Repository

The topics for discussion on this portal have already been analyzed by multiple actors. In this repository, the GS / OAS brings together some of them, as one more contribution to the discussion. This repository has two sections: In the Policy section, we will integrate information on policies relevant to the issues under discussion that are being implemented by Member States, Observer States and other States of the world. In Studies we will include analyzes, reports and reports published by academic institutions, think tanks, international and multilateral organizations, non-governmental organizations and private entities, all of them of recognized prestige, which are relevant to the conversation. The OAS will publish these articles and reports in their original language.

Citizen engagement and civil society

  • 31 August 2020

The IDB group maximizes the value and sustainability of operations and governance in the region by engaging with civil society organizations (CSO) that are technically or geographically relevant for each initiative.

Coronavirus and Education

  • 1 June 2020

Coronavirus: What are our experts saying

SAS- Summit Talks

  • 26 May 2020

This webinar falls under the cooperation initiatives being pursued by the Summits of the Americas Secretariat within the framework of implementation of the Mechanism for Follow-up and Implementation of the Lima Commitment, with the participating states, Joint Summit Working Group (JSWG) entities, and civil society and social actors.

BID apoya con fondos adicionales a Centroamérica y República Dominicana frente al COVID-19

  • 17 April 2020
BID apoya con fondos adicionales a Centroamérica y República Dominicana frente al COVID-19

El Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID) ha puesto a disposición de los países de Centroamérica y República Dominicana cerca de US$1.700 millones adicionales a los programados inicialmente para 2020 para hacer frente a la pandemia del COVID-19.

Mediante proyectos nuevos para atender la emergencia y la redefinición del programa de préstamos de 2020, en total el BID destina más de US$2.800 millones para enfrentar la crisis sanitaria y sus efectos en la economía en cuatro ejes: respuesta inmediata para salud pública, asistencia a la población más vulnerable afectada, ayuda a las empresas y sus empleados para minimizar las pérdidas económicas, y apoyo a la política fiscal.

What Can Central Banks Do to Mitigate the Effects of the Coronavirus?

  • 16 April 2020

The unprecedented conditions created by the spread of the coronavirus call for exceptional policy responses from the regional monetary authorities. Besides traditional tools such as interest rate reductions, central banks have been pursuing unconventional measures to avoid permanent consequences from a transitory, but potentially severe, negative shock. Since the 2008 global financial crisis, central banks have developed new tools that they can deploy to help firms and households weather the storm. Not only do central banks find themselves in a different situation than before the previous financial crisis, the shock they are facing is also of a different nature. This article lays out several policies that some central banks may already be implementing and others may want to consider, and explains some of the limitations of other policies.

Far away, yet connected: water and sanitation in times of coronavirus

  • 14 April 2020

The coronavirus pandemic has reminded us all of the vital importance of drinking water, sanitation and hygiene conditions, and, above all, to remind us that we have a pending task to ensure that these services reach all of our citizens.

Policies to Fight the Pandemic

  • 13 April 2020

Amid the coronavirus pandemic, lockdowns and aggressive social-distancing measures are required to save lives and countries across Latin America and the Caribbean have put them in place.
As a result of the changing macroeconomic conditions, financing costs for emerging markets have risen and commodity prices have fallen.
There will be large drops in GDP, but this is not a normal recession, so typical countercyclical demand management, both fiscal and monetary, is likely inconducive. Policies should be aimed to provide relief, maintain economic stability and the core of the economy intact for the recovery.

SAS - Reunión de Altas Autoridades del GTCC, reunión virtual para abordar sus esfuerzos frente a la pandemia y discutir una respuesta coordinada y conjunta en apoyo a las necesidades y actuales accion

  • 5 April 2020

El Secretario General de la OEA, en calidad de Presidente del Grupo de Trabajo Conjunto de Cumbres (GTCC), y en coordinación con la OPS, convocó el viernes 3 de abril de 2020 a las altas autoridades de las organizaciones internacionales y regionales que conforman el GTCC, a una reunión virtual para abordar sus esfuerzos frente a la pandemia y discutir una respuesta coordinada y conjunta en apoyo a las necesidades y actuales acciones de los Estados Miembros, así como en el marco de su proceso de recuperación. Los miembros del GTCC acordaron reunirse periódicamente para asegurar una coordinación continua y actualizar la información compartida que muestre un panorama de las acciones de la comunidad interamericana en apoyo a los países de la región. Ver comunicado. Desde la Secretaría de Cumbres, como Secretaría Técnica del Proceso de Cumbres, y del GTCC, se prepara la realización y el seguimiento de las referidas reuniones de las altas autoridades del GTCC.  Además de la OEA y la OPS, integran el GTCC el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID), la Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), la OPS, el Banco Mundial, el Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura (IICA),  el Banco de Desarrollo de América  Latina (CAF), el Banco de Desarrollo del Caribe (CDB), el Banco Centroamericano para la Integración Económica (CABEI), la Organización Internacional para las Migraciones (OIM), la Organización Internacional del Trabajo (OIT), el Programa de Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD) y la Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económicos (OCDE).

