to address a potential health crisis in this country is needed,” said Dr. Etienne.

Healthcare Workers Must be Protected while Vaccinating During the COVID-19 Pandemic

  • 29 April 2020
Healthcare Workers Must be Protected while Vaccinating During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Health authorities should take specific steps to protect health care workers and communities during essential immunization activities throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, say experts at the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO).

PAHO urges countries to maintain vaccination during COVID-19 pandemic

  • 26 April 2020

On the cusp of Vaccination Week in the Americas, countries need to take innovative safety measures to strengthen flu and measles vaccination to avoid an added burden of vaccine-preventable diseases, says PAHO

El consumo de bebidas alcohólicas no protege frente a la COVID-19

  • 31 March 2020

El alcohol es una sustancia nociva que tiene un efecto adverso en prácticamente todos los órganos del cuerpo y el riesgo de daño para la salud aumenta con cada trago que se consume. El consumo de bebidas alcohólicas, sobre todo si es excesivo, debilita el sistema inmunitario y reduce la capacidad para hacer frente a las enfermedades infecciosas, incluida la COVID-19. El consumo excesivo de alcohol es un factor de riesgo de síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda (SDRA), una de las complicaciones más graves de la COVID-19.

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and HIV: Key Issues and Actions

  • 24 March 2020

The HIV community and response have much to offer to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) preparedness and resiliency. Having community-led organizations, such as people living with HIV (PLHIV) networks, engaged at the planning and response tables early on is key to build trust, ensure productive exchange of information, and lay the foundations for joint problem-solving measures.

Considerations on Social Distancing and Travel-Related Measures in the Context of the Response to COVID-19 Pandemic

  • 23 March 2020

Measures, adopted individually or in combination depending on the context, should be implemented as soon as possible after the determination of the transmission scenario. From the experience in countries, in WHO Regions other than the Americas, having experienced different transmission scenarios since the beginning of the pandemic, it seems prudent to plan for the implementation of measures for, at least, two to three months.

Consideraciones psicosociales y de salud mental durante el brote de COVID-19

  • 12 March 2020

La OMS y las autoridades de salud pública de todo el mundo están actuando para contener el brote de COVID-19. Sin embargo, este momento de crisis está generando estrés en la población. Estas consideraciones de salud mental fueron elaboradas por el Departamento de la OMS de Salud Mental y Uso de Sustancias, como mensajes dirigidos a diferentes grupos clave para apoyar el bienestar psicosocial y la salud mental durante el brote de COVID-19.

La estigmatización social asociada a la COVID-19

  • 24 February 2020

El actual brote de COVID-19 ha provocado estigmatización social y comportamientos discriminatorios contra personas de determinados orígenes étnicos, así como contra cualquier persona que se considere que ha estado en contacto con el virus.

La estigmatización puede socavar la cohesión social y provocar el aislamiento social de grupos de población, lo que podría contribuir a que las probabilidades de propagación del virus sean mayores, no menores. Esto puede dar lugar a problemas de salud más graves y a dificultades para controlar un brote de la enfermedad.

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