Responses in 3D: Opening up the production of critical medical supplies

  • 4 April 2020

The response to the coronavirus crisis has revealed the shortage of personal protective equipment and critical medical devices. According to the WHO, the worldwide capacity to supply needed items through traditional suppliers is under stress. To produce and provide supplies directly in the service of local first responders, maker communities across Latin America, the Caribbean, and around the world have mobilized to share open source designs and pool their production capacity in the midst of an extremely environment complex. This has involved working around obstacles such as restricted movement and limited materials, unestablished rules and procedures, and constant iteration of designs to ensure the pieces produced are  sufficiently effective enough to provide real support.

SAS -Reuniones de Altas Autoridades del GTCC

  • 3 April 2020

Las Altas Autoridades de las organizaciones que conforman el Grupo de Trabajo Conjunto de Cumbres se reunieron virtualmente a fin de coordinar los esfuerzos para brindar apoyo en las áreas de preparación, mitigación y recuperación de la crisis. La reunión fue convocada por el Presidente del GTCC, el Secretario General de la Organización de los Estados Americanos (OEA), Sr. Luis Almagro.

10 lines of action and 20 measures to mitigate the spread of the coronavirus in informal settlements

  • 3 April 2020

The number of cases, the number of deaths and the number of affected countries is expected to continue to increase. Hygiene, social distancing and isolation measures are essential aspects as a public health response to stop the spread of the epidemic. However, the implementation of these measures is an especially difficult challenge for a large percentage of the vulnerable population living in informal settlements, where overcrowded conditions lead to the transmission of diseases, such as asthma

How exposed is Latin America to the trade effects of COVID-19?

  • 2 April 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic is the most challenging global crisis since the postwar, for its public health dimension as well as its economic consequences. International trade is one of the channels of contagion of the economic crisis that will strongly affect Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).

The electricity sector, a fundamental pillar in the battle against the COVID-19 pandemic

  • 1 April 2020

During the last few weeks, we have seen, heard, and read various information, in all possible media, about the pandemic that affects humanity. The impact of COVID-19 in Latin America and the Caribbean is beginning to directly affect the lives of the population due to the decisions, both political and economic, that governments have taken in favor of social protection and human life. Everything indicates that the effects of the pandemic in the medium and long term will be severe, not only on the health of the population and their access to basic services, but also on their income and lifestyle. Social-distancing and quarantine measures, as well as an increase in the provision of health services, increase the pressure on public service systems such as energy, water, and sanitation to keep such measures effective since their continuity is vital.

The Coronavirus Impact Dashboard: Measuring the Effects of Social Distancing on Mobility in Latin America and the Caribbean

  • 27 March 2020

Life as we know it has changed drastically and seemingly overnight as a result of the coronavirus. Measures are being taken to slow the exponential rise of infections and reduce pressure on the capacity of health systems to care for the sick. In the past few weeks, many countries have ramped up efforts to adopt social distancing measures such as closing schools, limiting large gatherings, and shutting borders. More recently, some countries have implemented total lockdowns, stay-at-home orders, and closures of all non-essential businesses.

IDB Group announces priority support areas for countries affected by COVID-19

  • 26 March 2020

The group will finance a response to the public health emergency; safety nets for vulnerable populations; economic productivity and employment; and fiscal policies to ameliorate economic impacts.

Helping the Caribbean in a pandemic

  • 26 March 2020

A recent exploration of economic scenarios gives some indication of the extent to which the reduction in tourist arrivals could impact the GDP of Caribbean countries. The worst scenario: a 75% reduction in tourism arrivals over the last 3 quarters of the year could reduce GDP by between 11% and 26% in the case of The Bahamas, with similar numbers for Barbados and Jamaica. Governments need urgent financial support.

Supporting technology adoption through Sector Skills Councils

  • 9 December 2019

As the Fourth Industrial Revolution unfolds, companies have begun to harness new and emerging technologies to reach higher levels of efficiency of production and consumption, expand into new markets, and compete for a global consumer base. These changes are causing huge shifts in the existing skill requirements for workers; and the demand for higher cognitive, technological, social and emotional skills has increased as the demand for physical and manual skills declines. In this context, Sector Skills Councils (SSCs) facilitate the creation and deployment of industry upgrade strategies, laying out how to adapt to changes brought upon by technology.